• 제목, 요약, 키워드: 써멀마네킹

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탄화지르코늄 함유 감성 인텔리전트 의류의 써멀 마네킹 측정에 의한 발열 특성 (Heat Generation Characteristics of Emotional and Intelligent ZrC Imbedded Garment through Thermal Manikin Measurement)

  • 김현아;김승진
    • 감성과학
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 2015
  • 본 연구에서는 써멀 마네킹 실험을 통해서 탄화지르코늄(ZrC) 혼입사로 만들어진 니트와 직물 의류의 발열 특성을 연구하였다. 써멀 마네킹 측정에 의한 감성 및 인지기능 열적특성이 분석되었으며 광발열 실험결과와 비교하였다. ZrC 혼입 직 편물의 표면온도는 일반 PET 직 편물 보다 각각 $4^{\circ}C$$2^{\circ}C$ 높은 값을 보였다. 그리고 이들 직 편물 의류의 광조사상태에서 써멀 마네킹 실험에 의한 발열특성을 나타내는 보온성 Clo치는 각각 0.18과 0.08 높은 값을 보였다. 이 결과는 이성분 필라멘트의 심사부에 혼입된 ZrC에서 방사된 원적외선에 기인 된 것을 $6{\mu}m{\sim}20{\mu}m$범위의 원적외선 방사강도 결과와 EDS 원소분석에 의해 확인함으로써 가능하였다. 그리고 ZrC 혼입에 의해 직물의 압축성이 낮아지고 굽힘강성이 높은 값을 보임으로써 촉감 특성은 다소 부족함을 보였다. 그러나 ZrC혼입 직 편물의 발열특성 발현을 써멀 마네킹 측정에 의해 확인함으로써 인텔리전트 의류로서의 적용 가능성을 확인하였다.

의복 형태가 보온력에 미치는 영향;써멀 마네킹 착용 실험에 의한 (Effects of garment types on thermal insulation using a thermal manikin)

  • 손원교;백윤정
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.1110-1118
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    • 1999
  • This study was to examine the effects of garment types on thermal insulation using a thermal manikin. cotton polyester wool silk and rayon were selected as outer wears like a blouse a skirt slacks and one-piece for this study Acetate was chosen as a lining. Brief and upper innerwear with long sleeves(cotton) were also chosen as the innerwear. The results were as follows: 1. The thermal insulation of the garment of single layer was in proportion to the covering area of garment in all types of clothing. 2. On adding the innerwear or the lining or both the thermal insulation of the each garment of single layer were showed a different trends by garment types. The thermal manikin insulations of one-piece dress adding the innerwear was higher than those of blouse-skirt suits. The thermal insulation of one-piece dress adding the innerwear and lining was lower than those of blouse-skirt suits. 3. The increasing rates of thermal insulation of multi-layered garments had different value by garment types but garment made of rayon and silk were showed very high increasing rates of thermal insulation. 4. The increasing rates of the thermal insulation of one-piece dress added the lining the innerwear or both except polyester showed the highest value and then blouse-slacks suits' turn came ound Blouse-skirt suits had the lowest the increasing rates of thermal insualition value.

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착탈식 라인어와 아웃도어 의복의 보온성 (Detachable Liner and Insulation of Outdoor Clothing)

  • Kim, Chil-Soon
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.26 no.12
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    • pp.1756-1764
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구의 목적은 의복시스템 내 에서 착탈이 가능한 라이너 가 있을 때 얼마만큼의 보온성 이 증가되는가를 알고자 하는 것이다. 서로 다른 섬유조성 과 두께를 가지는 3개 의 의복앙상블을 선정하여 움직일 수 있는 마네킨을 사용하여 14$^{\circ}C$로 조절되어 있는 인공기후실에서 보온성을 측정하였다. 그 결과 라이너 사용 후 보온성이 증가되었는데 그 정도는 라이너 의 두께 와 섬유조성에 따라서 다르며 약 0.5 clo 증가하였다. 이 결과로부터 착탈 가능한 라이너의 사용으로 추운기후에 어느 정도 적응 할 수 있는가를 확인할 수 있었다.

풍속변화에 따른 순모의류의 온열특성 (The effect of air velocity on the thermal resistance of wool ensembles)

  • 송민규;전병익
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.565-574
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of air velocity on the thermal resistance of wool ensembles. Three suits for men with different weaving structure and density were made with the same design and size for the study. In addition, Y-shirt, underwear, and socks were prepared for constructing the ensembles. Thermal insulation of air layer and 3 ensembles were measured by using thermal manikin in environmental chamber controlled at 2$0^{\circ}C$ and 65% RH with various air velocity. The results were as follows: 1. Thermal resistance of air layer was 0.079 m2.$^{\circ}C$/W with no air velocity(less than 0.2m/sec). 2. Thermal resistance of air layer decreased with increasing the air velocity rapidly. When the air velocity was 0.25 and 2.89 m/sec, the decreasing rate was 15% and 61%, respectively compared with no air velocity. 3. While there was little difference among the effective thermal insulation of 3 ensembles having different weaving structure and density with no air velocity, there was sharp difference among them when the air velocity increased. That is, the decreasing rate of effective thermal insulation of the ensemble which has higher air permeability was higher. 4. The decreasing rates of the effective thermal resistances of plain, twill and satin ensemble were 61, 54, and 49%, respectively when the air velocity was 2.89 m/sec which was a maximum air velocity in this study.

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남자 한복의 열차단 효과에 관한 연구(II) -써멀마네킹 실험- (Studies on the Thermal Insulation Effect of the Boreal Men과s Folk Clothes(II) - Experiment on Thermal Manikin -)

  • 성수광
    • 한국섬유공학회지
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.282-287
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    • 1997
  • In estimating the thermal insulation effect (TIE) by an experiment of wearing clothes on human body, lack of reproducibility and each part of clothing insulation value have been pointed out. Therefore an electrically-heated manikin was used to study the effects of clothing materials and seasonal clothes on the thermal insulation value of KMFC. The manikin consisted of a black anodized copper skin formed to simulated the size and shape of a typical man (height 170 cm, body weight 60 kg). The manikin was instrumented with 17 skin thermistor in various locations on its body. We reached the conclusion below through the comparison of western style men's clothes and Korean women's folk clothes (KWFC), The TIE for KMFC is 0.63-0.84% for summer clothes and 1.28∼1.32 clo for spring and fall ones. For the total thermal resistance (1‥‥‥) when wearing KMFC, standing position has a bigger one than sitting position, and the change by each position is more than that of western style men's clothes. For the TIE of KMFC, that thermal resistance of the back part is more than that of western style men's clothes, which is a major factor causing bigger TIE. In addition, the weight per unit area of KMFC was highly positively correlated with the keeping warm.

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써멀 마네킹 착용실험에 의한 보온력에 미치는 의복소재의 영향 (The Effects of Textiles for Thermal Insulation Value Using a Thermal Manikin)

  • 손원교;최정화
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.37 no.12
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    • pp.141-151
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to examine the effects of textile materials for thermal insulation value using a thermal manikin. Cotton, polyester, wool, silk and rayon were selected as outer wears like blouses, skirts, slacks, and one-pieces. Acetate was chosen as a lining. Brief and long sleeve upper underwear(cotton) were chosen as the inner wears. The results were as follows; There were no significant differences among the materials in skirts and blouse-skirt suits by the thermal manikin. However blouses, slacks, one-pieces and blouse-slacks suits were showed the effects of materials. Blouse-slacks suits was showed the highest thermal insulation value and one-piece had the lowest thermal insulation value.

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'발열내복'이라 광고되는 시판 기능성 보온내복의 써멀 마네킹과 인체 착용 실험을 통한 체온조절 성능 평가 (Evaluation of Thermoregulatory Properties of Thermal Underwear Named as 'Heating Underwear' using Thermal Manikin and Human Performance Test)

  • 이효현;이영란;김지은;김시연;이주영
    • 한국의류산업학회지
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.657-665
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    • 2015
  • This study evaluated the thermoregulatory properties of functional thermal underwear ('heating underwear') in markets using a thermal manikin and human wear trials. One ordinary thermal underwear (ORD) and two functional thermal underwear (HEAT1 and HEAT2; manufactured goods, HEAT1: moisture absorbing heat release mechanism, HEAT2: heat storage, release mechanism) were chosen. Thermo-physiological and subjective responses were evaluated at an air temperature of $5.0{\pm}0.5^{\circ}C$ and air humidity of $30{\pm}5%RH$ with five male subjects ($21.6{\pm}1.3yr$ in age, $178.0{\pm}5.9cm$ in height, $68.2{\pm}5.9kg$ in body mass). Experimental conditions consisted of four ensembles that included winter clothes (Control: no underwear, ORD, HEAT1, HEAT2). Water-vapor resistance was greater in fabric of HEAT1 than others. The results were: 1) Total thermal insulation (IT) using a thermal manikin were not greater for HEAT1 (0.860clo) and HEAT 2 (0.873clo) than for ORD (0.886clo). 2) There were no significant differences in rectal temperature, mean skin temperature, heart rate and total body mass loss between the four conditions. Microclimate clothing temperature on the back was greater for ORD than for HEAT1 and HEAT2. Subjects felt more comfortable with HEAT1 than for others at rest. HEAT2 was higher in microclimate humidity when compared to other conditions. The results suggest that thermoregulatory properties of 'heating underwear' in market did not differ from those of ordinary thermal underwear in terms of total thermal insulation and thermoregulatory responses in a cold environment.

기능성과 보온성 향상을 위한 공군 정비파카 개발 및 평가 (Development and Evaluation of Air Force Mechanic Parka to Enhance the Functions and Insulation)

  • 이성지;최영림;남윤자
    • 한국의류산업학회지
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.294-303
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    • 2012
  • This study was designed to develop air force mechanic parka, evaluate it, and ultimately provide functionally superior parka to the air force. The development process was 1) conducting a survey, 2) identifying problems and shortcomings of currently-supplied parkas, and 3) improving the design, pattern and materials. The newly-developed parkas were evaluated in terms of their ease of fit, clothing mobility, and insulation. Ease of fit was evaluated by subjects' sensory tests, and clothing mobility was by fitness-for-motion tests and range-of-motion tests using a Goniometer. Evaluation on insulation was conducted by thermal manikins. Findings of this study were as follows: 1. In the subjective evaluation on clothing mobility, new parkas were considered to have sufficient ease of fit while previous ones scored much lower, confirming the improvement of the new version. 2. Both subjective tests and ROM measurements on fitness for motion verified the superiority of the new parkas. 3. Insulation tests found that although insulation capability of newly-developed parkas was at a similar level to those of the previous ones, their insulation capability per unit weight was superior, demonstrating that new parkas were better at blocking heat conduction. When making changes in parka patterns and designs to enhance the mobility, it was necessary to maintain the insulation function. The new parkas developed by this study was verified to be superior to the previous ones in their insulation and clothing mobility.

겨울용 쾌적 보온성 의복의 온열특성에 관한 연구 - 무풍환경하에서 - (A Study on the Thermal Characteristics of Comfortable Heat-Retaining Winter Clothing)

  • 송민규;권명숙
    • 복식
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    • v.58 no.6
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    • pp.24-34
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to create a database of information on fabric factors(i.e., fabric insulation, fabric weight, clothing weight, fabric thickness, air permeability, and water vapor resistance) of clothing used for insulations, to compare them according to clothing types, and to estimate thermal resistance of clothing using these factors. A total of 25 kinds of clothing were selected(9 types for suits, 6 types of jacket, 5 types for shirts, and 5 types for trousers). The results of this study were as follows; Thermal insulation of clothing showed the highest positive correlation(0.85, p>0.01) with thermal insulation of fabric and very high positive correlation with water vapor resistance, fabric thickness, fabric weight, and clothing weight, respectively, 0.77, 0.77, 0.73, 0.71(p>0.01). Fabric weight of jacket was higher than that of shirts and trousers. Air permeability of shirts was the highest of clothing types. Clothing insulation of jacket was higher than that of shirts and trousers and its fabric insulation was also the highest of clothing types. Regression analysis showed that fabric thickness, water vapor resistance, and fabric weight would be useful factors for estimating the thermal resistance of clothing.

국내 및 외국 상표 청바지의 구매의도에 따른 평가기준에 대한 신념과 추구이미지 및 의복태도의 차이연구 (Consumer Intention to Purchase Domestic/Foreign Brand Jeans;Beliefs, Attitude, and Individual Characteristics.)

  • 고애란
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.263-272
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    • 1994
  • 성인 남자 복부위의 연령별 형태 변화를 승라이딩 게이지법에 의하여 측정하고자 하였으며, 피험자는 20대청년층 15명, 40대 중년층 11명, 60대 노년층 11명으로 하였다. 측정 부위는 후두융기점, 목뒷점, 목앞점, 어깨점을 지나는 목부위의 수평단면형태로 하였으며, 목부위의 측면형태, 각 수평단면의 둘레, 수평단면의 전후"{\cdot}"좌우길이에 대하여 연령별 특징을 파악하였다.실험결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1.목뒤점에서 수평으로 인체의 전방을 향하여 그으진수평선에 대한 후두융기점의 위치로서 목의 측면 형태를 분석하였으며, 20대에서는 피험자 15명중 14명이 자세I과 자세II에 속하므로 경부 자세가 바른 체형을 보여 주었으며, 40대에서는 피험자 11명중 자세II에 속하는 피험자가 3명이었으며 나머지 8명은 경부자세가 앞으로 수그러진 체형인 자세III에 속하였다. 2. 후두융기점, 목뒷점,목앞점,어깨점을 지나는 각수평 단면도의 특징에 대하여 보면, 목뒷점 수평단면의 형태는 젊은층은 원형을, 중년층과 노년층으로 갈수록 타원형의 모양으로 변화는것을 볼 수 있었다. 또한, 후두융기점의 위치가 앞으로 수그러지면서 후두융기점을 지나는 수평단면도의 형태 역시 나이가 들수록 청년층에 비하여 뒷목 부위가 크게 되어지는 경향을 볼수 있었다. 목앞점을 지나는 수평단면은 나이가 들수록 청년층에 비하여 단면의 전후"{\cdot}"좌우길이가 커지는 경향을 볼 수있었으며 40대가 최대치를 나타내었다. 어깨점을 지나는 수평단면의 특징은 나이가 들수록 전후길이(두께)는 증가하고 좌우길이(너비)는 감소하는 경향을 보였다.이(너비)는 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 행해졌던 성인 대상의 기존의 연구 결과와 비교하면, 더운 환경에서는 아동의 직장온, 총발한량, 손과 발을 제외한 국소 발한량, 맥박은 성인보다 유의하게 높았으나 추운 환경에서의 사지말단 피부온과 혈압은 성인보다 낮았다. 그리고 아동의 주관적 감각의 판단 능력은 미발달 상태임을 확인하였다. 3) 9살 아동의 써멀 마네킹의 제작 및 응용; 써멀 마네킹을 제작.재현성 확인 후, 이를 이용하여 각 계절에 보편적으로 입는 단일 피복과 앙상블의 유효 열 저항치(이하 clo치)를 측정하였다. 단일 피복의 clo치는 속옷의 0.03c1o에서 코트의 0.69c1o까지 분포하였으며, 단일 피복의 clo치(Y)와 피복 면적(X$_1$,%), 중량(X$_2$,g), 두께(X$_3$,mm)사이에서 Y=0.0071X$_1$+0.0003X$_2$+0.0995X$_3$+0.1099(r=0.91)이 얻어져, 이 세 요인이 단일 피복의 clo치를 결정하는 주 요인이라는 점을 재확인했다. 앙상블의 clo치는 0.15c1o-1.2clo에 분포했고 앙상블의 clo치(Y)와 단일 피복의 clo치의 단순 가산치($\Sigma$X)와의 관계에서 관계식 Y=0.86($\Sigma$X)+0.01(r=0.99)을 얻었다. 본 연구를 종합하여 초등학생의 다양한 환경에 적합한 착용 의복의 clo치를 제안했다. 기온 1$0^{\circ}C$에는 1.14clo, 15$^{\circ}C$에는 0.91c1o,

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