• Title/Summary/Keyword: 역할행위 이행

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The Effect of Social Support and Resilience on Sick Role Behavior of Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석환자의 사회적지지, 회복탄력성이 환자역할행위 이행에 미치는 영향)

  • Noh, Sung Bae;Lim, HyoNam;Lee, Mi Hyang;Kim, Doo Ree
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.385-395
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    • 2019
  • This was a descriptive study to investigate the effect of social support and resilience on sick role behaviors of hemodialysis patients, and aims to provide base data on nursing intervention programs for improving the sick role behaviors of hemodialysis patients. The study subjects was patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis treatment at a general hospital in D city. The final analysis has been made on 131 questionnaires. The average of social support score was $3.93{\pm}0.84$, and resilience score was $2.67{\pm}0.80$. At last sick role behavior score was $3.99{\pm}0.80$. According to the analysis on the correlations among the study subjects' social support, resilience and sick-role behaviors, the social support had statistically and significantly positive correlation. In regression analysis, frequency of dialysis, social support and resilience have appeared to be the variables influencing sick role behavior, and the explanatory power of this model is 44.0%.

The Effect of Social Support and Health Literacy on Sick Role behavior in Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석 환자의 사회적 지지와 건강정보 이해능력이 환자역할행위 이행에 미치는 영향)

  • Hur, Ji-Yeun;Sim, Jeoung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.9
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    • pp.395-404
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    • 2020
  • This was a descriptive study to investigate the effect of social support and health literacy on sick role behaviors in hemodialysis patients. A total of 149 outpatients receiving regular hemodialysis at four dialysis centers located in J city were surveyed. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression. Factors including social support (β=.37, p<.001), health literacy (β=.16, p=.035), and religion (others) (β=-.25, p=.001) had an effect on sick role behavior. The explanatory power of model in this study was 22.0%. Therefore, the improvement of sick role behavior in patients undergoing hemodialysis requires specific strategies and interventions that are effective in increasing the social support and health literacy.

Effect of Individual Patient Teaching through Home Visiting on Compliance with Sick Role Behavior in Diabetic Patients and Duration of the Effect of the Teaching (가정방문을 통한 개별교육이 당뇨병환자 역할행위 이행에 미치는 영향과 교육효과의 지속에 관한 연구)

  • 박오장
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.174-184
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    • 1990
  • In order to determine the effect of individual patient teaching through home visiting on compliance with sick role behavior and the blood sugar level in diabetic patients, to determine if the effectiveness of the education was still present four year later and to inquire as to the effective time for a repeat education program this study was done through two quasi-experimental researches. The subjects consisted of 52 diabetic patients. The results of the study may be summarized as follows ; 1. Hypothesis I, in which the compliance with sick role behavior, the knowledge on diabetes and the health belief of the experimental group who received a diabetic education program will be higher than those of the control group who didn't receive the diabetic education, was supported by both studies in 1984 and 1988, confirming the effect on diabetic patients of the individualized education through home visiting ; In the 1984 study : Compliance(t=-11.7, p<.001) Knowledge(t=-5.41, p<.001) Health belief(t=-4.74, p<.001) In the 1988 study : Compliance(t=-4.85, p<.001) Knowledge(t=-2.85, p<.01) Health Belief(t=-2.99, p<.005) 2. The Hypothesis II, the blood sugar level of the experimental group will be lower than that of the control, was rejected in both studies, 1984 and 1988. 3. The Hypothesis III, the compliance, knowledge and health belief of the expermental group who received the education program in 1984 will not last till 1988, was supported in part, in compliance and health belief, but not in knowledge. In conclusion those who received the education program twice with an interval of 2 weeks, 4 years ago still had knowledge of diabetes but compliance and health belief had disappeared.

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The Effect of Social Support on Compliance with Sick Role Behavior in Hypertensive Clients and Duration-of the Effect for up to 6 months (사회적 지지가 고혈압환자의 역할행위 이행에 미치는 영향과 지지요법 효과의 지속에 관한 연구 I)

  • 박오장;홍미순;장금성;김지영
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.159-170
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    • 1998
  • This study was done using a Quasi-experimental research design to determine the effects of social support on compliance with sick role behaviors in hypertensive patients and to know if the effect of the social support on compliance lasted for at least 6 months. The subjects consisted of 81 hypertensive patients who were registered in the Cardio-Vascular OPD at Chonnam National University Hospital. They were divided by random sampling into 42 people for the experimental group and 39 for the control group. Data were gathered from June 3, 1996 to June 10, 1997 through individual interviews using a structured questionnaire. The results of the study were summarized as follows : 1. Compliance with sick role behaviors in hypertensive clients was significantly increased in the experimental group who received social support from the nurse as compared to the control group who did not receive social support(t=15.99. p<.001). 2. The effect of social support on compliance with sick role behaviors in hypertensive clients lasted for 6 months(t=7.99, p<.001). 3. Four of six people stopped smoking in experimental group after the intervention of social support, but none of the five in control group were able to stop smoking. Fisher's Exact test showed a significant difference between the experimental and control group(x²=4.385. p< .05). Mantel Haenszel test showed that the effect of social support on stopping smoking in the experimental group lasted for six months because there were no significant differences between one month after the social support and six months after, in the number of subjects who stopped smoking(x²=1.154, P>.05). Finally, social support was effective on compliance with sick role behaviors and stopping smoking in the hypertensive clients, and the effect of social support on compliance lasted for 6 months.

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The influence of Cognitive Coping on Sick Role Behavioral Compliance and Depression, Satisfaction with Life in Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석환자의 인지적 대처전략에 따른 환자역할행위 이행 및 우울, 삶의 만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ji-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.1328-1338
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships between cognitive coping, sick role behavioral compliance, depression, and life satisfaction of hemodialysis patients based on the stress-coping model. The research is cross-sectional survey, 150 participants were recruited from 4 local clinics in Chungcheongbuk-do. As a results, the cognitive coping scores were significantly related to sick role behavioral compliance, depression, and life satisfaction. The coping strategies explained 20.5%, 10.5%, and 24.6% of the variances in sick role behavioral compliance, depression, and life satisfaction, respectively. The most powerful coping strategy was positive refocusing in sick role behavioral compliance, depression, and life satisfaction. The results of the study indicate that cognitive coping plays an essential role for psychological adaptation of hemodialysis patients. Therefore, the development and application of intervention program to improve adaption of hemodialysis patients are required.

Effects of Camping Programs on Self-efficacy and Sick-role Behavioral Compliance in Juvenile Diabetes Mellitus Patient (소아 당뇨 환자의 캠프 프로그램이 자기효능과 환자 역할 행위이행에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Yeon-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 1997
  • 당뇨병은 고혈당을 조절 안할 경우에는 돌이킬 수 없는 신체적 합병증은 물론 정신적 손상까지 받지만, 고혈당은 노력만 하면 조절이 가능하며, 정상에 가까울 정도로 조절되면 정상인과 같은 삶을 영위할 수 있다. 그러나 보건의료 전문가의 인슐린 주사 요법, 식사 및 운동요법 등의 일방적인 처방만으로 성공적인 당조절을 기대하기에는 어려움이 있다. 그래서 당뇨병 환자에게 당뇨병이라는 것이 무엇이며, 어떻게 이 병을 스스로 조절할 수 있게 만드느냐가 더욱 중요한 것이다. 따라서 우리나라에서도 당뇨병에 대한 관심이 높아짐에 따라 각 지역과 의료기관마다 다양한 당뇨병 교육 프로그램이 실시되고 있다. 특히 소아 당뇨병 환자는 이러한 전통적인 당뇨병에 관한 교육을 통해서 당뇨병에 관한 지식은 많이 가지고 있지만, 당뇨병 자가 조절을 위한 환자 역할 행위(sick-role behavior)를 변화시키는데는 그다지 성공절이라 할 수 없다. Bandura(1977)는 자기 효능은 ‘할 수 있다는 자신감’으로 수행 성취, 대리 경험, 언어적 설득, 정서적 각성에 관한 정보에 의해 결정된다고 하였다. 따라서 이러한 정보들은 자기 효능을 증진시키기 위한 중재의 방향을 제시해 준다. 오늘날 이러한 정보를 활용한 중재 프로그램 중에서 가정과 학교를 떠나 자연 환경 속에서의 집단 활동을 통하여 사회 학습 경험을 하는 캠프 프로그램에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있다. 캠프에 참여한 당뇨병 아이들은 캠프 활동속에서 다른 동료 아이들이 자신이 갖고 있는 문제들을 성공적으로 해결해 나가는 것을 관찰하여 대리 경험하게 될 때 희망을 가지게 되며, 당뇨병을 가진 다른 동료들과 공통의 경험을 공유할 수 있는 기회를 갖게 되어 그들은 자신이 더 이상 혼자가 아니며 남과 ‘다르지’도 않다는 것을 깨닫게 되어 점차 자신감을 가지고 살아갈 수 있게 된다. 본 연구는 캠프 프로그램이 소아 당뇨병의 자기 효능을 증진시키고, 당뇨병 환자 역할 행위 이행 정도를 높여주는지를 규명해 봄으로써, 소아 당뇨병 환자를 위한 효과적인 간호 중재 방안을 제시하고자 비동등성 대조군 전후 실험 설계의 유사 실험 연구를 시도하였다. 1996년 8월 10일 부터 12월 12일까지 종합병원에서 추후 관리하고 있는 소아 당뇨병 환자중 선정 기준에 맞는 환자 41명을 연구대상으로 하였으며, 그 중 19명은 실험군으로 Bandura의 자기 효능 증진을 위한 정보원을 활용한 캠프 프로그램을 5박 6일간에 걸쳐 실시하였고, 다음 22명은 대조군으로 캠프 프로그램을 실시하지 않았다. 자료수집은 자기 효능 척도와 환자 행위 역할 이행 척도를 캠프 프로그램을 실시하기 전에 사전 조사를 하고 중재 후 4주째 사후 조사를 하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS/PC+로 Chi-square test, t-test, ANCOVA, Pearson correlation을 이용하여 분석하였으며, 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 캠프 프로그램은 소아 당뇨병 환자의 자기 효능을 증진시키고 환자 역할 행위 이행을 높여주는데 효과적 이었다. 소아 당뇨병 환자의 자기 효능은 환자 역할 행위 이행과 순 상관 관계가 있어, 자기 효능이 증진될수록 환자 역할 행위 이행 정도가 높아졌다.

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A Structural Analysis for Psychosocial Variables related to Sick Role Behavioral Compliance in Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석 환자의 역할행위 이행과 관련된 사회·심리적 변인들 간의 구조분석)

  • Cho, Young-Mun
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.415-423
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was designed to identify the structural relationships among psychosocial variables related to sick role behavioral compliance among patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: The subjects were 476 patients from seven major hospitals and twelve dialysis centers located in D and P cities. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires. Data analysis was done by using SPSS/WIN 18.0 and AMOS 18.0 programs for structural equation modeling, to estimate the hypothesized model. Results: This findings support that a modified path model is efficient and appropriate to explain sick role behavioral compliance among hemodialysis patients. These factors account for 80.1% of the variance of sick-role behavioral compliance among hemodialysis patients. The variables having direct effect on sick role behavioral compliance were knowledge related to hemodialysis, social support, attitude, self-efficacy and intention. Conclusion: The modified model explains the integration process of psychosocial and behavior variables for sick-role behavioral compliance among patients undergoing hemodialysis.

The Effect of Patient Teaching on Compliance with Sick Role Behavior of diabetic Patients (당뇨교육이 당뇨환자의 역할행위 이행에 미치는 영향)

  • 박오장;홍미순;소향숙;장금성
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.281-288
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    • 1988
  • This study examined the effect of patient teaching on Compliance with sick role behavior in diabetic patients. The purpose was to improve diabetic patients Compliance by D. M. patient teaching. The study objectives were to determine the effect of patient teaching on Compliance with sick role behavior, and factors influencing compliance with sick role behavior of diabetic patients. The Subjects, consisting of 52 diabtic patients diagnosed in the C. and Other hospitals in K. city were divided into experimental and Control groups. Data were gathered from July 25th to September 3rd, 1988 through interviews by questionnaires, measurment of blood sugar level by Reflolux. D. M. Patient teaching was defined as informational intervention of social support by the nurse. A booklet representing patient education and questionnairs were developed by the investigator, and were tested for Content validity, and reliability by Item Analysis: Cronbachs $\alpha$ for any instrument to measure variables was patient Compliance .83, perceived health belief .65, diabetic knowledge .70. Analysis of data were done by paired t-test, t-test, Anova, Pearson correlation and Stepwise multiple regression, The results of the study may be summarized as follows : 1. The effect of patient teaching on Compliance with sick role behavior, on diabetic Knowledge and health belief was Confirmed by significant differences between the experimental and the control group before and after the experiments. (P=000 P=006, P=004). 2. Factors influencing compliance with sick role behavior of diabetic patient were diabetic patient teaching (P<.005), perceived health belief(r=.5597, P<.005), blood sugar(r=.3205, P<.01), diabetic knowledge(r=.2876, P<.05).

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How Long the Effect of Social Support Would Be Continued for the Patients with Hypertension? (사회적지지 요법이 고혈압 환자 역할 행위 이행에 미친 효과의 지속에 관한 연구II)

  • Hong, Mi Soon;Park, Oh Jang;Jang, Kum Sung
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.533-545
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of social support revealed in the time duration of sick role behavior compliance on the patients with hypertension using Quasiexperimental research design. Data collection was made through the interview survey technique from the hypertensive patients who received social support intervention (experimental group, n=41) and from those who were not exposed to the intervention(control group, n= 34). The subjects were registered in the cardiovascular outpatient clinic at the Chonnam National University Hospital from June 3, 1996 to November 30, 1997. $\chi^2$-test or t- test, Repeated measures ANOVA were utilized in the data analysis. The results were as follows: 1. The effect of social support intervention on sick role behavior compliance was significant in 1 month(F=69.17, p=.000), 6 months (F=11.51, p=.001), and 12 months(F=.07, p=.789) and between two groups(1 month; F=153.70, p=.000, 6 months; F=13.94, p=.000, 12 months; F=6.72, p= .011). 2. The effect of social support intervention on blood pressure was not significant through all the periods of time (F=1.21, p=.274) between the two groups(F=.12, p=.732). In conclusion, it was showed that social support had an effect on sick role behavior compliance and the effect of social support continued for twelve months(F= 10.03, p=.002) However, the score of compliance tends to decrease after 6 months of intervention. Therefore, this study indicated that social support re-intervention would be needed between six and twelve months.

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