• Title, Summary, Keyword: 유방 절제술

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Survey of Clothing Behavior for Breast Cancer Women After Surgery: Comparison Between a Breast-Conserving Surgery Group and a Mastectomy Group (유방암 수술 후 유방 암 여성 환자의 의생활 조사: 유방 보존술과 유방 전절제술을 받은 대상자간의 비교)

  • Oh, Hee-Kyoung
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2016
  • This study examines the similarities and differences in the clothing habits between a breast-conserving surgery group (68 patients) and a mastectomy group (45 patients). In common, both parties expressed that they did not want to conspicuously display their altered body shape from the surgical procedure, and they also confirmed that they did not want to be treated as breast cancer patients by others. On the other hand, a mastectomy group significantly preferred clothes, bras and breast prostheses which enhance the body silhouette in comparison to the patients who received breast-conserving surgery. However, the patients who received breast mastectomies reported that the bras and breast prostheses available have been expensive with low emotional satisfaction, calling for particular need in specialized clothing for female patients who undergo breast surgery. Hence, this research to further the development of clothes, bras and breast prostheses for Korean women who must undergo breast surgery would be effective in helping to improve body image and quality of life in these women.

Radiation Therapy for Patients with Early-Stage Breast Carcinoma Treated with Breast-Conserving Surgery (조기 유방암에서 유방 보존술후 방사선 치료)

  • Shin, S.O.
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.274-284
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    • 1997
  • 조기 유방암에 대한 바람직한 치료는 유방의 형태를 최대한 보존하면서 악성 종양을 치료하는 것이다. 이러한 목적을 충분히 달성하기 위하여 최대한 조기에 유방암을 진단하고 미용상 종양 절제술에 적합한 환자를 선택하여 절제 범위를 최소화한 유방 보존술을 시행하며 수술 후 유방 전체에 대한 근치적인 방사선 치료를 적절히 시행하면 된다. 여러 연구에서 전통적인 치료법인 근치적 또는 변형 근치적 유방 절제술의 성적과 비교하여 차이가 없으므로 조기 유방암의 치료에는 이상적인 치료법으로 인정된다. 이와 병행하여 액와부 림프절 및 전신적인 재발에 대한 진단 및 예방을 위하여 액와 림프절에 대한 충분한 외과적인 처치와 병리학적인 검사를 시행하여 불필요한 방사선 치료로 인한 부작용을 최소화하여야 한다. 만약 전신적인 치료가 요구되는 경우에는 항암제 및 내분비 요법을 병행하여 재발을 억제해야 유방 보존술의 장점을 살릴 수 있다. 결론적으로 이 치료법이 조기 유방암 환자의 삶의 질을 개선시키면서 최상의 치료 효과를 얻기 위해서는 유관 진료 각과의 의료진이 유기적으로 협조하여 조기 진단률을 높히고, 유방 보존술 및 방사선 치료 과정에서 환자들에게 치료 결과에 대한 확신을 심어주도록 열심히 노력해야 된다. 또한 치료와 연관된 부작용이나 합병증을 최대한 줄여나가는 방향으로 치료 방법을 계속 보완 발전시키는 것이 매우 중요하며 아직도 발전의 여지가 많은 이 치료법이 조기 유방암의 이상적인 치료법으로 정착하기 위해서는 향후 다양한 임상적인 경험을 통한 더 많은 연구가 필요하리라 생각한다.

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Radical Radiotherapy with Lumpectomy (wide excisional biopsy) for Early Breast Cancer -A Case Report and Review of Literature- (초기 유방함의 근치적 방사선치료)

  • Oh, Won-Young;Whang, In-Soon
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.283-288
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    • 1988
  • However, long-term results of retrospective studies suggest that, for the great majority of individuals, mastectomy or conservative surgery with radiation therapy were be equally effective. The results at 5 and 10 years from prospective randomized trials indicate that survival following primary radiation therapy for early breast cancer is equivalent to that fellowing mastectomy. When competently Performed, Primary radiation therapy gives highly satisfactory cosmetic results and acceptably low rates of local tumor recurrence. A number of controversial issues remain concerning patient evaluation and selection and the optimal techniques of treatment, both surgical and radiotherapeutic. In addition, further work is needed to clearity the best way to integrate primary radiotherapy with adjuvant systemic treatment. And further follow-up of these patients with primary radiation therapy for early beast cancer will be required for ultimate proof of the relative merits. A case which was conservative surgery and radical irradiation of early breast cancer with review of literatures will be done.

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The Role Of Tumor Marker CA 15-3 in Detection of Breast Cancer Relapse After Curative Mastectomy (유방암 환자에서 근치적 유방 절제술 후 재발 발견에 대한 CA 15-3의 역할)

  • Hyun, In-Young;Kim, In-Ho;Lee, Moon-Hee;Kim, Chul-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.311-317
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of tumor marker CA 15-3 in the following: the diagnosis of breast cancer relapse after curative mastectomy, and the differentiation or the value of tumor marker by site of metastases. Materials and Methods: Two hundred two patients (median age 48 years) with breast cancer included in the follow-up after curative mastectomy. The tumor marker CA 15-3 was determined by IRMA (CIS BIO INTERNATIONAL, France). Test values > 30 U/ml were considered elevated (positive). Results: Among 202 patients, recurrent diseases were found in 16 patients. CA 15-3 was elevated in 5 of 16 patients with recurrences. There was no false-positive patient who had elevated CA 15-3. Sensitivity and specificity of CA 15-3 for detection of breast cancer recurrence were 31%, and 100%. CA 15-3 was elevated in all of the 4 patients with liver metastases. CA 15-3 was elevated in none of the patients who relapsed with metastasis to bone-only or contralateral breast-only. Conclusion: The tumor marker CA 15-3 in the detection of breast cancer relapse after curative mastectomy is specific, but not sensitive. However, it is useful to rule out liver metastases of breast cancer, which indicates bad prognosis.

Radiation Treatment of Postmastectomy Lymphangiosarcoma (유방 철제술후 임파육종의 치료 1예)

  • Choi, Ihl-Bong;Kim, Mi-Hee;Gil, Hak-Jun;Kim, Chun-Yul;Bahk, Yong-Whee
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.81-84
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    • 1988
  • Since the entity of postmastectomy lymphangiosarcoma was first reported by Stewart and Treves in 1948, postmastectomy lymphangiosarcoma has become a well recognized, uncommon malignant tumor which occurs in the upper extremity following mastectomy for mammary carcinoma. The postmastectomy lymphangiosarcoma occurred at an average age of 63.9 years and at an average of 10 years and 3 months following mastectomy. The lymphangiosarcoma raised from blood and lymphatic vessel. The histologic appearance has been observed edematous dermiss and dilated lymphatics lining with malignant cells. Most authors recommend radical amputation for treatment, either shoulder disarticulation or forequarter amputation. Other modalities of treatment including radiotherapy were considered as ineffetive. The present report provides a case of the regression of postmastectomy lymphangiosarcoma with chronic lymphedema by external irradiation. Radiation therapy was used as primary therapy. Total tumor dose of 6500 cGy in 9 wks was delivered using 6 MV x-ray and 8 MeV electron.

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Psychosocial Experience in Post-mastectomy Women (유방완전절제술을 받은 여성의 심리사회적 경험 : 자조집단 참여자 중심으로)

  • Lee, Yoon-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.59 no.3
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    • pp.99-124
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to research psychosocial experience in post-mastectomy women, who participated in self-help group, using in-depth interviews and participant observations. Until recently, studies on post-mastectomy women in psychological perspectives had been maily done by nurses, and there are only few literatures in social welfare studies. Therefore, based on phenomenological theory, the meaning and essence of "the breast" and the lived experience of post-mastectomy women, i.e. emotional distress, and as a result has been explored, it has confirmed six clusters and explained them in detail. As a result, from the subjects' experience, the essence of 'A crossroad of life and death', 'sexual-identity crisis', 'feeling mortified due to double binded messages of others', 'conflict between physical and psychological disabilities', 'feelings of gratitude or wishfulness', and 'their realistic suggestions and wishes' has been shown. It has been founded that the subjects experienced not only self-identity crisis as women but also unending internal turmoil because of their passion to live. It has been hoped that this study will help to shape government policy and social welfare services on post-mastectomy patients.

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The Effect of home education convergence program on arm functions, occupational performance, quality of life, and depression in mastectomy patients with arm function impairment (팔기능 장애가 있는 유방암절제술 환자의 가정치료융합프로그램이 작업수행력, 삶의 질, 우울감에 미치는 효과 연구)

  • Kim, Ko-Un;Oh, Hye-Won
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.515-523
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    • 2016
  • This study applied a home therapy convergence program to patients who had undergone mastectomy and examined its effects on their arm functions, occupational performance, quality of life, and depression. The number of subjects was 20. The subjects were those who visited an occupational therapy room as outpatients and received the intervention twice per week, forty minutes per each time, for 12 weeks. In order to look at their arm functions before and after the intervention, K-DASH was employed and their edema was measured with a tape line. In order to examine their occupational performance, quality of life, and depression before and after the intervention, COPM, FACT-B, and BDI, respectively, were utilized. After the intervention, their arm functions significantly increased, but their edema did not significantly decrease, their occupational performance and quality of life significantly improved, and their depression was significantly reduced. Thus, a home education convergence program positively affected mastectomy patients' arm functions, occupational performance, quality of life, and depression.

The Effect of Joint Mobilization with Electrotherapy interventions on External Rotation and Pain in Mastectomy Patients (유방암 절제술 환자의 관절가동술과 전기자극을 융합한 중재가 어깨 가쪽돌림과 통증에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Tae-Hyun;Cho, Kyun-Hee;Park, Shin-Jun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.188-197
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    • 2020
  • This study was to investigate the effects of joint mobilization with two different electrotherapy methods on shoulder external rotation range of motion and pain in mastectomy patients. Thirty mastectomy patients were divided into STMG (joint mobilization+pain scrambler therapy, n=15) and TENMG (joint mobilization+transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, n=15). The measurements were performed shoulder external rotation range of motion (ROM), pain (VAS). In both groups, there was a significant difference in the shoulder external rotation ROM, pain after intervention (p <.05). STMG was more decrease in VAS score than TENMG (p <.05). There was no significant difference in shoulder external rotation ROM between the two groups. In order to decrease the pain of mastectomy patients, it was confirmed that STMG was more effective than TENMG.. It is thought that a control group is added to confirm various differences, and more subjects are needed.

Breast Conservation Therapy Versus Mastectomy - Preliminary Results of Pattern of Failure and Survival Rate in Early Breast Cancer (조기유방암에서 유방보존치료와 유방전절제술의 치료결과 및 실패양상 비교)

  • Kim Yeon-Sil;Yoon Sei-Chul;Chung Su-Mi;Ryu Mi-Ryeong;Jung Sang-Sul;Choi Ihl-Bohng
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.115-123
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    • 2004
  • Purpose : This retrospective study was conducted to compare early preliminary results of breast conservation therapy (BCT) with mastectomy In early breast cancer. Materials and Methods : We evaluated 171 women with AJCC stage I and II breast cancer who had been treated at Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital from March 1989 to August 1996. Eighty-eight patients underwent mastectomy and 85 patients did conservative surgery with breast irradiation. in the BCT group, all patients received whole breast irradiation to a total dose of 45$\~$50 Gy/5$\~$6 wks, followed by a boost to the original tumor site at least 60 Gy. Chemotherapy was administered to 29 (34.1$\%$) patients in BCT and 40 (45.5$\%$) in mastectomy, with various sequencing of surgery and/or radiation. We compared survival rate, patterns of failure in each treatment group and the prognostic factors that had a significant effect on treatment failure. The median follow-up time was 63 months (19$\~$111 months). Log rank test was used to estimate the prognostic factors for treatment failure. Results : Overall survival, disease free survival, locoregional recurrence and distant metastasis rates were not significantly different between the two treatment groups. During the follow-up period, 11 patients (12.5$\%$)in the mastectomy group and 10 patients (11.8%$\%$ in the BCT group were failed. Six local recurrences occurred after mastectomy and 5 after BCT Five patients fatted at distant site in mastectomy and 4 in BCT. Of the local recurrence cases, five of 6 mastectomy patients and 3 of S BCT patients were alive with no evidence of disease after salvage surgery and/or chemoirradiation. Our results indicated that the major influence on survival was distant metastasis. Unfortunately, control of distant metastasisis was not frequently achieved. Even with salvage systemic therapy or radiotherapy, most of distant metastasis patients died or had uncontrolled disease in both treatment groups: only one of 4 BCT patients and none of mastectomy patients were alive without disease. There was no apparent difference in the incidence rate of contralateral breast cancer and non-breast 2$^{nd}$ primary tumor between the two treatment groups. Univariate Log-rank test identified the N stage and the involved axillary LN number as distinct prognostic factors that were highly predictive of treatment failure in both treatment groups. Additionally, marginal status in BCT and histologic nuclear grade In the mastectomy group were risk factors for treatment fallure (p < 0.05). Concousion : Although further careful follow-up is necessary to confirm the trends evident In this serles, it would appear that patterns of failure and survival rate following conservative surgery and radiotherapy in early breast cancer are similar to those following mastectomy. The great majority of patients with local recurrence had an exellent salvage rate in both treatment groups. Therefore, these preliminary short term results support BCT as an equally effective management for early breast cancer as an alternative to mastectomy.

A Systematic Review on Rehabilitation Research for Improving the Range of Motion of Shoulder Joint Motion in Patients with Breast Cancer Resection (유방암 절제술 환자의 어깨 관절가동범위 증진을 위한 재활 연구에 관한 체계적 고찰)

  • Park, Bo-Ra
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.11
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    • pp.257-264
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the types and effects of rehabilitation by systematically examining the rehabilitation research for improving the shoulder ROM in breast cancer resection patients. For a systematic review, a total of 8 studies were finally selected through three databases including RISS. As a result of this study, the level of qualitative was 4 studies(50.0%) in level III, and the rehabilitation period varied from 4 weeks to 12 weeks. As for the type of rehabilitation, 3 studies(37.5%) were occupational therapy and physical therapy. The ROM of the shoulder joint was 7 studies(87.5%) of flexion, extension, and external rotation. A goniometer was used in 8 studies(100.0%) to evaluate the ROM of the joint as a measuring tool. This study is expected to provide basic data in the field of convergence when developing and applying interventional protocols for patients with limited ROM due to breast cancer resection.