• Title, Summary, Keyword: 심리지식

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Children as psychologists: The development of folk psychology (심리학자로서의 아동: 심리지식의 발달)

  • Ghim Hei-Rhee
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.29-52
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    • 2005
  • This study was carried out to examine whether children had the naive psychological knowledge that the mental states ate requited to understand the intentional actions, whether their psychological knowledge was organized as a theory, and in what aspects the knowledge changed as children get older. Three- to 11-year-olds were presented with two types of tasks. In action explanation tasks, children were presented with simple descriptions of two characters engaging in specific actions and then asked to explain the characters' action. In action prediction tasks, they were told stories depicting a character's desire and belief and then asked to predict the action of the character. Three-year-olds explained the action in terms of abstract construct such as emotion, intention, and desire, and they predicted the character's action on the basis of her/his desire and explicit belief but not on the basis of inferred false belief and traits. In addition when they were asked to explain one mental state, they explained in terms of other mental states, suggesting the coherence of their knowledge. The present results suggested that even 3-year-olds' psychological knowledge was organized as a theory, in that it was used as a causal device in explaining and predicting human actions, and it had abstractness and coherence. Older children's knowledge was different from 3-year-olds' in that older children explained the action in terms of more complicated mental states such as beliefs and traits. The nature of the developmental change in psychological knowledge was discussed.

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A Framework of an Expert System's Knowledge for the Diagnosis in Art Psychotherapy (그림에 의한 심리진단 전문가 시스템의 지식 체제)

  • Kim, Seong-In;Yoo, Seok;Myung, Ro-Hae;Kim, Sheung-Kown
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.65-93
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    • 2005
  • Expert system implementation of human expert's diagnosis in art psychotherapy requires extensive knowledge on: (1) characteristics in a drawing; (2) psychological symptoms in a client; (3) relationships between the characteristics and the symptoms; (4) decision process; (5) knowledge elicitation and aquisition methods. Experts from many different fields provide such knowledge, ranging from art therapists who is on the spot, psychiatrists, psychologists, artists to knowledge engineers who know how to implement the decision system to a computer. The problems that make the implementation difficult are the expert's complex decision process and the ambiguity, the inconsistency and even the contradiction in the huge volume of the knowledge. Modeling the expert's decision process, we develope a framework of the system and then analyze and classify the knowledge. With the proposed classification, we present a suitable method of knowledge elicitation and aquisition. Then, we describe the subsets of knowledge in a unified structure using the ontology concept and Protege 2000 as a tool. Finally, we apply the system to a real case to show its usability and suitability.

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Public Managers' Decision-Making and Their Psychology on Managing Ecosystems (생태계 관리에 대한 공무원의 의사결정과 그 심리)

  • Lee, Jeongseok
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.3-24
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    • 2012
  • Many ecosystems in Korea are currently managed by government organizations. Thus, public managers' decision-making has great influence on the management of ecosystems in Korea, and their decision-making could influence the matter of whether the ecosystems of Korea are managed effectively. This paper regards the goal of management of ecosystems as securing the sustainablilty of target ecosystems, and investigates public managers' decision-making and their psychological attitude on the management of ecosystems. Basically, managerial activities on ecosystems have uncertainties and usually public managers utilize the knowledge of law, science, intergovernmental relations, and local governance as their references for decision-making. To elucidate public managers' managerial decision-making on ecosystems, this paper adopts some psychological theories in explaining the judgment of human beings under uncertainties. Effective ecosystem management by public managers can be judged by how public managers adopt and utilize all of the above mentioned four kinds of knowledge on ecosystem management. An important factor in order to let them utilize the four kinds of knowledge is policy support. Therefore, as conclusion, this paper recommends some relevant policy measures that can support the ecosystem management of public managers.

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Eojeol Representation in Mental Lexicon (심성어휘집내의 어절 표상 구조)

  • 임희석;남기춘
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Cognitive Science Conference
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    • pp.46-50
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    • 2002
  • 인간의 지식 표상 규명에 대한 연구는 인간을 대상으로 연구하는 심리학에서뿐만 아니라 인간의 지능을 컴퓨터를 이용하여 구현하고자 하는 인공지능 학문에서도 오래 전부터 매우 중요한 화두가 되고 있다. 특히 인간의 지식 중 언어 지식에 대한 연구는 인간의 언어처리 과정 및 현상을 규명하고 이해하고자 하는 심리언어학에서뿐만 아니라 인간의 언어를 컴퓨터를 이용하여 처리하고자 하는 전산언어학 연구에 있어서도 매우 중요하다. 본 논문은 피험자를 대상으로 한 어절 재인 시 관찰되었던 언어 현상을 설명할 수 있는 시뮬레이션 모델과 이에 근거한 심성어휘집내에서의 한국어 어절의 표상 구조를 제안한다.

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The Effect of Positive Psychological Capital and Leader-Member Exchange on Job Stress, Organizational Commitment, and Knowledge Sharing - Focusing on Flight Attendants - (긍정심리자본과 리더-구성원 교환관계가 직무스트레스, 조직몰입 및 지식공유에 미치는 영향 - 항공사 객실 승무원을 대상으로 -)

  • Um, Hyemi;Moon, Yunji
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.77-94
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    • 2020
  • While the importance of the service industry has increased at the national economy level, the service rate and job satisfaction of the flight attendants in the aviation service industry are not high. In this regard, this study aims to recognize what factors can reduce their job stress in the emotional work environment, and how job stress affects their attitude and job performance. More specifically, the current study tries to investigate how flight attendants' positive psychological status affect their job stress, organizational commitment, and knowledge sharing in the aspect of job performance. The main five constructs in these interrelationships include the flight attendants' positive psychological capital, leader-member exchange(LMX), job stress, organizational commitment, and knowledge sharing. This study conducted a quantitative research with 390 questionnaire for flight attendants, and analyzed the data using SPSS/PC version 20.0 and structural equation modeling program of AMOS 20.0. The findings show that the favorable leader-member exchange relationship between flight attendants plays a significant role in lowering job stress, while high job stress has a negative effect on organizational commitment and knowledge sharing. The result also shows that personal positive psychological capital acts as a trigger to influence other factors. Therefore, this study suggests that it is essential for airlines not only to promote an organizational system to support the flight attendants' emotional work but also to maintain a positive psychological state for securing competitive human resources.

Comprehension and Production Processes of Korean: A Review on Psychological Research (한국어의 이해와 산출의 심리적 과정)

  • Lee, Jung-Mo;Lee, Jae-Ho;Kim, Young-Jin
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
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    • pp.3-22
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    • 1994
  • 한국어의 이해와 산출의 심리적 과정에 대한 인지심리학적 연구들을 개관하였다. 한국어의 통사적 구분분석처리 과정, 대용어 참조 해결 과정, 덩이글 이해와 지식구조의 활용 과정, 말실수와 글쓰기의 언어 산출 과정 등에 대한 심리학적 연구를 개관하여 주요 실험적 결과와 이론적 의의를 논하고, 이들이 앞으로의 한국어 이해와 산출 과정에 대한 인지과학적 연구에 시사하는 바를 논의하였다.

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Hierarchical Analysis of Astronomical Concepts Using the Knowledge Space Theory (지식공간론을 활용한 천문학 개념의 위계 분석)

  • Yun, Ma-Byeong;Kim, Hui-Su;Lee, Hang-Ro
    • 한국지구과학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.31-31
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    • 2010
  • 고등학교 지구과학에서 다루는 천문학 개념의 위계를 밝히고, 그에 따른 교수-학습의 효과를 알아보기 위해 지식공간론을 활용하여 학습과제 속에서 내재되어 있는 학습자의 지식상태를 분석하였다. 고등학교 학생들의 천문학적 공간개념에 대한 구성 요인 간 위계는 '공간위치 $\rightarrow$ 공간추리 $\rightarrow$ 공간변화' 순이었다. 학습자의 천문학적 공간개념 점수가 같아도 개념의 구조화( 지식상태 )가 다르게 나타나는 경우가 있었다. 이는 학습자에 따라 개별화 학습의 처방이 달라져야 함을 시사한다. 천체관측 개념의 위계는 '지구운동 $\rightarrow$ 천구좌표계 $\rightarrow$ 천체관측( 망원경 원리 $\rightarrow$ 망원경 설치 $\rightarrow$ 망원경 관측 )' 순으로 분석되었으며 2007개정교육과정에서 제시하는 순서와는 차이가 있었다. 고등학생들의 천체관측 개념에 대한 지식상태 분석에서 개념의 구조화가 잘 이루어진 학생의 경우에는 하위 위계를 이루는 지구운동과 천구좌표계, 망원경 원리에 관한 문항을 잘 맞추었고, 상위 위계에 있는 망원경 설치와 관측 문항에서 정답률이 낮았다. 그러나 개념의 구조화가 덜 이루어진 학생의 지식상태는 하위 위계를 이루는 지구 운동 관련 문항에서 더 많이 틀렸고, 최상위 위계( 망원경 설치, 관측 )를 이루는 문항에 대한 정답률이 높았다. 지구과학I의 천체관측 단원에 대하여 학습자의 심리적 위계와 교과서의 논리 위계에 따라 학습과제를 제시하여 교수-학습한 결과, 개념의 형성률은 심리적 위계에 따라 수업한 경우가 유의미( p & .05 )하게 더 높았다.

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A Comparative Study on the Impact Factors and Moderator of Incentives of Knowledge Transfer Process in Organizations -Focused on Nonprofit Organization and Profit Organization- (조직내 지식이전 프로세스의 영향요인과 인센티브의 조절효과에 관한 비교연구 - 비영리조직과 영리조직을 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Ju-Seon;Ko, Yoon-Jung
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.259-287
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    • 2013
  • This study is to comparate on impact factors and moderator of incentives of knowledge transfer between Nonprofit and Profit organization. In nonprofit organization, the results founded that individual information capability, quality of knowledge, and quality of construct were statistically significant in knowledge acquisition, informal communication and quality of construct were statistically significant knowledge sharing, and individual information capability, informal communication, quality of knowledge and quality of construct were statistically significant knowledge use. Also interactive effect of knowledge sharing and Psychological Physical incentive was statistically significant knowledge use. In profit organization, the results founded that individual information capability, informal communication, quality of knowledge, and quality of construct were statistically significant in knowledge acquisition, quality of knowledge and quality of construct were statistically significant knowledge sharing, and individual information capability, informal communication, and formal communication were statistically significant knowledge use. Also interactive effect of knowledge acquisition and Psychological Physical incentive was statistically significant knowledge use.

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Construction of Korean WordNet (한국어 워드넷의 구축)

  • Lim, Sung-Shin;Lee, Eun-Ryoung;Kwon, Hyuk-Chul
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
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    • pp.106-111
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    • 2004
  • 사람의 언어를 이해하는 자연언어처리 시스템을 개발하기 위해서는 의미처리를 위한 지식 베이스(knowledge base)가 필요하다. 지금까지 사람이 가진 지식 베이스를 컴퓨터에 도입하려는 많은 노력을 기울이고 있고 그 결과물로 온톨로지(ontology)와 시소러스(thesaurus)가 만들어지고 있다. 외국에서는 지식 베이스의 중요성을 알고 많은 연구를 수행하고 있으며 그 대표적인 사례들에는 Roget's Thesaurus, WordNet, EDR 개념사전, CYC, Euro WordNet 등이 있다. 이 중에서 가장 대표적이며 많은 활용을 보이는 것이 Princeton 대학의 WordNet이다. WordNet은 인간의 어휘지식에 대한 심리 언어학적인 연구의 결과물로써 심리학자와 언어학자들에 의해 10여 년 동안 구축되고 있는 영어에 대한 어휘데이터베이스이다. 본 논문에서는 WordNet을 기반으로 명사에 대해서 영한사전과 국어사전을 이용하여 구축한 한국어 워드넷을 소개하구 구축시 고려한 기본지침을 소개하도록 하겠다.

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가임여성의 에이즈관련 지식과 태도

  • 장순복
    • RED RIBBON
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    • pp.28-34
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    • 1995
  • 1994년 8월에 일본의 요꼬하마에서 개최된 제10차 국제 에이즈 학술 대회에서 Michael Merson 박사도 에이즈 예방의 걸림돌은 정보의 부족, 차별의식, 무관심이라고 천명하였듯이 에이즈 예방을 위해서는 에이즈에 관련된 적절한 지식과 함께 예방행위를 할 수 있는 심리적 동인이 되는 에이즈 관련 태도를 파악해야 한다.

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