• Title, Summary, Keyword: 여성노인

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Nutritional Risk, Perceived Health Status, and Depression of the Young-Old and the Old-Old in Low-Income Elderly Women (저소득층 전기여성노인과 후기여성노인의 영양위험, 지각된 건강상태와 우울)

  • Lee, Myung-Suk
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.12-22
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This study aimed to compare the nutritional risk, health status and depression levels of young-old (65-74 years) and old-old (75-84 years) women on low-income. Methods: A total of 624 elderly women, each over 65 years of age, participated in this study under the auspices of a community social center. Data were collected from June to August 2011 by means of personal interviews which employed questionnaires. The research tools used in this study were the nutritional risk measuring Mini Nutritional Assesment (MNA) by Kim (2000), perceived health status developed by Lawton et al. (1982), Elderly Depression Criterion developed by Sheikh & Yesavage (1985). The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS WIN 12.0 Program. Results: Nutritional risk, perceived health status and depression levels showed a significant difference between young-old and old-old. There was a positive correlation between nutritional risk and depression and a negative correlation between nutritional risk and perceived health status. A 38.2% variance in depression levels of young-old and a 29.7% variance in depression levels of old-old were explained by perceived health status, nutritional risk and the number of people living together. Conclusion: The findings demonstrate variances in depression levels among low - income women differing in age. As a result, the outcomes of this study ought to be employed in the development of future programs aimed at promoting the health of elderly women.

A Study on Sex-specific Quality of Life among the Elderly Aged 65 Years or Older (성별에 따른 65세 이상 노인의 삶의 질에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Ju-youn
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.616-626
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to comprehensively assess the demographic characteristics, health behaviors, subjective health status, health-related restriction of life, and quality of life of male and female elderly aged 65 years older using data from the 2013-2015 Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS). The results showed that compared to the male elderly, the female elderly was less educated, did not have a spouse or had less household income, had poorer health behaviors, and had lower quality of life caused by restrictions in life. The female elderly had significantly lower quality of life than that of the male elderly. Various factors were found to affect quality of life in both sexes. The presence of spouse and BMI did not affect quality of life of men but did affect the quality of life of women. On the other hand, smoking affected the quality of life of men but not of women. Based on these results, more in-depth studies are needed on the female elderly, who have been reported to have lower health-related quality of life, and sex-specific services and programs that could more effectively improve the quality of life among the elderly should also be developed.

Gender Difference of the Influencing Factors on Successful Aging among Rural Community-dwelling Korean Elders (남성노인과 여성노인의 성공적 노화 영향요인)

  • Kim, Hee Kyung
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.819-834
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the degree of successful aging and to investigate influencing factors of it in elderly to types of gender. Subjects were 73 male elderly and 77 female elderly, total 150 elderly living at K city in C province, from May to June, 2012. The data were analyzed using the SPSS Win 18.0 program for $X^2$ test, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. The correlated factors of successful aging among male elders included life satisfaction(r=.525, p<.001), family support(r=.355, p=.004), depression(r=-.555, p<.001) and loneliness(r=-.437, p<.001). Those of successful aging among female elders included life satisfaction(r=.607, p<.001), leisure satisfaction(r=.679, p<.001), family support(r=.784, p<.001), depression(r=-.516, p<.001), loneliness(r=-.644, p<.001) and self-transcendence(r=.576, p<.001). Life satisfaction and depression were statistically significant influencing factors of successful aging in male elders. Especially in the cases of female elders, life satisfaction, depression, family support and self-transcendence affected to successful aging. Life satisfaction, depression, family support, and self-transcendence were explained 52.9% in perception of successful aging among elders. This study suggests that life satisfaction, depression, family support, and self-transcendence will be considered in enhancing the successful aging promoting care and welfare designed for types of gender.

Effect of Health-Promoting Behaviors of the Elderly Women on the Life Satisfaction Level (여성노인의 건강증진행위가 생활만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sang-Mae;Choi, Soo-Il
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.203-214
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    • 2012
  • This study investigates the effect of health-promoting behaviors of the elderly women on the life satisfaction level. The 375 questionnaires were collected from the elderly women who are over sixty living in Seoul area. The frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, multiple regression analysis, t-test, and ANOVA were carried out for the study using SPSS. 18.0. The results are as follows; First, it has been confirmed that the health-promoting behaviors of the elderly women affect positive life satisfaction level. Second, a comparative analysis between health-promoting behaviors and life satisfaction level in the categories of demographic characteristics showed differences, on health-promoting behaviors educational background, average earnings per month, religion, health status, economic and on life satisfaction level status domains including educational background, average earnings per month, religion, live with children, health status, economic status, spouse.

Effects of the Physical and Social Characteristics of Elderly Women on Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction (여성 노인의 신체적·사회적 특성이 자아존중감 및 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Nam-Hee;Choi, Soo-Il
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.241-252
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    • 2011
  • This study analyzed the factors of the physical and social characteristics, self-esteem as well as life satisfaction of elderly women, and analyzed the effects of the physical and social characteristics on self-esteem and life satisfaction. The survey was conducted from January 10 to February 10, 2011 among the elderly women aged 60 or older in the Guri-si and its environs of Gyeonggi-do, and 380 responses were used in the data analysis. The statistical analysis methods were frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. As a result, the physical characteristics of elderly women were classified by the activities of daily living(ADL), physical function, and disease status. The social characteristics of elderly women were classified by the religious and social activities. ADL, physical function, religious and social activities were shown to influence the self-esteem. In addition, ADL, physical function, and religious activities influenced the life satisfaction of elderly women.

Gender Differentials of Economic Resources in Old Age (노후생활에서의 성별 차이 - 경제적 차원을 중심으로)

  • 김정석
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.59-77
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    • 2003
  • This study conducts empirical research on gender differentials of economic resources in old age. The economic resources are assessed by the presence of independent income source and the amount of total income. The study, based on nation-wide survey of the elderly, examines the effects of individual level variables and household level ones. Also, it compares such effects between male and female elderly. The analysis shows that several variables have gender specific effects. Among them, particularly interesting and important are marital status and coresidence with children. The positive effect of having spouse is greater among female elderly than among male elderly. Also, while coresidence with children among male elderly has insignificant or slightly positive relation to their own economic resources, it has a negative relation among female elderly. These results indicate that female elderly are dependent on their husbands and children. The study suggests that future research on the elderly incorporate gender differentials into models attempting to capture diversity within the elderly population.

Health behaviors of the elderly with osteoarthritis across gender groups (남성노인과 여성노인의 골관절염 관련 건강행태 비교)

  • Jeon, Eunyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.1453-1463
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to identify health behaviors of elderly with osteoarthritis across gender groups. Total of 1,654 age 65 over from the fifth Korean National health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were selected. The data analysis was performed using the complex sampling function of SPSS version 20. Logistic regression analysis shows the difference of risk factors of osteoarthritis between men and women elderly people. Prevalence of osteoarthritis in men elderly was associated with drinking, education for osteoarthritis, and treatment of osteoarthritis whereas the factors in woman elderly were depression and muscle strengthen exercise. Most of the subjects had not the opportunity of education of the management of the osteoarthritis. These findings from the study are expected to promote the screening strategy for the aged at risk of osteoarthritis in the Korean community and enhance the effect of the nursing intervention for the elderly with osteoarthritis.

Attitudes to Use and Non-use of Information Technology among Elderly Women in Seoul (서울시 여성노인의 정보기술 이용 및 비이용 태도 연구)

  • Kim, Myoung-Yong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.352-363
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    • 2016
  • The study was an exploratory research on the awareness of informatization and attitudes to information technology (IT) and its use among elderly women in a metropolitan area. The questionnaire survey was conducted to collect data on IT use or non-use of elderly women aged 60 or older in senior welfare centers in Seoul, Korea. The data on 343 cases were analysed using SPSS 21.0. As a result, the rate of internet use was relatively high and different according to socio-demographic factors, such as age. The elderly women's attitudes like the levels of awareness and expectation of informatization were positive. Elderly women learned to use IT for psychological, emotional reasons as well as for practical ones, and the satisfaction level of IT use was relatively high. Finally, most IT non-users were indifferent and ignorant about IT use. In addition, the dissatisfaction level of IT non-use was normal, but elderly women had a relatively positive expectation of IT use in the future. This study may contribute to understanding the diverse pictures of IT use and the digital divide in old age, and assist in the development of practical programs and policies for the informatization and welfare for older adults.

Assessment of Basic Physical Activity for Elderly Women in Long-Term Care Facilities (요양시설 거주 여성노인의 기초신체활동 측정 평가)

  • Kang, Hye-Kyung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.346-355
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    • 2014
  • This study was to investigate basic level of physical activity test that reflects activity of daily living(ADL) for institutionalized elderly women. The subjects were 105 elderly women over than 65 years living in long-term care facilities located in Daejeon and Chungnam. The measured eight items related to ADL were tested and the data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, factors analysis and correlation. The results were statistically significant differences. Among eight test items, two factors(muscle strength and mobility) were extracted by principal component factor analysis(PCA). The two factors are appropriate domains for assessment of basic physical activity of institutionalized elderly women. By using Pearson's correlation, between two factors and age, the first principal component scores were significantly decreased with age increasing. Degradation of ADL must be prevented for institutionalized elderly women through maintain muscle strength and mobility.

Effects of Eye Movement Training on Cognitive Function in Elderly Women: a pilot study (노인여성에게 적용한 안구움직임 훈련이 인지기능에 미치는 영향: 예비연구)

  • Bae, sea-hyun;Kim, kyung-yoon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.407-408
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구는 여성노인을 대상으로 안구운동 훈련을 적용하여 인지기능에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 알아보고자 하였다. 대상자는 65세 이상 여성 노인 8명을 선정하였고 안구운동은 급속안구운동을 4주 동안 적용하여 사건관련 전위 중 P300을 활용하여 그 변화를 측정하였다. 그 결과 p300의 전위값은 유의하게 상승하였고, 잠복기는 유의하게 짧아졌다. 결론적으로 여성노인에게 적용한 급성안구운동은 뇌의 긍정적 변화를 나타내 인지기능 향상에 영향을 준다는 것을 알 수 있었다.

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