• Title, Summary, Keyword: 원인지각

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Alternative Conceptions of High School Students about the Crust and Interior of the Earth (지각과 지구 내부에 대한 고등학생들의 대안 개념)

  • Jeong, Ku-Song;Jeong, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.266-276
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    • 2007
  • This purpose of this study was to analyze high school students' alternative conceptions and understanding levels about rocks, crust, plate tectonics and interior of the Earth. Data were collected through surveys, drawing assignments, and interviews. A total of 158 high school students in the first grade were involved in this study. The results showed that students have lots of major alternative conceptions which are meaning and forming process of rock, distinction of continental crust and ocean crust, formation and disappearance of ocean crust, movement of plate, continental drift, activities of volcano and earthquake. Physical and chemical characteristics, including mantle and core state could be found through analyzing from drawings.

A Study on Causal Attribution and Self-Efficacy in the Patients with Cancer (암환자가 지각하는 원인지각과 자기효능에 관한 연구)

  • 류은정;윤은자
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.232-243
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    • 2001
  • When people undergo stressful situations such as a cancer diagnosis, they ask, "why me\ulcorner" The causal attributions people make about cancer influence what kind of coping strategies are chosen. Weiner (1979) suggested three dimensions of causal attributions: focus of causality, stability, and controllability. The purpose of the present study was to test the relation between causal attributions and self-efficacy in patients with cancer. The subjects were 194 patients who had been diagnosed cancer one year ago and attended an outpatient clinic. 1. Each mean score of causal attribution dimensions (focus of control, stability, controllability) that each patient made about cancer was 2.47, 2.73, 2.86, 3.35, and 3.28. The mean score of self-efficacy was 71.03. 2. There was a significant negative correlation between self efficacy and controllability. Particularly, there was a significant negative relationship between self efficacy and external controllability. Based upon these results, it is recommended that the developing nursing interventions to change causal attribution and self-efficacy is necessary. A number of theoretical relationships and empirical finding are confirmed by this data, and future proposals in research is suggested.

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Clusters Analysis According to Causal Attribution in Patients with Cancer (암환자가 지각한 원인지각 차원별 동질집단 분석)

  • Ryu, Eun-Jung;Choi, So-Young;Choi, Kyung-Sook
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.66-74
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study is designed to identify clusters according to the causal attribution that people make about the cancer and to determine influences of coping behavior and depression as output of causal attribution. Method: The subjects were 192 patients who had been diagnosed cancer one year ago and attended an outpatient clinic. For cancer patients to be classified homogenious groups according to causal attribution, cluster analysis of subjects' ratings on the Causal Dimension Scale was been made. Results: Cluster 1(n=71) had patients with having external, stable and uncontrollable attribution. Cluster 2(n =70) had patients with having unstable and external controllable attribution regarding cause of cancer. They were not important whether cause of cancer was self or other. Cluster 3(n=51) had patients with having internal, unstable and internal controllable attribution. Coping behaviors between cluster 1 and 3 were significant difference. However, depression was not significant difference among clusters. Conclusion: Based upon these results, it is recommended that the developing training program to be changed to the more positive attribution is necessary.

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Subjectivity of Causal Perception on Preterm Labor (조기진통 임부의 원인지각에 대한 주관성)

  • Shin, Hye-Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.224-231
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the types of the causal perception of preterm labor. Method: The research design was a Q-Methodological Approach. Thirty four selected Q-statements from 32 participants were classified into a shape of normal distribution using a 9 point scale. The collected data was analyzed using a QUANL PC program. Result: Three types of causal perception for research subjects were identified. Type I is negligence of causality; Type II is recognition of causality by preceding factors. Type III is recognition of causality by psychological stress. Conclusion: This study found that there are differences in perceiving causes of preterm labor. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a tailored nursing intervention depending on these types.

Research on a new type of Computer Market Failure Factors - Focusing on Consumer not Acceptance of Netbook - (새로운 유형의 컴퓨터의 시장실패 요인에 관한 구조적 연구 - 소비자의 넷북 미수용을 중심으로 -)

  • Kwon, Soon-Hong;Lim, Yang-Whan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.405-408
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    • 2013
  • 본 연구에서는 기존에 존재하는 제품을 대체하고 보완하는 기능을 가진 새로운 유형의 컴퓨터가 시장에서 받아들여지지 않아 실패하는 요인을 연구하였다. 제품실패의 원인을 소비자가 제품의 가치를 부정적으로 지각하는 것에 두고, 가치 지각에 영향을 주는 요인들을 소비자가 제품을 사용하여 얻게 되는 혜택과 제품을 사용하는데 소요되는 비용으로 구분하여 영향관계를 파악하였다. 넷북을 대상으로 실증 연구한 결과 소비자가 신제품의 가치에 대해 부정적으로 지각하는 것은 사용의도에 부정적으로 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 그리고 소비자가 새로운 유형의 컴퓨터에 대해 지각하는 비용은 신제품의 가치를 부정적으로 지각하는데 유의하게 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 다만 소비자가 새로운 유형의 컴퓨터에 대해 혜택을 부정적으로 지각하더라도 이는 가치를 부정적으로 지각하는데 영향을 미치지 않았다.

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Consumer Anxiety and Characteristics on Internet Shopping (인터넷 쇼핑에 대한 소비자 불안과 소비자 특성)

  • Yang, Yoon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.1161-1165
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구에서는 인터넷 쇼핑에서 소비자들이 구매결정으로 지연하고 불안해하는 원인을 제품군별로 기존의 지각된 위험과 더불어 새로운 쇼핑방식 이용에 따른 위험 그리고 소비자 특성 등과 관련지어서 알아보았다. 연구결과, 인터넷 쇼핑 시 소비자가 지각하는 위험은 제품군에 따라서 다르게 나타났다. 인터넷 쇼핑몰에서의 쇼핑경험이 없는 소비자들이 경험이 있는 소비자들보다 위험을 더 높게 지각함으로써 더 불안해했다. 쇼핑빈도에 관해서는 제품군에 관계없이 쇼핑빈도가 증가함에 따라서 지각된 위험이 감소하였다. 인터넷쇼핑을 경험한 집단과 무경험 집단을 판별해주는 소비자 특성변수로는 제품군에 관계없이 충동구매경향성과 의견선도로 나타났다. 소비자 특성과 불안 요소인 지각된 위험간의 관련성은 제품군에 따라서 다르게 나타났다. 본 연구는 제품군별로 인터넷쇼핑 경험집단과 무경험 집단 간의 지각된 위험에서의 차이와 두 집단을 판별해주는 소비자 특성변수를 실증적으로 살펴봄으로서 인터넷쇼핑의 이용가능성을 더욱 높일 수 있는 기초 자료를 제공했다는 점에서 의의를 갖는다.

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A Study on the Relationship between Causual Perceptions and Compliance in Patients having Chronic Arthritis (만성관절염환자의 원인지각과 치료지시이행에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Byung-Joo
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.168-184
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    • 1995
  • This deductive-survey study was undertaken in order to examine if there were relationship between causal perceptions, expectation for the cure and compliance. The sampling method was a non-probability, purposive sampling technique. The participants of this study was 195 volunteers 1) who have been diagnosed as having chronic arthritis and 2) who were at the rheumatis center of one university hospital in Seoul between September 18th to September 25th 1989. This instruments used for this study were the compliance scale developed by Choi and causal perception scale developed by the researcher. Analysis of data was done using pass analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient. The result of study were as follow : Hypothesis 1 : "It's correlated that causal perception, expectation for cure and compliance" was accepted. (F=4.85, p< .05) Hypothesis 2 : "It's correlated that causal perception, expectation for cure and with depression" was partially accepted. Total age group-worry and anxiety (r=.1580, p<.001) After 40-function of immunity (r=.1731, p<.05) warry and anxiety (r=.1730, p<.001). In the relationship between general characteristics and the variables, age group correlated with compliance and causal perception.

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A Qualitative Study on the Acknowledgement of the cause of the illness in the Patients with RA (류마티스관절염 환자의 원인지각에 관한 질적 연구)

  • Eun, Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.151-165
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to describe the acknowledgement of the cause of the illness in the patients with RA. I used naturalistic inquiry as a research methodology. The purposive sampling was conducted. 23 subjects who experienced RA, lived in middle-sized city in Korea, and 19 women and 4 men. I collected data using indepth structured interview, "What is the acknowledgement of the cause of the illness?" I used inductive data analysis-such as unitizing and categorizing. This process is used constant comparative method. Summerising the results of this study, the acknowledgement of the cause of the illness are composed of physical constitution, fatalism, the attribution of physical overload, the attribution of stress, the lack of nutrition. The factors which affect the acknowledgement of the cause of the illness are composed of internal factors, external factors, environmental factors. The internal factors are the weakness of the childhood, the illness experience in the family members, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, personality, lack of nutrition. The external factors are pregnancy, delivery, role burden and conflict, economic problem. The environmental factors are humid condition, abrupt environmental change. It is needed to explaine the coping pattern according to the acknowledgement of the cause of the illness in the next research.

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