• Title/Summary/Keyword: 용존공기부상

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Effect of Coagulants and Separation Methods on Algal Removal in Water Treatment Process (정수처리에서 응집제 종류와 분리공정이 조류 제거에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hung-Suck;Lee, Sang-Yoon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.279-289
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    • 2000
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of coagulants and solid-liquid separation methods on algal removal in water treatment processes. Thus characterization of raw water quality in terms of turbidity. UV-254, $KMnO_4$ consumption, chlorophyll-a and correlation analysis of these parameters were conducted. In addition, the effect of commercial Al-based coagulants(Alum. PAC and PACS) on algal removal was studied by turbidity and organic removal, algal species removal, characteristic of pH drop and alkalinity consumption using laboratory jar tests. Organic components including UV-254, $KMnO_4$ consumption, chlorophyll-a in case of algal bloom were highly correlated with turbidity and the correlation coefficients of UV-254, $KMnO_4$ consumption, chlorophyll-a with turbidity were 0.775, 0674 and 0.623, respectively. In coagulation and sedimentation, the Al-based coagulants showed similar efficiency of organic and turbidity removal in low organic($KMnO_4$ consumption below 15mg/l) and low turbidity(below 30NTU). However, PAC and PACS showed better algal removal than alum in high organic concentration($KMnO_4$ consumption above 20mg/l) and high turbidity(above 100NTU) raw water conditions generated by high algal growth, which is considered to be due to the floc settleability. In comparison of sedimentation and flotation after chemical coagulation and flocculation, the removal efficiency of organic and turbidity were higher in case of alum dose with flotation than with sedimentation, while those were better in case or PAC and PACS with sedimentation than with flotation. Thus, Alum with flotation and PAC and PACS with sedimentation is recommended for efficient algal removal. The dominant phytoplankton in raw water were Microcystic and pediastrum simplex and the removal efficiency of algae with sedimentation using alum. PAC and PACS were 27%, 45% and 22% respectively, while those with DAF showed 100% removal of phytoplankton and zooplankton.

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Numerical Study of Effect of DAF-Tank Shape on Flow Pattern in Separation Zone of Dissolved Air Flotation (용존공기부상조(DAF-tank)의 형상변화가 분리조(Separation Zone)의 내부 유동 패턴에 미치는 영향에 대한 수치해석적 연구)

  • Ryu, Gwang-Nyeon;Park, Sang-Min;Lee, Ho-Il;Chung, Mong-Kyu
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.35 no.8
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    • pp.855-860
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    • 2011
  • We numerically simulated a dissolved air flotation (DAF) tank to predict the performance of the pilot facility. The flow was assumed to be two-dimensional and two-phase. The velocity distributions in the separation zones of differently shaped DAFs were compared to find the effect of the shape on the performance. The results showed that the typical flow pattern that appeared in a well-designed DAF-tank was generated in the separation zone of the base model. This flow pattern could be maintained while the baffle height was sufficiently tall regardless of the other geometric parameters. However, the baffle height and angle, the contact zone width, and the perforated plate affected the uniformity of the downward flow in the separation zone. Except for the baffle height, the base model used in this study showed a better uniformity of downward flow than did other models with different geometric parameters.

Treatability Study on the Remediation Groundwater Contaminated by TPH Cr6+ : Lab-Scale Experiment (TPH와 6가 크롬으로 오염된 지하수 처리를 위한 실내 실험)

  • Lee, Gyu-Beom;Chang, Yoon-Young
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.332-345
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of the study is to evaluate the treatability of contaminated groundwater with TPH and (or) $Cr^{6+}$. Laboratory scale tests were performed for oil/water separation, dissolved air flotation (DAF), coagulation and precipitation, and filtration with sand and activated carbon respectively. Two times of oil/water separation tests for total 40 minutes of separation or separating time shows 90.2 % of TPH removal rate. In case of DAF test for high TPH sample, the TPH removal rates were not varied significantly by the variation of microbubble size. However, tests for low TPH samples show that TPH removal rate increases as microbubbles are smaller. When coagulant was added to sample for DAF test, TPH removal rate was increased 12.3 %. SS removal rate by DAF was 97.9 % at $16-40{\mu}m$ and it was increased as the size of microbubble is reduced. Tests for coagulation and precipitation were performed to evaluate the removal of $Cr^{6+}$ in groundwater. The increase of $FeSO_4$ dosage increased $Cr^{6+}$ removal rate in the coagulation and precipitation process. As the amount of activated carbon in the filter media increased TPH removal rate in the filtration process. SS removal rate by the filtration was 96.7 % similar to the results of DAF process tests. The filtration process treats TPH and SS. Best design parameters are determined as the size of sand is $425-850{\mu}m$ and the ratio of activated carbon and sand is 50:50.

Remediation of Sediments using Micro-bubble (미세기포를 이용한 퇴적물 정화)

  • Kang, Sang Yul;Kim, Hyoung Jun;Kim, Tschung Il;Park, Hyun Ju;Na, Choon Ki;Han, Moo Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.38 no.8
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    • pp.420-427
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted on the sediment remediation using micro-bubble to remove fine particles. For this study, characteristics of contamination and release in sediment were analyzed. And then, the characteristics of bubbles on removal efficiency was investigated at various operation conditions. In particle size distribution of the sediment used for the study, the proportion of clay and silt (<0.075 mm) was about 7.7%, sand (0.075~4.75 mm) was about 67.8%, and gravel (${\geq}4.75$) was 24.5%. Total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) of the sediment were 2,790~3,260, 261~311 mg/kg respectively. Ignition loss and water content were 4.1~9.6, 32.9~53.2% respectively. In analysis of removal efficiency according to operation conditions of micro-bubble, it was the highest when operation condition is pressure 6 atm, pressurized water ratio 30%, and coagulant dosage 15 ppm. At the time, the sediment's removal efficiency was 19.9%. Accordingly removal efficiency of TN and TP were 21.4, 22.6% respectively. Finally a research was found that fine particles in sediment were almost removed by micro-bubble, which led to decrease nutrients' release at about 20.1~64.3% in comparison to sediment including lots of fine particles.