• Title, Summary, Keyword: 염소감쇄거동

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A comparative study for the decay of chlorine residual using EPANET2.0 and an experimental pipeline system (EPANET 2.0과 관망실험을 통한 배수관망 염소농도 감쇄 비교연구)

  • Baek, Dawon;Kim, Hyunjun;Kim, Sanghyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.411-419
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    • 2018
  • The residual chlorine concentration is an essential factor to secure reliable water quality in the water distribution systems. The chlorine concentration decays along the pipeline system and the main processes of the reaction can be divided into the bulk decay and the wall decay mechanisms. Using EPANET 2.0, it is possible to predict the chlorine decay through bulk decay and wall decay based on the pipeline geometry and the hydraulic analysis of the water distribution system. In this study, we tried to verify the predictability of EPANET 2.0 using data collected from experimental practices. We performed chlorine concentration measurement according to various Reynolds numbers in a pilot-scale water distribution system. The chlorine concentration was predicted using both bulk decay model and wall decay model. As a result of the comparison between experimental data and simulated data, the performance of the limited $1^{st}$-order model was found to the best in the bulk decay model. The wall decay model simulated the initial decay well, but the overall chlorine decay cannot be properly predicted. Simulation also indicated that as the Reynolds number increased, the impact of the wall.

Simulation of chlorine decay by waterhammer in water distribution system based on hypothetical water demand curve (가상의 물 수요곡선에 따른 수충격에 의한 염소농도변동 모의연구)

  • Baek, Dawon;Kim, Hyunjun;Kim, Sanghyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 2018
  • Maintaining adequate residual chlorine concentration is an important criteria to provide secure drinking water. The chlorine decay can be influenced by unstable flow due to the transient event caused by operation of hydraulic devices in the pipeline system. In order to understand the relationship between the transient event and the chlorine decay, the probability density function based on the water demand curve of a hypothetical water distribution system was used. The irregular transient events and the same number of events with regular interval were assumed and the fate of chlorine decay was compared. The chlorine decay was modeled using a generic chlorine decay model with optimized parameters to minimize the root mean square error between the experimental chlorine concentration and the simulated chlorine concentration using genetic algorithm. As a result, the chlorine decay can be determined through the number of transients regardless of the occurrence intervals.

The Change in Geotechnical Properties of the Deposited Clay Contaminated by Leachate from Waste Disposals (침출수로 오염된 퇴적점토의 역학적 특성변화)

  • Ha, Kwang-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Eun
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, the uniaxial, triaxial compression tests and consolidation tests on the clay sample substituted initial pore water for pollutant were performed to evaluate the change in geotechnical properties of the contaminated clay. The contaminant transport analysis on embankment type landfill using the MT3D model was also performed to evaluate the extent of transport and diffusion. There was tendency that strength, compressibility and permeability has increased with the increase in the concentration of NaCl solution. The increase in the strength and compressibility of sample saturated with leachate was higher than samples saturated with NaCl solution, but in the permeability coefficient was lower. As the result of contaminant transport analysis, the predicted concentration was in high with the increase in the initial concentration of $Cl^-$ ion and increased in a non-linear form. The transportation distance calculated with use of regression equation between the distance from contaminant source and the concentration of $Cl^-$ ion was increased with the increase in the initial concentration.

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The Change in Geotechnical Properties of Clay Liner and the Contamination Behavior of Groundwater Due to Contaminant (오염물질에 의한 점토 차수재의 역학적 특성변화 및 지하수 오염거동)

  • Ha, Kwang-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Eun;Chung, Sung-Rae;Chun, Byung-Sik
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.13-23
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    • 2008
  • The triaxial compression tests and consolidation tests using NaCl solution and leachates as substitute pore (or saturated) water in samples were carried out to find out the behavior characteristics of strength, deformation and permeability coefficient of contaminated clay. Also, the chemical property analysis on the clay samples using scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer were involved. The magnitudes of composition ratio were shown in the order of O, C, Si, Al, and Fe as a result of chemical composition analysis for clay samples. Besides, as the results of triaxial compression tests and consolidation tests, the shear strength, compression and permeability properties were increased with increasing in the concentration of contaminant (NaCl). It may be considered that these circumstances be caused by the changes of soil structure to flocculent structure due to the decrease in the thickness of diffuse double layer with increasing in the concentration of electrolyte. MT3D model was also using to grasp the procedures that the groundwater may be contaminated by the leachates permeated through the clay liner. The results of contaminant transport analysis showed a tendency that the predicted concentration of groundwater was higher with increasing in the initial concentration of $Cl^-$ ion and increased as a nonlinear curves with time. The transportation distance calculated by the use of regression equation between the distance from contaminant source and the concentration of $Cl^-$ ion was increased with increasing the initial concentration.