• Title, Summary, Keyword: 연성도

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Hot Ductility Behavior and Hot Cracking Susceptibility of Type 303 Austenitic Stainless Steel(1) -Hot ductility Behavior- (303 오스테나이트계 스테인레스강의 고온연성거동과 고온균열감수성(I) -고온연성거동-)

  • ;;Lundin, C. D.
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.35-45
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    • 1988
  • 오-스테나이트계 스테인레스강에 대한 용접은 용접재료의 개발과 더불어 각종 산업계에 널리 이용되고 있으며 최근 Type 303 오-스테나이트계 스테인레스강 등은 free machining재로써 널리 응용되고 있다. 그러나 이 303계는 피삭성, 절삭성, 칩형성개선을 위한 특수원소(Se, S 등)의 첨가 때문에 용접성에 문제점을 제기하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 Type 303을 중심으로 AISI 304-316NG 및 347NG계의 오-스테나이트계 스테인레스강의 고온연성거동과 고온균열감수성(용접성)에 관한 연구에 대한 검토중 고온연성거동에 관하여 조사하였다. 고온연성평가는 Gleeble Simulator에 의하여 재료와 방향성에 따라 검토하였으며, 그 결과 모든 재료는 압연방향을 종방으로 시험하였을 때는 거의 유사한 고온연성을 나타내었으나 횡방향으로 시험하였을 때는 종방향에 비하여 연성저하를 나타내었다. 이와 같은 고온연성은 후속연구에서 검토될 고온균열 감수성과 밀접한 관련성에 의하여 용접성을 평가할 수 있다.

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Evaluation of Ductility Factors for MDOF Systems in Special Steel Moment Resisting Frames (철골 연성 모멘트 골조에 대한 다자유도 시스템의 연성계수 평가)

  • Kang, Cheol-Kyu;Han, Young-Cheol
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2004
  • Ductiluty factor has played an important role in seismic design as it is key component of response modification factor(R). In this stuty, ductility factors() are calculated by multiplying ductility factor for SDOF systems() and MDOF modification factors(). Ductility factors() for SDOF systems are computed from nonlinear dynamic analysis undergoing different level of displacement ductiluty demands and period when subjected to a large number of recorded earthquake ground motions. The MDOF modification factors() are proposed to account for the MDOF systems, based on previous studies. A total of 108 prototype steel frames are designed to investigate the ductility factors considering the number of stories(4, 8 and 16-stories), framing system(Perimeter Frames, PF and Distributed Frames, DF), failure mechanism(Strong-Column Weak-Beam, SCWB and Weak-Column Strong-Beam, WCSB), soil profiles(SA, SC and SE in UBC 1997) and seismic zone factors(Z=0.075, 0.2 and 0.4 in UBC 1997). It is shown that the number of stories, failure mechanisms (SCWB, WCSB), and soil profiles have great influence on the ductility factors, however, the structural system(Perimeter frames, Distributed frames), and seismic zones have no influence on the ductility factors.

Statistical Study of Ductility Factors for Elastic Perfectly Plastic SDOF Systems (탄소성 단자유도 구조물에 대한 연성계수의 통계적 분석)

  • Kang, Cheol-Kyu;Choi, Byong-Jeong
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2003
  • This paper present a summary of the results of statistical study of the ductility factor which is key component of response modification factor(R). To compute the ductility factor, a group of 1,860 ground motions recorded from various earthquake was considered. Based on the local site conditions at the recording station, ground motions were classified into four groups according to average shear wave velocity. Inleastic spectrum were computed for elastic perfectly plastic SDOF systems undergoing different level of inelastic deformation and period. Ductility factors were calculated by deviding elastic response spectrum by inelastic response spectrum. The influence f displacement ductility ratio, site condition, magnitude and epicentral distance on ductility factors were studied. The coefficient of variation was computed to evaluated the dispersion of ductility factors as the defined ratio of the standard deviation to the mean.

The Term and Classification of Structure System with Non-rigid Member (연성구조시스템의 분류체계와 용어)

  • Lee, Ju-Na;Park, Sun-Woo;Kim, Seung-Deog;Park, Chan-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 2004
  • The structure systems with non-rigid member were classified by the composition type of line and surface members. As a result of the classification, there are 1-way cable structure, cable net and radial cable net structure in the line member system. And there are pneumatic structure and suspension membrane structure in surface member system. In addition, when the line and surface members are composed together, there is the hybrid membrane system which are divided into hanging type and supported type. In this paper, the Korean terms of structure systems with non-rigid member are recommended through this classification.

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Evaluation of Ductility and Strength Factors for Special Steel Moment Resisting Frames (철골 연성 모멘트 골조의 연성계수 및 강도계수 평가)

  • Kang, Cheol Kyu;Choi, Byong Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.793-805
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    • 2004
  • The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the ductility and strength factors that are key components of the response modification factor for special steel moment-resistant frames. The ductility factors for special steel moment-resistant frames were calculated by multiplying the ductility factor for SDOF systems and the MDOF modification factors. Ductility factors were computed for elastic and perfectly plastic SDOF systems undergoing different levels of inelastic deformation and periods when subjected to a large number of recorded earthquake ground motions. Based on the results of the regression analysis, simplified expressions were proposed to compute the ductility factors. Based on previous studies, the MDOF modification factors were also proposed to account for the MDOF systems. Strength factors for special steel moment resisting frames were estimated from the results of the nonlinear static analysis. A total of 36 sample steel frames were designed to investigate the ductility and strength factors considering design parameters such as number of stories (4, 8, and 16 stories), seismic zone factors (Z = 0.075, 0.2, and 0.4), framing system (Perimeter Frames, PF and Distributed Frames, DF), and failure mechanism (Strong-Column Weak Beam, SCWB, and Weak-Column Strong-Beam, WCSB). The effects of these design parameters on the ductility and strength factors for special steel moment-resisting frames were investigated.

Ductility Relationship of RC Bridge Columns under Seismic Loading (지진하중을 받는 철근콘크리트 교각의 연성도 상관관계)

  • 손혁수;이재훈
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.51-61
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    • 2003
  • This research is a park of a research program to develope a new design method for reinforced concrete bridge columns under axial load and cyclic lateral load. The objectives of this paper are to investigate the relationship between curvature ductility and displacement ductility and to propose a correlation equation for designing of reinforced concrete bridge columns under axial load and cyclic lateral load. Computer program NARCC was used for parametric study, which was proved to provide good and conservative analytical result especially for deformation capacity and ductility factor compared with test result. A total of 7,200 spirally reinforced concrete columns were selected considering the main variables such as section diameter, aspect ratio, concrete strength, yielding strength of longitudinal and confinement steel, longitudinal steel ratio, axial load ratio, and confinement steel ratio. A new equation between curvature ductility factor displacement ductility factor with the aspect ratio was proposed by investigation of 21,600 data produced from the selected column models by applying 3 different definitions of yield displacement.

No Collapse Design for Typical Bridges (일반교량의 붕괴방지설계)

  • Kook, Seung-Kyu
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.163-172
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of earthquake resistant design for typical bridges is the No Collapse Design and the Earthquake Resistant Design Part of Roadway Bridge Design Code provides a design process to construct the Ductile Failure Mechanism for the bridge structure. However, if it is not practical to provide the Ductile Failure Mechanism due to structure types or site conditions, the Brittle Failure Mechanism is an alternative way to get the No Collapse Design. As well as the existing design process constructing the Ductile Failure Mechanism, the Earthquake Resistant Design Part provides a ductility-based design process as an appendix, which is prepared for bridges with reinforced concrete piers. According to the new design process, designer determines a required response modification factor for substructure and transverse reinforcement for confinement therefrom. In this study, a typical bridge with steel bearing connections and reinforced concrete piers is selected for which the existing as well as the ductility-based design processes are applied and different results from the two design processes are identified. Based on the results, an earthquake resistant design procedure is proposed in which designers should consider the two design processes.

Deformability of RC Beam-Column Assembles (철근콘크리트 보-기둥 접합부의 연성능력)

  • Lee, Jung-Yoon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.193-196
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    • 2008
  • This paper proposes a method to predict the ductility capacity of reinforced concrete beam-column joints failing in shear after the formations of plastic hinges at both ends of the adjacent beams. The current design code divides joints into two categories: Type 1 for structures in non seismically hazard area and Type 2 in seismically hazard area. While there are many researches related to joint shear strength in Type 1, those in regard to joint ductility capacity of Type 2 are scarce. This paper classified the ductility capacity of beam-column joints into column, joint panel, and beam deformability. Since a brittle failure such as shear or bond failure in the columns must be avoided, column deformability was calculated by elastic analysis. The plastic hinges of the adjacent beams affect joint deformability. Therefore, the prediction of joint deformability was calculated with consideration to the degradation of the diagonally compressed concrete due to the strain penetration.

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Ductility of Plate Girder Bridges with High Performance Steel (고강도강재 적용 플레이트 거더교의 휨 연성 평가)

  • Joo, Hyun-Sung;Cha, Sang-Ho;Choi, Hyung-Ho;Lee, Hak-Eun
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.83.1-83.1
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 고강도 강재를 적용한 연속교 형식의 강교량에 대하여 연구를 수행하였다. 교량에 사용되는 주구조의 고강도화에 따로 연속교의 교각 부근 부모멘트부에는 정모멘트부에 비하여 큰 모멘트가 작용하게 된다. 또한 정모멘트 구간과 달리 상부플랜지에 인장력이 작용하게 되어 완공 후에도 극한 하중 상태에서 콘크리트 데크가 응력을 부담할 수 없게 된다. 이에 따라 하부 플랜지에 불안정 파괴가 발생할 가능성이 있으며 비합성 단면과 같은 방법으로 설계하게 된다. 또한 모멘트 재분배를 고려한 설계를 하기 위해서는 부모멘트부에 충분한 휨 연성이 필요하다. 고강도 강재를 적용한 교량은 일반강재를 적용한 교량에 비하여 휨연성이 감소하게 되므로 휨연성 확보를 위한 보강방안이 필요하다. 본 연구는 부모멘트부의 휨연성 향상을 휘하여 가로보의 부등 배치를 제안하였으며, 유한요소해석 결과 휨연성이 향상되었다.

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Compliant Mechanism Design using a New Monolithic Approach Considering Fluid-Structure Interaction Annual Conference (모노리틱 유체-구조 연성 해석을 이용한 컴플라이언트 미케니즘 위상 최적 설계)

  • Yoon, Gil-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.574-577
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    • 2010
  • 이번 연구에서는 저속 비압축성 유체-구조 연성을 고려한 위상 최적화을 위해 새로운 모노리틱 해석을 개발한다. 이 새로운 해석 기법에서는 기존의 유체-구조 연성 시스템 해석 기법에서 유체와 구조 영역을 분리하고 연성 조건을 만족시키는 것과 다르게 하나의 일치된 해석 방정식을 유체 영역과 구조 영역에 동일하게 적용한다. 또한, 경계조건을 만족시키기 위하여 단일화 된 해석 방정식의 물성치를 바꾸어주는 새로운 방식을 제시하였다. 이 새로운 방법에서는 유체, 구조 영역을 분리하지 않고 Navier-Stoke's 방정식과 선형 탄성식을 동시에 사용하였다. 또한, 유체-구조 영역이 연성 해석 중 변화하는 것을 반영하기 위하여 구조 변위를 이용하여 Deformation tensor를 계산하였고 이를 이용하여 변형 후에서의 Navier-Stoke 방정식의 미분을 계산하는 방법을 제안하였다. 그리고, 정상 상태 유체를 가정하고 속도에 비례하는 마찰힘인 Darcy's force 항을 Navier-Stoke 방정식에 넣고 이 마찰 힘의 크기를 변화시킴으로 해서 유체 방정식에서의 연성 경계 조건을 만족시켰다. 선형 탄성 방정식에서 Divergence이론을 이용해서 경계에서 작용하는 외력이 하는 일을 내부 시스템에 하는 일로 계산하였다. 개발된 모노리스 해석 방법을 이용하여 저속 비압축성 유체가 구조에 미치는 압축력을 계산하였고 이용하여 컴플라이언트 미케니즘을 설계하였다.

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