• Title, Summary, Keyword: 유체-구조물연성

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Analysis of Liquid Sloshing in a Two-Dimensional Elastic Tank (구조물의 탄성을 고려한 2차원 탱크내 유동해석)

  • P.M.,Lee;S.W.,Hong;S.Y.,Hong
    • Bulletin of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 1990
  • The liquid sloshing in an elastic tank is a fluid-structure interaction problem. It requires nonlinear analysis to solve the complicated physics involved in the large interaction of fluid-structure, the variation of dynamic characteristics of structure due to hydrodynamic loading, and the distorsion of fluid flow due to structural vibration. In this paper a Lagrangian FEM is introduced to analyze the liquid sloshing in an elastic tank assuming that the elastic wall is one degree of freedom rigid wall. Numerical integration is performed using an implicit-explicit algorithm, which is formed by mixing the predictor-corrector method and the Runge-Kutta 4th order method. The influence of dynamic characteristics of the sloshing tank on the fluid flow is discussed. The numerical method is also applied for the simulation of the wall generated wave in the tank.

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A Numerical Method for Analysis of the Sound and Vibration of Waveguides Coupled with External Fluid (외부 유체와 연성된 도파관의 진동 및 소음 해석 기법)

  • Ryue, Jung-Soo
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.448-457
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    • 2010
  • Vibrations and wave propagations in waveguide structures can be analysed efficiently by using waveguide finite element (WFE) method. The WFE method only models the 2-dimensional cross-section of the waveguide with finite elements so that the size of the model and computing time are much less than those of the 3-dimensional FE models. For cylindrical shells or pipes which have simple cross-sections, the external coupling with fluids can be treated theoretically. For waveguides of complex cross-sectional geometries, however, numerical methods are required to deal with external fluids. In this numerical approach, the external fluid is modelled by the boundary elements (BEs) and connected to WFEs. In order to validate this WFE/BE method, a pipe submerged in water is considered in this study. The dispersion diagrams and point mobilities of the pipe simulated are compared to those that theoretically obtained. Also the acoustic powers radiated from the pipe are predicted and compared in both cases of air and water as an external medium.

Vibration of Pipes Coupled with Internal and External Fluids (내부 및 외부 유체와 연성된 파이프의 진동 해석)

  • Ryue, Jung-Soo
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.142-150
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    • 2012
  • The waveguide finite element (WFE) method is a useful numerical technique to investigate wave propagation along waveguide structures which have uniform cross-sections along the length direction ('x' direction). In the present paper, the vibration and radiated noise of the submerged pipe with fluid is investigated numerically by coupling waveguide finite elements and wavenumber boundary elements. The pipe and internal fluid are modelled with waveguide finite elements and the external fluid with wavenumber boundary elements which are fully coupled. In order to examine this model, the point mobility, dispersion curves and radiated power are calculated and compared for several different coupling conditions between the pipe and internal/external fluids.

Static Fluid Structure Interaction Analysis of Wind Turbine Blade Skin Fabric (풍력발전기 블레이드 패브릭 스킨의 정적 유체-구조연성 해석에 관한 연구)

  • An, Hyung-ju;Bae, Jae-sung;Hwang, Jai-hyuk
    • Journal of Aerospace System Engineering
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2016
  • This study analyzes the fabric skin of a wind turbine blade. The fabric skin is a membrane structure that was analyzed using a static Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) method. For this study the blade of large 5 MW wind turbine was selected. In order to examine the validity of the analysis, a variety of reference data were used. Before conducting static FSI analysis, a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis and modal analysis were done. Then interaction analysis was conducted. FSI analysis was done with imported Aerodynamic data that resulted from the CFD analysis. The resulting observations about the membrane structure, inherent tensions, deformation of the final structure, and aerodynamic forces caused by deformation are reported.

Underwater Structure-Borne Noise Analysis Using Finite Element/Boundary Element Coupled Approach (유한요소/경계요소 연성해석을 통한 수중 구조기인소음 해석)

  • Lee, Doo-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Sil;Kim, Bong-Ki;Lee, Seong-Hyun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.36 no.7
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    • pp.789-796
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    • 2012
  • Radiated noise analysis from a ship structure is a challenging topic owing to difficulties in the accurate calculation of the fluid-structure interaction as well as owing to a massive degree of freedom of the problem. To reduce the severity of the problem, a new fluid-structure interaction formulation is proposed in this paper. The complex frequency-dependent added mass and damping matrices are calculated using the high-order Burton-Miller boundary integral equation formulation to obtain accurate values over all frequency bands. The calculated fluid-structure interaction effects are added to the structural matrices calculated by commercial finite element software, MSC/NASTRAN. Then, the impedance and underwater radiation noise due to an excitation of structure are calculated. The present formulation is applied to a ship to calculate the underwater radiated noise.

FSI Analysis of Structure Using Recursive Component Mode Synthesis (재귀 부분 합성법을 이용한 구조물 유체-고체 연성 해석)

  • Kim, Chang-Wan
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.215-216
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    • 2010
  • 본 논문에서는 재귀 부분 구조 합성법을 이용하여 유체와 고체가 연성된 구조물에 대한 거동을 해석하였다. 이 방법은 일반적으로 널리 사용하는 랜쵸스 방법과 비교하여 몇 배나 빠른 계산 결과 시간에 문제를 풀었음에도 거의 동일한 해를 얻을 수 있는 장점이 있다.

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Shape Design Optimization of Structure-Fluid Interaction Problems using NURBS Surfaces (NURBS 곡면을 이용한 구조-유체 연성문제의 형상 최적설계)

  • Jang, Hong-Lae;Kim, Min-Geun;Cho, Seon-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.508-511
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    • 2010
  • 본 논문에서는 정상상태 유체-구조 연성문제를 연속체 기반으로 정식화하고 유한요소법을 이용하여 완전 연성된 해를 구하였다. 대 변형을 고려하기 위하여 토탈 라그란지안 정식화를 사용하였으며 유체 및 구조의 비선형성이 고려되었다. 유체와 구조 영역의 형상을 NURBS 곡면을 이용하여 매개화하여 표현하였으며, 형상 최적화를 위해 효율적인 설계민감도 해석법인 애조인 기법을 이용하여 압력, 속도, 변위 등에 대한 설계민감도를 구하였다. 이를 이용하여 최소 컴플라이언스를 갖게 하는 구조물 내부의 유체영역의 설계 등의 수치예제를 통하여 개발된 방법론의 타당성을 확인하였다.

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Fluid-structure Interaction Analysis of Large Sandwich Panel Structure for Randomly Distributed Wind Load considering Gust Effects (거스트 영향이 고려된 랜덤 분포 풍하중에 대한 대형 샌드위치 패널 구조물의 유체-구조 연성해석)

  • Park, Dae Woong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.23 no.12
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    • pp.1035-1044
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    • 2013
  • Because of the high specific stiffness and strength inherent in the sandwich structure composed of facesheet that resists in-plane loads and a core that resists out-of-plane loads, it is often used for large and light-weighted structures. However, inevitably the increased flexibility allows greater deformation-based disturbances in the structures. Thus, it is necessary to analyze the structural safety. To obtain more accurate analytical results, the input disturbances must more closely simulate real load conditions; to improve accuracy, non-linear elements such as gust effects were considered. In addition, the structural safety was analyzed for the iso-grid sandwich panel structure using fluid-structure interactions. For a more realistic simulation, flow velocity fields, which consider the effects of irregular gust fluctuation, were generated and the coupled field was analyzed by mapping the pressure and displacement.

Accuracy analysis of a hydroelastic model of a floating beam (부유식 유탄성 보 모델의 수렴성 연구)

  • Kim, Ki-Tae;Lee, Phill-Seung;Park, Kwang-Chun
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.631-634
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구에서는 규칙 파랑 중에 있는 부유식 구조물의 유탄성 거동을 해석 하고, 수치모델의 수렴성을 살펴본다. 부유식 구조물은 보로 모델링 하며, 유체는 이상유체로 가정하여 문제를 해결한다. 보 모델의 경우 Euler-Bernoulli 보 모델과 Timoshenko 보 모델로 나누어 그 특성을 비교 해 본다. 문제의 해석법에 있어서 부유식 구조물의 경우는 유한요소법을, 유체의 경우는 경계요소법을 이용하여, 상호 연성된 방정식을 이끌어 낸다. 상호 연성된 방정식을 토대로 Euler-Bernoulli 보 모델과 Timoshenko 보 모델의 거동 특성을 살펴보고 제시된 수치 모델을 기준으로 수렴성을 분석해 본다.

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Seismic Analysis of Rack Structure with Fluid-Structure Interaction (유체와 구조물의 연성을 고려한 rack 구조물의 내진해석)

  • Kim, S.J.;Lee, Y.S.;Ryu, C.H.;Yang, K.H.;Jung, S.H.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.465-470
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    • 2001
  • In this study, the seismic analysis of rack structure with fluid-structure interaction is performed through use of the Finite Element Method(FEM) code ANSYS. Fluid-structure interaction can specify in terms of an hydrodynamic effect which is defined as the added mass per unit length divided by the area of the cross section. Using the Floor Response Spectrum(FRS) obtained through the time-history analysis, modal analysis and seismic analysis under Operating Basis Earthquake(OBE) and Safe Shutdown Earthquake(SSE) condition is carried out. The fluid-structure interaction effects on the rack structure are investigated.

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