• Title, Summary, Keyword: 유동소음

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A study on the numerical method to predict the accurate aeroacoustic noise on axial fan (축류팬의 유동소음 정확도 향상을 위한 수치해석에 관한 연구)

  • Jean, Wan-Ho;Lim, Tae-Gyun;Minorikawa, Gaku
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.311-318
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    • 2013
  • The paper describes the prediction method for the unsteady flow field and the aeroacoustic noise of an small axial fan. The prediction method is comprised of various CFD conditions and acoustic analogy by using Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings equation. The diameter of tested axial fan is 170 mm and number of blade is 5. Virtual anechoic room which has same size with real one was used for CFD. URANS and LES models were used. For mesh dependence study, a different mesh type was tested and optimized mesh was selected. Calculation conditions were also studied such as time step and turbulence model for accurate noise analysis. In this paper, we got optimum analysis conditions and computational results. The unsteady pressure fluctuation at given 4 points were compared between the measured data and computational results. Also, the predicted acoustic spectrum at 3 given microphone points were compared with measured ones.

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Numerical Analysis of Sunroof Buffeting using STAR-CCM+ (STAR-CCM+를 이용한 썬루프 버페팅 유동 소음 해석)

  • Bonthu, Satish Kumar;Mendonca, Fred;Kim, Ghuiyeon;Back, Young-R.
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.213-218
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    • 2014
  • CFD flow simulation of vehicles with open sunroof and passenger window help the automotive OEM(original equipment manufacturer) to identify the low frequency noise levels in the cabin. The lock-in and lock-off phenomena observed in the experimental studies of sunroof buffeting is well predicted by CFD speed sweep calculations over the operating speed range of the vehicle. The trend of the shear layer oscillation frequency with vehicle speed is also well predicted. The peak SPL from the CFD calculation has a good compromise with the experimental value after incorporating the real world effects into the CFD model by means of artificial compressibility and damping correction. The entire process right from modeling to flow analysis as well as acoustic analysis has been performed within the single environment i.e., STAR-CCM+.

Efficient Prediction of Broadband Noise of a Centrifugal Fan Using U-FRPM Technique (U-FRPM 기법을 이용한 원심팬 광대역소음의 효율적 예측)

  • Heo, Seung;Cheong, Chulung
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.36-45
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    • 2015
  • Recently, a lot of studies have been made about the methods used to generate turbulent velocity fields stochastically in order to effectively predict broadband flow noise. Among them, the FRPM (Fast Random Particle Mesh) method which generates turbulence with specific statistical properties using turbulence kinetic energy and dissipation obtained from the steady solution of the RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes) equations has been successfully applied. However, the FRPM method cannot be applied to the flow noise problems involving intrinsic unsteady characteristics such as centrifugal fan. In this paper, to effectively predict the broadband noise generated by centrifugal fan, U-FRPM (unsteady FRPM) method is developed by extending the FRPM method to be combined with the unsteady numerical solutions of the unsteady RANS equations to generate the turbulence considered as broadband noise sources. Firstly, an unsteady flow field is obtained from the unsteady RANS equations through CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics). Then, noise sources are generated using the U-FRPM method combined with acoustic analogy. Finally, the linear propagation model which is realized through BEM (Boundary Element Method) is combined with the generated sources to predict broadband noise at the listeners' position. The proposed technique is validated to compare its prediction result with the measured data.

Non-dimensional Analysis of the Acoustic Impedance of perforated Elements with Bias Flow (통과하는 유동이 존재하는 천공요소의 음향 임피던스의 무차원화에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Seong-Hyun;Ih, Jeong-Guon;Peat, K.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.920-923
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    • 2004
  • 천공 요소는 자동차나 공조기 등의 유체기계의 흡/배기계에 널리 사용된다. 천공요소는 일반적으로 유동과 소음원이 동시에 존재하는 환경에서 사용되며, 유동 및 음압 레벨의 변화에 의해서 큰 영향을 받게 된다. 천공요소의 임피던스의 변화는 소음기의 음향학적 특성에 영향을 미치게 되므로, 유동이나 음압 조건이 임피던스에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구가 중요하다. 본 연구에서는 통과하는 유동이 존재하는 천공요소의 임피던스를 실험을 통하여 측정하고 경계요소법을 사용하여 예측하였다. 측정 및 예측된 임피던스를 무차원화 해석을 수행하여 영향을 미치는 인자들을 분석하였다.

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An Analysis of Flow and Noise for Vacuum Cleaner Centrifugal Fan (진공청소기 원심팬의 유동과 소음 해석)

  • 전완호;이덕주;유기완
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.130-135
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    • 1995
  • 본 연구에서는 30000rpm으로 회전하는 진공청소기 원심팬의 유동장을 임펠러, 디퓨저, 케이싱을 모두 고려하여 해석하였다. 또한 삼차원으로 배출되는 출구를 간단한 sink 패널로 모델하여 출구의 효과를 충분히 고려하였다. 해석된 유동장 자료를 이용하여 먼 거리에서의 음압을 예측하였다. 예측된 음압자료는 FFT를 이용하여 측정된 값과 주파수 영역에서 비교하였다. 또한 진공청소기 원심팬의 측정자료에서 보이는 광역소음특성이 임펠러에서 흘려지는 후류와류의 교란에 의한 임펠러와 디퓨저 깃의 비정상 힘이 주된 원인임을 밝혔다.

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Prediction of Broadband Noise for Non-cavitation Hydrofoils using Wall-Pressure Spectrum Models (벽면변동압력을 이용한 비공동 수중익의 광대역소음 예측 연구)

  • Choi, Woen-Sug;Jeong, Seung-Jin;Hong, Suk-Yoon;Song, Jee-Hun;Kwon, Hyun-Wung;Kim, Min-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.765-771
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    • 2019
  • With the increase in the speed of ships and the size of ocean structures, the importance of flow noise has become increasingly critical in meeting regulatory standards. However, unlike active investigations in aeroacoustics fields for airplanes and trains, which are based on acoustic analogy methods for tonal and broadband frequency noise, only the discrete blade passing frequency noise from propellers is considered in marine fields. In this study, prediction methods for broadband noise in marine propellers and underwater appendages are investigated using FW-H Formulation1B, which can consider the mechanism of primary noise generation of trailing edge noise. The original FW-H Formulation 1B is based on the pressure correlation function tolackitsgeneralityandaccuracy. To overcome these limitations, wall-pressure spectrum models are adopted to improve the generality in fluid mediums. The comparison of the experimental results obtained in air reveals that the proposed model exhibits a higher accuracy within 5 dB. Furthermore, the prediction procedures for broadband noise for hydrofoils are established, and the estimation of broadband noise is conducted based on the results of the computational fluid dynamics.

A Study on Low Noise Cooling/Ventilation System for Large Electric Motor (대형 전동기 냉각/통풍 시스템의 저소음화 연구)

  • Jo, Hye-Young;Jang, Ji-Sung;Kim, Dong-Hae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.973-974
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    • 2014
  • 대형 전동기의 주요 소음원은 전자기 소음과 냉각/통풍 시스템 소음이며, 이 중 냉각/통풍 시스템이 전체 소음에 큰 영향을 미친다. 본 논문에서는 대형 전동기의 저소음 냉각/통풍 시스템 개발을 위해 저소음 냉각 팬을 개발하고 팬 커버 내부의 유로를 개선하였다. 유동해석은 상용 CFD 소프트웨어를 이용하였으며 팬 커버 내의 scroll 형상 및 air guide, baffle 의 유무에 따라 팬 커버의 압력손실을 계산하였다. 해석을 통해 팬 커버 내부의 난류 유동과 압력손실이 가장 작은 팬 커버 형상을 도출하였으며 개선된 냉각/통풍 시스템이 기존 냉각/통풍 시스템보다 6.5dB 감소된 것을 확인하였다.

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THE DESIGN OF COMPRESSOR MUFFLER (압축기 머플러의 설계)

  • 박성근;윤해강;조성욱;임금식
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.107-111
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    • 1993
  • 본 논문에서는, 특히 고효율에 따른 소음 증가문제를 해결하기 위해 실험계획법을 이용한 머플러를 설계하였고, 설계단계에서부터 시뮬레이션 검증을 통해 효율을 고려한 저소음 머플러 설계가 가능하도록 머플러의 형상을 유한요소법에 의해 모델링한 후에, 소음해석 PACKAGE인 SYSNOISE를 이용하여 전달손실(TRANSMISSON LOSS) 해석을 해석하였고, 유동해석 PACKAGE인 PHONEMICS를 이용하여 압력손실을 최소화함으로써, 효율 및 소음측면에서 기존머플러보다도 더 우수한 머플러를 설계할 수 있는 PROCEDURE를 개발하였다. 이에 따라 차후 머플러내의 냉매유동특성과 소음특성을 동시에 고려한 머플러가 설계가능하리라 생각한다.

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