• Title, Summary, Keyword: 이동하중

Search Result 585, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

Dynamic Response Analysis of Stiffened Plates Subjected to Moving Loads (이동하중을 받는 보강판의 동응답해석)

  • 정정훈;정태영
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.124-129
    • /
    • 1992
  • 이동 집중력 및 집중질량에 의한 이동하중을 받는 직사각형 보강판에 대하 여 보강재효과집중 모델링방법에 의거하여 보강판을 등방성 박판 및 보강재 효과를 반영한 등가보요소로 이루어진 판-보 조합체로 유한요소 모델링하고 Newmark의 직접 시간적분법을 이용한 동응답 해석방법을 정식화하였다. 일 련의 수치계산 예를 통하여 본 연구에서 제시한 방법이 이동하중을 받는 보 강판의 동응답 해석문제에 효과적으로 적용될 수 있음을 확인하였다. 아울러 parametric study를 통하여 이동하중이 작용하는 보강판의 동응답특성은 이 동하중의 질량효과를 고려하는 경우와 고려하지 않는 경우 매우 달라지며, 이동하중에 의한 동적응답은 이동속도가 증가할수록 정하중에 의한 응답보 다 증폭되어 나타나고 증폭비율이 질량효과를 고려할 경우 훨씬 더 커짐을 확인하였다.

  • PDF

Vibration Analysis of Space Structure with Retractable Roof (개폐식 지붕구조의 움직임에 대한 공간구조물의 진동해석)

  • Kim, Gee-Cheol;Kang, Joo-Won;Kim, Hyun-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.113-120
    • /
    • 2011
  • Retractable roof system is one of the special feature in stadium or complex structure. And this retractable roof system makes possible to use spacial structure all-weather. This retractable roof system is able to classified into overlapping, parallel movement and folding system. Moving load, impact load, inertial or braking loads, these dynamic loads induced by movements of retractable roof system. So it is necessary to analysis of spacial structures are subjected to these dynamic loads. Dynamic loads that are induced by the retractable roof movements can be applied to moving mass method or moving force method. But, moving force method is appropriate because the retractable roof movements is slow relatively. In this paper, new application method of moving forces induced by the retractable roof movements is proposed. And vibration analysis of spacial structures are executed by using the proposed method. This proposed equivalent moving force can be easily applied to spacial structure that is subjected to dynamic loads induced by movement of the retractable roof system.

Comparative study on the cable stayed bridge under moving load state (이동하중을 받는 사장교의 거동비교)

  • Sung, Ikhyun
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.258-266
    • /
    • 2017
  • Cable-stayed bridges are bridges with long spans for special purposes. Due to the long span, the dynamic response of the vehicle to the moving load is very special. The behavior also has nonlinear, which makes it difficult to design. In this study, the responses of cable - stayed bridges are considered considering various vehicle loads and the behavior of long - span bridges under moving loads is investigated. Especially, when the loads for one direction and for both directions move with speed, the behavior of the bridges is found to be due to the flexibility of the cable. It can be seen that the analysis including the dynamic behavior of the cable and the top plate is more effective because the influence of the vehicle load tends to amplify the vertical deformation together with the vibration of the cable.

Efficient Analysis of Structure Vibration Induced by Walking Loads (보행하중에 의한 구조물 진동의 효율적인 해석)

  • 김기철;이동근
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.21-29
    • /
    • 2001
  • 주차장, 버스터미널, 스타디움, 집회공간과 같은 낮은 고유진동수를 갖는 장경간 건축물에서는 저속 차량의 이동하중이나 보행자의 보행하중과 같은 동적하중에 의해 과도한 바닥판 진동이 발생할 수 있으며 이러한 진동은 건축물의 이용자에게 불쾌감을 일으켜 건축물의 사용성에 심각한 영향을 주게된다. 구조물에 가해지는 보행하중의 일반적인 적용방법은 분할된 요소의 절점을 따라 절점하중으로 가하는 것이다. 그러나 이러한 해석모델은 보행하중을 절점에만 가해야하는 제한적인 문제점을 가지고 있어 보폭 수만큼 절점을 생성시켜야 하며 보폭이 변하거나 절점이외에 하중이 작용할 경우 해석모델을 수정해야하는 번거로움이 있다. 본 연구에서는 보행하중에 대한 계측과 분석을 통하여 보행하중의 동적특성을 분석하였으며 계측한 보행하중을 예제구조물에 적용하였다. 그리고 보행하중에 의한 구조물 진동의 효율적인 해석을 위하여 구조물에 가해지는 보행하중을 등가의 절점하중으로 치환하는 방법을 제안하였으며 제안된 등가절점 하중의 타당성을 검증하기 위하여 예제구조물의 진동해석을 수행하였다.

  • PDF

A Study on Live Load Design Standards Considering Moving Load (For Shorter than 60m Span) (이동하중을 고려한 활하중 설계기준 연구 (60m 이하 교량))

  • Jin, Kyung Seok;Han, Man Yop
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1261-1270
    • /
    • 2013
  • The current domestic design criteria of live load employs DL-24 load and DB-24 load. Particularly for long span bridges above 45meters, DL-24 load is forced to apply and design them, since the shearing force and the moment of DL-24 load appears more dominate than those of DB-24. But it appeared that this DL-24 load didn't meet the vehicles traveling load, which affected bridges in real use. Hence this paper defined ML-24 load similar to the load applied to real bridges and also defined a new live load model, RL-24 load, after adjusting the existing DL-24 load, which doesn't meet the moment and the shearing force of ML-24. As the result of applying and reviewing RL-24 load to simple bridges of span of 45~60m, the results satisfying both the moment and the shearing force applied to bridges in real use by traveling load were attained. Besides, the applicability of it was examined in comparison with live load models of home and abroad.

An Application of Dynamic Loading Test of Precast Module Concrete Decks (프리캐스트 모듈 바닥의 동하중 재하시험)

  • Sung, Ikhyun
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.73-80
    • /
    • 2017
  • In this study, the panel joint behavior by the vehicle load moving on precast panel is analyzed. The frame was made for loading and the behavior was determined by using each measuring device. The static response of the panel was examined and compared with the theoretical value, and it was found that the characteristics were very reasonable. In addition, acceleration, velocity, and displacement were measured for dynamic impact evaluation, and the characteristics of moving load were analyzed in the test. The vibration frequency of the panel was measured for the dynamic response by the moving load, and the vibration characteristic was considered to be sensitive to the range of the load. As a result, it is considered that the dynamic response of the connection part should be careful in design because the characteristics are different according to the connection method.

Application of the Absorbing Boundary Condition in Moving Force Analysis of Asphalt Concrete Track (흡수경계조건의 아스팔트 콘크리트 궤도 동적 해석에의 적용)

  • Lee, Seonghyeok;Chung, Keunyoung;Jung, Wooyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.54-66
    • /
    • 2016
  • In this study, the absorbing boundary condition was adopted to prevent elastic wave propagation due to abrupt load condition changes in moving force analysis. It was proven to be effective in reducing inappropriate noise components. Furthermore, to verify whether fixed point excitation in a laboratory test can simulate train movement effectively, the results of dynamic analysis for fixed point excitation and moving force conditions were analyzed. The dynamic stability of an asphalt track structure under a KTX train condition was also studied. Additionally, the dynamic safety of asphalt tracks was verified by comparing the results of a moving force analysis under a KTX train load and a quasi-static analysis under the design standard Korean train load.

A Comparative of Ground Stress with Difference of the Fixed Point Loading and Moving Wheel Loading (모형실험을 통한 고정 및 이동하중 재하 방법에 따른 노반 변형거동 비교)

  • Choi, Chan-Yong;Shin, Eun-Chul;Eum, Ki-Young;Shin, Min-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.49-56
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this paper, it was compared the characteristics of the stress and settlement that occur from a track on the ground using a model test and has quantitatively analyzed the difference based on stress path and effect of the rotation of principal stress. Under identical roadbed conditions, the settlement generated by moving wheel loads were found to be 6 times and 3 times larger than that from static loads and cyclic loads, respectively. The deviator stress affecting shear deformation and the length of stress path generated by moving loads were twofold or greater increase than those by static loads. Furthermore, the stress path generated by moving loads was approached more closely to Mohr-Coulomb failure criteria compared to that by static loads. Also, it was found that ballasted track was occurred about 60% of maximum stress at $40^{\circ}$ of the rotation angle of principal stress and was affected with rotation of principal stress with moving wheel loading condition.

A Survey of Fuel Loads in Office Buildings (사무소 건물의 화재하중 분포)

  • 김운형
    • Fire Science and Engineering
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-45
    • /
    • 1997
  • The surveying method for determine moveable fuel load estimates is presented. Two types of offices, open plan design and compartmented layout were surveyed and Data are presented for fuel load densities in ten office buildings. Office building fuel load in Korea range from 36kg/$m^2$ to 52kg/$m^2$ with 95% confidence level and represented mean 44.27kg/$m^2$. The results of the study presented the impact of the office layout and computer accessary contribution on the fuel load. In addition, a comparison of fuel load that found at this survey and that found at Fire Protection Dept., University of Maryland, U. S. A was made.

  • PDF

Analysis of the Linear Transformation of Prestressing Tendon Using Equivalent toad Method (등가하중법 관점에서 분석한 프리스트레싱 텐던의 직선이동)

  • 오병환;전세진
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.843-850
    • /
    • 2002
  • Linear transformation theory has been effectively used in the design and analysis of prestressed concrete structures. The underlying assumptions of the theory, which were often overlooked, are investigated in the respect of equivalent load method. As a result, it is found that the same equivalent loading system is produced for all the cases of the linear transformation by the assumptions of the conventional equivalent load method. On the other hand, equivalent loading systems in a strict and accurate sense do not satisfy the classical theories of the linear transformation. Also, it is shown that a little different equivalent loading system from the conventional one is obtained for each linear transformation according to the proposed equivalent load method that is derived from the self-equilibrium property of the tendon-induced forces. Therefore, it can be concluded that the linear transformation theory is valid only when referring to the conventional approximate equivalent load method. The discussions are further extended to the eccentrically located circumferential tendon in the wall of containment structures, where the problem of eccentricity is analyzed also from the view point of the linear transformation.