• Title, Summary, Keyword: 외모관리행동

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The Relationship between Self Esteem and Appearance Management Behavior in North Korean Immigrant Women (북한이탈여성의 자아존중감과 외모관리행동과의 관련성)

  • Lee, Insook;Yang, Yun-mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.273-284
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate baseline data by exploring the self-esteem and general appearance management behavior in North Korean immigrant women. The data were collected from December 2014 to February 2015 from 201 participants. The data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 program. The followings are the results of the present study. 1) The mean score of self-esteem was 2.40 in 4 points, and the mean of the appearance concern was 3.20 in 5 points. And the mean of general appearance management behavior was 2.67 in 5 points. Subjects had a lot of make-up and clothes behaviors. However exercise, food intake behaviors of subjects were lowerer than average. 2) There were significant differences between self-esteem, the appearance concern and general charateristeics(e.g age, intent weight loss, interest in cosmetic surgery). In general appearance management behavior, there was a significant difference among age, interest in cosmetic surgery and job in North Korea. 3) There was a significant correlation among self-esteem and the appearance concern, general appearance management behavior, age, intent weight control as well as interest in cosmetic surgery. In the appearance concern, it showed a correlation with general appearance management behavior, age, intent weight control as well as interest in cosmetic surgery. In general appearance management behavior, there was a significant correlation among the age, intent weight control and interest in cosmetic surgery. 4) 44.7% of general appearance management behavior was explained: self-esteem, the appearance concern. Therefore, it can be suggested that utilization of developing programs for improving self-esteem and appearance management behavior.

Effects of Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance, Body Image, and Self-Esteem on Appearance Management in Middle and High School Girls (여중생과 여고생의 사회문화적 태도, 신체이미지, 자아존중감이 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Haekyung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.914-922
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    • 2014
  • This study was to investigate sociocultural attitude toward appearance, body image, and self-esteem predict the appearance management in middle and high school girls. A descriptive compare design was used with self-report questionnaires, which were completed by 384 subjects. Data was analyzed with t-test and regression. There were statistically significant differences in sociocultural attitude toward appearance (internalization, awareness), body image (appearance evaluation, appearance orientation, body area satisfaction), and appearance management (weight management, cloth management, face management) between the two groups. Regression analysis revealed sociocultural attitude toward appearance (internalization, awareness) and appearance orientation of body image were predictors of appearance management in middle school girls. The significant predictors of appearance management for high school girls were body image (appearance evaluation, appearance orientation, body area satisfaction). The study gives new suggestions that there is necessary different methods to educate and council for appearance management in middle and high school girls.

The appearance management interest of University Students and Appearance management behavior converged with Beauty trend (대학생들의 외모관리관심도 및 뷰티트렌드와 융합된 외모관리행동)

  • Oh, Jeong-Sun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.305-315
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between university students' interest in appearance management and various forms of appearance management behaviors converged with beauty trends. The questionnaire was distributed for 15 days from April 15 to 30, 2018 to the students in the G district. The data of 267 students who explained and agreed on the purpose and method of the study were analyzed using SPSS 18. University students' interest in appearance management showed a difference of interest according to university students, male and female students in body composition management, skin care, hair care, and cosmetics use management except for interest in health care. In addition, students with a high level of interest in managing cosmetics use had a positive effect on the degree of interest in managing cosmetics usage in fashion styles, cosmetics style, skin care, and body management behavior factors that were converged with trends. And negative (-) influence on the use of health equipment. Based on the study of the trend management behaviors of college students, I will expect to utilize the reference materials for new product development research of the beauty industry and will continue to study the new management mode of appearance management.

A study on differences in body comparison, body satisfaction, and appearance management behaviors according to socialcultural attitudes toward appearance among adolescents in Gwangju and Jeonnam province- by sex and age (광주·전남지역 청소년의 외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도에 따른 신체비교, 신체만족과 외모관리행동 연구 - 성별과 연령을 중심으로 -)

  • Wee, EunHah
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.13-29
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    • 2015
  • This study examined whether any differences were found in body comparison, body satisfaction, and appearance management behaviors according to socialcultural attitudes toward appearance among male and female adolescents in Gwangju and Jeolla province. It was conducted by a self-report survey of 598 male and female students in eigth and eleventh grades in Gwangju and Jeonnam province, South Korea. The collected survey data were analyzed by Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, Factor analysis, ${\chi}^2$ test, K-means cluster analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's grouping using SPSS/PC WIN 19.0 statical program. The results were as the following: Adolescents perceived and internalized more highly than the common level the socialcultural value toward appearance, especially for female, and by age, juniors in high school than in middle school. Socialcultural attitudes toward appearance could be classified into four categories: 'Accepted type', 'internal type', 'aware type', and 'unaccepted type'. Students who were classified as 'accepted type', and 'internal type' showed lower level of body satisfaction and compared their bodies more often with others. They also actively received appearance management behaviors. Therefore, they showed positive attitude toward cosmetic surgery and functional garments. They also worked hard to reduce their weights just to show off to others. In conclusion, it is necessary for education programs to protect self-esteem of adolescents from the socialcultural distortion to appearance.

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The Relationship among Body Image, Appearance Management Behavior and Psychosocial Health of Female Undergraduates' (여대생의 신체상, 외모관리 행동 및 심리사회적 건강과의 관련성)

  • Lee, Insook;Yang, Yun-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.301-312
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to provide baseline database to develop intervention program by investigating the relationship among body image, general appearance management behaviors and psychosocial health of female undergraduates'. From Sep. to Oct. 2014, total 198 participants were enrolled in this study. The data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 program. The results were as follows: 1) The score of body image was $3.12{\pm}1.06$ in 5 points. Subjects had a lot of make-up and clothes behaviors, but exercise, food intake behaviors were lowerer than average. Also, psychosocial health score was $2.99{\pm}0.10$ point in 4 points. Whole 73.2% was latent risk group, and 25.8% was high risk group. 2) The relationship between the body image and general appearance management behaviors (p<0.001) and psychosocial health(p<0.001) revealed significant positive correlation. In general appearance management behaviors, there was a significant positive correlation between sub categories. And psychosocial health was positive correlation with body image and hair management behavior. 4) 14.4% of the psychosocial health was explained by 3 variables : body image, health interest and grade. Therefore, it would be utilized in developing programs for the positive body image building by interest own health, and being helped in the psychosocial health.

A study on the self-concept and the appearance management behavior in middle school students' (중학생의 자아개념과 외모관리행동 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Young;Wee, Eun Hah
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.19-38
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    • 2013
  • This study focuses on the differences in general self-concept, academic self-concept, significant others self-concept and emotional-physical self-concept in relation to appearance management behavior. It goes on to show that appearance management behaviors such as styles in clothing, makeup, skin care, hair care, cosmetic surgery and body shaping, weight control management are strongly influenced by self-concept. Therefore, this study was carried out with the aim of providing basic understanding and information on the appearance management behavior of middle school students. It was also done in an effort to find ways of improving the self-concept of students through education as a part of the domestic science curriculum. The results obtained in this study are as follows: On average, the middle school students who took part in this study showed low self-concept and appearance management behavior which indicates a negative image of themselves. This suggests that efforts need to be made so that students can see themselves in a positive way and improve their self-concept through appearance management behavior. Middle school students with a positive self-concept try to present themselves by keeping their skin clean and their hair attractive. They express their self-esteem and personality through fashion and by keeping and maintaining their clothing, shoes and bags. They also tend to show a positive attitude towards their studies and are more likely to understand and get along with others. The students who showed positive attitudes towards their bodies and emotions have a higher interest in clothing and try to express the image that they want for themselves. They are also less likely to change their bodies unnaturally through cosmetic surgery and body shaping. Appropriate appearance management behavior can help middle school students see themselves in a more positive way.

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Appearance Management Activities of Female High School Students Through Star-Entertainer Imitation - School Uniform Modification, Hairstyle, and Makeup - (여고생들의 연예인 모방유형에 따른 외모관리행동의 차이 - 교복변형, 헤어스타일, 화장을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Na-Young
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.175-189
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    • 2012
  • This paper examines the effect of star-entertainer imitation on female high school students in terms of their appearance management activities such as school uniform modification behaviors, hair style care behaviors, and make-up behaviors. For this research, data of 379 female high school students living in Jeollabuk-do was analyzed through reliability analysis, factorial analysis, cluster analysis, one-way analysis of variance, and cross-tabulation analysis. In the research, based on the type of star-entertainer imitation, the female high school students were divided into three categories: active followers, psychological followers, and passive followers. The research showed that active followers, who exhibited imitation behavior most frequently and had the highest imitation desire, were most frequently involved in school uniform modification. Inclined to imitate the school uniform styles of star-entertainers in soap operas, they modified their school uniforms. The active followers were also enthusiastic about hair care, were well aware of trendy hair styles, and demonstrated a fondness for star-entertainer hair styles. In addition, they were actively involved in make-up activities. They put on basic make-up everyday and exhibited a desire to learn about make-up styles. However, passive followers, who showed the least frequent imitation behavior and the lowest imitation desire, were not as keenly involved in school uniform modification behaviors, hair style care behaviors, or make-up behaviors. The study concludes that by providing teenagers with systematic education on desirable mass media and educating them on proper behavior, an effective educational tool for guidance on clothing habits can be derived.

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A Comparison of Appearance management Behaviors of middle school boys with girls in relation to the Perception of Body Size -Among girls and boys' middle school in Gwangju- (남.여 중학생의 체형인식에 따른 외모관리 항동 비교연구 -광주시내 남.여 공학 중학생을중심으로-)

  • Wee Eun-Hah
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.119-131
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the body size perception and appearance management behaviors of middle school boys and girls. Subjects of this study were 7 coeducational middle school boys and girls in Gwangju and 435 responses were collected from real body measurement and questionnaires. SPSS package 12.0(Kr) was used to analyze results. The results were summarized as follows: First, middle school boys and girls tended to perceive their bodies slimmer as well as obeser. It is recommended to give education for correct perception of their body sire. Second, the correlation of body size perception factor and appearance management behavior was Middle school boys and girls tended to manage their appearance using a diet rather than doing exercise in obesity distortion perception group(the group perceive obeser than real body size). It needs to be properly guided. Third, the appearance management behavior of slimness distortion perception group(the group perceive slimmer than real body size) and normal group was examined. While middle school boys did only exercise management, middle school girls did all but exercise management. Their education should be distinguished. Finally, while slimness distortion perception group did diet management in both middle school boys and girls, they tended not to manage body correction or exercise. A tendency to depend only on a diet in the group who should perceive their need of exercise should be corrected. In order to correct the distorted body perception and appearance management behavior of middle school boys and girls, it is recommended to educate a standard body size through home management education which is a regular curriculum, and at the same time to guide them to perceive their actual body size correct.

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A Study on the Convergence Marketing of Pursuing Value and Beauty Service in Accordance with Men's Acceptance of Information about Beauty Care (남성들의 외모관리 정보수용도에 따른 추구가치와 뷰티서비스 융합마케팅 연구)

  • Kim, Hye-Kyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.569-578
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    • 2015
  • With much changes in men's appearance style to pursue, beauty care activities, and pursuing value, it has been required to have researches on it. This study analyzed men's acceptance of information about beauty care and also the characteristics of each pursuing value. An online survey was conducted targeting about 500 male office workers in Seoul. In the results of the study, the pursuit of the practical value of five beauty care activities was the highest while the aesthetic value was very differently shown in accordance with the types of beauty care activities, compared to two other values. Contrary to other styles, especially, the acceptance of the skin care style was influenced by the sociocultural value, practical value, and aesthetic value. Especially, the passivity of the aesthetic value and the emphasis on the practical and sociocultural values were shown. The hair care was influenced by the practical value while the plastic surgery was influenced by the aesthetic value. In the care style area, the acceptance of skin care was only influenced by the pursuit of complex values. Regarding the marketing of each care style, the large-scale marketing campaign would be effective for the hair care while it would be necessary to seek for more aesthetic campaigns for the plastic surgery business.

The Effect of Sexual Maturity and Self-Concept on Interest in Appearance and Appearance Management Behavior for Female Students in Elementary and Middle School (초.중등 여학생의 성 성숙과 자기개념이 외모관심도와 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hwa-Jin;Shin, Hye-Won
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.185-200
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate if these factors affect the correlation between the female adolescent interest in appearance and appearance management behavior with self-concept and sexual maturity. To achieve this, a survey was conducted for the female students in elementary and middle school in the Seoul area. The results of this study were as follows. 1. The comparison of students' interest in appearance and appearance management behavior showed that the middle school students showed higher scores in both matters. 2. Elementary students generally held more positive self-concept, with domestic self value shown statistically high 3. Tanner Stage 2.3. the early puberty stage, for elementary school students, and Tanner Stage 3.4. the growth and development stage, for middle school students. The percentage of students who had already entered menstruating turned out to be only 33% for elementary students but 90% for middle school students. Their subjective views of sexual maturity were also different as elementary students had negative feeling when they thought their sexual maturity were maturity were earlier than their peers' while middle school students were just the opposite. 4. The study on the impact of self-concept and sexual maturity on the interest in appearance of female students in elementary and middle school showed that elementary students had a higher interest in appearance that corresponded to the lower domestic self-concept and a higher social self-concept. On the other hand, middle school students showed higher interest in appearance, corresponding to their higher social self-concept, lower domestic self-concept, more negative feeling of sexual maturity, and higher feeling of physical self-concept. The study on the impact of interest in appearance, self-concept, and sexual maturity on the appearance management behavior of elementary and middle school female students revealed that elementary students with a higher interest in appearance were more enthusiastic about appearance management. Middle school students' appearance management behavior turned out to be higher, corresponding to their higher interest in appearance, lower domestic self-concept, and higher social self-concept.

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