• Title, Summary, Keyword: 연료개질장치

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Decalcomanie of flat-tubular segmented SOFC cell bytranscription-method and output characteristics according to buffer Layer

  • Gu, Ja-Bin;Choe, Byeong-Hyeon;Ji, Mi-Jeong;Lee, Mi-Jae;An, Yong-Tae;Hwang, Hae-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.93.2-93.2
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    • 2012
  • 연료전지는 전기화학반응을 이용한 발전 장치로서 기존 장치에 비하여 발전 효율이 높아 화석연료를 사용하면서 현재 당면 과제인 $CO_2$ 배출량 절감이 가능하고, 환경 보전성이 우수하여 미래의 전원으로 많은 연구개발이 진행되고 있다. 특히 제3세대 연료전지라 불리는 고체산화물 연료전지(Solid Oxide Fuel Cell이하 SOFC)는 고가의 외부 개질 장치 없이도 연료가 갖는 화학에너지를 연소과정 없이, 공기와 $H_2$, CO, $CH_4$와 같은 환원성 가스를 공급받아 $600{\sim}1000^{\circ}C$에서 전기화학적 반응을 통하여 직접 전기를 얻는 방식이며, 낮은 소음과 진동으로 인하여 온 사이트(On-site) 발전이 가능한 장점이 있는 연료전지이다. Decalcomanie는 전사용지에 Screen printing하여 건조 후 coating하는 방법으로 기존의 여러 coating 방법보다 다전지셀 제작이나 Buffer layer의 적용이 용이하고, 소재의 크기나 두께조절이 간편하며, 구성층의 표면조도나 굴곡에 대응이 용이한 방법이다. 새로운 Decalcomanie를 사용하여 평관형 다전지식 SOFC Cell 제작 및 각 Buffer layer에 적용, Screen printing법과 동일한 Cell 제조 후 MPD와 Impedance 분석을 통하여 Support 위에 전사지를 이용, 적층한 Cell의 전기화학적 특성에 관하여 분석하였다.

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Development of Temperature Control System to use in Building Heating of low Temperature Heat of PEMFC (고분자전해질 연료전지의 중저온 열원을 건물난방에 이용하기 위한 온도 제어장치 개발)

  • Cha, Kwang-Seok;Kim, Hway-Suh
    • Plant Journal
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2014
  • This study performs several experiments on a newly developed temperature safety system that can be used for residential building heating systems, the heat source of which is derived from a conventional fuel cell. Prior to this, the hot water made from a fuel cell was not used in residential housing but just went to waste. The present safety system is installed in the current underfloor heating system. At first we used the CFD technique to develop a new heat exchanger. The fuel cell must satisfy the thermal conditions of the inlet temperature being $55^{\circ}C$ and the outlet temperature being $60^{\circ}C$. But variations in weather cause fluctuations in the heating water temperature. The experimental results show our new system capable of maintaining the temperature difference within a ${\pm}0.5^{\circ}C$ range. So we believe that our new PFMFC fuel cell stack array is a good candidate for being used in residential heating systems.

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Fabrication of planar anode-supported SOFC by Tape casting methode (테입캐스팅법을 이용한 평판형 지지체식 연료전지 제조)

  • 유승호;김종희;손희정;송락현;정두환;백동현;신동열
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.241-241
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    • 2003
  • 고체산화물 연료전지(Solid oxide fuel cell : SOFC)는 연료기체가 소유하고 있는 화학에너지를 전기화학반응에 의해 직접 전기에너지로 변화시키는 에너지 변환 장치이다. 고체산화물 연료전지의 특성은 인산형, 용융탄산염형 및 고분자연료전지 둥 다른 연료전지에 비해 효율이 높고 공해가 적으며, 연료개질기가 필요 없고 복합발전이 가능하다. 그러나 작동온도가 고온(100$0^{\circ}C$)이어서 연결재 및 전지의 구성요소가 고가이고 전류집전 및 밀봉 둥 문제점을 가지고 있다. 전극 지지체식 연료전지의 개발은 얇고 치밀한 전해질 제조를 가능하게 하여 낮은 저항을 가지기 때문에 저온에서 작동을 용이하게 하여 고온작동시의 문제점을 해결하기 위한 방안으로 박막제조공정에 대한 연구가 많이 이루어지고 있다. 또한 전지성능을 향상시키기 위해 전기화학적 반응면적과 가스 확산층을 넓게 하기 위한 기공률이 높고 전기전도도가 우수한 지지체 제작에도 많이 연구가 이루어지고 있다.

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Research of High Efficiency Integrated Reforming System Using Separated Reforming System (분리형 개질기를 이용한 고효율 일체형 개질기 개발에 관한 연구)

  • PARK, SANG-HYOUN;KIM, CHUL-MIN;SON, SUNG-HYO;JANG, SE-JIN;KIM, JAE-DONG;BANG, WAN-KEUN;LEE, SANG-YONG
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2018
  • A high efficiency integrated reforming system for improving the efficiency of the 5 kW PEMFC system used as the back up power of building was studied. The separated reforming system consisted of three parts - A steam reformer with two stage concentric circular shape, a heat exchanger type steam generator and a CO shift reactor. Temperature and steam carbon ratio (SCR) were control variables during operation. The operating conditions were optimized based on the thermal efficiency of the steam reformer as reformate gas composition changes at different temperature. In experiments, water was fully vaporized in the steam generator up to SCR 3.5 and the maximum thermal efficiency was achieved at the operating temperature around $700^{\circ}C$ in the steam reforming reactor. With the results of the separated reforming system research, we improved the shape of high efficiency integrated reformer. The performance evaluation of the integrated reformer was based on optimized operating conditions in SCR 3.5. As a result, the developed integrated reforming system maintained an efficiency of 76% and constant performance over 3,000 hours.

A Study on Characteristics of Wood Pellet Gasification in Two Stage Gasifier (Two Stage Gasifier에서의 우드펠릿 가스화 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Moon-Won;Choi, Sun-Yong;Kim, Lae-Hyun
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.240-245
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    • 2010
  • In this study, characteristics of wood pellet gasification was studied using a Two Stage Gasifier which is consisted of pyrolysis reactor and ultra high temperature reformer. The average yields of $H_2$, $CH_4$, CO, $CO_2$ were 16.7, 11.3, 37.2, 26.6 L/mim, conversion rate from biomass to gas was 65% in pyrolysis reactor and gas yields in reformer were 55.4, 0.8, 120.8, 56.8 L/mim, respectively. The hydrogen flow rate from reformer is obtained 360.1 L/hr. The most of $CH_4$ was decomposed from 12.3 to 0.3 vol.% while $H_2$ is from 18.2 to 23.7 vol.% in reformer by methane dry reforming, Boudouard reaction, oxidation and/or steam reforming. The amount of $H_2O$ generated by hydration reaction from reformer was 1111.8 g, its accelerated conversion of $CH_4$ to other products. The conversion rate from $CH_4$ to other Compounds was 97.2%. Cold gas efficiency was 53.2%.

Development of a Catalyst/Sorbent for Methane-Steam Reforming (메탄스팀개질반응용 촉매흡착제 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Yong-Hoon;Na, Jeong-Geol;Kim, Seong-Soo;Kim, Jin-Gul;Chung, Soo-Hyun
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.307-313
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    • 2006
  • In order to improve the efficiency of methane steam reforming process, a part of the system which produces hydrogen from heavy hydrocarbon resources such as coal, we combined metal catalyst with CaO sorbent and fabricated catalyst/sorbent. To increase the porosity and the compressive strength of sorbent, carbon black and ${\alpha}-alumina$ were mixed with CaO powder during preparation. The effects of sorbent composition on the physical properties were investigated by SEM, TGA, BET, XRD, abrasion strength measuring device and adsorption-desorption instrument. Sorbent with 5 wt% $Al_2O_3$ and 10 wt% carbon black showed the best physical features with $7.61kg_f$ strength and 47% $CO_2$ adsorption capability. Various metal catalysts such as Ni, Co and Fe were supported on the sorbent developed and 10 wt% Ni/sorbent was selected for methane steam reforming process based on the result of reaction experiment. The reaction system using the catalyst/sorbent showed better $H_2$ productivity compared to the detached system with catalyst and sorbent, indicating the effectiveness of the system developed in this study.

High Purity Hydrogen Generator for Fuel Cell Vehicles (연료전지 자동차 탑재형 고순도 수소생산장치)

  • Han, Jaesung;Lee, Seok-Min
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.277-285
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    • 2001
  • We developed a compact, 10 kWe, purifier-integrated reformer which supplies hydrogen for fuel cell vehicles. Our proprietary technologies regarding hydrogen purification by palladium alloy membrane and catalytic combustion by noble metal coated wire-mesh catalyst were combined with the conventional methanol steam reforming technology, resulting in higher conversion, excellent quality of product hydrogen, and better thermal efficiency than any other systems. In this system, steam reforming, hydrogen purification, and catalytic combustion take place all in a single reactor so that the whole system is compact and easy to operate. The module produces $8.2Nm^3/hr$ of 99.999% or higher purity hydrogen with CO impurity less than 10 ppm, which is equivalent to 10 kWe when PEMFC has 45 % efficiency. Thermal efficiency of the module is 81 % and the power density of the module is 1.6 L/kWe. As the results of experiments, cold-start time has been measured about 20 minutes. Response time of hydrogen production to the change of the feed rate has been within 1 minutes.

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Parametric Study of SOFC System Efficiency Under Operation Conditions of Butane Reformer (부탄 개질기 운전조건에 따른 SOFC 시스템 효율에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Young;Baek, Seung-Whan;Bae, Gyu-Jong;Bae, Joong-Myeon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.341-347
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    • 2010
  • In this study, the efficiency of a solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system with a steam reformer or prereformer was analyzed under various conditions. The main components of the system are the reformer, SOFC, and water boiling heat recovery system. Endothermic and exothermic reactions occur in the reformer and SOFC, respectively. Hence, the thermal management of the SOFC system greatly influences the SOFC system efficiency. First, the efficiencies of SOFC systems with a steam reformer and a prereformer are compared. The system with the prereformer was more efficient than the one with steam reformer due to less heat loss. Second, the system efficiencies under various prereformer operating conditions were analyzed. The system efficiency was a function of the heat requirement of the system. The efficiency increased with an increase in the operating temperature of the prereformer, and the maximum system efficiency was observed at $450^{\circ}C$ for a S/C of 2.0.

Combustion Characteristics of Premixed Burner for Fuel Reformer (개질기용 예혼합 연소장치의 연소특성 연구)

  • Lee, Pil-Hyong;Lee, Jae-Young;Han, Sang-Seok;Park, Chang-Soo;Hwang, Sang-Soon
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.2181-2185
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    • 2008
  • Fuel processing systems which convert HC fuel into $H_2$ rich gas (such as stream reforming, partial oxidation, auto-thermal reforming) need high temperature environment($600-1000^{\circ}C$). Generally, anode-off gas or mixture of anode-off gas and LNG is used as input gas of fuel reformer. In order to make efficient and low emission burner system for fuel reformer, it is necessary to elucidate the combustion and emission characteristic of fuel reformer burner. The purpose of this study is to develop a porous premixed flat ceramic burner that can be used for 1-5kW fuel cell reformer. Ceramic burner experiments using natural gas, hydrogen gas, anode off gas were carried out respectively to investigate the flame characteristics by heating capacity and equivalence ratio. Results show that the stable flat flames can be established for natural gas, hydrogen gas, anode off gas and mixture of natural & anode off gas as reformer fuel. For all of fuels, their burning velocities become smaller as the equivalence ratio goes to the lean mixture ratio, and a lift-off occurs at lean limit. Flame length in hydrogen and anode off gas became longer with increasing the heat capacity.

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Development of methanol resistance catalysts for DMFC cathodes (Methanol에 저항성을 가진 DMFC용 cathode catalyst의 개발)

  • Oh, Jong-Gil;Kim, Han-Sung
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.204-207
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    • 2007
  • DMFC(direct methanol fuel cell)는 액체연료의 이동과 저장의 용이성 때문에 이동용 장치를 위한 전원공급 장치로서 오랫동안 관심을 받아왔다. 하지만 methanol crossover는 DMFC의 상용화 이전에 해결해야 할 문제이다. 이를 위해 많은 분야에서 연구가 진행되고 있고, 그중에서 methanol에 저항성을 가진 촉매의 개발에 활발히 연구가 진행되고 있다. 본 연구에서는, 표연개질 된 PtCo/C 촉매를 사용하여 메탄올에 저항성을 가진 촉매를 합성하였다. 합성된 촉매의 size와 morphology를 알아보기 위해 transmission electron microscopy (TEM)를 사용하였다. 또한 methanol 존재 하에 산소환원반응의 activity를 알아보기 위해 Rotating ring disk electrode(RRDE) test를 하였고, MEA를 제작하여 full cell test도 병행하였다.

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