• Title, Summary, Keyword: 여성가구주

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Labor Transition and Exclusion of Unprivileged Female Breadwinners (저소득 여성가구주의 노동이행과 배제)

  • Kim, Jeung-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.43
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    • pp.61-85
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study is to examine how labour transition of female householders is proceeded, and to identify mechanisms that cause them to be excluded from labor market. For this, thirteen lone mothers who have had labor experience in the market, while raising children were interviewed. This qualitative case study was proceeded by way of participants' interviews and questionnaires. Finding shows, impoverished lone mothers were horizontally moving incessantly on second labor market. As poverty worsens by years, poor lone mothers tend to be more dependant on the government's support and to transit downward to work-poor labor market. The unprivileged women were excluded from multi-dimentions: market structure, social relations and gender norms. The sex-segmental and human capital-oriented market has excluded women who gave up their career for caring. Female breadwinners were frequently excluded from social relations and opportunities for labor due to their stigma. sometimes they were self-excluded from the market for they had to care for their children. In conclusion, suggestions are given to enhance qualities of lone mother's lives and help them exit from poverty. It is necessary to implement positive labor policy with labor flexibility and stability and to practice socialization of care as care support system is very important for maintaining their jobs. Above all, social awareness of gender role must be changed.

Female Middle-Aged Householders' Experiences in Preparation for Old Age: With Focus on Career Female Householders (중년 여성가구주의 노후준비 경험: 직업이 있는 여성가구주를 중심으로)

Women and Poverty in Korea: the Feminization of Poverty? (한국의 빈곤의 여성화에 대한 실증 분석)

  • Seok, Jae-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.167-194
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    • 2004
  • This paper examine the gender-poverty gap and the feminization of poverty in Korea with using data from the National Survey Household Income & Expenditure(1996, 2000) and the Urban Survey Household Income & Expenditure(1996-2002) by Korea National Statistical Office. The poverty rate in 2000 was 16.9 percent for female-head families and 7.9 percent for male-head families, which means that female-head families were 2.6 times more likely to be poor than male-head families. With examining impact of economic crisis in 1998 on gender-poverty gap, it show that both the poverty rate of female-head and male-head increase radically in peak of economic crisis, while, in the stage of recovering economy, the poverty rate of male-head families recovered mostly the level before economic crisis, but that of female-head families recover only the 2/3 level before and the 1/3 remain still under poverty. Thus gender-poverty gap appeared bigger during passing through economic crisis. With analyzing on influence factors of poverty, it appear that poverty is influenced by gender itself as well as education level, working condition which is reflected substantially characteristics of gender. Such an analysis results mean that the considering gender dimension is necessary to resolve poverty fundamentally because gender is a point intersection among family, labour market, and social security. Therefore it appears certain that to develop and adopt of women-friendly social policy is effective approach, which could resolve poverty and social problems related to social rights.

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Assets and liabilities in single-parent households: Differences between male- and female-headed households (한부모 가계의 자산과 부채 상태: 남성가구주와 여성가구주 가계의 차이)

  • Koh, Sun-Kang
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.93-114
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to investigate the levels of assets and debts that male- and female-headed households have in comparison to married-couple households. Toward this end, a series of analyses of data from the 2011 Korean Household Finance Survey on the assets and debts of single-parent households are conducted. The empirical results reveal that the amounts of assets and net worth of married-couple households were significantly larger than those of male- and female-headed households. A comparison between male- and female-headed households show that the latter were more likely to hold financial assets such as savings accounts, savings insurance and mutual funds. The amounts of assets of female-headed households were significantly larger than those of male-headed households. Furthermore, the amount of credit card debt in mele-headed households was significantly larger than that in female-headed households.

A Decomposition of Gender Differences on the Poverty among the Urban Working Households in Korea (우리나라 도시근로자 가구의 남녀 가구주 간 빈곤 격차 요인 분해)

  • Yi, Eun-Hye;Lee, Sang-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.4
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    • pp.333-354
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    • 2009
  • This study decomposes the gender differences on poverty to explain the causes of the poverty gap between male- and female-headed households. In order to do this, we start from examining the extent of the poverty gap between maleand female-headed families and then conduct decomposition of poverty differences by gender using the Oaxaca method. This paper uses the (Urban) Family Budget Survey data from 1982 to 2008 and measures poverty using 50% of the median income poverty line. Major findings of this study are as follows: First, in 2008, the coefficient effect explains 70% or more of the total gender-poverty gap. Second, the trend of gender-poverty gap in the period of 1982~2008 shows that the poverty gap by gender increased in the 1980s', decreased in the 1990s', and a re-increased in 2000s'. Third, comparing the decomposition results in 1982, 1989, 1999, 2008, we found that the share of characteristic effect of the total gender poverty gap has been increased gradually over time. It means the characteristics of the female-headed households have become worse than those of the male-headed households in urban working families. At the same time, the still large coefficient effect suggests that the problems such as the discrimination against matriarchs or the lack of social support for them still play important roles among urban working families in Korea.

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Comparison of Living Conditions and Utilization of the Unemployment Programs Between the Male and Female Heads of Family Who Are Unemployed and Discouraged Workers (여성과 남성 실업가구주의 실업실태와 실업대책활용의 비교 및 정책제안)

  • Park, Kyung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.37
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    • pp.143-169
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    • 1999
  • The problems of unemployment have been recognized as male problems even though the female unemployment problems are as significant as those of men since IMF. The women who have experienced insecure employment and lower wage than men in the labor market are having more serious economic difficulties after being unemployed. Especially economic problems of the unemployed female headed families are anticipated to be tremendous because the female heads do not have spouses who can act as a buffer seeking or beginning to work to reduce economic hardship. The purpose of this paper is to compare living conditions and utilization of the unemployment programs between male and female heads of the family who are unemployed and discouraged workers. It will examine the functionalism, human capital theory, and feminist perspectives on the cause of female unemployment in order to help understanding of their living situations after being unemployed. Then, it will compare the socio-demographic characteristics, their economic activities before being unemployed, their living conditions and changes in family life after being unemployed, their efforts to overcome unemployment and utilization of various government unemployment programs. It used the national data of National Unemployment Survey of Korean Institute of Health and Social Affairs conducted in 1998 and analyzed 283 female and 1,528 male family heads who are unemployed and discouraged workers. It reveals that the female family heads experienced lower economic status in the labor market before being unemployed, are having more serious economic hardship because of it, utilize more of the government programs such as public work and public assistance than the male family heads but less of the public loans for the unemployed. It recommends expansion of public work and public assistance, more vigorous advertisement of various unemployment programs, and active training of job creation technique for female family heads.

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Socioeconomic Characteristics of Poverty by Types of Household with Children: Comparing Male-headed, Female-headed, and Dual-parents Household (유자녀가구 유형별 빈곤의 사회경제적 특성연구: 남성한부모가구, 여성한부모가구, 양부모가구 비교분석)

  • Kim, Hak-Ju
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.73-87
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the economic deprivation of male-headed or female-headed households. Household having children under the age of 18 are categorized into three types according to the gender of household head: male-headed household, female-headed household, and dual-parents household. The findings from data, for this study came from the Korean Labor Panel Study in 2003. The analysis shows that the household's age, education, residence types, etc are key explanatory variables in determining whether to be in poverty. While the public income transfer is most effective in reducing poverty in female-headed households, the private income source is relatively more useful among male-headed families. Since single-household families are particularly at risk, public policy makers should pay special attentions to developing and expanding welfare-to-work programs which provides work incentives to overcome relative poverty and community networks on child care.

A Study on Pauperization Process of Low-Income Woman Head of Household (저소득 여성가구주의 빈곤화 과정에 대한 연구)

  • Chung, Mi-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.59 no.4
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    • pp.191-216
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    • 2007
  • This study focuses on the problem of feminization of poverty that is formed within family relations. In order to approach this question, this study analyses the process of becoming poor through the life stories of ten woman are now heads of a household. There are differences among the study participants in the process of becoming a member of a low-income class. I have classified them into two groups depending on the routes they are led into the low-income class; one is the continuation of poverty group, and the other is the new members of the low-income class group. The continuation of poverty group is the case where they have been poor since their childhood and are still poor in their adulthood. The new members of the low-income class group is the case where you have become a low-income class sometime around divorce. The difference of the groups are related to the differences of the ways the power relationships work within a family. Women head of a household are prone to poverty because of the discrimination in formation, distribution and control of resources in their original family and their family formed by marriage. The norm of male breadwinner worked as a discrimination device. But this kind of discrimination device showed differences in their workings according to class. The continuation of poverty group experienced exclusion in the gendered responsibility of supporting the family and maintaining the family, whereas the other group experienced exclusion through the gendered nature of the distribution and control of resources. By showing that the presupposition of discussions on the poverty of woman head of a household is false, these findings challenge the existing view that as long as 'The Family' is maintained women will not be poor.

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독신여성을 위한 상품기획 연구

  • 이연희;김영인
    • Proceedings of the Costume Culture Conference
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    • pp.86-87
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    • 2003
  • 통계청이 5년마다 조사하는 전국 인구 센서스에 따르면 2000년 전국 총 1천4백39만 가구 가운데 독신 가구는 2백 22만 가구로 전체 가구 중 15.4%를 차지하며 여성의 가구주는 2천6백 53명으로 48.25%가 혼자 살고 있으며 독신의 비율이 지난 10년 사이에 비해 많은 증가율을 보이고 있다고 보고되었다. 본 연구에서는 새로운 소비자로 등장한 독신, 그 중 여성 독신자를 대상으로 그녀들이 열어 가는 1인 가족시대의 라이프 스타일을 위 한 상품기 획을 제안하고자 하였다. (중략)

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A Study on Eco-systemic Factors that affect the independent will of the female single parent householder (여성 한부모가족 가구주의 자립의지에 영향을 미치는 생태체계적 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Eun-Hee;Choi, Gwang-Seon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.2983-2990
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the eco-systemic factors that affect the independent will of female single parent householder The subjects were 176 female single parent householder who reside in public facilities for single mother family. Collected date were analyzed through frequency, percentage, correlation and hierarchical regression analysis. The results are as follow. The factors that affect the female single parent householder's independent will are the age, duration of living in public facilities, levels of self-efficacy, the ability to cope with problem-solving, and the levels of support received from extended family. According to these findings, intervention strategies that focus on increasing the female single parent householder's independent will are suggested.