• Title, Summary, Keyword: 원예치료

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Comparison of Growth Characteristics, Forage Productivity and Quality between Italian Ryegrass and Synthetics Derived from Interspecific and Intergeneric Hybrids and Ecotypes (이탈리안 라이그라스와 종.속간 잡종 및 생태형 유래 합성종간의 생육특성, 수량성 및 사료가치 비교)

  • Choi, G.J.;Lim, Y.W.;Lim, Y.C.;Sung, B.R.;Kim, M.J.;Kim, K.Y.;Park, G.J.;Kim, S.R.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.265-272
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    • 2002
  • Forage breeding laboratory of National Livestock Research Institute, R.D.A. has made interspecific hybrids of Lolium multiflorum $\times$ L. pratensis and intergeneric hybrids of Lolium $\times$ Festuca since 1984, and has collected ecotypes of Italian ryegrass since 1991. Growth characteristics of these hybrids and ecotypes were researched, and then these clone lines were named. Among these clone lines, the several clones that have polen fertility, high cold-tolerance, and similar heading time were used for making synthetics, Naehan 6, 7, 8, 9, with polycrossing method in 1997. Field experiments were carried out to compare the mophological and agronomical characteristics and forage productivity and quality of the synthetics with those of Italian ryegrass varieties, Barmultra and Hwasan 101. in Suwon and Yonchun from 1999 to 2000. Heading time of the synthetics were 22th to 24th May that belong to late-mature types to be similar to that of Barmultra and Hwasan 101 in Suwon. The synthetics were 101 to 106 c3n in plant length, medium or thick in thickness of stem, dark peen in leaf color, broad and long in flag leaf, strong in lodging resistance, and excellent in regrowth. Winter survivals of the synthetics were no different from that of Barmultra or Hwasan 101 in Suwon, but better than that of Barmultra or Hwasan 101 in Yonchun where was -10 to -12$^{\circ}C$ of minimum average air temperature in January or February. Dry matter(DM) yields of the synthetics were similar to DM 8,238kg per ha of Barmultra in Suwon, but in Yonchun, were more 7 to 13% than DM 7,291kg per ha of Barmultra. Forage qualities, IVDMD, ADF, NDF and TDN of the synthetics were lower than those of Hwasan 101, but higher than those of Barmultra.

The Effect of an Occupational Therapeutic Intervention Program using Horticultural Therapy on Cognition and Daily Living Performance of the Elderly with Dementia (원예치료를 적용한 작업치료적 중재 프로그램이 치매노인의 인지기능 및 일상생활수행능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Myong-Hwa;Kim, Jung-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2012
  • Objective : This study aims to identify the effect of an occupational therapeutic intervention program including horticultural therapy on cognition and daily living performance of the elderly with dementia. Methods : For the purpose, the study measured the changes before and after the therapy, targeting sixteen women with dementia who were living in nursery facilities. We used MMSE-K to analyse the cognition, and evaluated daily living performance using K-MBI(p<.05). Results : The results of the study were presented as follows: 1. To identify changes of MMSE-K before and after the therapy between the control and test groups. As a result, it was discovered that MMSE-K of the control group was $16.25{\pm}1.38$ before the therapy and $16.00{\pm}.92$ after the therapy, which indicated no significant differences, but MMSE-K of the test group was $16.00{\pm}1.51$ before the therapy and $17.87{\pm}1.35$ after the therapy, which was statistically significant (p<.05). 2. To identify changes in daily living performance(K-MBI) between the two groups before and after the therapy, and it was discovered that scores of the control group were $74.00{\pm}1.30$ before the therapy and $74.25{\pm}1.16$ after the therapy, which showed no significant difference, but those of the test group were $73.75{\pm}1.28$ before the therapy and $76.37{\pm}1.30$ after the therapy, which was statistically significant(p<.05). Conclusion : Based on the results above, it was demonstrated that the an occupational therapeutic intervention program including horticultural therapy had a positive effect on cognition and daily living performance of elderly women with dementia and it is suggested that the results can be used as basic data for clinical intervention of the elderly with dementia.

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The Incidence and Distribution of Viral Diseases in Barley Fields in Korea (국내 맥류재배지의 바이러스병 발생과 분포)

  • Park, Jong-Chul;Seo, Jae-Hwan;Choi, Min-Kyung;Lee, Kui-Jae;Kim, Hyung-Moo
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.188-193
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    • 2004
  • The symptom expressions such as yellowish and mosaic spots in overwintering barley have been considered to be a damage by cold or water. However, it had revealed that the symptom expressions were caused by viruses throughout three year nationwide surveys. Barley yellow mosaic virus (BaYMV), Barley mild mosaic virus (BaMMV), and Soil-borne wheat mosaic virus (SBWMV) was detected in 2001-2003 and Barley yellow dwarf virus-MA V (BYDV -MA V) from field samples collected on March in 2003. The results of investigation showed that the incidence of BaYMV was more than 70% and that of BaMMV and SBWMV was 15.7-37.4% and 0.7-10.1 % in three year surveys, respectively. The incidence of BYDV-MAV was approximately 1 % in 2003 only. The distribution of BaYMV was relatively uniform throughout barley fields in Korea, but the incidence of the virus in Gyunggi Province was as low as 19% compared to 65-85% in the rest of regions. On the other hand, 70% of BaMMV was found to be in the west south regions of Korea, Jeonbuk and Jeonnam Provinces. Taken together, both BaYMV and BaMMV were thought to be dominant casual agents in overwintering barley by either single or mixed infections. Previous survey data for BaYMV from 1994 to 1996 indicated that the incidence of the virus was approximately 40% in Jeonbuk, Jeonnam, and Gyungnam Provinces. Thus, comparing with the results from the recent nationwide survey, the incidence of BaYMV had been rapidly increasing in overwintering barley fields in the southern part of Korea.

Measuring Range of Motion and Muscle Activation of Flower Arrangement Tasks and Application for Improving Upper Limb Function (꽃꽂이 작업의 관절가동범위와 근육활성도 측정 및 상지기능 향상을 위한 적용사례)

  • Lee, Son-Sun;Park, Sin-Ae;Kwon, Oh-Yun;Song, Jong-Eun;Son, Ki-Cheol
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.449-462
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    • 2012
  • The objectives of this study were to measure the range of motion for joints and muscle activation of upper limb for flower arrangement tasks for physical rehabilitation and to test horticultural therapy programs using flower arrangement tasks for improving upper limb function of the patients with stroke. Major flower arrangement tasks were classified with eight tasks (cutting 1, thick stem; cutting 2, thin stem; fixing 1, long stem; fixing 2, short stem; rolling a leaf; bending 1, thick stem; bending 2, thin stem; and winding, using a wire) based on the occupational analysis. When eight male university students (mean age $24.1{\pm}2.5$ years) conducted the eight flower arrangement tasks, range of motion for joints and muscle activation of upper limb were measured by a 3D motion analyzer and electromyography, respectively. Based on the results of the range of motion and muscle activation of upper limb, horticultural therapy programs using flower arrangement tasks (total 33 sessions) for improving upper limb function of the patients with stroke was conducted at a rehabilitation hospital, Seoul, South Korea and then the range of motion, grip strength, and upper limb function of the patients were tested. Among the eight flower arrangement tasks, cutting 1, winding, and bending 1 induced the highest value for the range of motion in joints of shoulder, elbow, and wrist, respectively (P < 0.001). In terms of muscle activation, eight flower arrangement tasks performed in this study showed various patterns of muscle activation and several muscles were simultaneously used for each task (P < 0.001). In addition, thickness and length of the materials used in a task had a prominent effect on the range of motion for joints and muscle activation of upper limb (P < 0.001). The stroke patients had positive effects for their range of motion of upper limb (shoulder, forearm, and elbow), grip strength, and overall upper limb function through the horticultural therapy program. Thus, this study suggested that flower arrangement tasks would be a potential horticultural activity for physical rehabilitation program. It would be interesting to apply a customized horticultural therapy program using flower arrangement tasks according to the symptoms of patient for physical rehabilitation.

A Study on the Effectiveness of Horticultural Therapy on the Emotional Stability of Children From Broken Homes (원예심리치료가 결손가정아동의 정서적 안정에 미치는 효과성에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Jong-Gu;Lee, Nam-Sug
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.1628-1636
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of horticultural therapy on children from broken homes: this treatment program, implemented in the social welfare field, targets the children's depression, self-esteem, and social and emotional stress. Its object was composed of 13 lower grade students enrolled in special facilities according to the life-cycle method, and its data were collected as making use of the structured questionnaire. The horticultural Therapy Program was practiced 14 sessions in total from September 2nd to December 16th, 2010, and its results in summary are as follows; The sociality in horticultural therapy was higher by .53 point in 2.76 after practice than in 2.23 before practice, and its value of the ability to cope with stress was higher by 0.52 point in 2.82 after coping with stress than in 2.30 before that. That was meaningful (t=-1.4398, p<.05). The value of anxiety was lower by .15 in 1.45 post-anxiety than in 1.60 pre-anxiety, and that was meaningful (t=-2.3842, p<.05). The value of self-esteem is higher by .42 in 2.92 post-self-esteem than in 2.50 pre-self-esteem, and that was strategically meaningful (t=-1.1871, p<.05). The value of emotional assessment was higher by 2.05 in 5.25 post-emotional assessment than in 3.20 pre-emotional assessment, and that was strategically meaningful (t=-2.4599, p<.05). Based on these results, this study suggests that this horticultural therapy program should apply to the issues of children in social welfare field as one of various approaches.

농업기술 - 시설채소의 세균병 방제는 이렇게

  • Han, Yu-Gyeong
    • 농업기술회보
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.33-33
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    • 2011
  • 시설 내 온도가 상승함에 따라 고온기가 되면 세균성 병해가 기승을 부리게 된다. 일단 발병이 되면 방제가 불가능하므로 병 발병 후 '치료'보다는 '예방'위주의 관리를 해야 한다.

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Analysis of alpha wave from Smartphone music treatments through RightMark test (RightMark 테스트를 이용한 스마트폰 음악치료의 알파웨이브 음악 분석)

  • Ryu, Chang-Su;Lee, Myung-Swan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.127-128
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    • 2013
  • 최근 'healing'이라는 단어가 여기저기에서 많이 사용되고 있다. 과도한 업무와 스트레스에 지친 직장인들뿐만 아니라 학생들까지도 'healing'을 찾고 있는 추세이다. 그러다 보니 자연스럽게 명상이나 요가, 음악 치료와 같은 심신의 건강, 회복과 정서적인 안정을 위한 여러 가지 활동들을 찾게 되었으며 스마트폰이 발달함에 따라서 지금은 스마트폰의 애플리케이션을 이용하여 쉽고 간편하게 음악 치료를 이용하고 있으며, 두뇌와 비타민의 합성어인 BTamin 음악이 유행처럼 번지게 되며 뇌파 (Bectro Encephaio Graphy : EGG)에 대한 관심도 높아졌다. 본 논문은 안드로이드 마켓의 Music Therapy for sound sleep 애플리케이션의 알파 웨이브 음악을 RightMark Audio Analyzer 프로그램을 통하여 분석 해보았다.

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Analysis of Domestic Research on Depression and Stress : Focused on the Treatment and Subjects (우울과 스트레스에 관한 국내 연구 분석 : 치료와 대상자를 중심으로)

  • Jo, Nam-Hee;Na, Eun-Young
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2017
  • This study was attempted to identify the domestic research related to depression and stress. The subjects of the analysis were 1,875 college degree theses thrown in the National Assembly Library searched by the depression and stress keyword as of November 30, 2016. The analysis method visualizes atypical data with Word Cloud, which is one of the text mining techniques. We also used the R'LDA package and LDA to classify treatment and subjects. As a result of the analysis, 233(12.4%) of the total papers with therapeutic keywords were found. Application of treatment methods was art therapy, music therapy, horticultural therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, clinical art therapy, cognitive therapy, psychological therapy, depression treatment, group therapy, laughter treatment sequence. The study subjects were adolescents, elderly, patient, mother, child, female, parents, and college students in order. The results of LDA topic analysis for adolescents were classified into four topics: self-support, treatment program, relationship effect, and variable study.

Effects of Horticultural Therapy for the Korean Elderly : A Systematic Literature Review (국내 노인에게 적용한 원예치료의 효과: 체계적 문헌고찰)

  • Kim, Joo-Hyun;Kwon, Sung-Bok;Kim, Hyeon-Ju;Choi, Gyeong-Hye;Lee, Hyang-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.153-159
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to ascertain the effectiveness of horticultural therapy by analyzing researches on horticultural therapy applied to elderly Koreans. Methods: We evaluated 401 research papers including dissertations on horticultural therapy applied to elderly Koreans from Jan. 2000 to Feb. 2016. We reviewed the appropriate 12 papers among them for the final analysis. Results: Horticultural therapy had physiological and psychosocial effects. First of all, it showed the physiological effects of reducing stress hormones. Outdoor horticultural therapy improved the gross motor movements of the body. Indoor horticulture therapy improved delicate cognitive & operating functions. Second, horticultural therapy showed the psychosocial effects of reducing depression and improving cognitive functions, language abilities, comprehension, daily activity, life satisfaction and sociality. But the effects appeared differently dependent on the implementation protocol & period of horticultural therapy, as well as the professionalism of the therapists. Therefore, if horticultural therapy were to be administered through nursing, it should be based on its key principle, in other words, the principle of action-interaction-response of horticultural therapy. Conclusion: The results of this study will be useful for developing therapeutic interventions through nursing. Also they will be helpful in applying horticultural therapy programs in nursing practice.