• Title, Summary, Keyword: 아동

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Factors Affecting Intentions of Reporting Child Abuse: The Interaction between Type of Abuse, Sex, and Construal-level (아동학대 신고의도에 영향을 미치는 요인 탐색: 학대유형과 성별의 상호작용, 아동학대 신고에 대한 해석수준)

  • Ko, Hye-In;Kim, Sung-Bong
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.3-16
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    • 2019
  • This study explored measures to promote the reporting of child abuse, instances of which are increasing year after year. To this end, 16 cases of child abuse, encompassing four instances of each of the four types of child abuse (physical, neglect, sexual, and emotional), were presented to participants to examine whether the perception of each type of abuse affected the degree of its perception as a case of child abuse. Next, the effects of the four types of child abuse on the intention to report child abuse (low vs. high) were investigated in terms of gender (male vs. female) and the construal level. The results revealed that the participants' differed in the intent to report child abuse, depending on varied factors despite the fact that they perceived all cases as child abuse. In particular, no difference was found between men and women in their intent to report child abuse for cases of physical abuse and neglect. However, women exhibited a stronger intent than men to report sexual and emotional abuse. Further, the intention of reporting child abuse was stronger at the high construal level (related to why child abuse must be reported) than it was at the low construal level (concerned with what to do about child abuse). The practical implications of this study include the provision of educational content, the creation of publicity materials that place differing emphases on sex, and the application of low construal level education for reporting child abuse.

Emotion-Specific Autonomic Nervous System Responses and Patterns in Children (아동의 정서 특정적 자율신경계 반응 분석)

  • 손진훈;이정미;이경화;석지아;방석원;김경환;이미희
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.96-103
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    • 2001
  • 그동안 정서의 실험적 유도의 어려움과 많은 제약으로 인해 성인 위주로만 이루어져 오던 정서연구가 최근 수 년 간의 정서연구에 대한 방법론의 발달로 아동에게까지 그 범위가 확대되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 아동의 다섯 가지 정서 (기쁨, 분노, 슬픔, 스트레스, 놀람)에 의해 유발되는 아동의 자율신경계 패턴을 확인하고자 한다. 놀람 정서를 추가한 "아동용 정서유발 프로토콜 (양경혜 등, 2000)"을 사용하여 아동에게 정서를 유발시키고, 정서가 유발되는 도안의 자율신경계 반응(KST, ECG, EDA, PPG)을 측정하였다. 초등학교 1, 2 학년인 34명(남: 18, 여:16)의 아동이 실험에 참여하였다. 실험 결과 다섯 가지 정서가 아동들에게 적절하고 효과적으로 유발되었으며, 정서에 따른 생리반응 변화가 관찰되었다. 분석에 사용된 12개 생리반응 변수 중 8개 변수에서 정서에 따른 차이가 발견되었으며, 정서에 따라 다른 자율신경계 반응 패턴을 얻을 수 있었다. 또한, 동일한 방법으로 수행한 본 연구실의 선행 연구와도 일치하는 결과를 보였다. 이는 아동용 정서유발 프로토콜이 표준화된 아동정서 유발자극으로 사용될 수 있으며, 생리반응 주형(template)을 이용하여 아동정서를 구분할 수 있음을 제시한다.

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Effects of Congruence and SOA of distractors on target detection in Normal Children and ADHD Children (정상아와 ADHD 아동에서 방해자극의 일치도와 SOA가 목표자극 탐지에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sung-Hee;Do, Kyung-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Cognitive Science Conference
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 2010
  • ADHD 아동의 주의장애 원인이 반응 결정에서의 억제의 미숙인지, 전반적인 주의 기능의 미숙인지 알아보기 정상아동과 ADHD 아동을 대상으로 flanker 과제를 실시하였다. 실험 1 에서는 방해자극과 목표자극의 일치 (3: 일치, 불일치, 중립), 방해자극과 목표자극의 SO (3: -100, 0, 100 ms), 집단 (2; 정상, ADHD)의 3 요인 실험을 실시하였다. 정상아와 ADHD 아동간에 반응시간에서는 차이가 없었다. 그러나 정상아동에 비해 ADHD 아동이 부정확 반응을 더 많이 하였다. 특히 방해자극이 100 ms 먼저 제시되기 시작하는 SOA -100 ms 조건에서 두 집단의 차이가 크게 나타났다. 이 결과가 반응결정 단계에서의 억제에서 비롯되는 것인지 알아보기 위해 실험 2 에서는 목표자극의 반응 set(좌, 우)에 포함되지 않는 방해자극(상, 하로향함)을 제시하는 무관련조건을 추가하여 실험을 실시하였다. 실험 1 과 같이 불일치조건에서는 정상아동에 비해 ADHD 아동이 오반응을 더 많이 산출하였다. 그러나 무관련조건에서는 정상아와 ADHD 아동 간에 오반응에서 차이가 없었다. 즉 두 집단 모두에서 중립조건보다 무관련 조건에서 반응시간은 길었으나, 오반응에서는 차이가 없었다. 즉 정상아와 ADHD 아동 모두 전반적인 주의에서는 차이가 없다는 것을 시사하였다. 두 실험의 결과는 정상아에 비해 ADHD 아동이 반응 결정 단계에서의 억제에서 차이가 나는 것을 시사하는 것으로 해석되었다.

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우리나라, 92년 가입했지만 후속 조치 미흡 - '아동의 권리에 관한 협약'을 아시나요?

  • 대한가족보건복지협회
    • 가정의 벗
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.16-17
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    • 2004
  • UN아동권리에 관한 협약에 가입했으나 여전히 등한시되고 있는 것이 현실이다. 아동협약에서는 아동의 권리에 대해 폭넓게 규정하고 있다. 장애아동도 존엄성이 보장되며 자립을 촉진하고 적극적 사회참여가 조장되는 여건속에서 생활할 권리를 부여하고 있다.

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Knowledge of Elementary School Teachers Regarding in ADHD Children Education (일반초등교사의 ADHD아동교육에 대한 인식)

  • Kang, Min-Chae
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.7
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    • pp.114-121
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the Knowledge of Elementary School Teachers Regarding in ADHD Children Education of ADHD children education for 297 elementary school teachers. The knowledge of ADHD children in inclusive education was made through a questionnaire composed of four areas: attitude, burden, efficacy, and promotional conditions on ADHD children. The collected questionnaire was calculated using technical statistics from the SPSS (WIN 22.0) for frequency and percentage. The results of this study are as follows: First, the teachers of general elementary schools are trying to include education of ADHD children. Second, in the burden of general elementary school teachers on ADHD children education, ADHD children showed interruption of learning, interruption of positive learning atmosphere, interruption of order maintenance of general classroom and teacher's class progress. Third, in the efficacy of general elementary school teachers on ADHD children, they did not have the Knowledge of ADHD symptoms, diagnosis and evaluation of ADHD children, teaching ability for ADHD children education, and ability to deal with ADHD children's behavior. Fourth, in the promotion condition of school for ADHD child education, it was found that there was no connection with external institutions for the support of professional manpower for ADHD children and ADHD child supports.

Effects of Text Types and Working Memory on Text Comprehension in Reading Normal and Reading Deficient Children (텍스트 유형과 작업기억이 읽기 정상 아동과 읽기 지진 아동의 텍스트 이해에 미치는 영향)

  • Do, Kyung-Soo;Lee, Eun-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.191-206
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    • 2006
  • Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of verbal working memory and the spatial working memory on children's text comprehension. The reading span and the operation span of the reading deficient children were smaller than that of the reading normal children, but the two groups did not differ in the visual span. Reading deficient children got lower score in the comprehension tests than reading normal children, and the difference was larger for the expository text than the narrative text. The involvement of visual working memory in reading narrative texts were more directly tested in Experiment 2 by asking the children do a secondary memory task before they answered the comprehension test. Reading normal children suffered more under auditory secondary memory condition for both narrative and expository texts, whereas reading deficient children suffered under visual secondary memory condition for narrative texts as well. The results of the two experiments suggested that the spatial working memory can be involved in text comprehension process, especially with reading deficient children.

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Definition of Child and Youth Welfare and Proposals for the Reform of Legal System (아동·청소년 복지의 개념과 법체계의 개선방안)

  • Cho, Sung-Hae
    • Journal of Legislation Research
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    • no.41
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    • pp.43-85
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    • 2011
  • Child and youth welfare law in Korea is vague and complex. In a narrow sense it means the research on the provisions of the Child Welfare Act. In a broad sense it embraces all of the social welfare system regarding to the protection for children and youth. Regardless of the scope of child and youth welfare law it should be cleared what the term of child and youth means in Korean legal regulation. Historically, child protection in Korea was based on the good intentions of individuals to protect war orphan children from poverty or danger after the end of the Korean War. It is the story of the evolving status of children from being viewed as dependant of the parents to becoming rights-based citizens, even not in Constitution. In Korea neither parents nor children have constitutionally recognized right. According to Korean Constitution the parents have only the obligation to educate their children. And the state ist obliged to improve the welfare of the youth(section 34). In compliance with this article there are lots of statutes regulating youth welfare. This article reviews the legal definition of child and youth to test the uncertain definition of child and youth welfare in relation to the treatment of children's and youth's legal status in Korea. According to the Child Welfare Act child is the person under age of 18, while the legal definition of youth oscillates between the person under the age of 19 and the person over the age 9 to the age of 23. As a result child welfare is often used as the synonym of youth welfare, and vice versa. The lack of the arrangement of the legal definition of child and youth is based on the historical reasons that the legal definitions of youth (under the age of 19 or over the age 9 to the age of 23) newly appeared in the statutes regulating youth welfare, whereas the Child Welfare Act still maintained the definition of child under the age of 18. In order to get rid of the confusion of the definition of the child and youth, a part of certain statues should combine with another Act according to the purpose of the individual amended statutes. And the definition of child and youth should be subdivided into 3 or 4 classes, namely infant(0-6), child(7-13), youth(14-18) and young adult(19-26). Furthermore this article proposes a reform of the existing legal system pursuant to the nature of the law, i.g. whether the issued or amended Act takes on a selective(residual) or universal character.

The Differences of Interpersonal Experiences between Multicultural and Korean Children with PTSD Symptoms (심리적 외상 경험 다문화가정 아동과 일반가정 아동이 인식하는 대인관계 특성 비교)

  • Gao, Hong-Yue;Hwang, Mae-Hyang
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.279-298
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the different perceptions of relationship with significant others of multicultural children with PTSD symptoms. To select the subjects for this study, Korean version of Greenwald and Rubin's CROPS(Child Report of Post-traumatic Symptoms) was administered to 97 multicultural children and 110 Korean children. Among them 20 multicultural children and 22 Korean children were determined as children with PTSD symptoms. SCT was administrated to 42 children and the content analysis of 42 SCTs was undertaken. The following results are the major findings of this research: a) multicultural children perceived their mothers, fathers, friends, and teachers more negatively than Korean children; b) only 55% of multicultural children had positive self-images while almost Korean children had positive self-images; c) multicultural children expressed psychological trauma from peers in school while Korean children expressed psychological trauma from parents at home. Lastly, we discussed implications of the results, limitations and suggestions for future study.

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