• Title, Summary, Keyword: 알주머니

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Seasonal Occurrence and Chemial Control Effects of Eriococcus largerstroemiae Kuwana on Persimmon Trees (감나무의 주머니깍지벌레에 대한 발생생태 및 화학적 방제효과)

  • 권태영;박소득;박선도;최부술;권용정
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.295-299
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    • 1995
  • This study was conducted to find the control methods, status of overwintering and seasonal occurrence of Erioccoccus largerstroemiae on persimmon trees in Ch'ondo area, Kyongbuk province in Korea. Usually, overwintering eggs were sheltered in bark, among them the rate of alive eggs was 28.7%. The activiation of garpe-myrtle scale showed from late April, and they have three generations per year. The first occurrence of larval stage of Erioccoccus largerstroemiae starts from late June to early July, the second occurrence begins from middle August to late August, and from late June to early July, the second occurrence begins from middle August to late August, and from middle September to late September is the third, thus, three peaks of occurrence revealed in early July middle August, and late September respectively. Average number of eggs conceived in female adult was 229.3. Spray effect of chemical control showed as follows; lime sulfur with tow applications of pesticides (late June, late August) at 97.8%, machine oil with tow applications of pesticides (late June, late August) at 96.8%. And during the growing period, the spray results using three applications of pesticide only (late June, late August, amid September) showed 77.2% in field condition.

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Developmental Abnormality in Agricultural Region and Toxicity of the Fungicide Benomyl on Korea salamander, Hynobius leechii (한국산 도롱뇽(Hynobius leechii)의 농경지에서의 배 발생 이상과 살균제 Benomyl의 독성효과)

  • Choi, Yeoung-Ju;Yoon, Chun-Sik;Park, Joo-Hung;Jin, Jung-Hyo;Cheong, Seon-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.198-212
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    • 2002
  • A numerical variation and abnormalities were studied on egg bags and embryos of Korean salamander, Hynobius leechii from agricultural habitat. The teratogenic and toxic effects of fungicide benomyl were also investigated with early embryos from non-agricultural habitat. We collected 144 egg bags from agricultural region, and 3418 of early embryos were contained. The lengths of egg bags were varied from 10 to 23 cm and the most frequent length was 19 cm. The number of embryos was varied from 7 to 43, and the most frequent range was 22 to 26. Spontaneous abnormalities were occurred in 406 embryos among 116 egg bags, and 24 kinds of external abnormalities were found. Individuals showing severe external defect were histologically studied and they showed optic dyspalsia, thyroid carcinoma, somatic muscular dysplasia, partial biaxial structure, decrease of red blood cells in the heart, cephalic degeneration and intestinal dysplasia. 385 embryos from non-agricultural region were exposed to 200 nM${\sim}$ 1 ${\mu}$M of benomyl at blastula or gastrula for 12 days. All embryo were dead in the concentration of 1 ${\mu}$M (LD$_{100}$) and 75% of embryos were dead in 800nM of benomyl. Speciflc effect due to benomyl was acrania or cephalic dysplasia and this restult suggests that the benomyl inhibit stongly to the development of neural tissue. These abnormal developments may be caused by antimitotic action, inhibition of tubulin complex, destruction of microtubule, inhibitions of neurulation and closing of neural fold, and by the inhibition of the movement of neural crest cells.

Within0tree Disribution of matsucoccus thunbergianae on Pinus thunbergiana (해송에서의 솔껍질깍지의 벌레 수상분포 양식)

  • 박승찬
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.114-121
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    • 1994
  • Population densities of intermediate nymphs and egg saw of Matsucoccus thunbergianae, a major insect pest of Pinus thunbergiona in southern coastal area of Korean peninsula, were est~mated. Tree samples of ca. 10cm D.B.H. were collected from old infestation area and newly invaded area. The numben of plimaly branches per tree were not significantly different by the locality, but those of secondaly and smaller branches were smaller in old infestation area The numbers of intermediate nymphs per tree in old infestation area and in newly invaded area were 10.8 and 13.1 times more than those on the trunk, respectively Approximately between 4, 200 and 208, 500 nymphs per tree were estimated. Men secondaw and smaller bmnch samples collected from the basal part of middle crown height, or from the central or the basal part of lower crown height, the number of samples required for the emr range of 20% were 21 and 11 far 10-20cm and 20-3 crn long branches, respectively. Approx~mately 63.6% of egg sacs of the whole tree were on the trunk. The node/intemode bearing the largest branch had the highest egg sac density; including that, four adjacent nodes/intemodes had ca. 37% of egg saw on the trunk.

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Morphological Characteristics of Artificially Cultivated Dictyophora echinovolvata (인공재배한 흰돌기망태버섯(Dictyophora echinovolvata)의 형태적 특징)

  • Cheong, Jong-Chun;Seok, Soon-Ja;Jang, Kab-Yeul;Park, Jeong-Sik;Kim, Yang-Sup;Chung, Bong-Koo
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.73-77
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to investigate morphological characteristics of veiled lady mushroom (Dictyophora sp.). Morphological observation of mycelium showed the presence of chlamydospore-like swelling cells, and typical mycelial champ connections. Fruiting body of the veiled lady mushroom consists of cap, velum, stipe, and vulva. Oval-shaped eggs were surrounded by exodermis, gelatin layers and endodermis, and the fruiting bodies remained inside volva as liquid gelatin layer. Dark green spore layer was formed at the top of cap. The surface eggs in the cultivated veiled lady mushroom was covered with white needle-shaped mycelial projection that was oval in shape. The velum of fruiting body stretched down to the top of volva. The net was regularly shaped, and smelled like fragrance with chestnut flower. The strain KACC 50650 was identified as Dictyophora echinovolvata based on the morphology of eggs and fruiting bodies, and named as Huin-Dol-Gi-Mang-Tae mushroom in Korean.

Preparation and Keeping Quality of Freeze-Dried Roundnose Flounder Meat Paste (동결건조(凍結乾燥) 물가자미 고기풀의 제조(製造) 및 저장안정성(貯藏安定性))

  • Park, Kyung-Hee;Shin, Jong-Woo;Park, Eun-Kyung;Yang, Syng-Taek
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.98-104
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    • 1986
  • Fish jelly forming ability of freeze-dried roundnose flounder meat paste has been examined . For the qualify test, freeze-dried product was packed in polyethylene bag (0.1 mm thick, $14\;cm\;{\times}\;20\;cm$) or in tinplate can and stored for 6 months at $5^{\circ}C,\;20^{\circ}C\;and\;35 ^{\circ}C$. From the results of quality test, the fish jelly forming ability of the products packed in polyethylene bag and can were maintained for 5 and 6 months storage at $5^{\circ}C$ and for 3 and 4 months at $20^{\circ}C$. espectively, while it had already been lost for 1 month at $35^{\circ}C$. Freeze-dried roundnose flounder meat paste can be used for preparing fish jelly products.

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A Evaluation Method for the Effectiveness of Anti-snore Pillow (코골이 방지 베개의 효율성 검증을 위한 방법)

  • Jee, Duk-Keun;Wei, Ran;Im, Jae-Joong;Kim, Hee-Sun;Kim, Hyun-Jeong
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.545-554
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    • 2011
  • In this study, the parameters of Polysomnography (PSG) test, such as total sleep time, snoring time, had been analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of a developed anti-snore pillow. The developed anti-snore pillow is made up of two polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) vibration sensors, pumps, valves, and air bladders. The two PVDF sensors inside the pillow can acquire the sound signals and the algorithm was perfectly designed to extract snoring by removing unwanted noise accurately and automatically. Once the pillow recognizes snore, a pump inside the hardware activates, and a bladder under the neck area inside the pillow will be inflated. The PSG test was used and two volunteers were participated for the study. The parameters of the PSG results were analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of the anti-snore pillow. The total sleep time of each volunteer was similar on each phase of test, but the snoring time and the longest snoring episode were significantly decreased with the use of anti-snore pillow. The overall results showed excellent possibilities for reducing snoring for the person who snores during sleep by using the anti-snore pillow. The effectiveness of the anti-snore pillow can be evaluated by the PSG test. Moreover, the relationship between each parameter of PSG test and the quality of sleep will be used for further researches.

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Antiproliferative Effect of Extracts from Corydalis heterocarpa on Human Cancer Cells (염주괴불주머니 (Corydalis heterocarpa) 추출물의 암세포 성장 억제 효과)

  • Kim, You-Ah;Lee, Jung-Im;Kong, Chang-Suk;Yea, Sung-Su;Seo, Young-Wan
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.201-206
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    • 2009
  • Whole plants of Corydalis heterocarpa were extracted twice with $CH_2Cl_2$ and MeOH in turn. The combined crude extracts were concentrated in vacuo and then partitioned between $CH_2Cl_2$ and $H_2O$. The organic layer was fractionated with n-hexane and 85% aq. MeOH, and the aqueous fraction was also further fractionated with n-BuOH and $H_2O$, successively. Growth inhibition effects of crude extracts and their solvent fractions were evaluated in AGS, HT1080, U-937, MCF-7 and HT-29 human cancer cells using MTT assay. The inhibitory effects of solvent fractions were increased in a dose-dependent manner. Among these tested samples, 85% aq. MeOH fraction showed the most potent inhibitory effect on the growth of human cancer cells. These results suggest that active compounds having much stronger anticancer effect can be isolated from Corydalis heterocarpa.

Effects of fallen blossoms of Prunus spp. on nutrient dynamics in an artificial pond ecosystem (벚나무류 낙화가 인공 연못생태계의 물질순환에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Bo Eun;Jeon, Young Joon;Jang, You Lim;Kim, Jae Geun
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.203-208
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    • 2015
  • To identify the effect of fallen cherry blossom on the artificial pond ecosystem, microcosm experiment was conducted into the aquatic decomposition of Prunus species petals. Petals were put in $1mm^2$ mesh nylon litter bags. For treatment group, one flower litter bag was placed into each pot microcosm ($27{\times}20{\times}8cm^3$) filled with influent water from the artificial pond, whereas control group microcosm contained pond water only. Decomposition time were set differently (4, 8, 12, 16 days) among treatment groups. At the end of experiment, most petals were decomposed and only 32.3% of initial dry weight remained with the decay rate (k) of $7.06{\times}10^{-2}day^{-1}$. $NO_3-N$ concentration of microcosm water decreased sharply from 1.90 mg/L at first to 0.02 mg/L, whereas $NH_4-N$ concentration increased from 0.03 mg/L to 2.85 mg/L continually. $PO_4-P$ concentration was 0.03 mg/L at first and increased to 2.39 mg/L by decomposition. Therefore, available phosphorus seems to have leached with higher rate than nitrogen from the petals litter. Increase about 0.02 mg/L in $PO_4-P$ concentration could be estimated in artificial pond from the calculation on the total quantity of fallen blossoms. This result suggests that available phosphorus from the decomposed Prunus petals could cause eutrophication in the artificial pond.

Analysis and Improvement of System Efficiency for the Moving-actuator type Bi-Ventricular Assist Device ($AnyHeart^{TM}$) (한국형 양심실 보조 인공 심장의 효율 분석 및 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, J.H.;Nam, K.W.;Choi, S.W.;Lee, J.J.;Park, C.Y.;Kim, W.E.;Choi, J.S.;Min, B.G.
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.449-458
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    • 2001
  • This is a test report of system efficiency for the moving-actuator type Bi-ventricular assist device (AnyHear $t^{MT}$ ) Seoul National University). $AnyHeart^{TM}$), as an energy converter. utilities a brushless DC motor(S/M 566-26A. Sierracin/ Magnedyne, Carlsbad, CA. U.S.A.) generating their pendulous motion in the epicyclic gear train. It is necessary to know about the overall efficiency of the system. The system is subdivided into three parts: motor part, actuator part and blood sac part (including valves, etc.) according to system mechanism. The motor was operated with a variable range of torque. angular speed and width of voltage Pulse In this report. $AnyHeart^{TM}$ is focused on the efficiency of the motor and actuator parts. 4 $\ell/min$ pump output. which is normal condition of $AnyHeart^{TM}$ system, the total system efficiency is 8%, which is composed of 50%, 85% and 17% efficiency (motor Part, actuator Part and blood sac Part) respectively. In the analyzed result. applied input voltage on normal condition of $AnyHeart^{TM}$ is determined. Also speed Profile with considering filling state of blood sac is Provided. In the test of the in vitro mock circulation. some experimental results are Provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the Presented approach.

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Changes of Tubuliform Silk Glands during the Cocoon Production in the Garden Spider, Argiope aurentia (호랑거미 (Argiope aurentia) 알주머니 형성과정중 관상 견사선의 변화)

  • Moon, Myung-Jin
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.539-549
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    • 1998
  • The silk glands of the spiders are of several types. Among the several types of spider's silk glands, the principal fibers used in constructing the eggcase are products of the tubuliform glands (TBG), which are present only in females. Development of these glands parallels maturations of the ovaries and fat bodies. In order to understand the mechanism of eggcase-silk production, this paper has examined the fine structural changes of the TBG during the period of egg maturation in the garden spider, Argiope aurentia. Between the two kinds of secretory granules observed in the glandular epithelium of the mature TBG, the electron-dense granules which have paracrystalline structure are revealed to be the precursors of the eggcase silk fibers. During the production of eggcase, rapid release of the secretory product occurs at apical surface by the mechanism of apocrine secretion. Moreover, secondary lysosomes appear due to the rapid disorganization of cellular components during the eggcase formation. Examinations of formed fibers indicate a multicomponent internal structure, and electron micrographs reveal each fiber contains numerous electron lucent fibrils embedded in an amorphous electron dense matrix. The secretory precursors are produced as separated vesicles via well-oriented rER, and no Golgi complex has been found in the glandular epithelial cells.

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