• Title, Summary, Keyword: 융합적 사고력

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Analytic Study on the Effectiveness of Computational Thinking based STEAM Program (컴퓨팅 사고력 기반 융합인재교육 프로그램의 효과성 분석 연구)

  • Kim, Soon-Hwa;Ham, Seong-Jin;Song, Ki-Sang
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.105-114
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    • 2015
  • A SW competency based on computational thinking is considered as one of the core competencies in the future society. However, the concept of computational thinking is difficult to be introduced to the class because of the lack of appropriate educational program and the shortage of proper understandings of students and teachers. Thus, we have applied computational thinking based STEAM program and analyzed its effectiveness to explore the educational possibilities of computational thinking. The 49 samples were selected, 23 for the experimental group, and 26 for the control group. Pre-post tests for integrated thinking abilities and computational thinking were done to explore the CT-STEAM program's effectiveness. As a result, the components of integrated thinking abilities, science preference and self-directed learning abilities were enhanced after CT-STEAM instruction. In addition, computational thinking assessment score was statistically significant. We expect new STEAM programs using various computing tools to be developed in the future.

The Effects of Computational Thinking Based Software Convergence Education on Science Highschool Student's Problem Solving Ability (컴퓨팅 사고력 기반의 SW 융합교육이 과학고 학생들의 문제해결력에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Ungyeol;Lee, Young-Jun
    • Proceedings of The KACE
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    • pp.99-102
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    • 2018
  • 제4차 산업혁명 시대에 접어들면서 창의융합형 인재에 대한 관심이 고조되고 있다. 특히 과학, 수학, 정보 교육 진흥법의 제정 및 시행과 함께 컴퓨팅 사고력을 바탕으로 실세계의 문제를 창의적이고 융합적으로 해결할 수 있는 사고력의 중요성이 커지고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 과학고 학생들의 다양한 융합적 문제 해결 능력을 신장시킬 수 있는 컴퓨팅 사고력 기반의 소프트웨어 융합교육 프로그램을 개발하고, 그 효과를 탐색하고자 한다. 본 연구의 결과는 학교 현장에서의 융합 교육을 위한 이해와 지식을 얻기 위한 기초자료로서 활용되고, 향후 체계적인 실험연구의 방향을 제시하는데 기여할 것이다.

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The Effect of STEAM Program on the Logical Thinking Ability of Middle School Students (융합인재교육(STEAM) 프로그램이 중학생의 논리적 사고력에 미치는 효과)

  • Bae, Sung-Hee;Kim, Hee-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.17-25
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of logical thinking when applying STEAM program for middle school students. Therefore, you're creative, framework governing the conditions and be present, creative design of the emotional experience of class under the procedures of the program from a program by previous studies. STEAM improve program is entirely logical thinking to determine that 47 2nd grade in middle school student radio sampling four weeks, six round of poetry classes. Awareness stage after the program STEAM improved but there was little change in logical thinking and appears to be effective, particularly in conservation, combined logic.(p<0.05)

The Effects of Educational Robot-based SW Convergence Education on Primary Students' Computational Thinking, Collaborative and Communication Skills (교육용로봇기반 SW융합교육이 초등학생의 컴퓨팅 사고력, 협업능력 및 의사소통능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Choi, Hyungshin;Lee, Jeongmin
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.131-138
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    • 2020
  • The aim of software education is to increase students' Computational Thinking(CT) skills that they can compose problems and provide solutions which can be carried out effectively by information-processing systems. Furthermore, if problem solving situations can provide students with meaningful problem solving opportunities in authentic social contexts, then software education would be more valuable. This study pursued educational robot-based SW convergence education where 4th grade primary students have access to tangible outputs and can engage in authentic problem solving situations working with peers by using robots and programming. In addition, this study investigated the effectiveness of the classes in terms of computational thinking skills and social capabilities(collaborative skills and communication skills). The current study provides educational robot-based SW convergence education cases of a primary school and discusses the effectiveness of the classes in terms of students' computational thinking skills and social capabilities.

Effects of SW-Efficacy on Computational Thinking and STEAM Literacy in Robot-utilized SW Convergence Education: Dual Mediation Effects of Interests and Learning Engagement (로봇 활용 SW융합교육에서 SW효능감이 컴퓨팅 사고력, 융합인재소양에 미치는 영향: 흥미와 학습참여의 이중매개효과)

  • Huh, Mi-Seon;Lee, Jeongmin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2020
  • This study investigated the effects of SW-efficacy on computational thinking STEAM literacy and the dual mediation effects of interest and student engagement in the relationship between SW-efficacy, computational thinking and STEAM literacy in robot-utilized SW convergence education. For achieving this purpose, robot-utilized SW convergence education targeting 146 middle schools students were carried out, post-survey regarding SW-efficacy, computational thinking, STEAM literacy, interest, and learning engagement were conducted. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS macro process for analysis of the dual mediation effect. Results were as follows: first, SW-efficacy had a significant effect on computational thinking and STEAM literacy. Second, interest did not mediate the relationship between SW efficacy, computational thinking and STEAM literacy, while student engagement mediated it. Third, SW efficacy had a significant effect on computational thinking and STEAM literacy dual-mediating effect of interest and student engagement. These results imply the roles of SW efficacy, interest and student engagement to improve computational thinking and STEAM literacy in robot-utilized SW education and provide implications with regard to robot-utilized SW education and instructional directions.

The Effects of Strategy of enhanced Metacognition on the Improvement of Creative Problem Solving Skills (메타인지 강화 전략이 창의적 문제 해결력 신장에 미치는 효과)

  • Song, Ju-yeon;Park, Ji-eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of the study was to develop a teaching strategy using metacognition and to investigate its effects on enhancing students' creative problem solving skills (i.e. creative thinking skills and critical thinking skills), metacognitive skills. With reference to previous studies, the researcher developed self-questionnaire to enhance metacognition. To achieve this aim, a learning strategy enhancing metacognition was developed and applied to design a creative problem solving instruction program. The strategy was implemented to university students over 9 weeks. The same test was used in two groups. To analyze the data statistically, ANCOVA was used. Results indicated that the experimental group presented statistically meaningful improvement in creative thinking skills, especially identifying a problem, making hypothesis, and controlling of variables(p<.05). Also, the strategy contributed to improve critical thinking skills, especially in inquiry process of recognizing problems, making hypothesis(p<.05). In addition, this strategy also helped students' metacognitive skills(p<.05). It was effective to improve thinking skills. It will contribute to improve convergence thinking skills.

Convergence Organization Strategies of the Computational Thinking in Informatics Curriculums (정보과 교육과정에서 융합형 컴퓨팅사고력 구성 전략)

  • Shin, Soo-Bum;Kim, Chul;Park, Namje;Kim, Kap-Su;Sung, Young-Hoon;Jeong, Young-Sik
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.607-616
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    • 2016
  • Computational thinking is complexity and independent subject matter being capable to learn concept of computer science and providing methodology of problem solving. Also many experts have said that computational thinking will be grow essential tool in the further developing information society. Thus our country has been trying to introduce it in the K12 informatics subject matter education. Therefore we proposed a introducing method of computational thinking being appropriated of a character of it in the informatics curriculum. To do this, we analyzed character and worthy of it, advanced model cases introducing it into the curriculum. And we proposed that introduced case of it into curriculum is divided 3 cases archiving computational thinking itself, being connected aim of general subject matter with it and computer science education. According to this advanced cases, this study selected permeative style of computational thinking with the informatics subject matted curriculum. This method is divided achievement criterion into contents and means. also we proposed that contents area of informatics subject matter achievement criterion is composed Computing System, Information Life, Software and means area can be filled with subset of computational thinking. This introducing method can make informatics subject matter education settle subject matter helping problem solving through computer system beyond character of technology oriented subject matter.

A Study on the Development of Digital Yut Playing System Based on Physical Computing (피지컬 컴퓨팅을 기반으로 한 디지털 윷놀이 시스템 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Koh, Byoungoh
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.335-342
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    • 2017
  • The artificial intelligence, robot technology, Internet of things, and life sciences that create added value while dramatically transforming human life have been highlighted in the fourth industrial revolution, the next industrial revolution. In order to adapt to the 4th industry, it is necessary to educate students to develop fusion thinking and computing thinking ability. Therefore, in this study, we developed a digital Yut Playing system based on physical computing, reflecting STEAM and decomposition, pattern recognition, abstraction, and algorithm design, which are components of computing thinking. By experiencing the developed system and applying it to education, it raised interest and interest in programming education and improved programming lesson for fusion thinking and computing thinking ability.

The Effect of the Integrative Education Using a 3D Printer on the Computational Thinking Ability of Elementary School Students (3D프린터를 활용한 융합교육이 초등학생의 컴퓨팅 사고력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Donghun;Kim, Taeyoung
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.469-480
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    • 2019
  • One of the goals of the new 2015 revised curriculum is to cultivate the creativity of students who will live in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution to create new things through diverse ideas and challenges based on basic learning skills. Accordingly, in order to solve the given problems rationally, the convergence problem solving ability that can process and utilize various areas of knowledge and information is becoming important. Therefore, in this study, we designed the integrative education using a 3D printer based on Tinkercad modeling and applied it to the class to investigate the effect on the improvement of computing thinking ability of elementary school students. To verify the contents of the study, two classes of 25 sixth-grade elementary school students were divided into an experimental group and a controlled group. For the experimental group, 12 classes of convergence education programs using a 3D printer were applied for about three months, and the same amount of general curriculum was conducted for the control group. After that, the t-tests were carried out using the pre-post test to measure the effectiveness of the computational thinking ability. After the application of the program, the experimental group showed statistically significant improvement in computational thinking ability, but the controlled group showed no statistically significant difference. The results show that convergence education using the Tinkercad modeling-based 3D printer has a positive effect on the improvement of computing thinking ability of elementary school students.

Analysis of the Effectiveness of Computational Thinking-Based Programming Learning (컴퓨팅 사고력 기반 프로그래밍 학습의 효과성 분석)

  • Kim, KyungKyu;Lee, JongYun
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 2016
  • It is necessary for us to be equipped with problem-solving ability, logical thinking ability, and convergence thinking ability in the digital information age. To have these abilities, modern people in the $21^{st}$ century should be educated to develop the computational thinking ability. However, it is difficult to cultivate the computational thinking ability in current computer education curriculum. Therefore, this paper aims to propose a programming-based computer educational program to make students better understand the principles of computer science and enhance student's computational thinking ability escaping from current fragmentary and limited computer education. In order to verify the effectiveness of the educational program, students in total 42 middle school (22 students in 1st and 2nd grades and 20 in 3rd grade) were applied to the educational program for twenty-four hours on 12 weeks and then we obtained a positive result that might bring improvement on the logical thinking ability and creative problem-solving skills. As a result, this study presents the possibility of its field applications of computational thinking-based programming learning and analyzed the effectiveness. therefore, it has a notable point of presenting the development direction of a variety of education programs for enhancing the computational thinking in the future.