• Title, Summary, Keyword: 원예치료

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Horticultural Therapy: Job Analysis, Performance Evaluation, and Educational Needs (원예치료사의 직무 및 수행평가와 교육요구 분석)

  • Kim, Soo-Yun;Park, Sin-Ae;Son, Ki-Cheol;Lee, Chan
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.887-900
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to provide a job analysis for, and assess the job performance of horticultural therapists, as well as examine future educational needs. To this end, a chart developed using the DACUM method was chosen as the appropriate tool for the job analysis of horticultural therapists (Study 1). Based on the chart, a survey using an evaluation form was produced to investigate the current level of job performance and future required level of horticultural therapists (Study 2). A total of 8 duties and 45 tasks were classified to examine job performance, based on analysis of the DACUM Council (Study 1). These duties include A. Decide execution organization for horticultural therapy (HT) program, B. Diagnose and assess clients before starting the HT program, C. Plan HT program, D. Develop HT program, E. Prepare to implement HT program for each session, F. Implement HT program for each session, G. Implement overall assessment for HT program, and H. Develop oneself as a horticultural therapist. Their duties were broken down further into five to eight tasks per duty, totaling 45 tasks. Based on the horticultural therapist job performance sheet developed through this process, an assessment of the current job level of horticultural therapists was performed and future required level were examined (Study 2). The evaluation forms were sent to 779 horticultural therapists with level 1 or 2 certification via email or mail delivery. The analysis of 242 questionnaires (31.1%) revealed that horticultural therapists with level 1 certificates have a significantly higher job performance level for 34 of the 45 tasks. Regarding future required level, 20 out of 45 tasks were assessed as higher for level 1 horticultural therapists than level 2. In addition, a Borich formula was utilized to identify the priority of educational needs for the 45 horticultural therapist tasks. The results revealed the following top three tasks: H1. Receive feedback from the supervisor for the horticultural therapy program; A1. Distribute promotional materials about the horticultural therapy program; and H2. Submit a grant proposal for horticultural therapy program to organizations such as welfare foundations. The results of this study are anticipated to facilitate understanding and improve work conditions for current horticultural therapists or horticultural therapists-in-training. In addition, institutions that train horticultural therapists will be able to use this as basic research to develop a practical training curriculum.

Effects of Horticultural Therapy on the Improvement of the Self-Esteem and Sociality of Mentally Retarded Persons (원예치료프로그램의 적용이 정신지체장애인의 자기주장 및 사회성 향상에 미치는 영향)

  • 박민희;차영주;유영원;부희옥;이숙영
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.339-351
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of phased horticultural therapy(HT) program on the experience of psychologic therapy and the development of job and social integration in the mentally handicapped persons. In this study, the mentally handicapped persons participated in HT program were chosen in disabled person's welfare institute of Jeonnam. HT program was performed twice a week with 1 hour activity for 4 months. As a results, the mentally handicapped persons participated in HT program showed high interest of horticulture and improvement of self-respect and the high satisfactory degree of HT program. Therefore, the mentally handicapped persons were showed the experience of both physical and mental therapy, improvement of self-esteem scale and sociality in HT program. Also, the application of HT program with continuously interest will be showed high improvement of physical, psychological and sentimental. In the course of this HT program progress, horticultural therapist and social welfare officer were showed the limitation of role. Therefore the leaders of group for successful HT program be required the comprehensive plan of more efficient HT program and induced technique of continuously up-phased improvements in HT program progress.

A Development of Evaluation Indicators for Performance Improvement of Horticultural Therapy Garden (원예치료정원의 성능개선을 위한 평가지표 개발)

  • Ahn, Je-Jun;Park, Yool-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.113-123
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this research is to develop evaluation indicators forperformance improvement of horticultural therapy garden. In order to achieve a therapeutic purpose, the gardening activity held by the trained horticultural therapist. Moreover, horticultural therapy is 'a medical model' for the treatment and basic premise of the research was set, as horticultural therapy garden is characterized area to support activities of patients and horticultural therapist functionally and efficiently. For this study, three times of Delphi and AHP techniques were proceeded to export panels who were recruited by purposive sampling. Through these techniques, it was possible to deduct the evaluation indicator which maximizes the performance of the horticultural therapy garden. The evaluation items were prioritized by typing and stratification of the indicator. The results and discussions were stated as followings. Firstly, a questionnaire of experts was conducted to horticultural therapists and civil servants who were in charge of horticultural therapy. As results(horticultural therapists: 87.8%, civil servants: 75.2%), It is possible to conclude that both positions have the high recognition and agreed on the necessity of horticultural therapy. Secondly, Delphi investigation was conducted three times in order to develop the evaluation indicator for performance evaluation. After Delphi analysis, total 34 of evaluation elements to improve the performance of the horticultural therapy garden by reliability and validity analysis results. Thirdly, AHP analysis of each evaluation indicator was conducted on the relative importance and weighting. Moreover, the results showed 'interaction between nature and human' as the most important element, and in order of 'plan of the program', 'social interaction', 'sustainable environmental', and 'universal design rule', respectively. On the other hand, the exports from the university and research institute evaluated the importance of 'interaction between nature and human', while horticultural therapists chose 'plan of the program' as the most important element. Fourthly, the total weight was used to develop weight applied evaluation indicator for the performance evaluation of the horticultural therapy garden. The weight applying to evaluation index is generally calculated multiply the evaluation scores and the total weight using AHP analysis. Finally, 'the evaluation indicator and evaluation score sheet for performance improvement of the horticultural therapy garden' was finally stated based on the relative order of priority between evaluation indicators and analyzing the weight. If it was deducted the improvement points for the efficiency of already established horticultural therapy garden using the 'weight applied evaluation sheet', it is possible to expand it by judging the importance with the decision of the priority because the item importance decided by experts was reflected. Moreover, in the condition of new garden establishment, it is expected to be helpful in suggesting ways for performance improvement and in setting the guidelines by understanding the major indicators of performance improvement in horticultural therapy activity.

Effects of Horticultural Occupational Therapy on the Physical and Psychological Rehabilitation of Patients with Hemiplegia after Stroke (반신마비 뇌졸중 환자의 심리와 정서적 재활에 대한 원예작업치료 효과)

  • Kim, Mi-Young;Kim, Gui-Soon;Mattson, Neil S.;Kim, Wan-Soon
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.884-890
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    • 2010
  • To examine the effects of horticultural occupational therapy (HOT) on the physical and psychological rehabilitation of stroke patients with paralysis on one side of the body, a horticultural therapy (HT) program was implemented along with occupational therapy (OT) in 20 patients with hemiplegia after stroke (treatment group). In the control group, another 20 patients with hemiplegia after stroke received OT but no HT. The HOT program consisted of various indoor horticultural activities that proceeded stepwise on a weekly basis over the course of four weeks. The selected horticultural occupations were organized into four-phases: motivation, adaptation, sociality, and interpersonal relationships and communication. The grooved pegboard test (GPT), geriatric depression scale (GDS), and functional independent measure (FIM) were tested to the patients in this study. Unlike control group, the treatment group showed statistically significant differences in GPT, GDS, and FIM ($p$<0.001). In addition, communication, social cognition, and self-care scores as FIM subordinate factors were improved significantly by HOT program which motivated patients to engage in rehabilitation therapy. This finding suggests that HOT has the potential to be used as an OT program for stroke patients with hemiplegia.

Meta-Analysis of Research Papers on Horticultural Therapy Program Effect (원예치료 효과 검증을 위한 연구논문의 메타분석)

  • Jang, Eu-Jean;Han, Go-Wun;Hong, Jong-Won;Yoon, Sung-Eun;Pak, Chun-Ho
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.701-707
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    • 2010
  • To analyze the effectiveness of horticultural therapy reported in research papers, a meta-analysis was carried out with 108 of 377 Korean and overseas research papers on horticultural therapy from 1985 to February 2009 (196 Korean dissertations, 113 Korean journal articles, 5 overseas dissertations, and 63 overseas journal articles). The results revealed a large effect size of 0.71. The effectiveness according to the type, age and number of participants were also analyzed. The therapy was most effective in children, and it was more beneficial for children with special needs and elderly people affected by dementia than for the typical population. The greatest effect was found with group sizes of five people or less, and when carried out by researchers from departments related to horticultural therapy than by researchers from unrelated fields of study. The most effective horticultural therapy programs involved floral decorations; and participants who took part in 21 to 30 sessions or at least 31 sessions benefited the most. Among the main effects of short-term horticultural therapy are cognitive, social, physical and emotional; the greatest effect was observed in the physical domain.

Effect of the Horticultural Therapy on Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Function of Demented Old Adults (원예치료가 치매노인의 일상생활 수행능력과 인지기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Suk-Young;Kim, Hong-Yul
    • Journal of agriculture & life science
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2009
  • This study purposed to examine the effect of the horticultural therapy on activities of daily living and cognitive function of demented old adults in facilities. According to the results of evaluating BADL, the ability to perform daily activities decreased from 9.71 to 9.21 in the control group, but in the experimental group, the ability to perform daily activities increased significantly(p=.009) from 10.86 before the horticultural therapy to 12.43 after the therapy. According to the results of evaluating K- MMSE, the score decreased from 10.57 to 9.07 in the control group, but the experimental group showed a significant improvement in cognitive functions from 10.43 before the horticultural therapy to 13.29 after the therapy(p=.003). As presented above, the horticultural therapy was effective in improving activities of daily living and cognitive function of demented old adults.

Evaluation of Horticultural Therapy on the Emotional Improvement of Depressed Patients by Using Heart Rate Variability (심박변이도를 이용한 우울증 환자의 정서개선에 미치는 원예치료 효과 분석)

  • Song, Mi-Jin;Kim, Mi-Young;Sim, Iee-Sung;Kim, Wan-Soon
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1066-1071
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    • 2010
  • To evaluate the effect of horticultural therapy (HT) on the emotional improvement of depressed patients, computer-based heart rate variability (HRV) was compared with self-report scale (SRS) known as existing subjective evaluation method. SRS included four test areas: mental stress scale (MSS), physical stress scale (PSS), Beck anxiety inventory (BAI), and Beck depression inventory (BDI). HRV was itemized into four parameters: standard deviation of the N-N intervals (SDNN), square root of mean squared difference of successive N-N intervals (RMSSD), total power (TP), and low-frequency/high-frequency ratio (LF/HF ratio). Thirty patients with depression at the same mental hospital participated in this study. 15 patients of the treatment group received HT once a week for three months, but the control group did not during the same period. As a result, the emotional improvement in treatment group was clearly identified through HRV as well as SRS. The significant difference was shown at three test areas (MSS, BAI, and BDI, $p$ < 0.001) in SRS and at one parameter (total power, $p$ < 0.05) in HRV. There was noticeable increase in SDNN, RMSSD, and LF/HF ratio in treatment group after HT activity, but no significant difference. Although all parameters of HRV did not show significance, the possibility of HRV as an objective evaluation method to HT was recognized in this study. These results also implied that HT was efficient in the mental and physical regeneration of the depressed patients in both subjective and objective evaluation methods.

Effect of Horticultural Therapy Program Based on Reasoner's Building Self-esteem for Juveniles (Reasoner's Building Self-esteem에 근거한 원예치료 프로그램이 청소년의 자아존중감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hye-Ji;Lee, Sang-Mi;Suh, Jeung-Keun
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.877-883
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of horticultural therapy program based on Reasoner's building self-esteem for juveniles. Fourteen middle school students were recommended by Community education specialist (social worker). Seven experimental group members received a horticultural therapy program and 7 control group members did not during this study performed from April 2009 to July 2009. As the results, the total self-esteem level of the experimental group increased significantly after horticultural therapy (p=$0.046^*$), while control group decreased (p=0.610). In the sub-field of self-esteem, social-peer self-esteem level of the experimental group increased significantly (p=$0.018^*$), while significant difference was not detected for the control group. Therefore horticultural therapy program based on Reasoner's building self-esteem could be utilized as appropriate tools for improvement of self-esteem in juveniles in future clinical studies.