• Title, Summary, Keyword: 원예치료

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Effect of Horticultural Therapy on Activities of Daily Living and Interpersonal Relation of Institutionalized Intellectual Disabilities (공동생활시설 내 지적 장애인의 일상생활동작 및 대인관계에 미치는 원예치료의 영향)

  • Park, Hyung-Wook;Kim, Hong-Yul;Huh, Moo-Ryong;Son, Beung-Gu;Lim, Ki-Byung;Park, Woo-Chung;So, In-Sup
    • Journal of agriculture & life science
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to clarify the effect of horticultural therapy on activities of daily living and interpersonal relation of institutionalized intellectual disabilities. The experiment was performed with 8 controls and 8 experiments of J institution in Yongdam, Jeju. Horticultural therapy program was performed once a week for 2 hours total 20 times from Mar. 2009 through mid July 2009. Evaluation in activities of daily living indicated that all functions except eating showed no change or worsened in controls, however, all functions except moving were improved in experimental subjects. Interpersonal relation evaluation showed no difference from 42.25 to 42.25 in control, but increased 8.62 points from 41.75 to 50.37 showing very significant change at the level of 99% in experimental subjects. Group activity evaluation increased very significantly at the level of 99% in physical/perceptual abilities, social interaction, cognitive ability, emotion status, and vocational interests. From the above results, horticultural therapy proved effectively in activities of daily living and interpersonal relation of institutionalized intellectual disabilities.

An Analysis of the Healing Effects of Forest Therapy and Horticultural Therapy (숲치유와 원예치료의 치유효과 분석)

  • Park, Sun-A;Jeong, Moon-Sun;Lee, Myungwoo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 2015
  • Stresses from desolate urban environments cause illnesses and worsen health conditions of urban residents, while natural environments have a positive influence on human. Natural healing programs such as forest therapy and horticultural therapy can be differentiated by the characteristic of activity space. However, previous studies of healing programs have focused on either forest therapy or horticulture therapy and there is a limit to comprehending the effects of adopting and connecting various healing programs. This study compares and analyzes the physiological and psychological effects of forest therapy and horticultural therapy to identify the effects and differences by types of healing programs. The before and after effects of horticultural therapy and forest therapy are measured by experiment and survey for 5 days with 5 subjects in each program. For physiological reaction, blood pressure, pulse, and cortisol levels are measured and the profile of moods states(POMS) is used to measure psychological reaction. Collected data are analyzed with the analysis of variance(ANOVA) and Paired-Sample T-test in SPSS 18.0. The results of this study are as follows: 1) forest therapy and horticultural therapy show positive effects in physiological and physiological aspects, 2) forest therapy is more effective than horticultural therapy in physiological relaxation and stress mitigation, 3) horticultural therapy has a tendency to alleviate depression more effectively than forest therapy. In conclusion, this study contributes to providing fundamental information for the development of healing programs and design guidelines for healing spaces through identifying the characteristics of each healing program.

Improving Work Adjustment Skills in Students with Mental Retardation Using Hydroponics Program (수경재배 프로그램을 통한 지적 장애학생의 직업적응력 증진)

  • Joo, Byung-Sik;Park, Sin-Ae;Son, Ki-Cheol
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.586-595
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to determine the effects of horticultural therapy (HT) program using hydroponics on work adjustment skills of students with mental retardation. Based on the critical role transitional model and special education curriculum for agriculture, especially hydroponics, HT program (total 22 sessions) using hydroponics procedure for Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. 'Asia Heuk Romaine') was developed. Fourteen (10 males, 4 females) graded $1^{st}$ to $2^{nd}$ with intellectual disabilities were recruited from a special education class in a high school located in Inchon, Korea and then a special farm for hydroponics in Inchon, Korea was offered for the HT program. The students with intellectual disabilities participated in the HT program for 4-month (from September to December of 2011, twice a week, approximately 60 minutes per session). Before and after the HT program, the McCarron assessment neuromuscular development, emotional behavioral checklist, interpersonal negotiation strategies, and KEPAD picture vocational interest test were performed by the teachers and horticultural therapists. As the results, the students significantly improved motor performance (p = 0.002), emotional behavioral strategies (p = 0.00), and interpersonal negotiation strategies (p = 0.05). However, no significant difference between before and after the HT program for vocational interest was observed. In conclusion, the HT program using hydroponics, consists of simple and easy tasks so that it would be applicable for the students with intellectual disabilities positively affected to work adjustment skills by improving the motor performance, emotional behavioral strategies, and interpersonal negotiation strategies. Additionally, HT programs using hydroponics with various kinds of vegetables are required to develop and to apply in practical settings for improving work adjustment skills.

Effects of Horticultural Therapy on the Introduction of Logotherapy for Relieving Loneliness and Helplessness of Senior Citizens (의미요법을 도입한 원예치료가 노인의 고독감과 무력감 완화에 미치는 효과)

  • Jo, Ju Young;Lee, Ho yeon
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.39-44
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of horticultural therapy program introducing logotherapy to relieve senior citizens from loneliness and helplessness. 24 senior citizens registered in C Senior Welfare Center located in Chung-cheongbuk-do were selected to be subject of this study. 12 senior citizens were assigned to the experimental group and went through a horticultural therapy program, the other 12 senior citizens were assigned to the control group, and no specific program was applied. As a result, the experimental group which went through a horticultural therapy program shown a statistical significance in relieving their loneliness and helplessness, while the control group did not show any statistical significance. In this respect, this study concludes that horticultural therapy introducing logotherapy, can be useful for senior citizens to relieve their loneliness and helplessness.

Effect of Horticultural Therapy on the Stress and Serum Cortisol of Demented Elders (원예치료가 치매노인의 스트레스 및 혈중 코티졸 호르몬에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Suk-Young;Choi, Byung-Jin
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.891-894
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted in order to examine the effects of horticultural therapy on stress in demented elders, and for this purpose, we analyzed stress-related physiological changes in demented elders under the care of an elderly facility who had not taken medication and consented to blood tests. The horticultural therapy program included only flower decoration, which was preferred by the participants, aiming ultimately to reduce stress. First, a one-to-one session was given for forming rapport and the horticultural therapist had many conversations about plants with the elders. Furthermore, the participants were induced to be absorbed into the horticultural activities, though a short while, so that they might forget troubles. Evaluation was made by measuring subjective stress and the blood cortisol hormone concentration before and after the horticultural therapy and examining differences between them. Subjective stress increased from 12.88 to 17.88 in the control group, but decreased significantly from 13.88 before the therapy to 6.38 after in the experimental group (p = 0.007). When the blood cortisol hormone level was measured as a physiological indicator of stress, it decreased significantly from $11.33{\mu}g{\cdot}L^{-1}$ before the horticultural therapy to $9.85{\mu}g{\cdot}L^{-1}$ after (p = 0.037). These results suggest that horticultural therapy reduces the blood cortisol hormone level and is effective in easing stress.

Development of Elements of Horticultural Therapy Evaluation Indices (HTEI) through Delphi Method (전문가 델파이 조사를 통한 원예치료 평가지표 구성요소 개발)

  • Im, Eun-Ae;Son, Ki-Cheol;Kam, Jeong-Ki
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.308-324
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this study is to develop and construct the elements of a new evaluation tool to assess the effectiveness of a horticultural therapy. Delphi method was applied to classify the realms of evaluation and specify their components and constituting items. Delphi process was performed through three rounds and 24 professionals attended all the rounds as panel members. Some of the items were revised or removed according to the results of such tests as content validity ratio, agreement rate, convergency and stability of each item. On the contrary, a few new items were added by accepting the opinions of the professional panels. Previous to the Delphi, the realms of evaluation were classified into physical, cognitional, psycho-emotional and social ones on the basis of literature review, professionals' consultation and in-depth interview with practitioners. At the first round, 112 items constituting four realms were reviewed. The numbers of items to be reviewed were reduced to 107 at the second round and to 102 at the third round. As a result, 98 items in 4 realms were decided as proper evaluation points of horticultural therapy. The compositions of the four respective realms are as follows: 5 components and 27 items in physical realm; 4 components and 25 items in cognitional realm; 2 components and 24 items in psycho-emotional realm; and 4 components and 22 items in social realm. These realms, components and specific items derived from this study constitute indices to evaluate the effectiveness of horticultural therapy. In addition, they might be utilized as good guidelines for planning horticultural therapy programs.

Fast Join Mechanism that considers the switching of the tree in Overlay Multicast (오버레이 멀티캐스팅에서 트리의 스위칭을 고려한 빠른 멤버 가입 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Sung-Yean;Rho, Kyung-Taeg;Park, Myong-Soon
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartC
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    • v.10C no.5
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    • pp.625-634
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    • 2003
  • More than a decade after its initial proposal, deployment of IP Multicast has been limited due to the problem of traffic control in multicast routing, multicast address allocation in global internet, reliable multicast transport techniques etc. Lately, according to increase of multicast application service such as internet broadcast, real time security information service etc., overlay multicast is developed as a new internet multicast technology. In this paper, we describe an overlay multicast protocol and propose fast join mechanism that considers switching of the tree. To find a potential parent, an existing search algorithm descends the tree from the root by one level at a time, and it causes long joining latency. Also, it is try to select the nearest node as a potential parent. However, it can't select the nearest node by the degree limit of the node. As a result, the generated tree has low efficiency. To reduce long joining latency and improve the efficiency of the tree, we propose searching two levels of the tree at a time. This method forwards joining request message to own children node. So, at ordinary times, there is no overhead to keep the tree. But the joining request came, the increasing number of searching messages will reduce a long joining latency. Also searching more nodes will be helpful to construct more efficient trees. In order to evaluate the performance of our fast join mechanism, we measure the metrics such as the search latency and the number of searched node and the number of switching by the number of members and degree limit. The simulation results show that the performance of our mechanism is superior to that of the existing mechanism.

Analysis of Horticultural Therapy Programs for the Mentally Disabled (정신적 장애인을 위한 원예치료 프로그램 분석)

  • Moon, Mi Young;Jang, Eu Jean;Pak, Chun Ho
    • FLOWER RESEARCH JOURNAL
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.136-141
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    • 2010
  • In order to analyze the horticultural-therapy program, which was carried out targeting the mentally disabled, relevant 559 copies of 'Confirmation Note of horticultural activity' submitted for to be used the use in license examination to Korean Horticultural Therapy and Wellbeing Association were used as a tool. It contains 64 horticultural therapists for level 1 and 524 horticultural therapists for level 2 from May in 2000 to February in 2008. With the aim of examining difference depending on people covered by the program, license kind and horticultural therapy activity period in horticulture therapists, ${\chi}^2$ test was conducted on the basis of frequency in each. Data was analyzed by using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Science) Win 13.0 program, which was carried out targeting the mentally disabled, the 'art and craft activity' was the largest with 46.0%. In terms of 'growing activity', the 'normal growing' showed the highest ratio with 74.7%. In the 'art and craft activity', the 'flower decoration' showed the highest ratio with 37.5%. In the result of 'Cooking activity', the activity related to 'tea' was the largest ratio with 33.6%. As a result of 'learning activity', 'orientation' was the largest ratio with 47.6%. In the 'outdoor activity', 'excursion' was the largest ratio with 36.7%.

Comparison of Growth Characteristics, Forage Productivity and Quality between Italian Ryegrass and Synthetics Derived from Interspecific and Intergeneric Hybrids and Ecotypes (이탈리안 라이그라스와 종.속간 잡종 및 생태형 유래 합성종간의 생육특성, 수량성 및 사료가치 비교)

  • Choi, G.J.;Lim, Y.W.;Lim, Y.C.;Sung, B.R.;Kim, M.J.;Kim, K.Y.;Park, G.J.;Kim, S.R.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.265-272
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    • 2002
  • Forage breeding laboratory of National Livestock Research Institute, R.D.A. has made interspecific hybrids of Lolium multiflorum $\times$ L. pratensis and intergeneric hybrids of Lolium $\times$ Festuca since 1984, and has collected ecotypes of Italian ryegrass since 1991. Growth characteristics of these hybrids and ecotypes were researched, and then these clone lines were named. Among these clone lines, the several clones that have polen fertility, high cold-tolerance, and similar heading time were used for making synthetics, Naehan 6, 7, 8, 9, with polycrossing method in 1997. Field experiments were carried out to compare the mophological and agronomical characteristics and forage productivity and quality of the synthetics with those of Italian ryegrass varieties, Barmultra and Hwasan 101. in Suwon and Yonchun from 1999 to 2000. Heading time of the synthetics were 22th to 24th May that belong to late-mature types to be similar to that of Barmultra and Hwasan 101 in Suwon. The synthetics were 101 to 106 c3n in plant length, medium or thick in thickness of stem, dark peen in leaf color, broad and long in flag leaf, strong in lodging resistance, and excellent in regrowth. Winter survivals of the synthetics were no different from that of Barmultra or Hwasan 101 in Suwon, but better than that of Barmultra or Hwasan 101 in Yonchun where was -10 to -12$^{\circ}C$ of minimum average air temperature in January or February. Dry matter(DM) yields of the synthetics were similar to DM 8,238kg per ha of Barmultra in Suwon, but in Yonchun, were more 7 to 13% than DM 7,291kg per ha of Barmultra. Forage qualities, IVDMD, ADF, NDF and TDN of the synthetics were lower than those of Hwasan 101, but higher than those of Barmultra.