• Title, Summary, Keyword: 운영 현황 및 실태

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International Comparison of Re-start up Support system for Failed Businessmen (실패기업인의 재창업지원 제도에 관한 국제비교연구)

  • Kim, Hyung-Ho;Yoon, Heon-Deok
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.235-252
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    • 2015
  • The Korean government is building a virtuous cycle of startups and venture businesses for a dynamic, innovative economy. This ecosystem is made possible when a social environment that embraces tolerance and turn business failure into re-startups and challenging venture startups by outstanding entrepreneurs are present. Due to the government's efforts to promote start-ups and venture businesses, their number has been increasing annually, but the efforts to create a social environment for re-startups and establish a relevant institution have recently started. This study is aimed at providing policy direction for re-startups by getting policy implications after identifying the current status of domestic failed businessmen' re-startups based on previous researches on failed businessmen. This study also reviewed advanced nations' cases and made international comparison of re-startup policies. Before the startup culture that recognizes failure as the stage for success is formed as in the U.S., it is necessary to create a legal basis for continuously pushing for the rechallenge policy of EU's Small Business Act and establish and operate the private sector-driven revitalization council of SMEs in Japan. It is also necessary to consider the guarantee of failed businessmen' livelihood. If additional research and government policies are added to the conclusions made on the policy implications, this research will provide an in-depth insight for revitalizing domestic re-startup.

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A Study of Practical Strategies for Cooperative Rural Community Regeneration in Geochang (거창군 협업형 마을만들기 실천전략 연구)

  • Oh, Hyung-Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.87-99
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    • 2015
  • Prior hardware-centered rural development projects implemented top-down rural community regeneration via the local government in accordance with central government agency policies. To improve this, software-centered projects have been promoted since 2000. With central agency-led rural development projects changing into local government-led ones, rural community regeneration has been built per village. Although rural community regeneration projects appear to have implemented a bottom-up development currently, the top-down development procedures being facilitated by the intervention of administrative institutions have not disappeared. In this regard, the purpose of this research thesis is to effectively perform bottom-up development methods that go one step further from the current process of rural community regeneration. As the research site, this thesis selected Geochang, which has difficulties in being steadily maintained and operated despite the development of various rural community regeneration projects. Subsequently, it determined the current status and substantial analysis of a project of the rural community regeneration in Geochang through 1:1 interviews with civil servants in charge of administration as well as conducted a prior study on rural resident awareness of rural community regeneration through a survey of village head members and in-depth interviews with rural residents. Based on these data, a 10 times-round table conference was held under the participation of pertinent civil servants, professionals and rural residents to select practical strategies for cooperative rural community regeneration in Geochang as five key areas: local food, culture & welfare, rural villages, community development, and urban and rural interchanges. In addition, it is considered that the project of building villages must be implemented by establishing steadfast administrative co-operation systems, strengthening rural residents' participation capacities and supporting professionals' systemic integrated operation and maintenance. By doing so, this research thesis sought to determine practical strategies in the cooperative rural community regeneration in Geochang. It is expected that bottom-up development rural community regeneration will be built and introduced in each rural community in the future.

Contamination of the Mushim-Cheon and its Countermeasure;II. The Status of the Seasonal and Hourly Contamination of the Water(1989${\sim}$1990)-Temperature, pH, DO, BOD, COD, SS, Turbidity, and BOD Load (무심천(無心川) 수질(水質) 오염(汚染) 실태(實態)와 그 방지책(防止策);II. 계절별(季節別) 및 시간별(時間別) 현황(現況) (1989-1990)-수온, pH, DO, BOD, COD, SS, 탁도 및 BOD 부하량(負荷量))

  • Lee, Jae-Koo;Kim, Hak-Nam;Kyung, Kee-Sung;Kwak, Hee-In
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.33-49
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    • 1991
  • In order to disclose the contamination of the Mushim-Cheon by pollutants and to establish the countermeasures, the water samples collected in November of 1989(lst sample), February(2nd), May(3rd) and August of 1990(4th) were analyzed to obtain the following results : 1. The water temperatures of the seasonal samples ranged from 8.6 to 16.2, 8.3 to 25.2, 18 to 26, and 24 to 32$^{\circ}C$, in the 1st, 2nd , 3rd, and 4th samples, respectively. 2. The pHs of all the samples ranged from 6.5 to 8.5. 3. In the 3rd sample, especially, DO was observed to fall down to 0.8 ppm at the downstream of St 13, which is not allowed even for agricultural use. 4. The BOD and COD values in sewers were much higher than those in the main stream, and especially the values of St 14-A reached 107-608 and 176-635 ppm, respectively, which far exceeded the limit of 40 ppm, the allowed value for the discharges from the disposal facilities. The SS value of St 14A ranged from 142 to 1, 900 ppm, which far exceeded the limit of 70 ppm, the allowed value for the discharges from the disposal facilities. 5. It turned out that the water quality of the Mushim-Cheon flowing through Cheong Ju was more worsened at sewers than the main stream, and at the downstream than the upstream of the surveyed area. Accordingly, the sewage disposal plant and the expansion of the disposal facilities are urgently needed.

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Parents' Opinions on Foodservices in Daycare Centers of Korea's Compensation and Welfare Service Institute (근로복지공단 보육시설의 급식 운영현황과 학부모대상 품질 만족도)

  • Kim, Ji Hyeon;Lee, Young Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.102-113
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine parental perceptions on the importance, performance level, and satisfaction with foodservice quality at daycare centers in the Compensation and Welfare Service institute. The questionnaire was developed to measure thirty-two attributes of foodservice operations are administered to 598 parents and 23 foodservice supervisors from June 22, 2009 to July 10, 2009. The parents placed a high importance on the need for foodservices, earning 4.70 points out of 5 points. Their perceptions of foodservice quality menu, foodservice ingredients and effects, facilities, sanitation, and service scored even higher than performance. The overall satisfaction level for foodservice compared to performance was 4.33 and 4.03 points out of 5 points, respectively. Multiple regression analysis indicated that 98.6% of the variance in parents' overall satisfaction scores was explained by six dimensions.

A Study on the Influence of CSR and Corporate Ability on Purchase Intention -Focused on The mediating effects of product attitude and the moderating effects of corporate reputation - (기업의 사회적 책임(CSR)과 기업역량(CA)이 구매의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 - 제품태도의 매개효과와 기업명성의 조절효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Yang, Seung-Kwang;Song, Eu-Gene
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2018
  • According to the results of the FKI's ethical management status and CSR promotion status, about 95% of domestic companies enact the Code of Ethics, while 64% of companies operating systems for communication and dialogue with stakeholders in the process of CSR activities, It seems that strategic CSR activities of domestic companies have not been fully established yet compared with the introduction of ethical management. Even if companies conduct CSR activities strategically, there is very little CSR level of the companies that consumers perceive. This is because the psychological mechanism of CSR on consumers' perceptions is too complicated and detailed, resulting in a positive result and a negative result depending on the investigator's research method. So far, there have been many studies on the direct impact of CSR on corporate evaluation, purchase intention, and corporate image. However, there are few studies on the effect of CSR and CA on purchase intention through product attitude. Therefore, The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the effect of corporate social responsibility(CSR) and corporate Ability(CA) on the purchase intention through product attitudes perceived by consumers, and the moderating effect of corporate reputation between product attitude and purchase intention. As a research method, we selected 4 companies, such as Samsung etc, who have been conducting CSR for the past 10 years, as a sample. The relationship between the CSR and the corporate competence of these companies on purchasing intention was examined through questionnaires for general consumers. The results of this study show that CSR and CA have a positive effect on product attitude, and consumers' product attitude has a positive effect on purchase intention. In addition, CSR and CA were found to have a positive (+) effect on purchase intention through consumer attitude. Finally, it is found that the reputation of the firm has a moderating effect on the relationship between consumer's product attitude and purchase intention. This study suggests that CSR should be strategically promoted in order to positively shape the attitude of consumers toward products of companies and their companies. As a theoretical implication, this study showed that the effect of CSR activities and CA on consumer's product attitude and purchase intention, centered on mediating effects of product attitude and corporate reputation discrimination.

Comparative analysis on status of events and importance-performance analysis (IPA) between industry and school foodservices (사업체급식소와 학교급식소의 이벤트 실태 및 이벤트에 대한 중요도-수행도 분석 비교)

  • Song, Hyun Jin;Rho, Jeong Ok
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.452-462
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the status of events and importance-performance analysis (IPA) between industry and school foodservices. Methods: The study subjects were dietitians in industry foodservices (n = 73) and nutrition teachers in school foodservices (n = 135) in the Jeonbuk area. Demographic characteristics, status of events, and problems of implementing events were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Results: Approximately 67% of industry foodservices had implemented an event a month, whereas 40.7% of school foodservices did not implement events for students. The type of events that industry and school foodservices had implemented most frequently were Sambok event, Dongji event, Daeboreum event, Spring-Namul event, and Chuseok event. The industry foodservices had significantly higher average scores for performance of events than those of the school foodservices (p < 0.001). In the Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA), high importance and high performance (A area: doing great) in industry foodservices were seasonal events, traditional festival day events, anniversary events, traditional seasonal events, and personal memory events, whereas in school foodservices were traditional festival day events, traditional seasonal events, school events, and environment events. Conclusion: These results showed that events are important for the increase in customer satisfaction. Therefore, it is necessary to consider educational programs on event implementation for dietitians and employees in industry and school foodservices.

Investigation on the Characteristics of Vertical Composting System Using Layer Manure (수직 종형퇴비화시설에서의 산란계분 퇴비화 특성 조사 연구)

  • Kwag, J.H.;Kim, J.H.;Cho, S.H.;Jeong, K.H.;Choi, D.Y.;Jeong, Y.S.;Jeong, M.S.;Kang, H.S.;Ra, C.S.
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.237-244
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    • 2010
  • Using a vertical composting system in layer farms, the composting process was characterized in terms of temperature variation, change of moisture contents, fertilizer ingredient and so on. In this study, two types of layer farms were examined. The layer manure was produced as 3,300 and 116,650 kg/day for Farm A and Farm B, respectively. Also, their average moisture contents were 74.4% (Farm A) and 65.6 % (Farm B). The inside temperature of composting in Farm A was varied in the range of 50 to $70^{\circ}C$, and moisture content of it decreased from 59.5% to 20.6% at the edge of vertical composting system. While in Farm B, composting temperature was fluctuated between 50 and $65^{\circ}C$ and moisture content declined from 34.0% to 13.4% at the end of vertical composting system. The fertilizer ingredients such as T-N, $P_2O_5$ and $K_2O$ were not significantly influenced by seasonal effect. Their values were changed in the range of 0.90% to 0.47% for T-N, 0.16% to 0.42% for $P_2O_5$, and 0.22% to 0.28 for $K_2O$, respectively. Also, OM/N ratio was varied from 36.8 to 84.4.

Current Status of Respiratory Care in Korean Intensive Care Units (국내 중환자실내 호흡치료의 현황)

  • Park, So-Yeon;Kim, Tae-Hyung;Kim, Eun-Kyung;Shim, Tae-Sun;Lim, Chae-Man;Lee, Sang-Do;Kim, Woo-Sung;Kim, Dong-Soon;Kim, Won-Dong;Koh, Youn-Suck
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.343-352
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    • 2000
  • Backgrounds : Respiratory care for patients in intensive care units (ICUs) has been performed mainly by nurses in Korea. However, the current status of respiratory care in the Korea ICUs is not well known. Respiratory care and the methods of delivery in ICUs were surveyed. Method : A confidential questionnaire was distributed to the head nurses working the ICUs at 117 hospitals in Korea. One hundred hospitals returned the questionnaires, for a response rate of 85%. The hospitals were divided into three groups : Main university hospitals (MUH), university associated hospitals (UAH), and general hospitals (GH) Result : Eighteen units of 66 units in MUH and 35 units of 58 units in GH were organized as a general ICUs. The percentage of ICUs with full-time doctors was 47.1%. The nurses usually delivered respiratory care spending from 1 to 4 h during their 8 h of working time. Although the respondents felt that respiratory care should be delivered by trained respiratory therapists, these therapists were not found at the hospitals. Most of the units performed percussion, tracheal suctioning, and positional changes. However, vibration and IPPB were less frequently performed in GH. Among oxygen supply apparatus, venturi mask and T-piece were not frequently used in GH. GH applied a noninvasive ventilator mode less frequently than MUH and UAH. The percentage of Swan-Ganz catheter monitoring was only 21.4% in GH. Conclusion : Respiratory care for patients in the Korean ICUs was provided by nurses on the whole. In addition, there were many differences in the level of respiratory care according to the type of hospital. To overcome the current problems revealed, an effective in-hospital training program for the development of full-time respiratory care therapists should be established urgently in Korea.

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Study on Status of Permission Review for Construction Activities within the National Cultural Property Historical Cultural Environment Preservation Area - Based on Recent 5 Years' (2010~2014) Meeting Records of Cultural Heritage Committee in Cultural Heritage Administration - (국가지정문화재 역사문화환경 보존지역내 건축행위 등에 관한 허가심의 실태조사연구 - 최근 5년간(2010~2014) 문화재청 문화재위원회 회의록을 중심으로 -)

  • Cho, Hong-Seok;Park, Hyun-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.110-125
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    • 2017
  • The Cultural Properties Protection Act enacted 1962 to encourge culture level of people by preserving and using cultural properties introduced Cultural Properties Change Permission System in 2000 in order to cope with rather targeted range towards the national designated cultural properties, and introduced the Guidelines for Permission Standard regarding Construction Activities within the Historical Cultural Environment Preservation Area (2006) to complement permission process and targets, Notification of Minor Changes around the National Designated Cultural Properties (2008), etc and continuously put efforts to improve further ever since. Nonetheless, while it showed decrease in the number of process of change permission per individual cases after 2007, it began to increase again since 2010, reaching 1,554 cases by 2014 - about 29% of the cases being rejected or under observation, people living surrounding of cultural properties still experience inconveniences. This study has been carried out by creating integrated DB with total 7,403 cases of permission status from 5 Subcommittees (Building / Historic Sites / Natural Heritage / Modern Cultural Heritage / Important Folk Culture) in Cultural Heritage Committee that are related with changing status for the past 5 years (2010-2014), and by further analyzing 4,364 cases amongst, that were reviewed within historical and cultural environment preservation area - analyzed applying types and the characteristics, reviewed the improvement plans of operation guidelines for the Committee and acts of minor changes towards surroundings of the national designated cultural properties that regulate the status changing permission targets by categorizing analysis results and deriving implications. I hope that this will complement to the operational guidelines for the Committee, along with minor changing activities around cultural properties in short term, and to secure basic data for systematic improvement plans ie., for delegated works range from city/county/districts through our research. Also hope to improve administrative efficiency by reforming permission systems for building activities in historic cultural environment conservation area, and reduce inconvenience people might experience, by minimizing socioeconomic expense needed for the review.

Analysis of Perception of School Foodservice Facilities and Utilities in Gyeongnam Area by School Nutrition Teachers (Dietitians) -Comparison of School Foodservice Facilities and Improvement of Utilities in Schools- (경남지역 영양(교)사의 급식시설 설비에 대한 인지도 분석 -학교급식시설 현대화 사업 완료 학교와 미완료 학교의 비교를 중심으로-)

  • Jeon, Young;Kim, Hyun-Ah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.9
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    • pp.1447-1456
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to compare perception of school foodservice facilities and utilities in dietitians and school nutrition teachers in the Gyeongnam area between schools that improved foodservice facilities and utilities versus those who did not. From July 23 to Aug 31, 2012, 391 questionnaires were distributed, and 289 questionnaires were obtained. A total of 275 questionnaires were used for the final analysis, excluding improper ones. The results of this study were as follows. First, among 275 schools, 90 schools (32.7%) improved school foodservice facilities and utilities while 175 schools (67.3%) did not. Second, schools with improved facilities had a more well-equipped receiving room (P<0.01), preparation room (P<0.001), dishwashing room (P<0.001), storage room for supplies (P<0.001), rest-room for school foodservice employees (P<0.05), locker room (P<0.01), shower room (P<0.001), laundry room (P<0.001), boiler room (P<0.05), and room for serving cart (P<0.05) than schools with no improvement. Third, total perception score of school foodservice facilities area from schools with improved facilities (1.71) was significantly higher than that (1.60) of school without improvement (P<0.001). Fourth, total satisfaction (3.32) of school foodservice facilities and utilities in school with improved facilities was significantly higher than that (2.62) of schools without improvement (P<0.01). Fifth, schools with improved facilities had a better equipped of floor (P<0.05), entrance (P<0.001), drain (P<0.001), water supply (P<0.01), lighting (P<0.001), hand washing (P<0.001), foodservice management room (P<0.001), locker room (P<0.001), rest-room and shower room (P<0.001), and preparation room (P<0.001) than schools without improvement. However, there was no significant difference in terms of walls and ceilings, windows, ventilation, and storage. In conclusion, school foodservice facilities and utilities improvement should conducted as soon as possible.