• Title/Summary/Keyword: 외로움

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The Relationship among Marital Dissatisfaction, Loneliness and SNS Addiction - The Moderated Mediating Effect of Social Capital - (결혼불만족과 외로움, SNS중독의 관계 - 사회자본의 조절된 매개효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Nam Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.69 no.1
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    • pp.223-254
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to examine whether the moderated mediating effect of SNS addiction resulting from marital dissatisfaction and loneliness is influenced by gender or size and composition of social capital. 714 married men and women in their 20's to 40's were participated in this study. The data were collected by online research center with quota sampling based on demographical proportion. To analyze this research model, the moderated mediating effect utilizing structural equation was used. The results of this study were summarized as follows. First, it is verified that the loneliness moderated between marital dissatisfaction and SNS addiction. Since the relationship between independent and dependent variable is insignificant, comparison of competition model was able to determine if mediating effect was fully or partially shown. As a result, the complete mediated model was ultimately chosen because its various goodness-of-fit index including $x^2$ performed fairly well. Second, the mediating effect which moderates social capital size was presented in the mediated model between the marital dissatisfaction, loneliness and SNS addiction. Specifically, It implies that group who recognizes their social capital big recognizes the route and effect size more than that who considers their social capital small. And the moderated mediating effect depending on different type of social capital among the marital dissatisfaction and loneliness and between SNS addiction was substantiated. It implies that disequilibration of SNS social capital in face-to-face sphere and in online acted as a danger fact with respect to the marital dissatisfaction, loneliness and SNS addiction. The implications of these findings were discussed, and directions for future studies were also proposed.

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Cohabitation, Loneliness, and Family Function among University Students (대학생들의 혼전 동거 경험과 외로움 및 가족기능에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hae-Ran;Kim, Kye-Ha
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.509-518
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the state of unmarried cohabitation and to compare the differences of loneliness and family function among university students with cohabitation experience and those with no experience in Korea. Methods: A convenience sample of 213 university students was recruited from three universities located in G city and the Chonnam area of Korea. Data collection methods included: (a) a demographic questionnaire, (b) a questionnaire related to cohabitation, (c) UCLA scale: 20 items on a 4-point scale (c) Family APGAR questionnaire: 5 items on a 3-point scale. SPSS/WIN 17.0 was used for descriptive analysis, ${\chi}^2$ test, t-test, and Pearson correlation. Results: In this study, 21.1% of the subjects had experiences of unmarried cohabitation. The cohabitation experience was related to gender, age, and monthly income. There was significant differences in family function between the two groups. Loneliness scores were significantly correlated with family function scores in the non-cohabitation group. Conclusion: To improve sex life of the university students, healthcare providers including school nurses may consider family function.

Relationship of Peer Relationships, Perceived Parental Rearing Attitudes, Self-reported Attachment Security, to Loneliness in Upper Elementary School-age Children (학령기 후기 아동의 또래관계, 부모 양육태도, 애착안정성 및 외로움)

  • Moon, So-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.401-408
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of peer relationships, self-reported attachment security, perceived parental rearing attitudes, and loneliness in upper elementary school-age children. Methods: The data were collected from 207 students in grades 5 or 6, and descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients and Stepwise multiple regression were used with the SPSS/PC 12.0 program to analyze the data. Results: There was a significant difference in loneliness between the upper 25% and lower 25% groups of peer relationships, perceived parental rearing attitudes, and self-reported attachment security. Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed affection-hostility in parental rearing attitudes, validation and conflict in peer relationships, and attachment security explained 39.6% of the total variance in loneliness. Conclusion: These results may contribute to a better understanding of loneliness in upper elementary school-age children. The results of the present study indicate a need to develop nursing interventions to prevent and manage children‘s loneliness.

The Relationship Between Social Support and Loneliness in Early and Mid-adolescents : Focused on the Mediation Effect of Life Satisfaction (초기 및 중기 청소년의 사회적 지지와 외로움간 관계 : 생활만족도의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jin-Kyung;Han, Eu-Gene
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.95-105
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    • 2008
  • This study examined the mediation effect of life satisfaction between social support and loneliness. The subjects were two hundred and eighty fifth grade elementary school and second grade middle school adolescents in Seoul. The instruments used were questionnaires about loneliness and other factors relevant to loneliness. Social support factors existing in an adolescent's external environment include the support of parents, peers, and teachers. And life satisfaction as a psychological characteristic was concerned with the adolescent's sense of self, school life, home environment, and family relations. Data were analyzed by using the t-test, Pearson's correlation and regression. Major findings were as follows: (1) There were significant differences in parent and teacher support, satisfaction with school life, home environment, and family relations between early adolescents and mid adolescents. (2) Parental, peer, and teacher support, contentment with oneself, school life, home environment, and family relations were negatively related to the fifth-grade early adolescent's loneliness. Peer support and contentment with oneself, school life, and home environment were negatively related to the second-grade middle adolescent's loneliness. (3) Life satisfaction had a mediation effect between peer, parental, and teacher support and loneliness in fifth grade early adolescence. Whole life satisfaction had a mediation effect between only peer support and loneliness.

The Impact of viewing motives of parenting reality TV program on satisfaction and reviewing (육아 리얼리티 프로그램 시청동기가 만족과 재시청에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 : <아빠! 어디가?>(MBC), <슈퍼맨이 돌아왔다>(KBS2)를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Dong-Woo;Lee, Ji-Hyun;Lee, Yeong-Ju
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • 2014.06a
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    • pp.215-218
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구는 <아빠!, 어디가>(MBC), <슈퍼맨이 돌아왔다>(KBS2) 두 육아 리얼리티 프로그램의 시청동기를 '흥미로움', '출연아동들의 매력', '외로움 해소', '일상정서표현' 등 4가지로 밝혀내고, 이러한 시청동기와 시청시간간의 관계를 살펴보았다. 그 결과 '흥미로움', '출연아동들의 매력', '외로움 해소' 3가지 요인과 육아 프로그램 시청시간에 따라 차이는 유의미한 차이를 보였으며, 시청시간이 증가할수록 평균값은 높게 나타났다. 그리고 흥미로움과 일상정서표현 요인은 시청만족에 유의미한 결과를, 프로그램 시청시간과 흥미로움, 출연아동들의 매력, 일상정서표현의 요인은 재시청에 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구 결과를 바탕으로 육아 리얼리티 프로그램의 만족감과 충성도를 높일 수 있도록 프로그램을 기획하고 프로그램 자원을 활용할 수 있을 것이라 기대한다.

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The Relationship between Social Support and Loneliness in Elderly Women Living Alone (여성 독거노인의 사회적 지지와 외로움)

  • Sung, Mi-Hae;Lim, Young Mi;Joo, Kyung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.95-106
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between social support and loneliness in elderly women living alone. Method: Between 1 October 2008 and 30 April 2009, a random sampling method was conducted to recruit 112 elderly women who were living alone. The subjects were at least 65 years of age. Data was collected using the social support questionnaire, and the translated Korean Version of the Revised University of California at Los Angeles Loneliness Scale (R-UCLA Loneliness Scale). Results: In our study, the sources of social support were the children, neighbours, brothers and sisters, in this order. We found that the loneliness of the subjects was related to age, the number of children, and financial difficulty. The level of loneliness negatively correlated with the social support provided by children, brothers and sisters, other relatives, and neighbours. Also, there was a negative correlation with the social support satisfaction. The social support satisfaction and the social support offered by neighbours and relatives were the significant predictors of loneliness. Conclusion: The sources of social support, such as neighbours and relatives, and the social support satisfaction should be considered when planning intervention by nurses or social workers to decrease the level of loneliness in elderly women living alone.

The Mediation Effect of Life Satisfaction Between Aggression and Loneliness in Children and Adolescents (아동과 청소년의 공격성과 외로움간의 관계에 대한 생활만족도의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Jin-Kyung
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2012
  • This study examined the mediation effect of life satisfaction between aggression and loneliness. The subjects were two hundred and eighty fifth-year elementary school and second-year middle school adolescents in Seoul. Data were analyzed by using the t-test, Pearson's correlation and regression. Major findings were as follows: First, when it comes to aggressiveness, the fifth graders showed a significantly higher degree of personal attack, whereas the eighth graders were found to show more expression of anger. The fifth graders scored higher than the eighth graders in each subcategory of life satisfaction. No significant difference was found in the category of loneliness. Second, the fifth graders showed a positive relationship among verbal attack, personal attach, expression of anger and loneliness, whereas the eighth graders showed a positive relationship between expression of anger and loneliness. The two age groups, in turn, also exhibited some differences in the relationship between loneliness and life satisfaction. Third, we found that life satisfaction is a complete parameter between aggressiveness and loneliness in the fifth graders. In the case of the eighth graders, life satisfaction turned out to be a partial parameter between aggressiveness and loneliness. This perhaps indicates that adolescents with similar levels of aggressiveness might show different degrees of loneliness, depending on whether they have positive attitudes toward their lives and whether they feel satisfied with their lives.

Linking Parenting to Loneliness in Adolescents : The Mediating Effects of the Quality of Peer Relationships (부모의 양육행동과 청소년의 외로움 : 또래관계의 질의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Ju-Yeon;Doh, Hyun-Sim;Kim, Min-Jung;Shin, Na-Na
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.111-131
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    • 2012
  • This study examined the relationship between parenting, the quality of peer relationships, and loneliness in adolescents. This study also examined the mediating effects of the quality of peer relationships on the relationship between parenting and adolescents' loneliness. A total of 506 1st and 2nd grade middle school students (261 boys and 245 girls) from the Seoul Metropolitan area completed measures of parenting, the quality of their peer relationships, and loneliness. The results indicated that adolescents' perceptions of parenting and the quality of their peer relationships were significantly related to their feelings of loneliness. Specifically, adolescents' perceptions of low levels of parental monitoring and high levels of abusive and neglectful parenting were associated with high levels of loneliness. Adolescents who perceived the quality of their peer relationships to be low reported high levels of loneliness. Further, the quality of peer relationships mediated the relationship between parenting and adolescents' loneliness; however, the pattern of associations differed for boys and girls. These findings suggest that both parent and peer relationship factors should be considered in combination in order to better explain loneliness in adolescents.

Effect of Tai Chi Exercise on Loneliness, Sleep Pattern, and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living in Elderly Women (타이치 운동이 노인의 외로움, 수면양상 및 일상생활수행능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Young-Ju;Park, In-Hyae
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.151-161
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of Tai Chi exercise on loneliness, sleep pattern, and instrumental activities of daily living in elderly women. Methods: A quasi-experimental design, a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest was used. Elderly women who agreed to participated in the study were assigned into an experimental group (n=20) or a control group (n=20). The experimental group participated in Tai Chi exercise program (Sun-style 12 forms) for 50 minutes per session, 2 times a week for 8 weeks. Tai Chi exercise program consisted of 10 minutes for warm-up, 35 minutes for main session, and 5 minutes for cooling down. Study outcomes were measured through study questionnaires. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, t-test and Mann-Whitney test by SPSS WIN 14.0 program. Results: Compared with the control group, the experimental group showed significant improvement in loneliness (t=-2.733, p=.009), sleep pattern (t=2.552, p=.015), and instrumental activities of daily living (z=-2.171, p=.030). Conclusion: Tai Chi exercise program may be an effective nursing intervention for elderly women.

How to Solve the Smart Paradox (스마트 패러독스를 해결하는 방법)

  • Yim, Myung-Seong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.79-88
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    • 2014
  • The mobile instant messengers could change the lives of average citizens as much as did the telephone in the early part of the 20th century and television in the 1950s and 1960s. Researchers are debating whether the mobile instant messengers are improving or harming participation in community life and social relationships. For this study, 155 participants in two universities completed questionnaires pertaining to their own mobile instant messengers use and feelings of loneliness. We used survey data to examine the effects of the mobile instant messengers on social involvement and psychological well-being. In this sample, the mobile instant messengers were used extensively for communication. Results suggest that greater use of the mobile instant messengers were associated with declines in participants' communication with the people around which in turn creases their loneliness. These findings have implications for research and for the design of technology.