• Title/Summary/Keyword: 외로움

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Attachment Differences in College Students' Psychological and Physical Wellbeing: Mediating Effects of Self-esteem, Loneliness, and Life Satisfaction (애착이 대학생의 심리적$\cdot$신체적 건강에 영향을 주는 매커니즘: 과정적 요인으로서 자아존중감, 외로움과 생활만족도)

  • Jeon Hyo-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.43 no.9 s.211
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate college students' psychological and physical wellbeing, by examining their attachment, self-esteem, loneliness, and life satisfaction. The questionnaire study was conducted on 171 college students. The suggested path model was supported tv serial regression analyses. Attachment experiences in childhood and attachment style with peer had an impact on the college students' self-esteem, which in turn affected loneliness and life satisfaction, which then affected individual health(psychological and physical wellbeing).

The Effect of Sociodrama on Children's Loneliness and Peer Relations (사회극이 아동의 외로움과 또래관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, So Youn;Lee, Jung Sook
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.75-90
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    • 2001
  • This study examined the effect of sociodrama on children's loneliness and peer relations. Eight children each were assigned to an experimental or a control group. The experimental group enacted sociodrama for six weeks, and the control group did not have any treatment. The first post-test was conducted six weeks after the pre-test; the second post-test was eight weeks after the first post-test. Significant differences between the experimental and control groups were found for loneliness; that is, levels of loneliness and of negative peer relations decreased only in the experimental group. This effect for the experimental group was maintained at the second post-test. It was concluded that sociodrama was effective in reducing loneliness and in improving relationships of a child by improving self-adjustment.

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Factors associated with Meaning in Life among Elderly Female Community Dwellers Living Alone (지역사회 거주 여성 독거노인의 삶의 의미 관련 요인)

  • Lee, Si Eun;Kim, Boon Han
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.221-230
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the factors associated with meaning in life among elderly female community dwellers aged 65 or older who were living alone. Methods: A quota sample of 222 elderly female living alone was recruited. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Welch's test, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression using the SPSS 22.0 program. Results: The factors associated with meaning in life included age, education level, perceived economic status, perceived health status, social support, and loneliness. This regression model explained 66% of the variance in meaning in life. Conclusion: Based on the results, comprehensive nursing intervention programs for enhancing meaning in life are required.

The Relations of Personality Characteristics and Victimization by Peers to Loneliness in Adolescents (인성특성 및 또래에 의한 괴롭힘과 청소년의 외로움간의 관계)

  • 도현심
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.12
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1998
  • The relations of personality characteristics, such as shyness, sociability and self-disclosure and victimization by peers to loneliness in adolescents were examined with a sample of 485 second-grade highschool students(256 boys and 229 girls). They answered the questionnaires on loneliness as well as shyness, sociability, self-disclosure, and victimization by peers. All variables were significantly related to loneliness. The more shy they were and the more victimization by peers they experienced, the more lonely they were. The more sociable they were and the more self-disclosure they showed, the less lonely they were. All variables significantly predicted loneliness and the most influential predictor of loneliness was victimization by peers, indicating that the influence of victimization by peers on loneliness is so powerful for the adolescents.

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Design and implementation of artificial intelligence-based speech recognition for silver generation and single household "Voice" Application (실버세대 및 1인 가구를 위한 인공지능 기반 음성인식 'Voice' Application 설계 및 구현)

  • Cho, Young-Ju;Kim, Jin-Hyuk;Sun, A-Young;Oh, Ji-Hoon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • 2017.07a
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    • pp.141-144
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    • 2017
  • 4차 산업혁명 시대에 살고 있는 현대인들은 혼자 사는 1인 가구의 증가와 고령화 사회의 진입으로 인한 실버세대가 증가하는 추세이다. 외로움, 소외감, 우울증을 겪는 1인 가구 및 실버세대의 문제점을 해소시켜 주고 더 나아가 실버세대의 스마트폰 활성화를 위해 본 논문에서는 인공지능 기반 음성인식 기능을 탑재한 'Voice' 어플리케이션을 제안하고자 한다.

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The Relations between Family Functioning and Self-Esteem and Loneliness in Adolescents (가족기능 및 자아존중감과 청소년의 외로움간의 관계)

  • Park, Seon Young;Doh, Hyun Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.229-244
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    • 1998
  • The relations between family functioning (cohesion, conflicts, family sociability, and democratic family style) and self-esteem and loneliness in adolescents were examined in a sample of 485 2nd-grade high school students (256 boys and 229 girls). Data were collected using three questionnaires on the loneliness, family functioning, and self-esteem of adolescents. Family functioning and self-esteem were significantly related to loneliness both in adolescent boys and girls. Adolescents experienced less loneliness when family cohesion and sociability were higher, conflicts were lower, the family style was more democratic, and self-esteem was higher. Family functioning was also related to self-esteem. The more functional the family, the higher the self-esteem of adolescents. Self-esteem played a partly mediating role in the relation between family functioning and loneliness only for boys. This emphasizes the influential role of self-esteem on loneliness.

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The Relationship of Shyness, Interpersonal Adjustment, and Peer Acceptance to Loneliness in Children (아동의 수줍음, 대인적응성 및 또래수용성과 외로움간의 관계)

  • Doh, Hyun Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.33-45
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    • 1996
  • The relationship of shyness, interpersonal adjustment, and peer acceptance to loneliness in children was examined in a sample of 279 fifth and sixth graders (135 boys and 144 girls) and their teachers. Loneliness and shyness were rated by children themselves and interpersonal adjustment and peer acceptance by their teachers. Shyness and interpersonal adjustment were found to be predictive of peer acceptance, in which interpersonal adjustment had a greater effect than shyness. Shyness and peer acceptance were found to be predictive of loneliness, in which shyness had a greater effect than peer acceptance. Shyness appeared to have a direct impact on loneliness, whereas for interpersonal adjustment, the relation to loneliness was mediated by peer acceptance. The more shyness and the less interpersonal adjustment they have, the less peer acceptance they have, which results in more loneliness. More attention and research are needed for shyness as well as loneliness in the area of social development of children.

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Effects of Spiritual Nursing Care on Loneliness and Spiritual Well-Being of Terminal Cancer Patients (영적 간호가 말기 암환자의 외로움과 영적 안녕에 미치는 효과)

  • Yoon, Me-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study utilized a non-equivalent control group pre-post design to assess the effects of spiritual nursing care on loneliness and spiritual well-being of terminal cancer patients. Method: Forty-one terminal cancer patients in a general hospital, were divided into an experimental group of 20 patients and a control group of 21 patients. Those in the experimental group received four weeks of treatment three times a week for about 45 minutes each session. The treatment included nurses' spiritual care involving five instruments of spiritual nursing intervention, each of which was used according to the six types of spiritual need assessment. Data was analyzed with descriptive statistics including real number, percentage, $X^2$-test, t-test, and ANCOVA. Result: There were significant differences between the experimental and control groups in the level of loneliness and spiritual well-being. Conclusion: Spiritual nursing care was verified as an effective program that can lessen the loneliness and improve the spiritual well-being of patients with terminal cancer.

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The Relationships among Social Support, Stress, and Loneliness in Migrant Yanbian Korean Workers (조선족 근로자의 사회적 지지, 스트레스, 외로움과의 관계)

  • Kim, Ok-Soo;Baik, Sung-Hee;Kim, Kye-Ha
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.607-616
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among social support (network, composition, and satisfaction), stress, and loneliness in migrant Yanbian Korean workers. Method: Data were collected by using Social Support Questionnaire 6, Visual Analogue Scale, and the Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale. Result: Results indicate that means for social support were 1.52 for network size and 4.83 for satisfaction. The proportion percentage of network for kin members was 67.37. Subjects felt the moderate level of stress and loneliness. The level of loneliness was negatively related to the level of social support. Conclusion: This study showed that there is necessity to reduce stress and loneliness among migrant Yanbian Korean workers. Adequate social support satisfaction is crucial to reduce the level of loneliness in migrant Yanbian Korean workers.

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Children's Coping Strategies and Loneliness in Peer Victimization (또래집단괴롭힘 스트레스에 대한 피해 아동의 대처전략 유형들과 그에 따른 외로움의 완화효과)

  • Kim, Jung Min
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.193-207
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    • 2005
  • The present research studied children's coping strategies by age, sex, and frequency of victimization and examined the relationship of coping strategies to loneliness in peer victimization. Participants were 434 children from the 3rd to 6th grades of an urban elementary school. Self-report data indicated seven types of coping strategies : cognitive distancing, adult support seeking, peer support seeking, negative problem solving, positive problem solving, internalizing, and externalizing. With increasing age, children used less adult support seeking and more positive problem solving. While girls used more adult and peer support seeking, boys employed more externalizing and negative problem solving. Children with higher victimization frequencies were more likely to use negative problem solving and internalization. Lack of strategies for seeking social support was associated with loneliness.

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