• Title, Summary, Keyword: 유동소음

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A Study on the Water Hammer Arrester Considering the Way of First Assessment Test (최초의 평가시험 방법을 고려한 수격흡수기의 장치에 관한 연구)

  • Yeum, Moon-Cheon;Han, Yong-Taek
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2015
  • Water hammering created by an unsteady flow in pipeline systems can cause excessive change in pressure, vibration, and noise. So, water hammer analysis is very important for limiting the damage caused to pipeline, pump and valve systems by operation conditions. On the other hand, water hammer arrester has been manufactured and used in order to minimize the damage caused by water hammering phenomenon in domestic, and it has been produced and installed as the low cost-oriented because of being no separate standard in the meanwhile. Therefore, our research team investigated about the standardization of water hammer arrester performance through the various methods, such as test methods for verification of one pipe, assuming the occurrence of water hammer in a water-based fire extinguishing system, separated for opening impact pressure and shut off impact pressure and for a branch pipe in order to make guideline for water hammer arrester performance. And finally, verified the performance of the water hammer pressure as the simple mechanical way using the U-shaped pipe and a test weight, so KFI standards for the water hammer arrester could be established.

Experimental Study of Compressor Surge for 250-hp Class Vehicular Turbocharger (250마력 급 차량용 터보차저 서지현상에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyungchang;Han, Jaeyoung;Lee, Myeonghee;Im, Seokyoen;Yu, Sangseok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.89-95
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    • 2015
  • A surge phenomenon cause noise and pulsations in a turbo compressor, which is an unstable operating regime. Because surge protection ensures a safe compressor operation, it is important to understand the physics of the surge phenomenon. In this study, the surge characteristics of a 250-hp class turbo-compressor were evaluated experimentally. The experimental parameters were the rotational speed, opening angles of the inlet guide vane and exit valve, and inlet pipe diameter and flow rates of the inlet gases. The results showed that the compressor surge was very sensitive to the gas flow rates, exit pressure, rotational speed, and bypass flow rates.

Development of a Robotic Hand using Shape Memory Alloy Actuators (형상기억합금 구동기를 이용한 로봇 손 개발)

  • Jeon, Chang Gook;Yoo, Dong Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.147-152
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    • 2016
  • Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) undergo changes in shape and hardness when heated or cooled, and do so with great force. Since wire-type SMAs contract in length when heated and pull with a surprisingly large force and move silently, they can be used as actuactors which replace motors. These SMA actuators can be heated directly with electricity and can be used to create a wide range of motions. This paper presents the mechanical design and control for a three fingered, six degree-of-freedom robotic hand actuated by SMA actuators. Each finger has two joints and each joint is actuated with two tendons in the antagonistic manner. In order to create the sufficient force to make the smooth motion, the tendon is composed of two SMA actuators in parallel. For controlling the current to heat the SMA actuators, PWM drivers are used. In experiments, the antagonistic interaction of fingers are evaluated.

Experimental Study on Dynamic Behavior of a Titanium Specimen Using the Thermal-Acoustic Fatigue Apparatus (열음향 피로 시험 장치를 이용한 티타늄 시편의 동적 거동에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Go, Eun-Su;Kim, Mun-Guk;Moon, Young-Sun;Kim, In-Gul;Park, Jae-Sang;Kim, Min-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.127-134
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    • 2020
  • High supersonic aircraft are exposed to high temperature environments by aerodynamic heating during supersonic flight. Thermal protection system structures such as double-panel structures are used on the skin of the fuselage and wings to prevent the transfer of high heat into the interior of an aircraft. The thin-walled double-panel skin can be exposed to acoustic loads by supersonic aircraft's high power engine noise and jet flow noise, which can cause sonic fatigue damage. Therefore, it is necessary to examine the behavior of supersonic aircraft skin structure under thermal-acoustic load and to predict fatigue life. In this paper, we designed and fabricated thermal-acoustic test equipment to simulate thermal-acoustic load. Thermal-acoustic testing of the titanium specimen under thermal-acoustic load was performed. The analytical model was verified by comparing the thermal-acoustic test results with the finite element analysis results.

Structural Integrity Evaluation of Large Main Steam Piping by Water Hammering (수격 현상에 근거한 대형 주증기관의 구조건전성 평가)

  • Jo, Jong-Hyun;Lee, Young-Shin;Kim, Yeon-Whan;Jin, Hai Lan
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.36 no.9
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    • pp.1103-1108
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    • 2012
  • A main steam pipe system is a branch pipe that connects a boiler with a turbine. Water hammering analysis is very important for limiting the damage caused to pipe systems by operation conditions. Water hammering created by an unsteady flow in pipeline systems can cause excessive change in pressure, vibration, and noise. The main steam pipe structure should be designed to safely maintain the pressure pulsation and several vibrations under operation environments. This study evaluated the structural integrity of a main steam pipe during suspended and normal operation by using the ASME fatigue life methodology and finite element analysis. In the analysis, water hammering was used for transient analysis. The calculated alternating stress and fatigue stress were compared with the applicable limits of ASME fatigue life. All the evaluation results satisfied the requirements of the ASME fatigue life.

Variation of probability of sonar detection by internal waves in the South Western Sea of Jeju Island (제주 서남부해역에서 내부파에 의한 소나 탐지확률 변화)

  • An, Sangkyum;Park, Jungyong;Choo, Youngmin;Seong, Woojae
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 2018
  • Based on the measured data in the south western sea of Jeju Island during the SAVEX15(Shallow Water Acoustic Variability EXperiment 2015), the effect of internal waves on the PPD (Predictive Probability of Detection) of a sonar system was analyzed. The southern west sea of Jeju Island has complex flows due to internal waves and USC (Underwater Sound Channel). In this paper, sonar performance is predicted by probabilistic approach. The LFM (Linear Frequency Modulation) and MLS (Maximum Length Sequence) signals of 11 kHz - 31 kHz band of SAVEX15 data were processed to calculate the TL (Transmission Loss) and NL (Noise Level) at a distance of approximately 2.8 km from the source and the receiver. The PDF (Probability Density Function) of TL and NL is convoluted to obtain the PDF of the SE (Signal Excess) and the PPD according to the depth of the source and receiver is calculated. Analysis of the changes in the PPD over time when there are internal waves such as soliton packet and internal tide has confirmed that the PPD value is affected by different aspects.

A Study on Reducing Method for Stack Effect in High-rise Building (고층 건축물 연돌효과 저감 방법에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin Soo
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.66-66
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    • 2011
  • 중위도 이북의 건물에서 고층건물의 혹한기 연돌효과는 건물의 여러 가지 기능에 큰 영향을 미치며, 승강기 승강로는 화재시 차압 때문에 연기의 주된 전파통로가 된다. 외피의 밀폐성능을 높여 건물 내부의 연도효과를 줄일 수 있으나, 외피의 밀폐기능은 비상시 피난을 위해 피난경로를 개방하는 순간 일시에 무력화된다. 또한 건물 외피의 밀폐성능이 우수할수록 연돌효과 그 자체로써 건물외피에 미치는 구조적 영향이 커진다. 고층부의 연돌효과는 외피를 밖으로 밀어내는 작용이므로 풍하측에서는 마이너스 풍압에 더하여 건물 외피에 부담을 증가시킨다. 그러므로 고층건물에 발생하는 혹한기 연돌효과의 영향을 정리하자면 다음과 같다. ${\bullet}$ 건물 외벽 및 창문에 미치는 구조적 영향 ${\bullet}$ 제연 시스템의 기능 저해 ${\bullet}$ 승강기 문 개폐 장애와 소음 등 설비 기능의 부정적 영향 ${\bullet}$ 공조기능 장애 ${\bullet}$ 화재시 승강기 승강로 등 수직 샤프트를 통한 연기 전파 혹한기 건물 안팎의 온도차가 40K일 때 높이 600m인 초고층 건물 최상층에 발생하는 연돌효과에 의한 차압은 풍속으로 환산할 때 32m/s에 달한다. 그러므로 초고층 건물 설계시에는 최상층의 풍하측에 설계상의 예상 최대풍속에다 이러한 환산풍속을 더한 고속 풍력이 창문을 밖으로 밀어내는 것으로 보아야 한다. 또한 공조 및 환기시스템에서는 이러한 차압을 고려하지 않으면 고층부에서 환기 성능이 무력화될 수 있다. 다음과 같은 방법들을 이용하여 고층건물의 연돌효과를 효과적으로 줄일 수 있다. 1) 계단실의 연돌효과 저감 방법 계단실에 발생하는 연돌효과에 의한 차압은 계단실에 상승기류를 발생시킨다. 이러한 차압과 상승기류는 계단실 상하부를 개방하면 자연적으로 평형을 이루게 되므로 별도의 제어가 필요 없게 된다. 또한 화재감지기와 연동하여 상하부 외벽의 개구부를 열어두게 되면 피난상황에 따라 문이 여닫힘으로써 발생하는 압력상태의 변화를 고려할 필요가 없게 된다. 2) 승강기 승강로의 연돌효과 승강로의 상하부에 대규모 개구를 두면 대규모의 외기가 도입되어 상승 유동 후 배출되므로 승강로 내부 온도 저하로 연돌효과가 저감되고, 승강로로 유입된 연기는 대규모의 외기에 희석되어 농도가 낮아지고 대부분 외부로 배출된다. 3) 샤프트 복합효과를 이용하는 방법 거실 평면적에 비해 승강기나 계단이 아주 많고 누설틈새 등 개구의 면적 합계가 크면 샤프트들이 서로 복합효과를 이루어 연돌효과에 의한 차압이 줄어든다. 연돌효과 제어용 샤프트를 하나 더 보조적으로 설치함으로써, 보조샤프트에 의해 발생하는 차압으로 거실을 가압 혹은 감압하여 문제가 되는 차압을 어느 정도 상쇄할 수 있다.

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Application of CFD Simulation to Cooling System Design of Agricultural Products Processing Center Workplace (농산물산지유통센터 작업장의 냉방 설계를 위한 CFD 시뮬레이션 적용)

  • Kwon, Jin-Kyung;Lee, Sung-Hyun;Moon, Jong-Pil;Lee, Su-Jang;Kim, Keyong-Won
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2010
  • Cooling air-conditioning of APC (Agricultural Products processing Center) workplace is important to improve the working environment in the summer season. As existing cooling systems for air-conditioning of whole workplace are inefficient because of their high equipment operating costs, relatively inexpensive cooling system is required. The objectives of this study were to simulate the thermal flow fields in APC workplace having the positive and negative pressure type fan and pad systems and spot cooling system by using CFD software (FLUENT, 6.2) and estimate the cooling effectiveness of respective cooling systems. The results showed that the negative pressure type fan and pad system was inappropriate for the present APC workplace because of excessive outside air influx from open gateway and the positive pressure type fan and pad system created relatively low temperature field but non-uniform velocity field at worker positions. The spot cooling system could supply cool air to worker positions with relatively constant air velocity and temperature.

The plan of depreciation vortex developing a Pump suction Pipes through Sump model test (수리모형실험을 통한 펌프 흡입배관부 보텍스 현상 저감방안)

  • Ahn, IS;Kim, SH;Kim, KY;Roh, HW;Lee, YH
    • 유체기계공업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2004
  • In general, the function of intake structure, whether it be a open channel, a fully wetted tunnel, a sump or a tank is to supply an evenly distributed flow to a pump station. An even distribution of flow, characterized by strong local flow, can result in formation of surface or submerged vortices, and with certain low values of submergence, my introduce air into pun, causing a reduction of capacity and efficiency, an increase in vibration and additional noise. This study investigated experimentally the formation of the vortex to understand the mechanism of vortex formation and to prevent the formation of vortex in the sump model using by the model test and PIV tool. Sump model was manufactured to 1/8 scale with the drawing of W intake pumping station. from the results of model test and PIV, the vortex were occurred the in the whole section. Thus, sump model tests with the anti-vortex device might be considered to prevent the formation of vortex in the sump model.

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