• Title, Summary, Keyword: 원통

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Analysis of Anisotropic Laminated Cylindrical Shells with Shear Deformation (전단변형을 고려한 비등방성 원통형 쉘의 해석)

  • Chang, Suk Yoon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.373-384
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    • 1999
  • The shell structures with composite materials have the advantages in strength, corrosion resistance, and weight reduction. The objective of this study is to analyze anisotropic composite circular cylindrical shells with shear deformation theory. In applying numerical methods to solve differential equations of anisotropic shells, this paper use finite difference method. The accuracy of the numerical method can be improved by taking higher order of interval ${\Delta}$ to reduce error. This study compares the results of finite difference method with the results of ANSYS based on finite element method. Several numerical examples show the advantages of the stiffness increasement when the composite materials aroused. Therefore, it is expected that results of this study give various guides for change of the subtended angles, load cases, boundary conditions, and side-to-thickness ratio.

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Axial Behavior of Non-Displacement Tapered Piles in Sand (모래지반에서 비배토 테이퍼말뚝의 연직거동 특성)

  • Paik, Kyu-Ho;Lee, Jun-Hwan;Kim, Dae-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.35-45
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    • 2007
  • It is known that the response of piles is affected by the shape of pile as well as soil conditions. In order to investigate the characteristics of the axial responses and bearing capacities of non-displacement tapered and cylindrical piles in sands, 12 model pile load tests using a calibration chamber were conducted on model tapered and cylindrical piles, which were specially manufactured to measure the base and shaft load capacities independently. Results of the model tests showed that the shaft load of tapered piles continuously increased with pile settlement, whereas the shaft load of cylindrical piles reached ultimate values at a settlement equal to 4% of pile diameter. Therefore, taper piles have greater shaft loads than cylindrical one at the same settlement. It is also observed that the total load capacity of tapered piles is lower than cylindrical piles for dense sand but is greater than that of cylindrical piles for medium sand. The ultimate unit base resistance of tapered piles was greater than that of cylindrical piles for lateral earth pressure ratio greater than 0.4, and the shaft resistance was greater than that of cylindrical piles irrespective of lateral earth pressure ratio.

Acoustic Identification of Inner Materials in a Single-layer Cylindrical Shell with Resonance Scattering Theory (공명 산란 이론을 이용한 단일층 원통형 껍질 내부 물질의 음향 식별)

  • Jo, Young-Tae;Kim, Wan-Gu;Yoon, Suk Wang
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.257-263
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    • 2015
  • Acoustic identification of inner materials in a single-layer cylindrical shell is investigated with acoustic resonance theory. The theoretical resonance peak frequencies for a cylindrical shell are little affected by the density variation, but remarkably changed by the sound speed variation of inner materials. Such acoustic dependency can be utilized to identify inner materials in a cylindrical shell. Acoustic resonance spectrogram for a single-layer cylindrical shell is theoretically plotted as functions of normalized frequency and sound speed of inner materials. The inner materials can be acoustically identified by overlapping acoustic resonance peaks from measured backscattering sound field on the spectrogram. To experimentally confirm this method, backscattering sound field of cylindrical shell filled with water, oil or ethylene glycol was measured in water tank. The inner materials could be identified by acoustic resonance peaks of the backscattering sound field monostatically measured with a transduce of 1.05 MHz center frequency.

Net Shapes of the Model Set Net in the Flow (흐름에 대한 모형 정치망의 형상 변화)

  • Kim, Boo-Young;Yun, Il-Bu;Kwon, Byeong-Guk;Lee, Ju-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.104-114
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    • 2004
  • A study was carried out to estimate the deformation of the set net according to the current by the model test in the circulation water channel. The tension of the frame line and the variation of net shapes were measured to investigate the deforming of the model set net in the flow. The results are obtained as follows; 1. The tensions (y) of the frame line according to the flow speed(x) from 0.0m/s to 0.6m/s were expressed by the experimental equation as follow : y= 1814.1x+115.12 2. In case of the upperward flow with fish court net, deformed angle in the upperward net was changed from 0$^{\circ}$ to 79$^{\circ}$, the inclined passage net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 56$^{\circ}$. Besides, the depth ratio of the first bag net changed from 1.0 to 0.42 and the second bag net was from 1.0 to 0.41, and deformed angle in the downward of the bag net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 87$^{\circ}$. 3. In case of the upperward flow with bag net, deformed angle in the upperward net was changed from 0$^{\circ}$ to 60$^{\circ}$, the inclined passage net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 13$^{\circ}$. Besides, the depth ratio of the first bag net changed from 1.0 to 0.27 and the second bag net was from 1.0 to 0.15. In the flow speed 0.3m/s, the inclined passage net rised up to the entry of the bag net and then prevented it more over 90% in 0.5m/s. A deformed angle in the downward of the fish court net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 58$^{\circ}$. 4. To minimize the deformation of each part in model set net, it needs to attach the moving weight out of the fish court net, inclined passage net and bag net. Besides, it needs to adjust the tension of the net twine for the maintenance of the shape.

Analysis on the Movement of Bag-Net in Set-Net by Telemetry Techniques (텔레메트리 기법에 의한 정치망 원통의 거동 해석)

  • 황보규;신현옥;양용림;이주희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.24-34
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    • 2001
  • The authors reconstruct a mooring type underwater positioning system to measure the movement of bag-net in a set-net by long base line mode with four transponders attached on the bag-net in latitudinal and a transponder fixed on the sea bed. To confirm the practical use of the system, the field experiments were carried out at the Jaran Bay, Kosung, Kyungnam Prov., on October 6, 2000 (neap tide) and November 28, 2000 (spring tide). And the vertical oscillation of bag-net was observed with three data loggers attached on the bottom of bag-net in longitudinal on November 28, 2000. The longitudinal movement range, the latitudinal one and the vertical one of the bag-net were 3.2 m, 3.4 m and 2.1 m. respectively. At the spring tide, these variations were 7.8 m, 7.8 m and 5.0 m, respectively. The vertical oscillation range about the bottom of the bag-net at near point of the slope net, at the middle part and at far point from the slope net were 3.2 m, 3.7 m and 8.4 m, respectively. The depth of the bottom net was decreased and its vertical oscillation appeared frequently when the current speed was more than 10 cm/s and the current direction was significantly different from the longitudinal axis of the bag-net. The variation of hydrophone coordinates measured by the transponder fixed on the sea bed presents that hydrophones equipped to the frame line of the set-net could be moved within several meters due to the tidal current. The fact indicates that the compensation of hydrophone coordinates is necessary to reduce the measuring errors. The position measuring errors of x, y and z axis of the system measured in the cage of aquaculture were 0.6 m, 0.8 m, and 1.2 m, respectively. And the errors of the transponders those were close to the base lines or placed in the baselines were smaller than those of others.

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A Numerical Study on the Appendage Shape for a Heave Motion Reduction of Floating Cylindrical Structure (원통형 부유체의 heave운동 저감을 위한 부가물 형상에 관한 수치적 연구)

  • Lim, Geun-Nam;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Kim, Dong-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.449-456
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, attaching various damping plates to the cylindrical structure and performing numerical simulations try to study heave RAO and natural period for cylinder. Most of all, we identified heave RAO of the cylinder by simulations of the motion and the wave. And then, we performed numerical simulations by changing the size and shape of heave damping plate attached to the cylinder and reviewed the heave RAO and natural period for each case. The conclusions of this research are as follows. Firstly, the natural period of cylindrical structure is increased by attached to the cylinder with heave damping plate and the heave RAO of cylindrical structure is reduced in the peak period for incident wave by attached to the cylinder with from the size of 1.30D for heave damping plate. Secondly, circular plate has long natural period than Y-type plate in all of these sections. Finally, the motion response spectrum considering the marine environment of Piranema field was identified as the heave motion of cylindrical structure is remarkably reduced with both circular plate and Y-type plate in the peak period for incident wave.

A Study on Improvement for Fishing Gear and Method of Pound Net - I - Net Shapes of the Commerical Net in the Flow - (정치망 어구어법의 개발에 관한 연구-I - 현용어구의 흐름에 대한 형상 변화 -)

  • Yun, Il-Bu;Lee, Ju-Hee;Kwon, Byeong-Guk;Cho, Young-Bok;Yoo, Jae-Bum;Kim, Seong-Hun;Kim, Boo-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.268-281
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    • 2004
  • A study was carried out in order to estimate the deformation of the pound net according to the current by the model test in the circulating water channel. The tension of the frame rope and the variation of net shape were measured to investigate the deforming of the model pound net in the flow. The results are obtained as follows; 1. The experimental equation between tensions (R) of the frame rope and velocity (ν)was found to be R=$19.58v^{1.98}$($r^2$=0.98) in case of the upperward flow with fish court net and R=$26.90v^{1.72}$($r^2$=0.95)at the upperward flow with bag net according to the velocity from 0.0m/s to 0.6m/s, respectively. 2. As the variation of flow speed inside of the model net was gradually decreased according as which is passed through netting panels, in case of the upperward flow with fish court net, the flow speed was about 70% of initial flow speed at 0.1m/s, 60% at 0.2m/s, 50% at 0.3m/s and 40% 0.4~0.6m/s at the measurement point(h) inside of the first bag net, respectively. In case of the upperward flow with bag net, as the flow speed was steeply decreased according as which if passed through the second bag net, it was 30~60% of the initial flow speed and was 20~30% inside of the first bag net and was about 10~20% inside of the inclined passage net. 3. In case of the upperward flow with fish court net, the variation of deformed angle of fish court net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 70$^{\circ}$and that of inclined passage net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 63$^{\circ}$and that of the second bag net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 47$^{\circ}$ . 4. In case of the upperward flow with fish court net, the variation of deformed angle of the second bag net was changed from 0$^{\circ}$ to 70$^{\circ}$and that of the inclined passage net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 55$^{\circ}$ and that of the fish court net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 50$^{\circ}$. The depth ratio of the first bag net was changed from 0% to 35% and that of the second bag net was from 0% to 20% and that of the inclined passage net was from 0% to 35%. In the flow speed 0.5m/s, the inclined passage net was raised up to the entry of the bag net and then prevented it more over 90%. 5. To be increased the opening volume of pound net, it needs to attach the added weight outside of the fish court net, inclined passage net and bag net. At the same time, it needs to adjust the tension of the twine for maintenance of the shape.

Ultimate Behavior of Steel Beam Strengthened with External Tendonand Cylindrical Anchorage (원통형 정착구를 사용하고 외부 긴장재로 보강된 강재보의 극한거동)

  • Choe, Dong-Ho;Jeong, Sang-Hwan;Jung, Jae-Dong
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.102-110
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    • 2006
  • This paper examines experimentally the ultimate behavior of I-type steel beam strengthened with external tendon and cylindrical anchorage and analyzes the strengthening effect on the parameters such as initial tendon force, eccentricity, number of strands, and strand areas. The experiment demonstrated that increasing the number of strands, strand areas and eccentricity is more effective than increasing initial tendon force. The proposed cylindrical anchorage system has advantages in applying these parameters. The results showed that the cylindrical anchorage system is efficient and applicable to strengthen steel beam.

The Characteristics of Field & Mode Distributions in a Cylindrical Reverberation Chamber (원통형 구조 전자파 잔향실 내 모드 및 필드 분포 특성)

  • 김정훈;이중근
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.431-436
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, simulation results of an electromagnetic field and mode distributions in a cylindrical reverberation chamber were presented. Reverberation chamber is an alternative test facility for a semi anechoic chamber, which is widely used for the analysis and measurement of electromagnetic interference and immunity tests. The method of computing the number of modes in a cylindrical reverberation chamber was presented and the number of modes in a cylindrical reverberation chamber with the same volume was compared with the different ratio of radius to height. The FDTD method was used to produce field characteristics inside of rectangular, right-angled isosceles triangular, and cylinder type reverberation chambers with the same test volume.

Design of a Cylindrical Dielectric Resonator Antenna with a Dielectric Clad (유전체 클래드를 갖는 원통형 유전체 공진 안테나 설계)

  • 이권익;김흥수
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.54-59
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, a cylindrical dielectric antenna with dielectric clad is designed and analyzed. Design parameters of a cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna are calculated from the wave equation of cylindrical dielectric. The variations of characteristics of the antenna are analyzed as varying the thickness and the relative permittivity of its clad. From the results, when the ratio of the outside radius of the dielectric clad to the radius of the cylindrical dielectric is 1.3 and the relative permittivity of the dielectric clad is one-third of the cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna, the relative bandwidth of the antenna is 49%, which is improved by 2.3 times than the cylindrical dielectric resonator antennas. However, the thickness and the relative permittivity of the dielectric clad have not effect on the radiation pattern, beamwidth and gain of the antenna.