• 제목, 요약, 키워드: 안락함

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Euthanasia (안락사)

  • Hong, Young-Seon;Yeom, Chang-Hwan;Lee, Kyung-Shik
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1999
  • Background : Euthanasia is defined as "a deliberate intervention undertaken with express intention of ending a life so as to relieve intractable suffering". There have been keen debates in the medical literatures on the questions relating to the legalisation and the provision of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. Methods : Literatures on the debate of euthanasia published during the last several years were reviewed, and the indications used in performing euthanasia were listed. And the results of a more liberal policy on euthanasia in Netherland were introduced. Results : Other clinical practices are sometimes described as euthanasia but can be distinguished by examination of ethical principles involved. The guidelines for the practice of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the Netherlands were inadquate and were abused, while the Remmelink Committee Report said that euthanasia in the Netherland had been adequate. Conclusions : There are no clinical situations necessitating the legalisation of euthanasia or physician assisted suicide. Comprehensive and mutidisciplinary palliative care can effectively relieve much of the suffering of the terminally ill that is presently cited as justification for euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide.

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General Population's View on Euthanasia (안락사에 대한 일반인들의 인식도)

  • Kim, Sun-Hyun;Lee, Hye-Ree
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.133-143
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : Amont the various issues concerning bio-ethics, the concern on euthanasia has increased along with the development of medical technology. Thus, the general public tends to have more liberal opinion. They have detail research data and real practices in US, Europe and Australia, but we lack such studies in our country. This study was undertaken to address the need of studies on the recognition of euthanasia among the public because the existing studies have been focused on the medical staff. Methods : Survey 413 people the age of 17 or more, from May to July 2000. Testify the data on the variation of demography and the recognition of euthanasia by using SAS 6.12, the statistic program. Results : 304 people (73.6%) think that euthanasia should be legislated, 156 people (37.8%) permit euthanasia to the rage of voluntary one, and 234 people (56.6%) permit passive euthanasia. When the subject of voluntary euthanasia was himself, more people whose age is 35 or more (P=0.001) responded that they will undertake euthanasia. And, on issues related to the passive euthanasia, one's educational background (P=0.046) and economic power (P=0.040) arrangement showed significant differences. When the subject of voluntary euthanasia is other people, more people whose age is 35 or more than 35 (P=0.001), whose sex is male (P=0.001), and married people (P=0.002) were for allowing the matter. For the subject of passive euthanasia, survey participant's occupation (P=0.016) created meaningful difference. More people whose age is 35 or more than 35 responded that they want voluntary euthanasia for themselves (P=0.001), and in the case when euthanasia is legislated, marital status (P=0.002) also shows meaningful difference. Passive euthanasia is permitted by the more people whose age is less than 35 for respondents other people (P=0.001), marital status show meaningful difference in case for respondent himself. In the case of legal euthanasia is more people whose age is 35 or more than 35 (P=0.001), sex is male (P=0.004) and more married people (P=0.001) responded that they want voluntary euthanasia for other people. And, age (P=0.002), sex (P=0.001), education (P=0.025) and economic power (P=0.001) show meaningful difference for case the subject of passive euthanasia. Conclusion : Most of general public responded that the legislation on euthanasia is required; and, age, education and economic power seem to have an influence on their decisions on euthanasia. Not only such a study of demographic and sociological correlation; but, various basic data on the legislation of euthanasia are needed.

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Proposal of Review on Criminal Law and Legislation about Euthanasia (안락사의 형법적 고찰과 법제화에 관한 시사점)

  • Joung, Soon-Hyoung;Jeon, Young-Ju
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.298-305
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this dissertation is finding the meaning and form of Euthanasia, Considering by Criminal law that the core of the debate over the 'pros and cons' of euthanasia, And seeking measures about needs of currently Euthanasia legislation and institutional establishment. Through the remarkable progress, today's medical science makes to cure the Incurable patients, and artificially prolong human life by life-support system. These changes of Healthcare Environments extending a permissible range of Euthanasia over the series of criminal discussions about Euthanasia. And medical treatment has been discussed from negative side to positive side. So, In the current legal system, seeking for realistic measure is demands of the times behind the penally and ethical problems. Therefore, I will study the needs of legal system and reestablish values about Respect for Human Life.

The Effects of Attitude to Death and Spiritual Well-being on Attitude to Euthanasia in University Students (대학생의 죽음에 대한 태도, 영적안녕이 안락사에 대한 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Min-Jeong;Chung, Mi-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.391-398
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of attitude to death, spiritual well-being on attitude to euthanasia of university students. The data were collected from 265 subjects using a structured self-report questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS WIN version 23.0. The mean score of attitude to death, spiritual well-being, and attitude to euthanasia were 2.75, 3.69, and 3.15. Attitudes to euthanasia did not correlate with attitudes toward death, and negatively correlated with spiritual well-being. Religious well-being was a influencing factors on attitude to euthanasia and explained 12.7% of attitude to euthanasia. This means that the higher the religious well-being, the lower the attitude to euthanasia of university students. Therefore, religious well-being should be considered in discussing euthanasia of university students.

Attitudes towards Death and Euthanasia among Nurses and General Population (일반인과 간호사의 죽음 인식과 안락사에 대한 태도)

  • Ko, Gyu-Hee;Cho, In-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.229-240
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes towards death and euthanasia among nurses and general population. Methods: The participants were 192 nurses and 255 people. Data were collected using structured questionnaires from March 5 to May 30. 2010 and analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficients by using SAS Program 12.0. Results: The attitudes towards death showed significantly higher scores in nurses than general population. The attitudes towards euthanasia showed significantly higher scores in nurses. There were significant positive correlations between attitudes towards death and euthanasia in nurses and. people. Conclusion: The above results indicated that the higher level of cognition towards death, the more positive attitudes towards euthanasia. Besides, nurses treating with terminal illness were higher level of cognition on death and positive attitudes towards euthanasia. Therefore, we should established the strategy and education program to understand on death and euthanasia for people including the health care providers.

Recognition of Good Death, Attitude towards the Withdrawal of Life-Sustaining Treatment, and Attitude towards Euthanasia in Nurses (좋은 죽음에 대한 인식, 연명치료 중단 및 안락사에 대한 종합병원 간호사의 태도)

  • Kim, Sook-Nam;Kim, Hyun-Ju
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.136-144
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: To provide practical data for bioethics education, we identified correlations between recognition of good death, attitude towards withdrawal of meaningless life-sustaining treatment, and attitude towards euthanasia in nurses. Methods: Using convenience sampling, we recruited 218 nurses who had at least six-month work experience in one of the six general hospitals with 500 or more beds in Seoul, Busan, and Gyeongsang province. All participants understood the purpose of the study and agreed to take part in the study. The research tools used included the Concept of Good Death Measure (CoGD), the measurement tool for attitudes towards withdrawal of meaningless life-sustaining treatment (WoMLST), and the measurement tool for attitudes towards euthanasia. Data were analyzed using an Independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient using SPSS 21 for Windows. Results: Nurses had normal levels on CoGD, WoMLST, and attitudes towards euthanasia. Nurses' CoGD, WoMLST, and euthanasia scores significantly differed depending on their education level, working period, and the importance of religion to them. A negative correlation was found between the CoGD and WoMLST scores, and WoMLST and euthanasia scores were positively correlated. Conclusion: Nurses should be trained to deal with ethical issues that may arise while caring for terminal patients. It is necessary for nurses to understand the concepts related to CoGD, WoMLST, and euthanasia, and to promote bioethics education with focus on decision-making and problem-solving ability in ethically conflicting situations.

A Design for Flight Attendant (승무원을 위한 의복디자인)

  • 김여숙
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.361-371
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    • 1996
  • 본 연구는 항공승무원의 유니폼에서 고려되어야 할 특징적인 기준을 분석하여 유니폼 제작시의 디자인 방향을 제기코자 한다. 그 기준은 착용주의 안락함, 승무원의 움직임을 고려ㅏ여, 항공사의 특성을 살리는 이미지 창출, 고객에게 신뢰감을 주는 전문적인 복장, 적하반 섬유소재 등이다.

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Attitudes towards Death and Euthanasia among Nurses and Nursing students : In Convergence era (융복합 시대의 간호사와 간호대학생의 죽음과 안락사에 대한 태도)

  • Lee, Yong-Mi;Jung, Kye-A;Son, Mi-Ae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.213-224
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the study was to investigate the attitudes towards death and euthanasia of Nurses and Nursing students live in convergence era. The participants were 380 nurses and nursing students and data were collected from May until June of 2014. The data were collected by means of self reported questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics t-test, one-way ANOVA and Scheffe test with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. The result showed that the fear of death of others with nursing students was higher than nurses (t=-3.34, p=.001) and nursing students supported euthanasia more than nurses(t=-3.06, p=.002). Among the death attitude, both of the nurses and the nursing students had the highest score 'fear of their own dying' and the lowest score 'fear of the dying of others'. Regarding attitude to euthanasia, both of them the most important factor was 'the right of the client'. These results suggest that death education program to deal with nursing services without ethical conflicts should be developed.

A Study on Correlation Analysis between Library Anxiety and Personality Traits (도서관 불안과 성격 유형의 상관관계 분석 연구)

  • Oh, Eui-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.199-217
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    • 2012
  • This study analyzes the correlation between the library anxiety and personality traits. The library anxiety (LAS) and personality traits (the Korean BFI) were measured against 49 freshmen in the university. The library anxiety was average 2.57, 'mechanical barriers' score was the highest(2.91), subsequently was 'affective barriers' 2.72, 'barriers with staff' 2.49, 'knowledge of library' 2.42, and 'comfort with the library' score was the lowest(2.38). The personality traits had the tendency that 'agreeableness'f actor(3.65) is higher than other 4 factors, 'neuroticism'(3.48), 'extraversion'(3.27), 'openness'(2.85), and 'conscientiousness' (3.26). It found that 'comfort with the library' and 'neuroticism' were correlated statistically and the personality traits have an effect on library anxiety. Based on the findings, the following recommendations are made: improving the measurement tool of information anxiety, using other personality traits variables in similar researches, and developing personalized library anxiety resolution programs.

Improvement of Seat Comfort by Reducing the Human Vibration (인체진동을 고려한 시트 안락성 향상)

  • 장한기;김승한;김광준
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.444-449
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of the work is to improve comfort of a car seat, especially dynamic comfort which affects driver's discomfort during the long time driving. Definition of dynamic comfort was made before the investigation of which parameter affects seat comfort. In order to optimize design parameters so as to maximize seat comfort as well as to know the cause of discomfort, benchmarking on a target vehicle and competitive vehicles was performed, which showed both the vibration transmission characteristics and the compression set due to dynamic loading should be reduced. As a solution ball rebounds was increased by about 10% of the original foam, which showed reduction of S.E.A.T. value by 10% and of compression set by 60%.

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