• Title, Summary, Keyword: 요양 서비스 이용 상태

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Analysis on the Transition and Determinants of Long-Term Care Service for the Elderly in the Internet of Things era (융합의 시대에(사물인터넷시대에)한국 노인의 장기요양 서비스 이용 상태 전환과 결정요인 분석)

  • Choi, Jang-Won
    • Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2020
  • This study intends to the estimate the determinants and state dependence of long-term care services in Korea. For this purpose, we analyzed the transition patterns among three states of long-term care service utilization over time by using the Korea Welfare Panel Study data with the random effect multinomial logit model. It is found that the result showed a strong state dependence in long-term care service utilization. Especially, long-term care insurance for the elderly showed a strong state dependence among others. Among the individual demographic characteristics, the higher the age, the higher the probability of using long-term care insurance for the elderly, while the lower the probability when married. The characteristics of the residential region showed that the residents of the urban-rural integrated region had a significantly higher probability of using long-term care insurance than the reference region. The results of this study suggest that the long-term care service users have a strong state dependence, which means that it is important to take into account the increase in the utilization period of existing users in future demand forecasting.

Analysis on the Use of Welfare Services of Elderly Long-term Care Grade Accredited and Unidentified (노인장기요양 등급인정자와 등급 외자의 지역사회복지서비스 이용 실태분석)

  • Lee, Yong-Jae;Kim, Hyo-Sim
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2019
  • Elderly people want to live in the community even if they are in poor health. However, there is no integrated care support system suitable for the health and functional status of the elderly. So the elderly are choosing living facilities. The purpose of this study is to explore exploring whether the elderly are applying for a long-term care certification. First, mild geriatric patients were mainly using home care services such as visitation care. However, some of the milder elderly were enrolled in nursing homes. And the service that does not fit the functional status of the elderly is used. Second, it is concentrated on the use of visiting care services. Third, elderly people outside the class did not receive sufficient help for daily life, and the use of community welfare services such as the elderly welfare center was low. As a result, long-term care admitters are not able to continue to live in the community even though their health and functioning status is mild, and elderly people out of grade are unable to properly use the necessary community care services. The condition is likely to deteriorate.

A Study on the Determinants of Private Long-Term Care Insurance and First Home Care Use in the United States: Using Discrete Time Model (미국의 민간장기요양보험 가입과 재가요양서비스 이용의 결정요인에 관한 연구: 이산시간모델을 사용하여)

  • Kim, So-Yun;Hong, Gong-Soog;Montalto, Catherine P.
    • Survey Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.97-121
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    • 2010
  • Using the 1998-2004 Health and Retirement Study(HRS), this study explored the determinants of private long-term care insurance(LTCI) ownership and the first home care use. To account for the interaction between LTCI purchase and home care use, this study used two-period utility model as theoretical framework. Discrete time model was used as an empirical model to incorporate the time-dependent feature of LTCI ownership. And this study accounted for the endogeneity of LTCI ownership and home care use by employing full information maximum likelihood estimation. This study indicated insignificant effects of private LTCI ownership and Medicaid eligibility on the home care use. Also, the effects of income and assets on home care utilization were negligible. Those who have poor health condition and who do not have potential informal caregivers were more likely to use home care. For private LTCI ownership, income and assets have positive relationship with LTCI purchase, and poor health status and age were negatively related to LTCI purchase. The elderly living with children and those who have more siblings were less likely to have private LTCI, and those who lived with spouses with no children were more likely to buy private LTCI. Based on the findings, this study provides implications to design long-term care(LTC) policies in the U.S. and to develop LTC planning education programs.

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Analysis of Convergence Factors Affecting Service Quality of among Caregivers in Elderly Care Facilities (노인요양시설 요양보호사의 서비스 질에 미치는 융합적 요인의 분석)

  • Jeong, Ji-Na
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.323-332
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate the impact on service quality of caregivers. 200 caregivers in 6 elderly care facilities located in J city were instructed to answer structure questionnaires, and the collected data was analyzed by T-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and regression analysis. The results of the study show significant differences in service quality depending on their religion, education level, form of employment, employment period, health status, and access to staff lounge. Work environment shows positive correlation to service quality, whereas job stress shows negative correlation. Variables shown to affect service quality are, from the most powerful to the least, human environment, physical environment, form of employment, employment period, and education level with explanatory power of 42.6%. The results of the study suggest the need for putting in individual effort and improving work environment specifically to unique characteristics of each institution and looking into various ways to intervene in financial support policies in order to promote service quality of caregivers.

A Determining System for the Category of Need in Long-Term Care Insurance System using Decision Tree Model (의사결정나무기법을 이용한 노인장기요양보험 등급결정모형 개발)

  • Han, Eun-Jeong;Kwak, Min-Jeong;Kan, Im-Oak
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.145-159
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    • 2011
  • National long-term care insurance started in July, 2008. We try to make up for weak points and develop a long-term care insurance system. Especially, it is important to upgrade the rating model of the category of need for long-term care continually. We improve the rating model using the data after enforcement of the system to reflect the rapidly changing long-term care marketplace. A decision tree model was adpoted to upgrade the rating model that makes it easy to compare with the current system. This model is based on the first assumption that, a person with worse functional conditions needs more long-term care services than others. Second, the volume of long-term care services are de ned as a service time. This study was conducted to reflect the changing circumstances. Rating models have to be continually improved to reflect changing circumstances, like the infrastructure of the system or the characteristics of the insurance beneficiary.

Factors Affecting Service Use Intention of Long-term Care among the Disabled: Focused on Age Differences of the Disabled (중고령 장애인의 장기요양서비스 이용의향 예측요인 연구: 중고령 장애인집단내 연령차이를 중심으로)

  • Moon, Yongpil
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.125-159
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors affecting service use intention of long-term care among the disabled. This study conducts a longitudinal study using the modified Andersen model by the disabled age groups of the 50-64 group and the 65 over group. This study examined random effects panel logit analysis for the 50-64 group and the 65 over group by age variations. The results have shown that there are different factors Influencing factors for each specific age group of the disabled(50-64, 65 over). The results were as follows: there are differences of factors between the 50-64 group and the 65 over group. This study found that predisposing factors of the service use intention of long-term care were significantly related to age, residential area, education status, existence of spouses. Enabling factors of the service use intention of long-term care were significantly related to long-term care service recognition, saving, personal salary income level, housing status. Need factors of the service use intention of long-term care were significantly related to chronic diseases, psychological health, IADL. So, there are a need for a policy considerations such as service for the mid-old age disabled by age groups. Finally, implications and future research directions were discussed based on the finding of the study.

Status of Physical and Mental Function and, Its Related Factors Among the Elderly People Using from Long-Term Care Insurance Service (장기요양서비스 이용 노인들의 신체적 및 정신적 기능과 관련 요인)

  • Bae, Nam-Kyou;Song, Young-Soo;Shin, Eun-Sook;Cho, Young-Chae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.5976-5985
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to determine the levels of physical and mental functioning and to reveal its association with related factors in the elderly people received long-term care insurance services. The interviews were performed, during the period from February 16, to March 31, 2011, to 350 elderlies admitted long-term care insurance dwelling in Daejeon city and Chungchung provinces. As a results, the levels of IADL and MMSE-K in the elderly received home care insurance services was significantly higher than that of the elderly received facility care insurance services. But the levels of ADL and CES-D was not significant. Concerning correlation of ADL, IADL, CES-D and MMSE-K, the level of ADL was positively correlated with the level of IADL and MMSE-K, whereas negatively correlated with the level of CES-D. IADL was positively correlated with the level of MMSE-K, whereas negatively correlated with the level of CES-D. As a results of multiple regression analysis, the factors of influence with the level of ADL and IADL were selected the variables of amnesia, regular exercise and MMSE-K. The factors of influence the level of CES-D and MMSE-K were selected the variables of subjective health status, amnesia and IADL. AS a above results, the levels of physical and mental functioning in the elderly people received long-term care insurance services implies closely related with the health status and health-related behaviors.

Determinants of Demand for Long-Term Care (장기요양서비스 수요의 결정요인)

  • Chung, Wankyo
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.139-167
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    • 2009
  • A new public insurance for long-term care was introduced in July 2008 to provide for the rising demand for long-term care as the population is aging rapidly. The demand for long-term care is expected to rise further because more and more elderly are living alone or in households with only other elderly, such as his/her spouse, without informal care of their adult children. Even when the elderly are living together with their adult children, daughters and daughters in law, once the main informal care-givers, are not available because they choose to become economically active and work more over time. Experiences of countries such as Japan and Germany with similar public long-term care insurance scheme highlight the importance of detailed analysis on the demand for long-term care for the financial stability of the insurance scheme. Countries which had underestimated the demand for long-term care at the time of adopting the scheme went through financial instability of insurance schemes. This study analyzes the determinants of the demand for long-term care using data from the second demonstration project (April 2006~April 2007) of the long-term care insurance scheme for the elderly in Korea. Taking full advantage of detailed data on the long-term care, this paper analyzes the eligibility for the long-term care insurance scheme and its use. According to study results, even when common diseases among the elderly such as cancer, diabetes, arthritis, dementia, hypertension, etc. are controlled together with other individual and socioeconomic factors, limitations the elderly are faced with in their twelve activities of daily living significantly affect the eligibility for the Korean Long-term Care Insurance Scheme. This means that limitations in daily living activities are more critical than common diseases among the elderly are to the eligibility for the Korean Long-term Care Insurance Scheme. Bathing and toileting problems have been found to be the most important factor affecting the eligibility for the insurance scheme, followed by eating, dressing and moving around inside the house. Moreover, the choices of whether to use long-term care and which to use between home care and institutional care are found to be significantly influenced by health status and various socioeconomic factors of the elderly. In particular, those with more limitations in daily living activities and the female elderly are more likely to use long-term care and institutional care rather than home care. As for home care users, those living alone or with adult children and those with monthly household income of more than 500,000 won are more likely to use home care. Most importantly, even when the monthly household income of the elderly is controlled, the elderly recipients of the National Basic Living Security, who are not charged for long-term care, are more likely to choose home care. This implies that price as well as income is a critical factor for the decision to use long-term care. Further study on the duration of long-term care use will surely enhance the long-term care policy, when panel data is available for simultaneous analysis of the likelihood of long-term care use and its use duration.

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Utilization of Medical Assistance Patients in Nursing Hospital (의료급여환자의 요양병원 이용에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yong-Jae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.366-375
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the use of hospital, hospitalization, medical service, discharge and power of medical care patients who are concerned about moral hazard. We conducted focus group interview with 3 medical care patients and their families and 5 workers who had worked for more than 4 years in a nursing hospital. The main results and implications are as follows. First, admission to nursing hospitals was mostly based on the linkage between the medical institutions and the competition to attract the patients rather than the choice of the patients. Second, the main cause of the long-term hospitalization of medical assistance patients was the lack of social protection measures such as absences of residence and care giver, although there are factors that cause moral hazard such as low self-pay. Third, most of the patients were in need of treatment, but they were admitted to the hospital even though their needs were not higher than those of the health insurance patients. Fourth, the rehabilitation service is the mainstay of the medical service of the nursing hospital, and the roles of nursing staff and care givers are important. Fifth, medical care patients are paying medical expenses for nursing hospitals due to cost of living and family support, but they are exempted from the hospital expenses or the burden of their own expenses in the hospital. Sixth, public institutions and social welfare institutions have not managed continuously since commissioning patients to nursing hospitals and have neglected the connection with community services after discharge.