• Title/Summary/Keyword: 양분관리

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친환경농업 - 유기농 액비 제조 및 활용 기술

  • An, Nan-Hui
    • 농업기술회보
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.24-25
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    • 2014
  • 모든 작물의 생육에는 양분관리가 필수적으로 유기농에서도 중요하기는 마찬가지이다. 유기농업에서 양분관리는 녹비와 퇴비를 공급하는 것을 기본으로 하며 양분이 부족한 경우 다양한 유기물을 이용하여 농가에서 액비를 자가 제조하여 사용하고 있다.

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Comparison of nutrient balance and nutrient loading index for cultivated land nutrient management (농경지 양분관리를 위한 양분수지 지표와 양분부하 지표간의 비교)

  • Lee, Jun-Hyung;Yoon, Young-Man
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.554-567
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    • 2019
  • Recently, concerns regarding the environmental impact due to nutrient input in croplands have increased. Therefore, the government is promoting the introduction of a nutrient management system in croplands to solve the problem of excessive nutrient input. This study was carried out to establish nutrient indicators in regional croplands to facilitate the introduction of the national nutrient management system in Korea. The nutrient load and balance indicators for nitrogen and phosphorus were analyzed for nine provinces (Gang-won, Gyeong-gi, Chung-buk, Chung-nam, Jeon-buk, Jeon-nam, Gyeong-buk, Gyeong-nam, and Jeju). In the correlation analysis between the nutrient load and nutrient balance, the correlation coefficient (r) for nitrogen was 0.2504, which was not statistically significant at the 5% significance level. However, the correlation coefficient for phosphorus was 0.7375, which was statistically significant at the 5% significance level. In the nutrient management index, phosphorus showed mutual compatibility between the nutrient load and the nutrient balance indicators, but nitrogen showed no mutual compatibility between the nutrient load and the nutrient balance indicators. Therefore, utilization of the nutrient balance indicator, reflecting the characteristics of the agricultural environment, was more reasonable as a nutrient management index for regional nutrient management.

Improvement of Nutrient Balance using Feed Crops for Regional Nutrient Management (지역 양분관리를 위한 조사료 단지의 양분수지 개선효과)

  • Yang, Heon-yong;Kim, Jung-Gyun;Oh, Byung Wook;Seo, Il-hwan
    • Journal of Bio-Environment Control
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.89-95
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    • 2020
  • Livestock facilities in Korea are on their way of enlargement resulting in increment of livestock manure. When the livestock manure treated inappropriate way during application to the agricultural area, environmental damage can be occurred such as bad smell, water and air pollution. Therefore it is important to make a good management plan for livestock manure treatment. In order to effectively apply organic fertilizer made by livestock manure in terms of quantity and quality, the current status of nutrient in agricultural land should be calculated quantitatively by scientific way. The OECD suggest member countries to calculate the nutrient balance as an agricultural environment indicator which represents the difference between nutrient inputs and outputs of the amount of nutrients in various ways. In this paper, we calculated the nutrient balances according to three cities which have different characteristics such as urban or rural areas. To reduce the nutrient balance, we considered how to reduce the amount of chemical fertilizer by using organic fertilizer made by livestock manure. And public treatment facilities for livestock manure can be a good solution except civil complaints for location selection. Among the options, manure fertilizer application to the agricultural area for cultivation of forage crops was mainly considered to reduce the nutrient balance by decreasing input of chemical fertilizers and increasing output of crop production. Using the field monitoring data, it can be calculated that the daily nitrogen reductions by 116.5 kg/ha and the daily phosphorus increments by 2.7 kg/ha.

Soil Chemical Properties of Long-term Organic Cultivation Upland (장기 유기농 실천 토양의 화학적 특성)

  • Lee, Cho-rong;Ok, Jung-hun;An, Min-Sil;Lee, Sang-Beom;Park, Kwang-Lai;Hong, Seung-Gil;Kim, Min-Gi;Park, Choong-Bae
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.161-170
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    • 2017
  • To investigate the influence of long-term organic cultivation on soil characteristics, chemical properties of 35 soils in the national scale organically managed over 10 years were analyzed. 57% of soils which were managed by the materials containing livestock manure have higher nutrient concentration than the materials not containing livestock manure. The decomposed composts (containing livestock manure) had higher amount of $P_2O_5$, CaO, $K_2O$ than organic fertilizers (not containing livestock manure). In the results, the nutrient concentration of soils in long-term organically managed was higher than optimum range of upland soil, especially pH 6.9, available phosphorus (Av. $P_2O_5$) 744 mg/kg, exchangeable calcium $9.4cmol_c/kg$, potassium 2.51 cmolc/kg. On the other hand, more than 50% of soils had lower concentration of exchangeable magnesium than optimum range (soil nutrient distribution was unbalanced). It is suggested that farmers have to be careful to apply organic materials, especially containing livestock manure.

Effect of Liquid Fertilizer Application using Fish-meal, Bone-meal and Sesame oil-cake on Seed Germination and Growth of Tomato (어분, 골분 및 참깨박을 이용한 발효액비 제조에 따른 무 발아 및 토마토 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • An, Nan-Hee;Lee, Sang-min;Cho, Jung-Rai;Lee, Cho-Rong;Kong, Min-jae
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2019
  • This study aimed to investigate the physicochemical characteristics of fish meal, bone meal, and sesame oil cake, which are readily available by-products from agriculture and fisheries, during the process of liquid fertilizer fermentation, and to examine the effects of liquid fertilizer application on seed germination and growth of tomatoes. During processing the fermentation for liquid fertilizers by using fish meal, bone meal, and sesame oil cake liquid fertilizers, the pH of the fertilizer increased in the order of bone meal > fish meal > sesame oil cake, and the concentration increased rapidly up to 30 days in all types of liquid fertilizer. The nitrogen content of the liquid fertilizers increased as fermentation progressed in the order of fish meal > bone meal > sesame oil cake. The phosphorus content increased as fermentation progressed and the highest was 1.0 % in the liquid fertilizer of sesame oil cake. The germination rate and its index of radish seeds were compared for different dilutions of each of the liquid fertilizers. Excluding the 10-fold dilution of the fish meal and oil cake liquid fertilizer, all the treatment groups showed a germination rate ≥ 95 % and the germination index tended to increase with dilution rate of liquid fertilizers. For responses of tomato growth, there were no significant differences among the liquid fertilizer treatment groups; however, the organic content, microbial density, and microbial biomass C in the soil were higher than chemical fertilizer treatment. These results demonstrated that there were differences in the characteristics of liquid fertilizers depending on the materials used, and that liquid fertilizer can be used for nutrition management for the organic crop cultivation.

Assessment of Regional Nitrogen Loading of Animal Manure by Manure Units in Cheorwon-gun (분뇨단위 설정에 의한 철원군 지역의 가축분뇨 질소부하 평가)

  • Ryoo, Jong-Won
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to give basic information of the animal manure management by manure units determination for recycling farming in Cheorwon-gun. Manure units (MU) are used in the permitting, registration, and the environmental process because they allow equal standards for all animals based on manure nutrient production. An MU is calculated by multiplying the number of animals by manure unit factor for the specific type of animal. The manure unit factor for MU determination was determined by dividing amounts of manure N produced 80 kg N/year. Conversion to manure units is a procedure used to determine nutrient pollution equivalents among the different animal types. In this study, the manure unit factor based on nitrogen in Hanwoo, dairy cow, pig were 0.36, 0.8 0.105, respectively. The analysis of manure unit per ha shows that the N loading by MU is quite different by region. The nitrogen loading of manure unit (MU) per ha of cultivated land was the highest in the Galmal-eup on province with 2.4 MU/ha, which is higher than the appropriate level. The Seo-myeon province came next with 1.92 MU/ha. To be utilized as a valid program to build the recycling farming system, diverse measures shall be mapped out to properly determine manure units, evaluate N-loading and to properly manage their nutrient balance of each region.

Investigation of Chemical Properties of the Jujube Orchard Soils at Boeun Region in Chungbuk (충북 보은지역 대추재배 토양의 화학적 특성 조사)

  • Lee, Gyeong-Ja;Kang, Bo-Goo;Kim, Ki-Sik;Kim, Ik-Hwan;Han, Jong-U
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.24-29
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND: Recently, as the consumption of fresh jujube is increased, fertilizer in jujube cultivation is excessively used to supply nutrient for large fruit produce. This study was conducted to obtain the useful data related to optimum nutrient management technique for fresh jujube cultivation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Nutrient contents of the jujube orchard soils were investigated at 30 different jujube orchards in Boeun, Chungbuk. Soil samples were collected from the different orchards in June, both 2012 and 2013. Soil chemical properties such as pH, organic matter, available phosphate, and exchangeable potassium, calcium, and magnesium were analyzed. Soil available phosphates in optimum level for jujube cultivation were 7% and 13% of total samples in the 2011 and 2012 respectively, and 73% and 57% were higher than optimum level. In Exchangeable K, 37%, 30% were optimum level, 63%, 67% were higher in the year 2011 and 2012 respectively. CONCLUSION: These results showed that nutrient contents of soils were accumulated in jujube orchard of Boeun area. Especially, available phosphate and exchangeable potassium were greatly higher than their optimum level for jujube cultivation respectively.

Dependence of Nutrient Supplying Capacity on Chemical reactions of Paddy Soil (논토양 화학특성 변화와 양분공급력과의 관계)

  • Kim, Yoo-Hak;Kim, Myung-Sook;Kang, Seong-Soo;Jun, Hee-Joong
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.42 no.spc
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 2009
  • The practice of supplying nutrients for paddy soil with sustaining human health and ecological soundness is to utilize indicators considering soil chemical reactions. The long-term basis experiment of fertilizer and amendment of paddy soil and an experiment of yield response of soil types on nitrogen level from 2000 till 2002were used to search indicators of nutrient supplying capacity related to soil chemical reactions. Chemical reactions of paddy soil was composed of dissociating and/or adsorbing nutrients and of decomposing soil organic matter (SOM) into $H^+$, $e^-$, $CO_2$ in paddy soil. The indicators of nutrient supplying capacity, which were established by considering soil chemical reactions, were SOM or soil protein for nitrogen and available phosphate for phosphorus and cation exchangeable capacity (CEC) and exchangeable potassium for potassium. Korea has used fertilizer recommendation equations established with the indicators of nutrient supplying capacity for paddy soil.

Mineralization of organic materials and plant uptake in upland condition (밭 토양 조건에서 시비용 유기물질의 무기화와 식물체 흡수)

  • Lee, Youn;Lee, Sang-Min;Shin, Jae-Hoon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Organic Agriculture Conference
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    • pp.300-300
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    • 2009
  • 화학비료를 이용할 수 없는 유기농업에서의 양분관리를 위해서 녹비, 퇴비, 유박 등을 주 원료로 하는 유기질비료 등 다양한 유기물이 농경지에 투입되고 있다. 그러나 다양한 성분 및 탄소/질소비로 이루어진 유기물은 토양 중에서 분해되는 속도가 다르고, 토양수분함량, 통기성, 온도 등과 같은 토양조건에 따라서도 분해속도가 크게 차이가 난다. 본 실험에서는 유기농업에서 시비원으로 자주 이용하는 퇴비, 유박비료, 녹비조건의 알팔파 등을 이용하여 무기화율 및 양분이용률을 화학비료와 비교하였다. 농경지 투입시 유기물은 질소양분양(21kg N/10a)을 동일하게 투입하였으며 화학비료는 기비(전체량의 1/3)만을 투입하였는데 알팔파, 유박비료의 경우 노지조건에서 토양처리 후 1달 내에 가장 높은 무기화율을 보였으며 수분조건이 제한된 무기화통내에서의 무기화도 2개월 내에 대부분 이루어지는 것으로 나타났다. 수딘그라스를 2개월 재배한 결과 화학비료 질소 양분이용율은 70%, 탄질비가 낮은 유박 및 알팔파는 40%내외, 탄질비가 높고 분해가 어려운 가축분 왕겨퇴비는 10%에 불과했다. 즉 화학비료 대비 유기물 양분(질소)의 비효화 율은 알팔파는 60%, 유박비료는 54%, 퇴비는 14% 였다. 또한 화학비료(100%) 대비 인산 이용률(유박: 296%, 알팔파: 660%, 퇴비: 36%로, 인산의 이용율이 높은 것은 유기물로 투입된 인산의 량이 화학비료보다 낮아 상대적으로 유기물질에 의한 작물의 인산이용율이 높고, 화학비료는 토양중 고정화가 작물생육 초기에 일어나는데 비하여 유기물질은 서서히 분해되면서 작물에 흡수되어 인산이용율이 높은 것으로 추정된다. 수단그라스 1차수확 후 포장침수로 인한 생육불량으로 전 생육 과정을 통한 양분흡수율은 측정할 수 없었다.

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Assessment of Soil Properties and Growth of Organically Cultivated Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) with Applications of Livestock Manure Compost and Fish Meal Liquid Fertilizer (가축분 퇴비와 어분 액비 시용이 유기농 오이 생육 및 토양환경에 미치는 영향)

  • An, Nan-Hee;Cho, Jung-Rai;Lee, Sang-min;Nam, Hong-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2018
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of livestock manure compost and fish-meal liquid fertilizer on the growth of cucumber and the soil properties for the stable production of organic cucumber. Cucumber was transplanted in greenhouse on the $6^{th}$ of April in 2017, and this experiment contained five treatments: livestock manure compost 100% (LC 100%), livestock manure compost 50% + fish-meal liquid fertilizer 50% (LC50 + LF50), livestock manure compost 50% (LC50), chemical fertilizer (NPK), and no fertilizer (NF). As a result, it was shown that soil chemical properties of LC50 + LF50 plot is not different from that of LC100 plot except for the EC content, but soil chemical properties of LC50 + LF50 plot is statistically significantly different from that of NPK plot except for pH. As a result of evaluating the functional diversity of soil microbial communities using Biolog system, the substrate richness (S) and the diversity index (H) were the highest in LC50 + LF50 plot. As a result of comparing the cucumber growth and yield, it was found that there was no statistically significant difference between the plant height and the fresh weight of LC100, LC50 + LF50, and NPK plot, but the plant height and the fresh weight of LC100, LC50 + LF50, and NPK plot were different from that of LC50 and NF plot. The yield of cucumber was the highest in NPK plot r(7,397 kg/10a), but there was no statistically significant difference in the yield of cucumber between NPK plot and LC100, LC50 + LF50 plot. The above-described results suggested that the livestock manure compost and fish meal liquid fertilizer can be used for organic cucumber production under greenhouse condition.