• Title, Summary, Keyword: 온라인 협력 학습과정

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Online Collaborative Learning according to Learning Task Types (학습과제 유형에 따른 온라인 협력학습)

  • Lee, Sung-Ju;Kwon, Jae-Hwan
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2010
  • As the computer and the communication technology are an unity, the collaborative learning based on constructivism is emphasized more than learning by forming external representation. Especially, online has characteristics not only to facilitate collaborative activities but to make students collaborators. In online collaborative learning, learning task is an integrated element in course design and an important portion deciding learning design, learning environment and learning process. Thus this study explored collaborative learning model according to the learning task type.

Exploring for Impact of Learning Strategies on Participation Level in Online Collaborative Learning Process (온라인 협력학습 과정의 참여 수준에 대한 학습전략의 영향 탐색)

  • Lee, Eun-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to explore the impact of learning strategies on the level of participation in the online collaborative learning process. To do this, We studied 91 students who took professorship courses at A university in the Seoul metropolitan area. At the beginning of the semester, the learning strategies were measured through MSLQ, rehearsal, elaboration, organizing, critical thinking, metacognition, learning management, effort control, peer learning, and seeking help. Next, cooperative tasks were carried out to measure the interaction, and group composition consisted of 4-5 persons. The level of participation was measured by scores given to the messages created for interaction. The process of collaborative learning was divided into the steps of identifying learning goals, learning plans, performing individual learning, sharing learning results, and writing reports. The effects of learning strategies on participation level were analyzed through multiple regression analysis (stepwise selection method). As a result, the learning goal step influenced the highest level of metacognition, and the learning plan is the management of the learning time, the demonstration of the learning execution, the adjustment of the effort, the acquisition of help, the collegial learning, Writing was influenced by organization, elaboration, critical thinking, and critical thinking, metacognition, and elaboration.

Collaborative Learning Supporting Agent for Facilitating Peer Interaction (상호작용 촉진을 위한 협력학습지원 에이전트)

  • Suh Hee-Jeon;Moon Kyung-Ae
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartA
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    • v.12A no.6
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    • pp.547-556
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    • 2005
  • Online collaborative teaming, which has emerged as a new type of education in knowledge-based society, is being discussed actively in the areas of action learning at companies and project-based learning and inquiry-based learning at schools. It regards as an effective method for improving learners practical and highly advanced problem solving abilities, and for stimulating their absorption into learning through pursuing common goals of learning together. Different from individual learning, however, collaborative learning involves complicated processes such as organizing teams, setting common goals, performing tasks and evaluating the outcome of team activities .Thus, it is difficult for a teacher to promote and evaluate the whole process of collaborative learning, and it is necessary to develop systems to support collaborative learning. Therefore, in order to monitor and promote interaction among learners in the process of collaborative learning, the present study developed an extensible collaborative teaming supporting agent (ECOLA) in online learning environments.

The Effects of Video and Online Discussion Activities based on Havruta Style in Social Studies Communication Skills (화상·온라인 하브루타 토론활동이 사회과 의사소통능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Ho-Jin;Kim, Dae-Myung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2016
  • The current research was to investigate the effects of discussion activities based on Havruta style on elementary school students' social studies communication skills. For this purpose, we examined a comparative study between 5th grade students and other students of partner schools. As research results, first, online classes using video conference equipment and smart devices will enhance the students' interest and participation in class. Second, the Havruta style helps students not only acquire and internalize knowledge by themselves through the course of reciprocal questions and discussions but also improve presentations and participations. Third, it is necessary not only to draft a new lesson plan and to reconstruct the education process for video and online classes but also to develop the classes with a lesson plan after preparations and discussions with colleague teachers; the process of reflection, such as writing a lesson research journal, has a positive effect to improve the quality of cooperative classes. Fourth, using SNS discussion activities to serve as a complementary activity is good, and two teachers can evaluate each of the students' achievement. It is necessary to have a sufficient number of schools where video and online cooperative learning is possible with video equipment provided. To maximize the effect of video and online classes, various studies and teacher trainings are needed. Education office needs to provide a server that enables students in small and large classes to freely engage in cooperative learning.

On-line Assesment System for Improving of Learning by Group inVocational High School (전문계 고교에서 모둠별 학습 강화를 위한 온라인 평가 시스템)

  • Cho, Sin-Won;Lee, Sun-Young;Lee, Se-Hoon;Lee, Jung-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.147-152
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    • 2009
  • 정보 컴퓨터 분야의 실무현장에서 요구하는 인재는 바로 문제해결력과 프로젝트 수행능력을 갖춘 현장적 합성 연재라 하겠다. 본 논문에서는 정보 컴퓨터 분야의 전문계 고교에서 문제해결력과 프로젝트 수행능력을 갖춘 인력을 양성하기 위한 프로젝트식 모둠별 협력 학습 교육과정을 제안하고, 학습을 직접적으로 지원할 수 있는 온라인 평가 시스템을 설계 및 구현한다. 제안하는 시스템을 통해 진행되는 모둠별 학습을 체계적으로 관리할 수 있으며, 향후 같은 교육과정을 이수하는 학습자에게 사례 데이터베이스로서의 역할을 수행할 수 있을 것이다. 또한, 실무능력을 향상시키기 위한 외부전문가의 교과과정 참여를 이끌고 시간 공간적인 제약을 제안하는 시스템을 통해 극복할 수 있을 것이며, 각 진행 단계마다 평가되는 결과를 즉각적이고 다양한 형태로 피드백 해줌으로 해서 학습자는 동기부여와 학습강화 효과를 얻을 수 있다.

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A Collaborative learning using Wiki for the effectiveness of positive interaction (위키를 활용한 협력학습이 타인과의 긍정적인 상호작용에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Joo, Yun-Jae;Moon, Gyo-Sik
    • 한국정보교육학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.167-173
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    • 2011
  • Recently, the Web 2.0 bas gained much attention as an advanced form of Web technology. It is well observed that openness, participation, and sharing are the key ideas of Web 2.0 among many desirable characteristics of the technology. Furthermore, Wiki is one of the best representing tools that reflect effectively most of the characteristics of Web 2.0. Wiki is widely used to provide a Web-based communication tool for collaborative writing and editing freely. Therefore, it may be used for collaborative learning so that students can learn how to interact online with each other effectively and also acquire communication skills in an affirmative way. In the paper, we will discuss how students can change their aggresive, offensive, judgemental attitudes to affirmative, aggreable, thoughtful ones by way of exposing them to collaborative learning environment using Wiki as their interactive communication tool.

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Efficiency Improvement in Engineering Education by Combining Online Contents and Self-driven Team Study Materials (온라인 콘텐츠 및 자기주도적 팀별 오프라인 학습자료 활용을 통한 공학교육의 효율제고)

  • Ju, Young-Hee;Park, Chang-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.225-226
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    • 2011
  • 인터넷 활용 보급과 초고속 통신망의 확대는 능동적 학습, 상호작용적 학습, 협력학습 등의 원리들을 구현할 수 있다는 점에서 그 교육적 가치는 매우 높다. 즉, 개방적이며 상호작용적인 특성을 지니는 교육 체제로의 변화와 함께 우리들의 학습에 융합시킬 수 있는 컨텐츠가 필요하다. 본 연구의 목적은 학습자 중심의 자기주도적 공학교육 컨텐츠 개발에 대한 실질적인 방법을 제시하고자 한다. 교육 패러다임의 변화로 인하여 온 오프라인 컨텐츠의 활용이 높아지고 있으며 온라인학습을 통한 교수학습의 용이성과 오프라인을 통한 직접적 학습 피드백, 팀플레이 자료구성 및 발표 등의 컨텐츠가 추가적으로 필요하다. 또한, 기본적인 공학교육에 바탕하여 최신 정보에 대해 주도적이며 자발적인 학습과정을 통해 알아보고 그 정보의 분석과 발표를 통하여 효율적인 학습효과를 얻을 수 있다. 결론적으로, 정부에서의 국내 공학교육의 재정적인 지원 및 공학교육에 대한 대학 간의 교류를 더 마련해야하며 꾸준한 지원 및 교수학습의 방법과 전략에 대한 세부적인 연구와 개발이 필요하다고 본다.

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The Effects of learner participation and interaction in web-based collaborative learning (웹기반 협력학습에서 참여와 상호작용의 차이에 대한 고찰)

  • Lim, KyuYon;Kim, HeeJoon;Park, Hana
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to investigate better predictors, among learner participation and interaction, for collective self-efficacy and achievement in a web-based collaborative learning environment. Interaction requires communication among two or more learners, while participation does not. In this study, interaction was measured by in-degree centrality and out-degree centrality based on the social network analysis perspective. Multiple regression analysis results from 53 college students who performed team project via online showed that in-degree centrality predicted collective self-efficacy and out-degree centrality predicted achievement, while participation was not a significant predictor.

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Development of a Web Community-based Inquiry Learning System for Elementary Science Education Utilizing Blended-Learning Strategy (블랜디드 러닝 전략을 활용한 웹 커뮤니티 기반 초등 과학과 탐구학습 시스템의 개발 및 적용)

  • Kim, Seong-Jung;Moon, Gyo-Sik
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.171-182
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    • 2006
  • Science education in elementary school is mostly based on solving investigative tasks conducted by small groups on the basis of the inquiry activities such as experiments, observations, etc. Students should be able to draw conclusions from experiments and observations through their collaborative interactions by exchanging ideas. If learners use the advantages of Blended-Learning as a new pedagogical method comprehending merits of both off-line and on-line learning to complement off-line activities throughout the entire process, the interactions among them may be reinforced, and they would take part in the inquiry learning more actively. Accordingly, the proposed system can help children foster science inquiry learning effectively by using on-line communication facilities to arrange learners' diverse opinions and thoughts coming from off-line inquiry activity process. The result shows that the system enhanced learners' interest about science inquiry learning and improved their learning achievements by exchanging diverse opinions via the Web communication facilities.

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Collaborative Reading Comprehension of Science Textbook via Students' Knowledge Sharing in an Online Annotation System (온라인 주석시스템에서 학생들의 지식공유를 통한 과학교과서의 협력적 독해 양상 분석)

  • Lee, Jiwon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.667-680
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate 1) the types of knowledge students ask for in their reading comprehension of science textbooks using an online annotation system, 2) the accuracy of the knowledge provided by the students to their peers, 3) the frequency of knowledge sharing behaviors, 4) the evaluation of the effect of collaborative reading, and 5) the trust among peers as knowledge sharers. Questions made by 241 students in the second grade of middle school using an online annotation system in two chapters of the science textbook were analyzed using Bloom's revised taxonomy and their answers were grouped according to five accuracy categories. Also, questionnaires for the evaluation of the effectiveness of collaborative reading comprehension and of trust among the students were used. The students asked their peers 'understanding questions' which comprised almost 80% of the total questions they made and were similar with individual metacognitive strategies for reading comprehension. Of the total threads, 71% has scientifically correct threads shared by the students. The frequency of the knowledge sharing behaviors was high but this was affected by the rewards (point system). Students evaluated that collaborative reading comprehension conducted through an online annotation system were helpful in their learning. In addition, the ratio of students trusting their peers who did the knowledge sharing is over 80%. This study shows that when students use an online annotation system, they can fill one another's cognitive gaps in the reading process by sharing knowledge. Also, collaborative reading using an online annotation system has proved that cognitive individualization is possible through sharing knowledge interactively and dynamically, unlike reading hard copies of textbooks which are a one way information transfer.