• Title/Summary/Keyword: 외로움

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Influences of Stress, Loneliness and Self-Control on the Addiction of Cell Phone Use among University Students (대학생의 스트레스, 외로움 및 자기통제력이 휴대폰 중독적 사용에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Young-Mee
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.156-163
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the influences of stress, loneliness, self-control on the addiction of cell phone use among university students. Methods: Data were collected through questionnaires from 467 students and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation coefficients and Stepwise multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 19.0 program. Results: Out of the subjects, 1.5% were found to be addiction group, 89.9% at potential risk group, and 8.6% at non-addiction group. Addiction of cell phone use was significantly correlated with stress, loneliness and self-control. The influential factors affecting addiction of cell phone use over use problem, self-control, health problem, main using method and stress, which explained about 25.6% of the variance. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that nursing intervention are needed to improve addiction of cell phone use, and that such variables should be carefully considered in intervention for university students.

Development of the Korean Geriatric Loneliness Scale (KGLS) (한국 노인의 외로움 측정도구 개발)

  • Lee, Si Eun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.49 no.5
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    • pp.643-654
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and psychometrically test the Korean Geriatric Loneliness Scale (KGLS). Methods: The initial items were based on in-depth interviews with 10 older adults. Psychometric testing was then conducted with 322 community-dwelling older adults aged 65 or older. Content, construct, and criterion-related validity, classification in cutoff point, internal consistency reliability, and test-retest reliability were used for the analysis. Results: Exploratory factor analysis showed three factors, including 15 items explaining 91.6% of the total variance. The three distinct factors were loneliness associated with family relationships (34.3%), social loneliness (32.4%), and a lack of belonging (24.9%). As a result of confirmatory factor analysis, 14 items in the three-factor structure were validated. Receiver operating characteristic analysis demonstrated that the KGLS' cutoff point of 32 was associated with a sensitivity of 71.0%, specificity of 80.2%, and area under the curve of .83. Reliability, as verified by the test-retest intraclass correlation coefficient, was .89, and Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ was .90. Conclusion: As its validity and reliability have been verified through various methods, the KGLS can contribute to assessing loneliness in South Korean older adults.

Influences of Self-Esteem and Loneliness on Subjective Well-being of Middle-aged Women

  • Cha, Eun-Jeong;Lee, Soon-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, we purpose to describe the relationship and influencing factors among self-esteem, loneliness on subjective well-being of middle-aged women. The subjects were 157 middle-aged women through convenience sampling residing in S city, C and three G provinces. The data were collected from June 15th to July 31st, 2019. The data were analyzed through t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 22.0. The result showed self-esteem, loneliness on subjective well-being averaged 31.39(out of 40), 35.37(out of 80), 5.03(out of 7). In term of correlations, subjective well-being of middle-aged women was significantly positively correlated with self-esteem (r=.581, p<.001), and significantly negatively related with loneliness (r =-.621, p<.001)). Variables affecting subjective well-being were self-esteem (β=.324 p<.001), loneliness(β=-.424, p<.001). These variables represented 44.5% of the subject's subjective well-being. These results suggest that development of a intervention program is needed to lowers loneliness and increases self-esteem in order to increase the subjective well-being of middle-aged women.

Relationship Self-control, Stress, Loneliness among University Students (대학생의 자기통제력, 스트레스, 외로움 및 자살시도의 상관관계)

  • Lee, Young-Mee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.5541-5549
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship self-control, stress, loneliness among University Students, to provide the basic data for prevention of suicide occurrence. Methods: The subjects of this study were 1,253 university students. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, $x^2$-test, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS 17.0 Program. Results: The degree of the suicide attempt was 13.6%. The reported scores for self-control, internet addiction, stress, self-efficacy, anxiety, loneliness were 69.9, 42.5, 86.4, 48.2, 46.2, 40.1, respectively. The degree of suicide attempt was significantly different according gender, religion, parents status, family economic status, living, friendship, exercise, alcohol drinking, loneliness, state anxiety, stress, self-control, and internet addiction. The influential factors affecting suicide attempt were parents status, internet addiction, gender, exercise, and loneliness, which explained about 5.5% of the variance. Conclusions: These result suggest that earlier screening and suicide prevention programs for university students will be helpful in preventing suicide attempt. Future studies need to be pursued to find various variances for suicide attempt for university students.

Effects of an Interpersonal Caring Music Activity Program on Loneliness, Self-esteem, and the Stress Response in Children of Single-parent Families (대인돌봄 음악활동 프로그램이 한 부모 가정 아동의 외로움, 자아존중감, 스트레스 반응에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Su hee;Lee, Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.219-228
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    • 2017
  • This study is designed as a non-equivalent controlled before-and-after quasi-experimental study by having a control group for the effect of the interpersonal caring music activity program in children of single-parent families. Data collection was carried out in 22 children of single-parent families as the study group and in 23 children as the control group recruited from 22 community centers for children located in N city from July to September, 2014. As the study tool, the Heart Rate Variability (HRV) was used to measure loneliness, self-esteem scale and the stress response. With the collected data and using SPSS 18.0 for Window program, the Homogeneity test between the study group and the control group was conducted by using t-test and ${\chi}^2$-test while the study hypotheses were verified by analyzing with the independent t-test. The results of the study are as follows. Loneliness and self-esteem of the subjects did not show significant difference in the study groups. The sympathetic nervous system activity (normalized LF) has been lowered and the parasympathetic nervous system activity (normalized HF) has been increased as the stress response, while the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous system activity ratio (LF/ HF) score was lowered with significant difference, which had supported the hypotheses. Based on these results of this study, the interpersonal caring music activity program can be utilized as a stress management program for the children of single-parent families during a short period of time.

The Relationship among Smartphone addiction, Communication ability, Loneliness and Interpersonal relationship for university students (대학생의 스마트폰 중독, 의사소통 능력, 외로움, 대인관계 건강 간의 관계)

  • Kim, In-Kyoung;Park, Sang-Wook;Choi, Hye-Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.637-648
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among smartphone addiction, communication ability, loneliness, and interpersonal relationships in university students in Korea. Between 15 and 31 May 2016, 263 subjects completed a questionnaire consisting of questions on smartphone addiction, communication ability, loneliness, and health of interpersonal relationships. Among smartphone addiction questions there were significant differences between genders (t = 2.350, p = 0.019) and educational grade (F = 3.313, p = 0.021). With regard to human relationship health, the scores for males were significantly higher than those for females (t = 2.337, p = 0.020). The smartphone addiction and human relationship health results were negatively correlated (r = -0.157, p = 0.011). In contrast, communication ability and human relationship health results were positively correlated (r = 0.581, p < 0.001). However, loneliness and human relationship health were not significantly correlated. The final multiple regression model explaining human relationship health included smartphone addiction (t = 2.753, p = 0.006), communication ability (t = 11.714, p < 0.001), and motivation for smartphone purchase (t = 2.125, p = 0.035) as independent factors. The final model explained 36.6% of the total variance. In order to improve university students' human relationship health, solutions for smartphone addiction and low communication skills are required. This results of this study can be used as a basis on which to develop a human relationship health intervention program.

Loneliness in Early Adolescence: Relationships to Peer Experiences and Attachment to Parents (부모에 대한 애착 및 또래경험과 초기 청소년의 외로움간의 관계)

  • Doh, Hyun Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.33-49
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    • 1999
  • Loneliness in adolescence was examined in relation to peer aggression /victimization and to parental attachment with sample of 426 eighth graders in a suburban city. The subjects rated themselves on questionnaires regarding attachment to parents, peer experiences, and loneliness. Peer aggression and victimization was also rated by peers. In both boys and girls, the more they were attached to parents, the less loneliness they experienced. The more aggression and victimization they experienced from peers, the more loneliness they experienced. Lonely adolescent girls had lower attachment to parents and higher self-rated victimization by peers.

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Analysis of Contents Ecosystem as a Case of Non-Stimulating Contents - Focusing on Norway Case - (무자극 콘텐츠 사례로 본 콘텐츠 성공요인 분석 - 노르웨이 <슬로우TV> 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Koh, Ryung;Choi, Hee-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • 2019.05a
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    • pp.73-74
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    • 2019
  • 점점 더 자극적인 콘텐츠가 쏟아져 나오는 현재 정반대의 콘텐츠 즉, ASMR, 슬라임, 슬로우 콘텐츠 등의 무자극 영상들이 꾸준한 발전을 보이고 있다. 기존의 연구들에서는 이러한 콘텐츠들이 스트레스 해소, 불안감 해소, 외로움 극복 등에 효과가 있음을 증명하고 있으며, 이러한 점이 무자극 콘텐츠의 지속적 발전에 영향을 준다고 말하고 있다. 하지만 단순히 콘텐츠의 효과만 가지고 콘텐츠가 지속적으로 발전 할 수 있는 이유라 말하기는 어렵다. 이 글에서는 노르웨이 슬로우 TV의 사례를 예로 무자극 콘텐츠의 성공요인이 무엇인지 알아보고자 한다.

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Mediating Effects of Psychological Weakness between the Soldiers Internet Addiction and Their Military Adjustment (군 병사들의 입대 전 인터넷 중독과 군 생활 적응의 관계에서 심리적 취약성의 매개효과)

  • Han, In-Young;Koo, Seung-Shin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.314-322
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of the study is to examine the mediating effects of psychological weakness between the soldiers internet addiction and their adjustments in the military. 486 soldiers in Kangwon-province and Kyonggi-province participated in the survey thru convenient sampling. For the study, the correlation analysis and the multiple regression were conducted. The results are as follows: First, correlations among the soldiers internet addiction, psychological weakness, solitude, lack of control, lack of efficacy, and military adjustments were found significant. Secondly, psychological weakness was verified as mediating effects in the relationship between the soldiers internet addiction and military adjustments. The study indicates mental health services for soldiers with internet addiction.

Social Support, Loneliness, Alcohol Use and Perceived Health Status in College Students (일부 대학생의 사회적지지, 외로움, 음주 및 건강지각에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Mi-Kyung;Chung, Kyung-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.72-83
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of social support, loneliness, alcohol use and perceived health status in college students and to explore the relationships between the variables. The convenience sample consisted of 473 students attending a college located at Chonnam province. Data were collected by a structured questionnaire which included the PRO85-partⅡ Social Support Scale, revised UCLA Loneliness Scale, Alcohol frequency, Perceived Health Status Scale from June 10 to 25, 2001. And data were analyzed by SPSS/PC+program including descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Coefficients. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The mean scores of social support, loneliness and perceived health status were 3.01($SD={\pm}0.31$), 2.08($SD={\pm}0.34$), 1.64($SD={\pm}0.65$) respectively. 2. Students in use of alcohol mostly reported that they had started a drinking in the period of high school(35.7%), motivated with friendship(32.6%) and drank with their friends(56.9%) in drinking frequency of 2-3times per a month(49.6%). 3. The students who have friend of the opposite sex were significantly more likely to have higher than the students having no friend of the opposite sex in scores of social support. 4. The scores of loneliness were significantly lower in female students than male students, in students with friend of the opposite sex than with no friend of the opposite sex. 5. There were significant negative correlations between social support and loneliness(r=-5.25, p<.000), and between loneliness and perceived health status(r=-0.93, p<.05), while there was a significant positive correlation between social support and perceived health status(r=1.01, p<.05). The findings suggested that supportive social support, especially lowering loneliness, would be a powerful nursing intervention in maintaining good health of college students. And, more variables affecting health status in college students will be identified with further research.

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