• Title, Summary, Keyword: 이익조정

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The Relationship between Earnings Management and Future Firm Performance in Public Institutions (공공기관의 이익조정과 미래 경영성과와의 관련성)

  • Jang, Ji-Kyung;Kim, Hong-Bae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.319-328
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    • 2017
  • Earnings management is a collection of management decisions which firms do not report the true performance. Many prior studies suggest that earnings management could be the results of either managerial earnings management or manager's private information for future performance. This study attempts to delve into the fundamental implications inherent in earnings management by analyzing how earnings management affects future firm performance in public institutions. If discretionary accruals as a measurement of earnings management embrace manager's private information, it will have a positive effect on future performance in succeeding period. In contrast, if discretionary accruals embrace manager's opportunistic earnings management, it will have a negative effect on future performance in succeeding period. Empirical findings are summarized as following.: Earnings managements are negatively associated with future firm performance for all succeeding period. This negative relationship continues for all succeeding period. The overall results can be serve as a evidence that the discretionary accruals capture opportunistic earnings management on average.

Relationship between Debt Ratio and Earnings Effect of Earnings Management's Estimating Method, Debt Type (부채비율과 이익조정의 관계에 이익조정 대체적 측정치와 부채유형이 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.1932-1937
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    • 2014
  • This paper examines whether debt ratio effects earnings management. There are various methods that estimate earnings management. This paper examines whether these methods impact on the relationship between earnings management and debt ratio. In addition, this study examines whether these relationship effects of debt type. Previous studies in this area haven't examined the relationship between debt ratio and earnings management in Korea. These studies didn't consider earnings management's method to analysis for this relationship. This paper tests the relationship between earnings management and debt ratio with methods of earnings management unlike from previous studies. Results are summaried as following. First, the relationship between debt ratio and earnings management was different for these methods. Abnormal Accruals that used estimation of eanrnings management in previous studies didn't examine these results that debt ratio effects of earnings management. However, it was significant positive the relationship between real activity management and debt ratio.

The Relationship between Earnings Management and Conservatism -Focused on Earnings Loss Avoidance Firms and Big-bath Firms- (이익조정과 보수주의 -적자회피기업과 Big-bath기업을 중심으로-)

  • Park, Sang-Bong;Ra, Gi-Rye
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.261-285
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, examined relationship between Earnings Management and Conservatism. For analysis of this purpose, we applied the Earnings Loss Avoidance Firms and Big-bath Firms. The results are as follows. First, conservative of Earnings Loss Avoidance Firms(sample I, II) is lower than the controlled companies. And Big-bath firms(sample III, IV) is higher than the controlled companies. This is a negative relationship between conservative and earning management. These results are consistent with previous research results. Second, When analyzing the Earnings Loss Avoidance Firms(sample I, II), Results are presented that conservative and earning management related to positive. These results reflect the company to Investors' demand for conservatism.

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The Effect of Earnings Management on the Bond Grading (이익조정이 신용등급에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yang-Gu;Kwon, Hyeok-Gi;Park, Sang-Bong
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.113-130
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    • 2015
  • This study considers the relation between firms' earnings management and credit rating. Unlike preceding papers only focusing earnings management by accrual(thereafter, AM), this paper examines the effect of accrual earnings management(AMs) and real earning management(thereafter, RM) on credit rating. RMs have more negative effects on firms' forward cash flow generation abilities and long term operating performances than AMs. So, RMs are more negative signals for credit analysts than AMs. But credit analysts have much difficulty in seeing through RM, because if credit analysts want to find out RMs, they have to understand firms' internal operating activities, cost structures, receivables collection practices, and review whether profit distortions are due to abnormal change of them. Sample of this study consists of 2,150firm-year data listed companies from 2002 to 2010. Empirical evidence shows that AMs and RMs are negatively related to credit rating. This result implies that credit analysts see through AMs and RMs in interpreting financial informations, that is to say, they discount credit rating in considering level of earnings management that consist of real activity and accrual earning management. This paper also finds that RMs are more negatively related to credit ratings than AMs. This result suggests that credit analysts don't take RMs into account in credit rating process as much as AMs.

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Relationships between Financial Characteristics and Earnings Management in Domestic Construction Waste Disposal Companies - Focusing on the moderating effects of intermediate-level waste treatment services (국내 건설폐기물 기업의 재무적 특성과 이익조정 간의 관계 - 중간처분업 특성의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Hyun, Sang-Ho;Lee, Nam-Ryong;Lee, Sang-Hak;Kim, Kee-Woong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.68-83
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    • 2019
  • The characteristics of intermediate-level waste treatment services are likely to have a negative effect because they act as a factor in promoting incentives of earnings management in the relationship between financial characteristics and earnings management in companies which are possible for earnings management. The researchers conducting this study attempted to empirically verify relationships between financial characteristics and earnings management against domestic construction waste disposal companies in consideration of the characteristics of intermediate-level waste disposal businesses, and the results are as follows. As construction waste disposal businesses grew larger, and the trade receivables collection period lengthened, the intention to increase profits via real activities strengthened. As the ability to generate cash via sales activities weakened, and the difference between the EBITDA margin and the operating margin was lower than the difference in industrial average ratio, discretionary accruals and earnings management via real activities were greater. In particular, there were differences in the variables of intermediate treatment business characteristics which reveal moderating effects by financial characteristics. This study is meaningful in that the scope of relationships between financial characteristics and earnings management in accounting is expanded to cover the construction waste disposal industry.

Study on the Effects of CEO compensation in Investment and earnings management (경영자 보상이 투자와 이익조정에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Mi-Sook
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.179-196
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of variable cash compensation depending on short-term performances instead of stock compensation for the executives on the investment in tangible assets, investment and R&D, and profit reconciliation. The detailed objectives of the study include, first, to examine the influence of the cash compensation on investment in tangible assets and profit reconciliation depending on the characteristics of the company and, second, to examine the influence of cash compensation on the profit reconciliation of the investment in R&D depending on the characteristics of the company. The results of the analysis in this study can be summarized as follows; Firstly, the result of the positive analysis, as the compensation for the executives increased, by the characteristics of the companies conducted on the significant 'positive' (+) on the investment in R&D and the profits reconciliation showed that the high tech industry and the share ratio of the executives did not show a significant result, while the debt ratio showed a significantly positive result. Secondly, the result of the positive analysis, as the compensation for the executives increased, by the characteristics of the companieson the significant 'positive' (+) of the investment in tangible assets and reconciliation of profits showed that the high-tech industry did not show a significant result, while the hypothesis on the share ratio of the executives and the hypothesis on the debt ratio showed results that are significantly positive as expected. In other words, it can help Korean companies, which have to investment in R&D and tangible assets to increase their competitiveness and promote future growth dynamics, to design a manager compensation system that is appropriate for our country to support efficient investment decision-making.

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Chaebol and Earnings Management (대규모기업집단의 차별적 이익조정 행태)

  • Lim, Hyoung-Joo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.385-394
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    • 2012
  • This study investigates whether earnings management behavior of chaebol firms differ from that of non-chaebol firms. The ownership structure of chaebol firms is characterized by the dominance of one largest shareholder and his family members who typically participate in the management of the firm directly or indirectly and influence most of the important management decision. This study adopts the random effect model and the hausman and talyor model, using a panel of 5092 firm-year over a period from 1991 to 2010 to control for potential heterogeneity and endogeneity that may cause sever bias. This study finds that there is no difference in accrual based earnings management level between chaebol firms and non-chaebol firms. However, chaebol firms appeared to engage less real earnings management that is known to negatively affect future earnings and share prices. The results are consistent when controlling for potential heterogeneity and endogeneity in the hausman and taylor model. The results may be of interest to various stakeholders, policy makers, standard setters and academic researchers.

Impact of Debt ratio on Earnings Management after Global Financial Crisis - Comparative Study of Korea and Japan - (글로벌 금융위기 이후 기업의 부채비율이 이익조정에 미치는 영향 - 한·일 비교연구 -)

  • Noh, Gil-Kwan
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.12
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    • pp.299-305
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzed the relationship between the debt ratios of Korean and Japanese manufacturing firms with accruals and actual earnings managements after the global financial crisis. This study was conducted on Korean and Japanese firms from 2008 to 2015. As a result, the Korean firms, the higher (lower) debt ratio is, more up(down)side earnings management using discretionary accruals and operating cash flow. In contrast, the Japanese firms found that the higher(lower) the debt ratio is, more up(down)side through its actual activities (operating cash flows, manufacturing costs, discretionary costs) rather than accruals. This study establishes the academic basis for the decision-making of Korean-Japanese firmss by using the sample of each country to check what kind of decision-makers are making earnings managements at the present time when the relationship between Korea and Japan has suffered due to export restrictions. It is meaningful in that it was.

The Strategic Financial Reporting: Evidence from Directors' and Officers' Liability Insurance (전략적 재무보고: 임원배상책임보험제도를 이용한 연구)

  • Choi, Jeong-mi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2017
  • This study investigates the association between financial reporting strategy and the directors' and officers' liability insurance. Since D&O insurance protects officers and directors against the risks of shareholder litigation, it is possible that, because of moral hazard, managers will be more willing to participate in opportunistic financial reporting such as earnings manipulation when they are covered by a generous D&O insurance policy. This paper examines the association between D&O insurance and financial reporting, specifically whether the purchase of D&O insurance affects earnings manipulation. On the other side, the firms engage earnings management are willing to purchase D&O insurance, this study tests whether earnings manipulation affects D&O purchases using listed firms in Korean stock market from 2006 to 2008. This paper finds that firms with higher discretionary accruals are less likely to purchase D&O insurance implies that managers who are participating in earnings manipulation are not willing to purchase D&O insurance. The relation between discretionary accruals and D&O is significantly negative which indicate D&O insurance purchase does not trigger earnings manipulation rather it alleviates opportunistic reporting behavior.

Earnings Management Associated with Types of CEO Turnover in Public Institutions (공공기관의 경영자 교체유형과 이익조정 행태와의 관련성)

  • Jang, Ji-Kyung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.213-221
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    • 2017
  • This study examines the influence of CEO(Chief Executive Officer) turnover on earnings management in public institutions. We classified sample into four portfolios based on the joint types of departing CEO(Forced/Voluntary) and incoming CEO(Expert/Nonexpert), and we explore whether earnings management are distinguishable depending on the types of CEO turnover. Empirical findings are summarized as following. The different patterns of earnings management are observed for each portfolio in the turnover year. In particular, when departing CEO leaves the company forcibly and incoming CEO is an expert in that business, there is an evidence of downward earnings management in the turnover year. This means that the incoming CEO takes a bath in his first year by recording big charges to shift blame for failed management on to the predecessor. The results documented in this paper provide an important implication for diverse interest groups participating in the CEO turnover decisions at the present time when normalization of management of public institutions is viewed more important than ever.