• Title/Summary/Keyword: 외로움

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A Study on the Design of the Dog Care Robot Using Obstacle Protection Algorithm (장애물 회피 알고리즘을 이용한 반려견 케어 로봇디자인에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Yong-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.140-149
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    • 2018
  • Along with the recent increase in national income, social phenomena such as aging due to a decrease in population and an increase in single households are observed. There are also an increasing number of households raising pets in proportion to aging households and the increase in the number of single households, most of which use animal companions to overcome loneliness and boost domestic vitality. As more and more people consider pets as family members, the size of the domestic pet market is also growing. The growing number of pets in older households and single households is not properly managed by care such as food meals and exercise management for pets. It is necessary to research and develop robots that can monitor animal companions remotely, feed a certain amount of food at regular intervals, and manage their health through exercise. Among pet companions, dog selection is the highest. Therefore, this study identified robot research on driving methods, examples of existing pet care systems, and researched pet care robots using obstacle avoidance algorithms. In order to use the snack pay behavior and obstacle avoidance algorithm of the pet animals by applying IoT and we .oPI technology, it is able to use ultrasonic sensors on the front and has four infrared sensors on the back. However, this study does not reflect the characteristics of other pet animals as a study on pet care robots, and it requires continuous observation and testing.

Comparison of Health Status and Nutrient Intakes of Elders Who Participated in MOW and Free Congregate Meal Services (가정배달급식과 무료 회합급식 이용 노인의 건강 및 영양섭취상태 비교)

  • Chung, Eun-Jung;Shim, Eu-Gene
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.11
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    • pp.1399-1408
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to compare health and nutritional status of 45 home-living elderly people receiving free Meals on Wheels (MOW) (13 men, 32 women) and 81 low income class elderly people receiving free congregate meals (CM) (10 men, 71 women) served in Seoul. Data were obtained from questionnaires, anthropometry and interviews for the 24-hour dietary recall methods. There were no significant differences between the two groups in age and body mass index. Education level, type of housing, family type and income of the two groups also were not significantly different. In MOW, frequencies of exercise were lower while the prevalence of stroke, respiratory disease and loneliness were higher, compared with the CM. The scores of ADL, IADL and food habit of MOW were lower than those of CM. The average daily nutritional intake of both MOW and CM were as a whole under the DRI for Koreans. Energy and macro-nutrient intakes of MOW were tended to be lower than CM (except protein intakes for female). Ca, K, vitamin A, vitamin $B_1$, vitamin $B_2$, vitamin C and folate intakes of MOW were less than 50% of DRI. Percentages of subjects consuming energy less than 75% of EER and 4 nutrients intakes less than EAR were higher in MOW (42.2%) than in CM (1.2%). Our results indicated that dietary nutritional status of MOW was very poor, especially in the case of female elderly groups. For the welfare of the home-living elderly people receiving free MOW, meal service programs should be improved in quality of diet by national supports.

A study on the behavior of adolescence's music listening (청소년의 음악 감상 행동에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Seung Mi
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2005
  • This research was to study the behavior of listening music, music preference, meaning and role of music. The interviewees were 158 male/female students of high school in second level. This research had a interview which is composed with 7 multiple choice-questions and 1 short answer-question. In result, in the question of 'The average time of listening music', the most students(64, 41.8%) answered '1~2hours', the secondary, '2~3hours' which was 32.(20.9%) In the next question, 'The preference of music genre', 87students(56.8%) answered 'Korean pop and rock', 'American pop' was 11.1% each. Regarding 'The favorite mood of music', 50.3% of students answered 'Mellow songs, 24.8% of students answered 'Jaunty songs'. Regarding 'The social factor of listening music', more than half students(56.7%) agreed that friends or something like that may affect their music preference. Likewise, 51.6% agreed that their temper or character may affect their music preference. They answered that they enjoy the music usually when they take a rest(30.1%), when in moving(24.3%). Lastly, it said 'The meaning of music' is mostly 'Getting rid of stress and Refresh'(25.1%). And 'Calmness', 'Comfort' was 21.8%. The music especially to students means 'Emotional exit'. The music which can enable them to express their feelings is related with feeling and emotion deeply. And emotional factors like stress, depression, anxiety becomes the main reason of accepting the music meaningfully. In conclusion, This research says that they experience positive feelings and express emotions through music which enables them to understand fully their feelings and emotions.

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Investigating Korean College Students' Internet Use Patterns and Motivations, and Exploring Vulnerability of Internet Dependency (대학생들의 인터넷 이용 형태와 이용동기 그리고 인터넷 중독 가능성에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Jong-Gil;Choi, Yong-Jun
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.16
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    • pp.71-107
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    • 2001
  • 미국에서 이루어진 인터넷 중독 현상에 대한 초기 연구는 인터넷 중독을 알코올중독과 같은 개인의 정신적 질병으로 간주하는 의사들에 의해 주도되었다. 그러나 사회현상으로서 인터넷 중독에 대한 사회과학자들의 관심이 증대되면서 인터넷 중독의 원인을 밝히는 본격적인 연구가 이루어진다. 인터넷 이용과 초고속 인터넷 망 보급속도에서 세계최고 수준을 자랑하는 우리의 경우에도 인터넷 이용에 따른 많은 부정적인 현상들이 나타남으로써 사회적인 문제로 대두되고 있다. 이에 따라 인터넷 중독에 대한 일부 연구가 수행되었는데 이들 연구들은 인터넷 이용패턴과 이용동기를 개별적으로 분석하고 인터넷 중독정도를 측정하는 차원에 머물고 있다. 즉, 인터넷 중독의 원인을 분석하는 차원에 이르지 못하고 있다. 또한 대부분의 연구들이 10대 청소년을 연구대상으로 하고 있기 때문에 다른 연령층의 인터넷 이용특성을 파악하는 데 한계를 가지고 있다. 이 같은 현실 인식을 바탕으로 본 연구는 2000년에 발표된 한국전산원 통계수치에서 인터넷을 가장 많이 이용하는 집단으로 조사된 대학생들을 연구대상으로, (1) 이들의 인터넷 이용패턴과 이용동기를 밝히고 (2) 이들 변인들과 인터넷 중독과의 상호관련성을 분석하며 (3) 인터넷 중독의 정도와 중독요인을 조사하고 (4) 마지막으로 인터넷 이용이 다른 미디어 이용과 면대면 커뮤니케이션에 미치는 영향을 분석하고 있다. 본 연구의 자료는 2000년 5월 8일부터 19일까지 2주간에 걸쳐 서울시내 대학생들을 대상으로 강의시간에 설문지를 배포하고 응답자가 설문지에 답하는 방법을 통해 수집되었다. 수집된 556명의 설문지 가운데 유효한 512명의 설문지가 통계적인 방법을 통해 분석되었다. 설문지는 (1) 인터넷 이용패턴 (2) 인터넷 이용 동기 (3) 인터넷 의존도 (4) 인터넷 이용 이후 다른 미디어 이용정도 (5) 인터넷 이용 이후 면대면 커뮤니케이션 정도 (6) 인구통계학적 변인을 측정하는 질문 내용으로 구성되었다. 통계 분석 후 나타난 몇 가지 주요결과를 요약하면 아래와 같다. (1) 이용동기와 인터넷 이용과의 상호관련성 이용동기를 요인 분석한 결과, 6개의 이용동기가 나타났는데 오락이 가장 주요한 동기였으며 다음으로 교육/정보, 현실도피, 외로움, 쇼핑, 그리고 성적 만족 순으로 나타났다. 이용 동기들을 인터넷 이용시간과의 상호관련성을 통계 분석한 결과 기존 연구결과와 달리 성적 만족이 6가지 요인 가운데 가장 낮은 상호관련성을 보였다. 또한 이용동기 분석에서 두 번째 높게 나타난 교육/정보 역시 성적 만족 다음으로 낮은 상호관련성을 보여주었다. 이는 대학생들의 인터넷 이용이 10대들의 인터넷 이용형태와 상당히 다르다는 것을 보여주는 것으로 본 연구에서는 수행하지 못한 이 같은 결과가 나오게 된 이유를 밝히는 후속연구가 필요할 것으로 보인다. (2) 인터넷 이용동기와 인터넷 서비스와의 상호관련성 '오락은 게임, 토론그룹, 전자메일, 채팅과 상호관련을 가진 것으로 나타났으며, 교육/정보는 검색과 쇼핑, 현실도피는 게임과 토론그룹, 외로움은 토론그룹, 전자메일과 채팅, 쇼핑은 온라인 쇼핑과 상호관련성이 있는 것으로 분석되었다. 흥미로운 사실은 성적 만족과 관련해서 게임과 채팅은 긍정적인 상호관련을 가진 것으로 나타난 반면 전자메일 서비스 이용은 성적 만족과 부정적인 상호관련을 가진 것으로 분석되었다. 이는 대학생들이 지루하게 느끼거나 외로움을 느낄 때 전자메일을 주로 이용하지만 성적 만족을 위해 전자메일을 이용하지 않고 있다는 사실을 보여주는 것이다. (3) 인터넷 이용 이후 다른 미디어와 면대면 커뮤니케이션과의 관계 인터넷을 이용한 후 응답자들의 전통적인 미디어(텔레비전, 라디오, 신문, 잡지, 편지, 전화) 이용이 감소되었으며 친구, 가족, 이성친구와의 면대면 커뮤니케이션 역시 감소된 것으로 나타났는데 이 같은 감소가 인터넷 이용과 관련이 있는 것으로 나타났다. (4) 인터넷 중독 정도와 중독 요인 10대들을 대상으로 한 기존 연구에서 나타난 인터넷 중독 현상이 대학생 집단에서는 나타나지 않았다. 그러나 응답자의 28.5%가 중독집단으로 발전될 가능성을 가진 잠재적인 인터넷 의존자(Moderate Internet Dependent)로 조사되었다. 인터넷 중독을 설명하는 요인으로 이용동기 가운데 오락, 외로움과 현실도피가 주요 변인으로 나타났으며 인터넷 이용시간 역시 주요변인으로 분석되었다. 흥미 있는 결과는 선행연구에서 인터넷 중독과 밀접한 관련 있는 인터넷 서비스로 조사된 게임과 채팅이 주요변인으로 나타나지 않았다는 것이다. 또한 인터넷 이용동기와 이용시간과의 상호관련 조사 결과에서처럼 전자메일서비스는 인터넷 중독과 부정적인 관계가 있는 것으로 조사되었다.

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The Possibility and Limitation of Age-friendly Industry Activation Policy of the Korean Government: 'From the First to Third Plan for Ageing Society and Population (2006-2020)' (한국 정부의 고령친화산업 활성화 정책의 가능성과 한계: '제1-3차 저출산·고령사회기본계획(2006-2020)'을 중심으로)

  • Park, Seung-Min
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.55-82
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this research is to provide implications for the development of age-friendly industry of Korea by analyzing the age-friendly industry activation policy suggested by the Presidential Committee on Ageing Society and Population Policy in response to the population ageing problems. Policy and theoretical implications are derived from an analysis of age-friendly industry activation policy as directly related to the improvement of the three major problems (i.e. health, economy, and loneliness) of Korean older people. This analysis focuses on its specific content, common and core logic, and the validity of the logic. The results show that: 1)the first Plan for Ageing Society and Population suggests a policy for improving poverty, 2)the second Plan for Ageing Society and Population suggests a policy for improving health, and 3)the third Plan for Ageing Society and Population suggests a policy for improving health and loneliness. All policies not only are commonly based on the logically limited concepts of successful ageing and active ageing, but also are characterized by narrow realm, insufficient content, and fragmented policy. The results result in the following policy implications: 1)the age-friendly industry activation policy should be developed with continuity, sufficiency, and diversity, 2)lessons from the limitation related with the de-contextualisation of successful ageing and its elective affinity with consumer capitalism, 3)lessons from the prevention-oriented perspective of active ageing, and 4)lessons from the social characteristics of (non-)psychological resources, limitation of the reablement related with social investment state. The analyses also provide a theoretical implication that a different perspective on the social construct of ageing is needed beyond the dichotomy of ageing based on modelling ageing. Lastly, the paper suggests not only the limitation of the research but also the preferred follow-up studies regarding age-friendly industry activation policy.

The Life Experiences of the Deaf Elderly (농아노인의 생활 경험)

  • Park, Ina;Hwang, YoungHee;Kim, Hanho
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.525-540
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate what kind of experiences the deaf elderly would have in the course of life. It also aimed to promote the understanding of their living difficulties and culture among people with normal hearing and provide basic data to help them live with others as members of the community. Phenomenological qualitative research was conducted as part of the methodology. The subjects include seven deaf old people. Based on the results of in-depth interview and analysis, the life experiences of the deaf elderly were categorized into "unforgettable wounds," "life in the community," "life with the family," "marriage of the deaf elderly", and "living by adjusting to reality." First, the subcategories of "unforgettable wounds" include "receiving no treatment for fever," "damage by the Korean War," "alienation from the family," and "people's cold eyes." It turned out that the deaf elderly had led a life, suffering from the heart wounds that they could not forget. Second, the subcategories of "life in the community" include "inconvenience in life," "disadvantages in life," and "severed life." The deaf elderly were not only subjected to inconvenience and disadvantages in life, but also suffered loneliness, being cut off from the community. Third, the subcategories of "life with the family" include "not communicating with children," "being abandoned again," "being used by the family," "being lonely even with the family," and "wishing to live independently from the family." The deaf elderly were not supported by their families and were abandoned or used by them, leading a solitary life. Fourth, the subcategories of "marriage of the deaf elderly" include"send as a surrogate mother," "frequent remarriage and divorce," "lean on as a married couple." Deaf elderly form their own culture of the marriage and lean on each other. Finally, the subcategories of "living by adjusting to reality" include "getting help from neighbors," "behaving oneself right in life," "learning Hangul," "living by working," "living freely," "living by missing," and "controlling the impulse to end life," "resorting to religion." The deaf elderly made the most alienated and vulnerable group with no access to benefits due to their limitations as a linguistic and social minority, but they made efforts to form their own culture and adjust to reality for themselves. Based on those findings, the study made the following proposals: first, there is a need for practical approaches to heal the ineffaceable wounds in the hearts of deaf elderly. Second, there is a need for policies to help them experience no inconvenience and disadvantages as members of community and communicate with people with normal hearing. Third, there should be practical approaches to enable them to get recognition and support from their families and share love with them. Finally, there should be practical policy approaches to help people with normal hearing understand the culture of deaf elderly and assist the deaf elderly to receive supports from the community and live with others within the community.

The Effect of Objective and Subjective Social Isolation and Interpersonal Conflict Type on the Probability of Cognitive Impairment by Age Group in Old Age (노년기 연령집단별 객관적·주관적 사회적 고립과 대인관계갈등 유형이 인지기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sang Chul
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.811-835
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    • 2018
  • Social relations and cognitive function in old age are closely related to each other, and social relation is classified into structural characteristics and qualitative characteristics reflecting cognitive and emotional evaluation. The concept of social isolation is the focus of attention in relation to the social relations of old age. Social isolation has a multidimensional theoretical structure that is divided into objective dimension such as social network, type of furniture, social participation, and subjective dimension such as lack of perceived social support and loneliness. There is also a close relationship between cognitive function and interpersonal conflict in old age. In this study, we examined the effect of subjective social isolation, which shows the structural characteristics of social relations, and subjective social isolation and interpersonal conflict on the dementia occurrence by age group in the elderly. The data were analyzed by applying a random effect panel logit model using 1,740 panel data from the first year to the third year of KSHAP. The results of the analysis are summarized as follows. First, the cognitive impairment increased sharply with age. Objective and subjective social isolation were both U-shaped distribution with an inflection point of 80 years old. Second, the main effect on the probability of cognitive impairment was statistically significant with objective and subjective social isolation, but the type of interpersonal conflict did not appear to be significant. Third, the results of two-way interaction effect analysis on the probability of cognitive impairment are as follows. The relationship between subjective social isolation and the probability of occurrence of cognitive impairment was significantly different according to the level of conflict with spouse. In addition, the higher the subjective social isolation, the higher the probability of cognitive impairment in the elderly(over 85) than in the young-old(65~74). In addition, as the level of conflict with spouses increases, the probability of cognitive impairment of the oldest-old(aged 85 or older) is drastically lower than that of the young-old(aged 65~74). Based on the results of this study, policy and practical implications for reducing the cognitive impairment of the elderly age group were suggested, and limitations of the study and suggestions for future research were discussed.