• Title, Summary, Keyword: 이전소득

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Relations between Older People's Transfer incomes and Life Satisfaction (노인의 이전소득과 삶의 만족도 관계)

  • Lee, Hyoung Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.238-241
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구는 한국복지패널 제11차 데이터를 활용하여 노인의 삶의 만족도와 이전소득(공적이전, 사적이전 소득)의 관계를 규명하고자 시도되었다. 분석결과, 일반가구 노인의 경우 공적이전 소득이 삶의 만족도에 유의미한 정(+)적인 영향을 미치는 반면, 저소득가구 노인의 경우 사적이전 소득이 삶의 만족도에 유의미한 정(+)적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 이러한 결과는 일반가구 노인의 경우 공적이전 소득이 1,019.2만원(월평균 84.9만원)으로 공적이전 소득이 소득안정화 효과로 나타나 삶의 만족도를 높이는 것으로 예측할 수 있다. 그러나 저소득가구 노인의 경우 일반가구 노인의 공적이전 소득의 절반 수준인 508.5만원(월평균 42.4만원)으로 나타났다. 이는 저소득가구 노인의 경우 비록 "마음이 편하지 않는" 소득원천인 사적이전 소득이 불안정한 소득안정화 부족분을 채워주어 삶의 만족도를 높이는 것으로 추정할 수 있다.

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A Study on the Relationship between Public Income Transfers and Private Income Transfers in Korea (공적 소득이전과 사적 소득이전의 관계)

  • Shon, Byong-don
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • no.39
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    • pp.343-364
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    • 2008
  • Using data from Korea Welfare Panal Study(KWPS), this study examines the relationship between public income transfers and private income transfers in Korea. This research is analyzed by the procedure of OLS regression analysis. The results are as follows. First, the paper shows that public income transfers crowded out the private income transfers. Specially public assistance crowed out the private income transfers. The amount of public income transfers has negative correlation with the amount of private income transfers. The amount of public assistance income has negative correlation with the amount of private income transfers. But social insurance transfers do not have influence on the private income transfer. Second, the private income transfers in Korea are altruistically motivated.

Analysis of Inequality of Public Transfer Income by Income Level (소득계층별 공적이전소득의 불평등 변화분석)

  • Lee, Yong-jae;Kim, Yong-mi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2018
  • This study was carried out by using the concentration index calculation method from 1996 to 2016 by using the household trend survey data to confirm the difference of income transfer income and inequality in public transfer income. The main results are as follows. First, the public transfer income concentration index in 1996 was concentrated on the high income group with +0.2774, but since 2009, the concentration index has been negative (-), which has concentrated on the low income group. However, the effect of redistribution of income was small. Second, the average public transfer income of low - income households increased significantly while the number of high income earners decreased. It is gradually improving that public transfer income did not play a role in the improvement of income inequality. Third, public transfer income has been continuously increasing in all income classes, and the rate of increase is low in the low income class and slow in the high income class, so the public transfer income of the low income class is higher than that of the high income class. In sum, the inequality of public transfer income by income class in Korea is gradually improving, but it is not considered to be a level that can improve the inequality between income groups.

The Effects of Private Income Transfers' Reducing Poverty in Korea (사적 소득이전의 빈곤완화 효과)

  • Son, Beyong-Don
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.39
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    • pp.157-179
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    • 1999
  • This study is an empirical research to analyze how many private income transfers in Korea decrease poverty rate, to compare the effects of private income transfers' decreasing poverty rate with income classes. This study has utilised the Family Income and Expenditure Survey to estimate the poverty ratio in urban areas and Unemployment Household Survey which Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs has investigated at 1998. Majour findins are these. First, Sizes of private transfers incomes are much than that of public transfers incomes. The rates in receiving private transfers income are ten times higher than that in receiving public transfers income among urban worker's household. The mean of private transfer income are about six times larger than that of public transfer income among urban worker's household. Second, the effects of private income transfers' reducing poverty rates are not large. After private transfers, urbarn workers' households are about 10 per cent away from its poverty line, and unemploy households are only 3 per cent away from its poverty line. Third, especially, private income transfers are hardly reducing poverty rates among extreme poverty class. After private transfers, urban workers' households which their incomes are within low 5%, are not away from its poverty line at all.

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Changing Trends of Income Packaging and Income Distribution : 1996-2002 (도시 근로자가구의 소득원 구성과 분배구조의 변화 : 1996-2002)

  • Kim, Kyo-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.55
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    • pp.181-204
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to offer a comprehensive analysis of the changing trends of the Korean income packaging, poverty rate, and level of income inequality from 1996 to 2002. In order to do that, this study used the micro-data of "Income and Expenditure Survey of Urban Households" by the National Statistical Office(NSO). Major results were as follows: (1) A ratio of public transfer in family income packaging increased at the DJ administration. (2) Poverty rate and Gini coefficient, which were 7.8% and 0.29 in 1996, rose to $8.8{\sim}10.4%$ and $0.30{\sim}0.34$ respectively during the year of 1998-2002. (3) However, poverty reduction effect and income inequality reduction effect of public income transfer increased preferably at the DJ administration. Those effects increased more since the enactment of National Basic Livelihood Security in 2000. Therefore, government should provide more national welfare programs to reduce the poverty rate and to improve better structure of income distribution.

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The Role of Public and Private Income Transfers to the Income Status of Women Who Experienced Marital Disruption (결혼해체를 경험한 여성의 소득수준 및 빈곤실태와 공.사적소득이전의 역할)

  • Yoon, Hong-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.5-27
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    • 2004
  • This study estimates the role of public and private income transfer to the income status of women who experienced marital disruption. In detail, this study estimates five major subjects (1) women's socioeconomic background, (2) income and poverty status, (3) family income composition, (4) the anti-poverty effect of public and private income transfers, and (5) factors associated with women's poverty status. Major findings of the study are as follows: First, women's socioeconomic characteristics, income status, and poverty status are different according to what types of marital disruption (separation, divorce, death of spouse) they experienced. Second, the role of public and private income transfers to reduce women's poverty are also different according to their marital status. Third, widow's working condition and the level of public assistance are significantly associated with the poverty status of widow.

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Effects of the Elderly private transfer Income and public transfer Income on life satisfaction and Self Esteem (노인의 공적, 사적이전소득이 삶의 만족도, 자존감에 미치는 영향)

  • Won, Kyeong-Hye;Lee, Sang-Houck
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.3787-3796
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is public and Private transfers in the elderly life satisfaction, self-esteem any influence to understand. Analysis of the frequency analysis, T-test, ANOVA, regression analysis was performed. Study the following points were discussed. First, the elderly public transfer and Private transfers in accordance with life satisfaction, self-esteem was significant. Second, private transfers from children in public transfer income subsidies and the more life satisfaction and self-esteem, respectively. Third, the private sector of private transfers. Individual grants fewer higher self-esteem. Based on these results, the following suggestions were Economic independence of the elderly a chance to increase the self-esteem that was found. Therefore, a more practical and should be supported by specific public transfer system.

Trends on Income Inequality and Bi-polarization for Forest Household (임가의 소득불평등과 양극화 추이)

  • Kim, Eui-Gyeong;Jung, Byung-Heon;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.106 no.4
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    • pp.497-508
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    • 2017
  • This study conducted to examine about the income inequality and bi-polarization for forestry household. For this purpose, Gini coefficient and Atkinson index were used to analyze the income inequality for forestry household. Also, DER index were employed to show their income bi-polarization. Before using these methodologies, forestry household income was divided into three parts that was forestry income, non forestry business income and transfer income. And then, income inequality and bi-polarization were analyzed respectively. The result shows that forestry household income inequality was higher than whole household inequality. Apart from transfer income, forestry household income, forestry income and non forestry business income inequality was aggravated. At the same time, these tendency was able to observe the bi-polarization for forestry household income and other income sources.

Household Formation and Income Inequality (가구구성과 소득 불평등)

  • Kim, Dae Il;Lee, Simon Sokbae;Whang, Yoon-Jae
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.1-44
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    • 2014
  • This paper investigates the effect of household formation on the mapping from wage inequality to income inequality, which usually is smaller than the former. Added workers, income pooling among household members, and shared consumption are the factors that make income distribution less inequal than wage distribution, and the effect of income pooling appears to be the greatest. This suggests than the increase in nuclear families and the resulting increase of old families have a potential effect of worsening income inequality at the absence of sufficient private income transfers among the two households. A simple counter-factual estimate indicates that income pooling among the children's and parents' households can efficiently and sizeably reduce income inequality.

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