• Title, Summary, Keyword: 월동유충

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concentration of cyclic AMP and activity of cyclic AMP-dependent Protein Kinase in Chestnut Weevil, Curculio dentipes (밤바구미(Curculiodentipes) 유충의 cyclic AMP 농도와 CAMP-dependent protein kinase 활성도 변화)

  • 류진수;김유경이경로
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.222-231
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    • 1994
  • 밤바구미 유충기의 whole body로부터 cyclic AMP(CAMP)를 추출하여 농도 변화를 측정하였고 cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase(PKA)를 부분 정제하여 활성도 변화를 조사하여 CAMP 농도와 PKA 활성도와의 소장관계를 비교하였다 CAMP 농도와 PKA 활성도는 HPLC와 liquid scintillation counter를 이용하여 측정하였다 CAMP 농도는 밤바구미 유충에서 월동전에 0.57 UMlg로 가장 높았고, 월동중에 0. 14 UMIS로 감소하였다가 월동후에 0.29 UMlg로 증가하였다 또한 PKA 활성도는 월동전에 2.56unit/mg로 가장 높았으며, 월동중에 0.62 unit/mg로 감소하다가 월동후에 07 unit/mg로 다시 증가하여 CAMP 농도 변화와 유사한 경향을 나타내었다. 이는 월동전에 휴면에 대비하여 최대의 취식으로 지방체 축적이 가장 많았고, 월동중에는 지방체의 소비가 증대되.기 때문에 감소하였다가, 월동후 휴면 종결과 유충-번데기 탈피를 준비하기 위해 'CAMP 농도와 PKA 활성도는 다시 증가하였다.

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Occurrence of and Damage by the Oriental Fruit Moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Pear Orchards (배나무에서 복숭아순나방의 발생과 피해)

  • 양창열;한경식;부경생
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 2001
  • The occurrence and damage by the oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck) were investigated on pear trees from 1996 to 2000 in the Naju, Korea. The number of overwintering larvae in pear trees considerably varied depending on the maturation time of varieties. The density of overwintering larvae on late cultivars such as Gamcheonbae and Okusankichi was high, but relatively low on early cultivars. Trunk and main branch of pear trees were main overwintering sites. In 1997, overwintering larvae began to pupate from middle February, and to emerge from late March. Male moths were caught in the sex pheromone traps from late March until early October with four peaks of flight in 1996~2000. In every generation larvae damaged both the shoots and fruits of pear tree, but the first and second generation larvae tended to damage mainly shoots, while most of the injured fruits were due to the third and fourth generation larvae. In pear fruits damaged by fruit moths, most of these were caused by oriental fruit moth larvae and none of pear fruits were damaged by peach fruit moth or pear fruit moth larvae in 1998~2000.

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Studies on Damage, Emergence, and Overwintering of the Chestnut Curculio, Curculio sikkimensis in Chonnam Province (전남지방에 있어서 밤바구미의 피해상황, 우화 및 월동에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Kyu Chin;Kim Chong Pyo
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.132-136
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    • 1984
  • This study was conducted to investigate the bionomics of Curculio sikkimensis in Chonnam province from 1981 to 1983. Damage rates of the chestunt were $26.4\%$ in Damyang, $21.1\%$ in Gwangyang, and $12.9\%$ in Seungju. Adults occurred from the mid-July to the mid-September and showed peak from the mid-August to the early-September. Larvae escaped the chestnut from the early-October to the early-November. Overwintering larvae emerged $3.3\%$ in the first year, $22.78\%$ in the second year and continously overwintered $1.67\%$ in the third year. Larvae showed the highest distribution at $1.67\%$ of soil depth during the overwintering. Mortality of overwintering larvae and course of time showed the linearly correlation. Period of each stage was 5.9 days for egg and 17.17 days for pupa. Adult longevity was 9.10 days for female and 7.03 days for male.

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Studies on the Developments of the Overwintering Peach Fruit Moth, Carposina niponensis Walsingham (복숭아심식나방 월동유충의 발육에 관한 연구)

  • Lee S.W.;Hyun J.S.;Park J.S.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.42-48
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    • 1984
  • The developments of overwintering larvae of the peach fruit moth, Carposina niponensis Walsingham, were studied in Suweon. Among fully grown larvae leaving from apple fruit, the earliest diapause larva was observed late July, about $50\%-diapause$ in middle August and $100\%-diapause$ in early September. Induction of the diapause seemed to have relationships with the time of oviposition: the incidents of the diapause started with the larvae grown from the eggs which had been laid in late June or late July depending on the prevailing weather condition. The termination of the diapause seemed to be in early December, and almost all of the larvae incubated after January were pupated. For the breakage of the diapause, it required chilling period more than one month, and the most effective temperature seemed to be $5\~10^{\circ}C$, while the temperature lower than $0^{\circ}C$ seemed to be inhibitory, if not at all. The overwintered larvae started to pupate in middle May, and the developments of the over-wintered larvae were affected by the temperature as well as the moisture contents of soil in the spring. The dry condition of soil increased the mortality of the developing larvae.

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Can Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Over-winter in Suwon Area? (콩명나방(Maruca vitrata)은 수원지방에서 월동할 수 있는가?)

  • Jung, Jin Kyo;Seo, Bo Yoon;Kim, Yonggyun;Lee, Si-Woo
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.439-444
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    • 2016
  • Maruca vitrata is a main insect pest against crops of Vigna species (V. angularis and V. radiata) and Sesbania sesban in Fabaceae, but the life cycle of the insect is unclear in Korea. In order to know over-wintering possibility, its stage of the insect, over-wintering entry season, and the first adult emergence season of the next year, we investigated over-wintering rates of the insect in outdoor conditions in Suwon ($37^{\circ}16^{\prime}N$ $126^{\circ}59^{\prime}E$ 35ASL). In all colonies which the rearing for larvae, pupae and eggs started after mid-September, adults did not emerge within the year, and all insects died before next June. In several trials for over-wintering of larvae and pupae in soil, all insects died, too. Larvae stored during specified periods at low temperatures (10 and $13^{\circ}C$) did not emerge. From the results, it was postulated that M. vitrata does not have an adaptability to temperature below zero, and cannot over-winter in Suwon area.

Overwintering Site and Occurrence Dynamics of Scrobipalpa salinella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) (퉁퉁마디뿔나방 월동 서식처와 발생동태)

  • Paik, Chae-Hoon;Lee, Geon-Hwi;Choi, Man-Young;Noh, Tae-Hwan;Shim, Hyeong-Kwon
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.71-74
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    • 2013
  • The moving period and overwinteing site of Scrobipalpa salinella (Zeller) were investigated in Gimje, Jeonbuk, and Shinan, Jeonnam in the glasswort field. Densities of Scrobipalpa salinella larvae were started to increase from mid-September in halophytes, such as Suaeda asparagoides, S. japonica, and S. maritima, rather than glasswort. S. salinella was overwintering inside the halophytes in old larva. Density ratio of overwintering S. salinella in Suaeda asparagoides, S. japonica, and S. maritima were 20.5, 28.4 and 51.1%, respectively. Overwintering population was highest in S. maritima among halophytes. The occurrence of first adult in the next spring was from April 19 to April 20 in Gimje, Jeonbuk, and Shinan, Jeonnam.

Changes in the Occurrence Pattern of the Striped Rice Borer, Chilo suppressalis Walker, in Korea (이화명나방의 발생양상 변동에 관한 연구)

  • 이승찬;박해준
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.249-257
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    • 1991
  • Chronological changes in the occurrence pattern of the striped rice borer(SRB), Chilo suppressalis Walker, were investigated by analyzing the data collected by 33 light traps of the countrywide monitoring units during the period of 1968-1989. And also relation of incidences between larval and adult populations, emergence time and percent emergence of overwintered larvae were observed in relation to the time of different rice transplantations. Spring moths of SRB in 1985-'89 generally emerged earlier than in 1968-'72 : 30 days earlier at Kwangju, 20 -25 days earlier at Sangju and Naju, 10-15 days earlier at Uljin, Jinju, Goyang, Milyang, Kimhae, etc., 5 days earlier at Suweon, Jinchun, Daejeon, Namweon, Haenam, etc. There was no change in the time of spring moth emergance at Weonseong, Chungju, Seosan, Yongju, and Nonsan. Summer moths of SRB in 1985- '89 also emerged earlier than 1968- '72: 20 days earlier at Uljin, 15 days earlier at Chungju, Yeongdug, and Habchun, 5-10 days earlier at the other areas except Yeongju. There was an overall countrywide decrease in the population of the 1st generation of SRB during the last two decades. The population of the 2nd generation also decreased in 19 areas during the same period, but increased in 14 areas including over 3-fold increases in Kwangju, Naju and Daegu, and double increase in Jinju, Milyang and Gongju. The higher larval population density of 1st genration was taken place in the earlier transplanted fields, whereas the population of 2nd generation were higher at mid-season transplanted (May 30), followed by May 15, June 15, and April 30. The peak of larval population appeared generally 15 days after moth peak in 1st generation, and 10 days after moth-peak in 2nd generation. The earlier transplanted fields were the higher percent damage due to 1st off-springs of spring moths, whereas the fields transplanted in mid-season were higher damage due to 2nd off-springs of summer moths. Average body weights of SRB larvae before overwintering were 65.6 mg, 61.2 mg, and 55.5 mg in early, mid-season, and late transplantations, respectively. In field cage experiments, emergence rate of the overwintered larvae ranged from 28.3-39.8%. In other words, body weights of overwintering larvae were heavier in fields by earlier transplantation, and heavier larvae showed higher percentage of adult emergence. The period from overwintered larvae to adult emergence was longer in the fields of the later transplantations; namely, 44, 49, and 51 days for early, mid-season, and late transplantations, respectively.

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Development of Matsumuraeses phaseoli (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Reared on an Artificial Diet under Outdoor Conditions and Its Over-wintering Stage (야외조건에서 인공사육에 의한 팥나방 발육과 월동태)

  • Jung, Jin Kyo;Seo, Bo Yoon;Cho, Jum Rae
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.287-293
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    • 2014
  • Matsumuraeses phaseoli is one of the main pests that attack the flowers and pods of red bean (Vigna angularis) and mungbean (Vigna radiata) in Korea. To elucidate the developmental characteristics and over-wintering stage of M. phaseoli, several stages of the insect were observed through artificial rearing under outdoor conditions in Suwon ($37^{\circ}$16'N $126^{\circ}$59'E 35ASL), Korea. In colonies in which neonate larvae were reared at about 2-week intervals for more than a year, the developmental period from larva to adult emergence became longer from spring to summer, but shorter from summer to autumn; aestivation was not observed during the summer season. The colony in which rearing started on Oct 8, 2008 over-wintered as pupae and emerged in late April next year with a survival rate of 6%. However, the colony in which the rearing started on Oct 23, 2008 over-wintered as mature larvae, pupated in late April, and emerged in early and mid-May with a survival rate of 2%. When the fifth instar larvae were transferred outside from the laboratory ($25^{\circ}C$, 15L:9D) between November and February, no larvae could survive during the winter season. Some newly laid eggs and newly emerged adults could not hatch and could not survive, respectively, in outdoor conditions in November and December. These results suggest that neonate larvae of M. phaseoli that hatch in October can over-winter as late larvae or pupae in Suwon, Korea.

Seasonal Occurrence of the Larvae and Adults of Chestnut Weevil, Curculio sikkimensis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (밤바구미(Curculio sikkimensis) 유충과 성충의 발생소장)

  • Kim, Young-Jae;Yoon, Chang-Mann;Shin, Sang-Chul;Choi, Kwang-Sik;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to investigate the seasonal occurrence of chestnut weevil, Curculio sikkimensis. The chestnuts infected by the weevils were collected from Gongju, Buyeo, and Cheongyang in Chungnam Province, Republic of Korea. Investigation was focus on the escape period of chestnut weevil larvae from the fruits, invading time and vertical distribution in soil, survival rates of larvae during overwintering, emergence period, emergence rate, and sex ratio and longevity of adults. For precocious species, larvae escaped the chestnut from the mid-September to the early-October, middle species and slow species, were escaped from the late-September to the mid-October and from the early-October to the mid-November. After escaping from the chestnut fruits all of the larvae burrowed into the soil within 35 minutes. Overwintering larvae inhabited in the range of $0{\sim}48cm$ from the soil surface and highly distributed in the range of $18{\sim}36cm$. The 74.1 % of wintering chamber were distributed within $18{\sim}36cm$ from the surface. Survival rates observed were 38.0% in 1st year, 16.0% in 2nd years, and 2% in 3rd years, respectively. Seasonal occurrence period of C. sikkimensis was from the early-Aug. to early-Oct. and the optimal occurrence period was the early and mid-Sept. Emergence rate decreased to 8.4% in 1st year, 3.6% in 2nd years, and 0.8% in 3rd years, respectively. Sex ratio was showed in the range of 0.51-0.55. It is female biased ratio. Longevity of adults was 9.9 days for female and 8.9 days for male.

Studies on the yellow-margined buprestid, Scintillatrix djingischani OBENBERGER)(II) -The larval instar and the growth of larva- (갓노랑비단벌레 (Scintillatrix djingischani OBENBERGER)에 관한 연구(제3보) -유충의 령기와 경과에 대하여-)

  • Yun J. K.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.5_6
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 1968
  • The larval instar of Scintillatrix djingischani OBENBERGER WES determined by measuring the head width of the larvae, some of which were bred in the room and the other collected in orchards during four years(1963-1966). Their growth ratio and variation were also studied. 1) The variation curve of the head width of the Iarvae distinctly appeared to be seven (7) curves, which seemed to have lived to be over seven(7) instars after six(6) times of molting. 2) In general, tile larvae live out to be 6-7 instar. Those pupated at 6th instar seem to over winter in tissue from November as matured. And those pupated in late Spring or early Summer after over wintering in canbium seem to be at 7th instar. 3) The standard deviation of the head width tends to grow larger except at 1st and 7th instar, while the coefficient of variation tends to decrease according as the number of instar increases. The growth ratio was found to decrease according as the number of instar increase except at 1 at and 2 nd instar. 4) To the growth of tee larval head width of this insect, Games and Campbell's formula was more applicable than Dyar's. 5) From the activties of larvae it is presumed that those bred in the year over winter in phelloderm or canbium at the 2 nd-3 rd instar, and the matured (2 year old) emerge the next year after over wintering in cambium or tissue at the 5th or 6th instar.

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