• Title, Summary, Keyword: 아동

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A comparative study on child rights through the application of a child rights index ('아동권리지수' 적용을 통한 아동권리 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Bong Joo;Shin, Won Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.58
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    • pp.171-203
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    • 2017
  • There has been a growing number of research about children's development indicators and child well-being indicators. After the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and concluding observations on the second report of Korea, the effort to monitor and measure children's rights and the use of child rights indicators has increased within policy and academic research. However, few indicators provide a realization of children's rights. The purpose of this paper was to analyze children's own perceptions of their rights and to develop a children's rights index to measure children's rights. In this study, a children's rights index was developed from 38 indicators categorized into nine components and four domains (survival rights, development rights, protection rights, and participation rights) to measure children's rights. Data were gathered from 17,000 elementary and middle school children and their parents in 16 cities. The survey revealed significant differences in the children's rights index by region and age group. There was also a correlation between the economic circumstances of both households and communities and the children's rights index. In the light of the findings, it is suggested that there is a need to increase public investment on children and to raise awareness of children's rights in order to improve children's rights and to decrease disparity.

Cross-cultural differences in Korean and American children′s behavior attributions (한국 아동과 미국 아동의 행동귀인에서의 문화차 연구)

  • Young-Joo Song
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.115-132
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구는 아동의 일상 심리학이 그들의 문화에 따라 다르게 나타나는지를 알아보고자 한 것이다. 이러한 발달적 보편성의 문제를 해결하기 위해, 우선 한국 아동과 미국 아동의 타인 행동에 대한 설명을 비교하였다. 또한 서로 다른 문화를 반영할 수 있는 분석 틀을 고안하여. 이러한 서로 다른 분석 틀에 따라 두 나라 아동의 행동설명이 어떻게 다르게 나타나는지를 비교하였다. 본 연구에서는 미국식 범주인 '내적-외적' 법주와 한국식 범주인 '개인-관계-상황' 범주를 사용하였다. 연구결과. 두 나라의 아동은 타인의 행동설명에서 차이를 보여주었다. 미국 아동은 한국 아동에 비해 심리 '내적' 요인과 '개인적' 요인을 더 많이 사용하였으며. 한국 아동은 타인의 '상황적' 조건을 더 많이 고려하여 행동을 설명하였다. 그러나 두 문화권의 아동은 행동설명 과제에서 모두 '내적' 요인과 '개인적' 요인을 다른 요인보다 더 많이 선호하였으며. 오직 '상황적' 요인의 고려에서만 발달적 차이를 나타내는 공통점을 보여주었다.

The Factors that Affect the Reporting Behavior of Mandated Reporter (아동학대 신고의무자들의 아동학대에 대한 인식과 신고행동에 영향을 주는 요인에 대한 연구)

  • Huh, Nam-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.53
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    • pp.209-230
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    • 2003
  • This is the study to find out the differences between the mandated reporters who reported child abuse and who did not report and to know which factors affect the reporting behavior The researcher sent questioners to 595 doctors, teachers, nurses and social workers in 3 different cities as a sample. 477 people responded to questioner and only 116 people who said that they have found out abused child during the last year were used for analysis of this research. Among 116 people, only 35.4% reported child abuse. There were significant differences between two groups, groups that reported child abuse and groups that did not report, in attitude about Abuse, the experience of child abuse training and knowledge about abuse. However, the result of Logistic regression showed that reporting behavior are significantly affected by occupation, experience of child abuse training and severity of abuse.

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Roles of Childcare Teachers toward Child Abuse Prevention (아동학대예방을 위한 보육교사의 역할)

  • Lee, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to identify childcare teachers' self-reported perception of child abuse and neglect, reporting procedures, and reporting experience in Korea. The total average score of knowledge in child abuse and neglect was relatively high and most childcare teachers consider child abuse and neglect as a highly serious problem. About eighty six percent daycare teachers perceived reporting legislation toward child abuse and neglect, and most teachers in the study population perceived themselves as mandatory reporters. As the Child Welfare Act included a clause on mandated reporters, childcare teachers' role in intervening in child abuse cases has become more critical. In order to increase childcare teachers' reporting, education program should be designed for childcare teachers to effectively involve them in reporting child abuse and neglect.

The Comparison of Pitch Production between Children with Cochlear Implant and Normal Hearing Children (건청아동과 인공와우 수술을 한 아동의 Pitch산출 비교)

  • 유현수;고도흥
    • Proceedings of the KSLP Conference
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    • pp.144-145
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    • 2003
  • 고심도의 청각장애를 가진 아동의 음성은 높은 음도와 강도, 과비음 등 건청 아동과는 매우 다른 특성을 나타낸다. 그 중에서 초분절적인 요소에 속하는 억양은 청각장애 아동의 경우 단조롭고 높낮이 변화가 크지 않아서 의미전달에 어려움을 주는 중요한 요소이다. 청력손실이 고심도인 경우 수술을 하게 되면 청각적 수용능력을 높일 수 있어, 최근 부각되고 있는 인공 와우 이식수술을 받은 아동 또한 이러한 억양에서의 문제는 완전히 해결 받지 못하고 있다. 따라서 이 연구에서는 인공 와우 이식수술을 받은 청각장애 아동이 건청 아동과 억양에서 어떠한 차이를 드러내는지에 대해 알아보고자 하였다. (중략)

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A Cross-cultural Comparison of Parent-child Emotional Reactions to Task Results Using a Computer-based Observational Assessment (아동 수행 결과에 대한 부모-자녀 정서 반응 비교 문화 연구 - 컴퓨터 행동관찰 분석기법 활용 -)

  • Nam, Eun Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.225-243
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    • 2008
  • 본 연구는 아동의 학습 과제 수행 이후에 보이는 부모와 아동의 정서적 반응이 문화에 따라 어떠한 차이를 나타내는지 알아보기 위해 한국계 이민자 가정과 백인가정을 대상으로 실시하였다. 미국 서북부 시애틀 지역의 8에서 9세 사이의 자녀를 둔 31 한국계 가정과 31백인 가정이 연구에 참여하였다. 연구를 위해 각 가정을 방문하였고 각 가정의 부모와 아동의 정서 반응을 비디오로 촬영하여 비교 분석하였다. 컴퓨터를 이용한 초 단위 행동 분석 결과 아동이 과제에 실패했을 때 한국계 어머니들과 아동들의 긴장과 불안 행동이 미국 백인 어머니들과 아동들보다 더 많이 나타났다. 아동의 과제 실패시, 어머니들의 부정적인 정서표현도 한국계 이민자 가정에서 더 많이 표출되었다. 아동들이 과제에 성공했을 때는 미국 백인 어머니들과 아동들이 좀 더 긍정적인 정서 반응을 많이 하였고 특히 백인 어머니들이 적극적 칭찬 등의 긍정적인 피드백을 주었다. 흥미 있게 아동들의 과제 성공 후에도 한국계 이민자 가정의 어머니들이 부정적인 정서 표출이 더 많았다. 자녀의 성에 따른 상호작용의 차이를 알아본 결과, 한국계 이민자 가정에서는 성차가 나타나지 않았고 미국 백인 가정의 부모들이 남자아이들에게 더 긍정적인 정서 표현을 보였다.

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Effects of Food Behavior on Social Competence and Hyperactivity of Preschoolers (취학 전 아동의 식생활 행동이 사회적 능력 및 과잉 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • 김정현;이명희
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.147-157
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between food behavior and social competence and hyperactivity among 330 children aged 5-6 years. Social competence and hyperactivity of the children were measured simultaneously by both children´s mothers and their teachers using the same checklists. A significant difference was noted between the teachers´ and the mothers´ assessment upon the association of food behavior with both social competence and hyperactivity (p<0.05). Health status was closely related to only the teacher´s food behavior assessment(p<0.05). Children´s social competence was significantly related with the degree of children´s activity and the degree of hyperactivity was negatively related with their sleep status(p<0.05). The higher the teachers´ assessments on the children´s food behavior were, the higher the children´s social competences were(p<0.05). However, this positive relationship between food behavior and social competence were not observed by the mothers´ assessment. These results indicate that food behavior assessed by the teachers, not by mothers, plays a role in children´s social competence and hyperactivity.

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The Linguistic Properties Comparison between nongifted children and Gifted children (일반아동과 영재아동의 언어적 특성 비교)

  • Jang, Hye-Ja;Kim, Hye-Ok;Un, Hyeon-Seon;Jo, Bok-Hui
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.25-46
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    • 2000
  • These purposes are to have a necessity to be educated for the linguistic gifted among many gifted in speedy changeable age, and to find out what differences are of properties between the linguistic gifted children and nongifted children through comparing/analysing to gifted children any nongifted children using performance evaluation on writer's ability. Therefore, it intends to use as a assisting material in order to develop ability and properties of the linguistic gifted children and nongifted children as well. The studying details are 1) to compare/analyze thinking ability between the linguistic gifted children and nongifted children 2) to find out differences of thinking ability for unrealistic reasoning between the linguistic gifted children and nongifted children. The studying subjects had been chosen 3 children as a first grade in 'C' Gifted Academy and 3 children as a first grade in an elementary school from June 3, 1999 to June 12, 1999. The studying instrument was an evaluation of linguistic properties certification(Project Spectrum : Krechevsky,'1994). It had got a frequency calculation, average and standard deviation through the material anylzing with the program SPSSWIN. The conclusions are as belows, First, as a result of performance evaluation on writer's ability to gifted children and nongifted children, the gifted children were outstandingly shown the linguistic ability getting much higher score than nongifted children in respect of vocabulary level, structure of writing, and consistency/logicality of theme. Second, it was shown the gifted children had diffusing thought than nongifted children through the esthetic question and impformation memories with listening to the realistic juvenil story and the unrealistic juvenile story.

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A Study on the Necessity for Hygiene Education for Children at the Gyeongbuk Community Children Center (경북 지역아동센터 아동들에 대한 위생교육 필요성)

  • Lee, Youn-Jung;Bae, Ji-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.577-588
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this research was to provide basic educational data on the proper eating habits of children who use the community children center. The results of the research conducted by polling the fourth, fifth, and sixth-grade children of the community children centers are summarized as follows. Male children had more meals and ate them faster than those of female children, and they also tended to watch more TV and read books. Moreover, children of families headed by fathers ate until they were full, whereas children of households headed by mothers ate less. More female than male children skipped breakfast, and the percentage of children who had their meals alone was high among children reared by their grandfathers. Most of the children ate only what they liked. Moreover, male children ate only particular fruits and vegetables, whereas female children ate only beans and miscellaneous cereals. Most of the children recognized that they had eating problems, such as eating only what they liked and eating meals on irregular schedules. Such eating habits were affected mainly by family members such as parents, brothers, and sisters. Female children scored higher than male children in terms of nutrition and hygiene knowledge. Approximately 40~50.3% of all subjects became interested in nutrition and hygiene education at the community children center. Most of the children recognized that nutrition and hygiene education is necessary at the community children center. They also recognized their own eating problems and wanted nutrition and hygiene education to be taught at the community children center. Accordingly, regular educational activities and meals for children in the community children center considered a children's particular home background to improve eating habits in the children.