• Title, Summary, Keyword: 연성지수

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Analytical Study on Ductility Index of Reinforced Concrete Flexural Members (철근 콘크리트 휨부재의 연성지수에 관한 해석적 연구)

  • Lee, Jae Hoon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.391-402
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    • 1994
  • One of the most important design concept for reinforced concrete structures is to achieve a ductile failure mode, and also moment redistribution for economic design is possible in case that adequate ductility is provided. Flexural ductility index is, therefore, used as a reference for possibility of moment redistribution as well as for prediction of flexural behavior of designed R.C. structures. Ductility index equations, however, provide approximate values due to the linear concrete compressive stress assumption at the tension steel yielding state. Theoretically more exact ductility index is calculated by a numerical analysis with the realistic stress-strain curves for concrete and steel to be compared with the result from tire ductility index equations. Variation of ductility index for the selected variables and the reasonable maximum tension steel ratio for doubly reinforced section are investigated. A moment-curvature curve model is also proposed for future research on moment redistribution.

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Flexural Behavior of High-strength Concrete Beams of 90 MPa According to Curing Temperature (양생온도에 따른 90 MPa 수준의 고강도 철근 콘크리트 보의 휨거동)

  • Hwang, Chul-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.134-140
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the flexural behavior of high strength concrete members with different curing condition of 90 MPa of compressive strength was investigated. Experimental parameters included normal and low temperature curing conditions, tensile steel amount and concrete compressive strength. 8 beam members were fabricated and flexural tests were carried out. Crack spacing, load-deflection relation, load-strain relation and ductility index were determined. Experimental results show that as the amount of rebar increases, the number of cracks increases and the crack spacing decreases. The higher the concrete strength, the smaller the number of cracks, but the effect is significantly smaller than the amount of rebar. As a result of comparison with the proposed average crack spacing in the design criteria, the experimental results are slightly larger than the results of the proposed formula, but the proposed formula does not reflect the concrete strength and curing conditions. The ductility index of normal temperature cured members was 3.36~6.74 and the ductility index of low temperature cured members was 1.51~2.82. The behavior of low temperature cured members was found to be lower than that of normal temperature cured members. As a result of comparing the ductility index with the existing studies similar to the experimental members, the ductility index of the high strength concrete member was larger than the ductility index of the ordinary strength concrete of the previous study. Further research is needed to understand more specific results.

Predictions of Curvature Ductility Factor of Reinforced Concrete Beam Sections Used High Strength Concrete and Steel (고강도 재료를 사용한 철근콘크리트 보 단면의 곡률연성지수 예측)

  • Lee, Hyung Joon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.483-493
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    • 2013
  • The high strength materials have been more widely used in a large reinforced concrete structures. It is known that the use of high strength material in RC structures give the benefits of the mechanical and durable properties, but the ductility decreases with an increase in the strength of the materials. In the design of a reinforced concrete beam, both the flexural strength and ductility need to be considered. So, it is necessary to assess accurately the ductility of the beam with high strength materials in order to ensure the ductility requirement in design. In this study, the effects of the material strength on the flexural behavior and curvature ductility factor of reinforcement concrete beam sections with various reinforcement conditions have been evaluated and a newly prediction formula for curvature ductility factor of RC beam has been developed considering the stress of compression reinforcement at ultimate state. The proposed predictions for the curvature ductility factor which is applicable to both singly and doubly reinforced concrete beam are verified by comparisons with other prediction formulas and the proposed formula offers fairly accurate within 9% error and consistent predictions for curvature ductility factor of reinforced concrete beam.

The Characteristics of Curvature Ductility Factor of Reinforced Concrete Hollow Section Beams (철근콘크리트 속빈 단면 보의 곡률연성지수 특성)

  • Lee, Hyung-Joon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.6542-6549
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    • 2013
  • In highly elevated piers and long span beams, a hollow section is often used to reduce the self-weight and increase the flexural rigidity of members. Numerical analysis was conducted to obtain the moment-curvature curves and curvature ductility factor for the RC hollow section beams under a range of hollow portion sizes and reinforcement conditions in the upper flange and web. The curvature ductility factor was constantly maintained until the hollow portion size($b_i/b_o/h_i/h_o$) was less than or equal to 0.5. The curvature ductility factor decreased sharply if ($b_i/b_o/h_i/h_o$) was 0.7 or more. The curvature ductility factor of the beam decreased if reinforcement was provided in the web of the RC hollow section beam. To obtain the same level of the ductility factor as the singly reinforced section, the reinforcement should be provided in the upper flange as much as the web reinforcement.

Evaluation on Moment-Curvature Relations and Curvature Ductility Factor of Reinforced Concrete Beams with High Strength Materials (고강도 재료를 사용한 철근콘크리트 보의 모멘트-곡률관계 및 곡률연성지수 평가)

  • Lee, Hyung-Joon
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.283-294
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    • 2013
  • The high strength materials have been more widely used in reinforced concrete structures, specially, the reinforcing steel is permitted to used in RC structures up to yielding strength of 600 MPa. The strength of materials in RC beam section effects on the behavior and ductility of the RC members. In this study, the numerical analysis has been conducted to obtain the complete moment-curvature relation and the curvature ductility factor for the rectangular RC beams sections under the various reinforcement conditions and the effects of concrete strength, yield strength of reinforcement steel on the behavior and the curvature ductility factor of RC beam sections have been evaluated. The compressive strength of concrete and yield strength of steel have effected in various manner on the behavior and the curvature ductility factor of RC beam sections under reinforcement conditions. In the case of beam sections with equal resisting moment. the curvature ductility factor of RC beam section decreased with an increase in the yield strength of steel and increased with an increase in the concrete strength. When the yield strength of steel increased from 400 MPa to 600 MPa, the curvature ductility factor reduced about 30% and as the concrete strength increased from 30 MPa to 70 MPa, the curvature ductility factor of RC beam section increased about 3 times.

Flexural Behavior of RC Beams Using High-Strength Reinforcement for Ductility Assessment (고강도 철근을 활용한 휨 부재의 연성거동에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Soon-Beom;Yoon, Young-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents the appropriateness for using high strength reinforcement according to the use of high strength concrete. Nine flexural tests were conducted on full-scale beam specimens according to the concrete strength, reinforcement strength and reinforcement ratio as main variable. The structural behavior was analyzed due to the flexural strength, stress-strain curve, deflections at yielding and fracture point, crack appearance and ductility factor. The member with high-strength reinforcements showed large deflection at yielding point and this was analyzed as a main cause to decrease the ductility factor. Structural behavior after yielding point, however, showed similarity to behavior of members with normal strength reinforcements of same stiffness. It was found that in the case of using reinforcements of $5500kgf/cm^2$ strength, the combination with concrete of $800kgf/cm^2$ strength demonstrated the great appropriateness which can increase the flexural capacity without any reduction of maximum reinforcement ratio.

Ductility Evaluation of Heavyweight Concrete Shear Walls with Wire Ropes as a Lateral Reinforcement (와이어로프로 횡보강된 고중량콘크리트 전단벽의 연성평가)

  • Mun, Ju-Hyun;Yang, Keun-Hyeok
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.207-214
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the feasibility of wire ropes as lateral reinforcement at the boundary element of heavyweight concrete shear walls. The spacing of the wire ropes varied from 60 mm to 120 mm at an interval of 30 mm, which produces the volumetric index of the lateral reinforcement of 0.126~0.234. The wire ropes were applied as a external hoop and/or internal cross-tie. Five shear wall specimens were tested to failure under constant axial load and cyclic lateral loads. Test results showed that with the increase of the volumetric index of the lateral reinforcement, the ductility of shear walls tended to increase, whereas the variation of flexural capacity of walls was minimal. The flexural capacity of shear walls tested was slightly higher than predictions determined from ACI 318-11 procedure. The displacement ductility ratio of shear walls with wire ropes was higher than that of shear wall with the conventional mild bar at the same the volumetric index of the lateral reinforcement. In particular, the shear walls with wire rope index of 0.233 achieved the curvature ductility ratio of more than 16 required for high-ductility design.

An Experimental Study on the Ductility Capacity of Reinforced High Performance Concrete Beams (고성능 철근콘크리트 보의 연성능력에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 김용부;고만영;오명석
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 1998
  • 본 연구는 고성능 철근콘크리트 보의 연성능력에 관한 실험이다. 실험변수로는인장철근비( )와 하중재하형태(1점가력과 2점가력)가 있다. 콘크리트의 실린더 압축강도가 800-900㎏/㎠, 슬럼프 20∼25㎝ 및 슬럼프 플로우가 60∼70㎝인 고성능 철근콘크리트 보의 휨 실험 결과,고성능 콘크리트는 일반강도 콘크리트보다 취성적인 성질을 나타냈으며, 이러한 성질은 고성능 콘크리트의 연성능력을 감소시켰다. 고성능철근콘크리트의 경우 등가응력블록 변수는 MacGregor블록이나 New Zealand 규준을 사용하는 것이 바람직하다. 또한, 극한 곡률을 구할때는 cu= 0.0042값을 사용하는 것이 타당하다고 사료된다. 고성능 철근콘크리트 보의 경우, 현재 ACI 규준의 철근비에서 허용하는 2 및 4 이상의 연성지수 확보는 각각 '/ 0.30 범위에서 정적하중 상태의 경우 철근비가 - '=0.60 b이하에서 가능하고 휨 부재의 모멘트 재분배를 위한 경우는 철근비를 - '=0.33 b이하로 낮추어야 할 것으로 판단된다.

Experimental Investigation of the Flexural Behavior of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete Beams (경량 콘크리트 보의 휨 거동에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Byon, Eun-Hyuk;Cho, Jang-Se;Lee, Young-Hak;Kim, Hee-Cheul
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.441-444
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    • 2010
  • 대공간 구조물과 초고층 빌딩에 있어 건축물의 자중 감소에 대한 요구가 늘어나고 있으며 이에 대한 가장 효과적인 방법 중 하나는 경량 콘크리트를 사용하는 것이다. 본 연구는 최외단 철근의 순인장 변형률에 따른 경량콘크리트 보의 휨 거동 및 휨 성능을 평가하는 것에 그 목적이 있다. 크기와 형상이 동일한 보통중량 콘크리트 보 1개와 경량 콘크리트 보 4개의 총 5개 시험체를 제작하여 최외단 철근의 순인장 변형률을 변수로 실험을 수행하였으며 이를 통해 순인장 변형률에 따른 경량콘크리트 보의 강도와 연성의 변화를 분석하였다. 실험 결과 최외단 철근의 순인장 변형률이 증가할수록 시험체의 연성비는 증가하였으며 최대하중과 강성은 감소하였다. 특히 순인장 변형률 0.005 이상에서 연성지수 2 이상을 확보할 수 있었다.

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Flexural Behaviors of Reinforced Concrete Beams Strengthened with Fiber-Steel Composite Plates (섬유-강판 복합플레이트로 보강된 RC 보의 휨 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Baik-Soon;Kim, Seong-Do
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.483-491
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    • 2008
  • The effectiveness of a new fiber-steel composite plate designed specifically to be used for strengthening of reinforced concrete members has been investigated. Twelve reinforced concrete beams were tested. Seven of the beams were strengthened with carbon fiber-steel composite plate(CSP), four of the beams were strengthened with glass fiber-steel composite plate(GSP), and one beam was used as a control specimen. The experimental results showed that new strengthening system controls the premature debonding and provides a more ductile failure mode than other conventional strengthening systems. The observed ductility ratios were $3.01\sim3.81$ and $3.55\sim4.95$ for strengthened beam with CSP and GSP, respectively. The maximum load was increased by 115% and 107% for strengthened beam with CSP and GSP, respectively, comparing with control beam. In addition, experimental and analytical results were well agreed.