• Title, Summary, Keyword: 영상처리

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Realtime Video Visualization based on 3D GIS (3차원 GIS 기반 실시간 비디오 시각화 기술)

  • Yoon, Chang-Rak;Kim, Hak-Cheol;Kim, Kyung-Ok;Hwang, Chi-Jung
    • Journal of Korea Spatial Information System Society
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2009
  • 3D GIS(Geographic Information System) processes, analyzes and presents various real-world 3D phenomena by building 3D spatial information of real-world terrain, facilities, etc., and working with visualization technique such as VR(Virtual Reality). It can be applied to such areas as urban management system, traffic information system, environment management system, disaster management system, ocean management system, etc,. In this paper, we propose video visualization technology based on 3D geographic information to provide effectively real-time information in 3D geographic information system and also present methods for establishing 3D building information data. The proposed video visualization system can provide real-time video information based on 3D geographic information by projecting real-time video stream from network video camera onto 3D geographic objects and applying texture-mapping of video frames onto terrain, facilities, etc.. In this paper, we developed sem i-automatic DBM(Digital Building Model) building technique using both aerial im age and LiDAR data for 3D Projective Texture Mapping. 3D geographic information system currently provide static visualization information and the proposed method can replace previous static visualization information with real video information. The proposed method can be used in location-based decision-making system by providing real-time visualization information, and moreover, it can be used to provide intelligent context-aware service based on geographic information.

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Three-Dimensional Analysis of the Mesophyll Plastids Using Ultra High Voltage Electron Microscopy (초고압전자현미경에 의한 엽육세포 색소체 미세구조의 3차원적 분석)

  • Kim, In-Sun;Park, Sang-Chan;Han, Sung-Sik;Kim, Eun-Soo
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.217-226
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    • 2006
  • Image processing by ultra high voltage electron microscopy (UHVEM) and tomography has offered major contributions to research in the field of cellular ultrastructure. Furthermore, such advancements also have enabled the improved analysis of three-dimensional cellular structures in botany. In the present study. using UHVEM and tomography, we attempted to reconstruct the three-dimensional images of plastid inclusions that probably differentiate during photosynthesis. The foliar tissues were studied Primarily with the TEM and further examined with UHVEM. The spatial relationship between tubular elements and the thylakoidal membrane and/or starch grains within plastids mainly have been investigated in CAM-performing Sedum as well as in $C_4$ Salsola species. The inclusion bodies were found to occur only in early development in the former, while they were found only in mesophyll cells in the latter. The specimens were tilted every two degrees to obtain two-dimensional images with UHVEM and subsequently comparison has been made between the two types. Digital image processing was performed on the elements of the inclusion body using tilting, tomography, and IMOD program to generate and reconstruct three-dimensional images on the cellular level. In Sedum plastids, the inclusion bodies consisted of tubular elements exhibiting about 20 nm distance between elements. However, in Salsola, plastid inclusion bodies demonstrated quite different element structure, displaying pattern, and origin relative to those of the Sedum. The inclusion bodies had an integrative relationship with the starch grains in both species.

Image Enhancement of the Weathered Zone and Bedrock Surface with a Radial Transform in Engineering Seismic Data (엔지니어링 탄성파자료에서 방사변환을 통한 풍화대 및 기반암 표면의 영상강화)

  • Kim, Ji-Soo;Jeon, Su-In;Lee, Sun-Joong
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.459-466
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    • 2012
  • A difficulty encountered in engineering seismic mapping is that reflection events from shallow discontinuities are commonly overlapped with coherent noise such as air wave, direct waves, head waves, and high-amplitude surface waves. Here, the radial trace transform, a simple geometric re-mapping of a trace gather (x-t domain) to another trace gather (v-t domain), is applied to investigate the rejection effect of coherent linear noises. Two different types of data sets were selected as a representative database: good-quality data for intermediate sounding (hundreds of meters) in a sedimentary basin and very noisy data for shallow (${\leq}50m$) mapping of the weathered zone and bedrock surface. Results obtained with cascaded application of the radial transform and low-cut filtering proved to be as good as, or better than, those produced using f-k filtering, and were especially effective for air wave and direct wave. This simple transform enables better understanding of the characteristics of various types of noise in the RT domain, and can be generally applied to overcoming diffractions and back-scatterings caused by joints, fractures, and faults commonly that are encountered in geotechnical problems.

Antioxidant Activity and Cytotoxicity on Human Cancer Cells of Anthocyanin Extracted from Black Soybean (검정콩 안토시아닌의 항산화 및 암세포독성)

  • Kim, Yong-Ho;Kim, Dong-Seon;Woo, Sung-Sick;Kim, Hyun-Hee;Lee, Young-Sang;Kim, Hee-Seon;Ko, Kwang-Oh;Lee, Seuk-Ki
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.407-412
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    • 2008
  • Anthocyanin pigments in soybean seed coat were D3G (Delphinidin-3-glucoside), C3G (Cyanidin-3- glucoside) and Pt3G (Petunidin-3-glucoside), which have been known potential roles in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. Anthocyanin contents in seed coat of blck soybean were significantly different according to soybean variety, C3G content showed the highest value in all materials and its variation was also wide. Antioxidant activity of each pigment was analyzed by DPPH and TEAC methods in which D3G and C3G showed high activity. And this study was carried out to investigate the effects of anthocyanin to human cancer cells. Cytotoxity were analyzed by MTT assay after anthocyanin pigments treated on leukemia (Jurkat T) and adenocarsinoma (MCF-7) cells. It showed decrement of cell numbers as anthocyanin concentration is increasing. ${EC}_50$ range of anthocyanin concentrations were $100{\sim}250\;ug/mL$ and $100{\sim}250\;ug/mL$ in Jurkat T and MCF-7 cell, respectively. D3G showed higher cytotoxicity than other pigments in Jurkat T cell whereas activity of C3G was high in MCF-7 cell. It is believed that supplementation of human diets with soybean anthocyanin markedly reduces human cancer mortality rates.

Effect of Rice Straw and Woodchip Application on Greenhouse Soil Properties and Vegetable Crops Productivity (볏짚과 파쇄목 시용이 시설하우스 토양 성질과 작물 수량에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Young-Ho;Lim, Soo-Jeong;Kim, Seung-Kyeong;Jung, Yeong-Sang
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.4-11
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    • 2007
  • There have been increasing concerns about decreasing crop productivity due to salt accumulation in greenhouse soils. The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of rice straw and woodchip application to a salt accumulated greenhouse soil on crop productivity and soil quality. The application of rice straw (RS) and woodchip (W) increased tomato yield and decreased blossom-end rot, and increased yield of Chinese cabbage compared with standard recommended fertilization ($204-103-122kg\;ha^{-1}\;N-P_2O_5-K_2O$ for tomato and $222-64-110kg\;ha^{-1}\;N-P_2O_5-K_2O$ for Chinese cabbage), while less soil residual nitrate, phosphatephosphorus, and potassium. In addition to the organic material application, fertilization reduction based on soil testing may also contribute to relatively low level of soil residual nutrients. Application of the organic material reduced soil bulk density presumably because of improved soil aggregation and structure, and increased biomass C and dehydrogenase activity. In comparison to rice straw, woodchip application resulted in higher crop yield, less amount of soil residual nitrate and lower soil EC, and greater biomass and dehydrogenase activity. The results obtained in this study indicateshowed that woodchip amendment along with reduced fertilization based on soil testing can be one of essential management practices for salt accumulated greenhouse soils.

Measurement of MRI Monitor Luminance and MRI Room Illuminance with a Light Probe (Light Probe를 이용한 MRI 검사실 및 모니터의 조도와 휘도 측정)

  • Kim, Ji Min;Han, Ah Yung;Lee, Ha Young;Lee, So Ra;Kweon, Dae Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.168-172
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of the optimal environment of the MRI room to measured luminance and illuminance of the MRI room and the monitor. University Hospital (n = 6) of the MRI (n = 10) in the luminance and illuminance Light Probe Xi Unfors (Unfors Instruments AB, Billdal, Sweden) was measured by using the. Black luminance level and white level of illuminance is repeated three times in the middle of the side of the monitor to obtain the mean and standard deviation using a t-test statistical processing was of significance test. Monitor luminance and black level in the average $1.78cd/m^2$, the standard deviation was $0.85cd/m^2$, white level average of $43.58cd/m^2$, the standard deviation of $13.19cd/m^2$. Illuminance of MRI room was the lowest value measured in accordance with the 30.5 lux, the maximum value is 601.3 lux, mean was measured by a variety of 177.86 lux. Luminance and illuminance of the MRI room and monitor is found to have statistically significant difference (p < .05). In conclusion, refer to the recommended standard of MRI and room monitor luminance and illuminance and to create an optimal environment.

Research on Classification of Sitting Posture with a IMU (하나의 IMU를 이용한 앉은 자세 분류 연구)

  • Kim, Yeon-Wook;Cho, Woo-Hyeong;Jeon, Yu-Yong;Lee, Sangmin
    • Journal of rehabilitation welfare engineering & assistive technology
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.261-270
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    • 2017
  • Bad sitting postures are known to cause for a variety of diseases or physical deformation. However, it is not easy to fit right sitting posture for long periods of time. Therefore, methods of distinguishing and inducing good sitting posture have been constantly proposed. Proposed methods were image processing, using pressure sensor attached to the chair, and using the IMU (Internal Measurement Unit). The method of using IMU has advantages of simple hardware configuration and free of various constraints in measurement. In this paper, we researched on distinguishing sitting postures with a small amount of data using just one IMU. Feature extraction method was used to find data which contribution is the least for classification. Machine learning algorithms were used to find the best position to classify and we found best machine learning algorithm. Used feature extraction method was PCA(Principal Component Analysis). Used Machine learning models were five : SVM(Support Vector Machine), KNN(K Nearest Neighbor), K-means (K-means Algorithm) GMM (Gaussian Mixture Model), and HMM (Hidden Marcov Model). As a result of research, back neck is suitable position for classification because classification rate of it was highest in every model. It was confirmed that Yaw data which is one of the IMU data has the smallest contribution to classification rate using PCA and there was no changes in classification rate after removal it. SVM, KNN are suitable for classification because their classification rate are higher than the others.

Measurement of ROI Temperature in Herniation of Intervertebral Disc Patients Using DITI (디지털 적외선 체열진단기를 이용한 추간판탈출증 환자의 ROI 온도측정)

  • Park, Jeong Kyu;Park, Jong Sam;Kwon, Soon Mu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.273-278
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    • 2017
  • Among 45 patients of herniation of intervertebral disc with $L_4$ to $L_5$ herniation, who underwent infrared thermography, the number of female was larger than male and the age of 50s was highest. From the results measured from the distribution table, we have confirmed that there was no significant difference depending on sex and age (p> 0.05). The region of the highest ROI temperature for patients with $L_4-L_5$ intervertebral disc prolapse was the back of the posterior right tibia, and followed by the back of the left shin bone-below the front right knee-below the front left knee. There was a significant difference depending on the measured site. The average ROI temperature for patients was $30.30{\pm}0.50$ whereas that for normal persons was $31.20{\pm}0.58$, yielding the temperature difference of $0.66{\pm}0.59$ between the two groups. The ROI of patients was lower than $31.20{\pm}0.58$ (p <0.05) because the significance of the sample, which has been obtained from the results of a sample t-test, was less than 0.05 (p <0.05). From further researches, it may necessary to develope the methodology for correcting data regarding thermal environment and, in addition, to develope a new thermal index based on it. Therefore, we can confirm that pre-treatment for infrared thermography is very important in order to minimize the procedure for correcting data. It is required that radiologists who inspect disc herniations should carefully observe and consider the patients during their measurements.

A Study on the Next VWorld System Architecture: New Technology Analysis for the Optimal Architecture Design (차세대 브이월드 시스템 아키텍처 구성에 관한 연구: 최적의 아키텍처 설계를 위한 신기술 분석)

  • Go, Jun Hee;Lim, Yong Hwa;Kim, Min Soo;Jang, In Sung
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2015
  • There has been much interest in the VWorld open platform with the addition of a variety of contents or services such as 2D map, 3D terrain, 3D buildings, and thematic map since 2012. However, the VWorld system architecture was not stable for the system overload. For example, the system was stopped due to the rapidly increasing user accesses when the 3D terrain service of the North Korea and the Baekdu mountain was launched at September 2012 and September 2013, respectively. It was because the system architect has just extended the server system and the network bandwidth whenever the rapid increase of user accesses occurs or new service starts. Therefore, this study proposes a new VWorld system architecture that can reliably serve the huge volume of National Spatial Data by applying the new technologies such as CDN, visualization and clustering. Finally, it is expected that the results of this study can be used as a basis for the next VWorld system architecture being capable of a huge volume of spatial data and users.

A Study on Application of Multi-Texture and Multi-Thread for Multi-Dimensions Urban Facility Management System (다차원 도시시설물 관리를 위한 멀티 텍스처 기법과 다중 스레드 기법의 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Keun-Ho;Kang, Byoung-Jun;Cho, Hong-Beom;Kim, Won-Cheol
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 2010
  • Recently, 2D GIS technology is applied for urban facility management. However, urban facilities are located in 3D space and the information loss is occurring during data abstraction from 3D urban facility to 2D object. Also, the number of urban facilities is increasing steadily and most of urban facilities are located in underground space in the city. Therefore 2D urban facility management system has a limitation on visualization and management for a large number of urban facilities. In this paper, a multi-dimensions urban facility management system based on multi-texture technology is proposed. The proposed system reduces the information loss and improves the readability of information by visualizing urban facilities on 3D virtual space. A multi-texturing technology is applied for integrating of 2D vector data and 3D raster data, and a multi-thread technology is used for improving speed and performance of the system. The proposed technology can be used as a guideline for urban facility monitoring as providing visual information of a facility status with 3D image and facility data.