• Title, Summary, Keyword: 심리언어학

Search Result 9, Processing Time 0.036 seconds

Eojeol Representation in Mental Lexicon (심성어휘집내의 어절 표상 구조)

  • 임희석;남기춘
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Cognitive Science Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.46-50
    • /
    • 2002
  • 인간의 지식 표상 규명에 대한 연구는 인간을 대상으로 연구하는 심리학에서뿐만 아니라 인간의 지능을 컴퓨터를 이용하여 구현하고자 하는 인공지능 학문에서도 오래 전부터 매우 중요한 화두가 되고 있다. 특히 인간의 지식 중 언어 지식에 대한 연구는 인간의 언어처리 과정 및 현상을 규명하고 이해하고자 하는 심리언어학에서뿐만 아니라 인간의 언어를 컴퓨터를 이용하여 처리하고자 하는 전산언어학 연구에 있어서도 매우 중요하다. 본 논문은 피험자를 대상으로 한 어절 재인 시 관찰되었던 언어 현상을 설명할 수 있는 시뮬레이션 모델과 이에 근거한 심성어휘집내에서의 한국어 어절의 표상 구조를 제안한다.

  • PDF

The Construction of Multiful Nominatives in Korean (한국어의 주격 중출 구문)

  • Lee, Woon-Young;Lee, Chung-Min
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
    • /
    • /
    • pp.319-324
    • /
    • 1995
  • 한국어에는 주격 표지를 가진 명사가 두 번 이상 나타나는 구문이 자주 나타난다. 이러한 구문을 주격 중출 구문이라고 한다. 주격 중출 구문은 크게 부분-전체 구문, 양화사 유동 구문, 그리고 심리 술어 구문으로 나누어진다. 본고에서는 부분-전체 구문과 양화사 유동 구문은 함수-논항 관계를 이용하여 분석하고, 심리 술어 구문은 의미역할과 자리 이동으로 설명한다. 이러한 것은 의미적 측면과 통사적 측면을 함께 고려한 것으로 좀 더 일관성 있는 설명을 위한 접근이라 하겠다.

  • PDF

A Cognitive Pragmatic Approach to Contextual Effects in Modern Korean Poetry (한국 현대시 텍스트의 맥락 효과에 관한 인지.화용론적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyon-Ho
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
    • /
    • /
    • pp.227-240
    • /
    • 1993
  • 본 연구의 목적은 한국 현대시 텍스트가 독자에게 전달하는 시적 효과를 담화 텍스트 언어학 및 인지적 화용론의 관점에서 분석하는 것이다. 담화 텍스트 언어학은 텍스트의 언어 자료 자체보다는 이를 생산하고 수용하는 인지 과정에 주목하는 인지과학의 한 분야이며, 적합성 원리로 되는 인지적 화용론은 텍스트 언어학에서 규명하는 바 여러 인지적 조작 절차들의 심리학적 근거가 된다. 많은 인지적 책략 및 조작 절차들이 집약되어 있는 한국 현대시 텍스트를 인지 화용론적 관점에서 분석한 결과, 이제까지 모호하게 개진되어 오던 많은 시적 효과가 텍스트 언어학 및 인지적 화용론의 분석 장치들에 의해서 명쾌하게 설명될 수 있음이 밝혀졌다. 즉, 정보성의 격상 및 격하, 각별한 결속구조의 사용 및 그 수용 과정, 작가의 상황점검과 상황관리 과정에 의한 전국적 인지 패턴의 활성화 및 수정 등의 인지적 절차를 통해서 독자의 맥락이 수정, 확장되는 효과가 일어나고 바로 이것이 궁극적으로는 시적 효과를 낳는다는 점을 설명할 수 있다.

  • PDF

Word Sense Similarity Clustering Based on Vector Space Model and HAL (벡터 공간 모델과 HAL에 기초한 단어 의미 유사성 군집)

  • Kim, Dong-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.295-322
    • /
    • 2012
  • In this paper, we cluster similar word senses applying vector space model and HAL (Hyperspace Analog to Language). HAL measures corelation among words through a certain size of context (Lund and Burgess 1996). The similarity measurement between a word pair is cosine similarity based on the vector space model, which reduces distortion of space between high frequency words and low frequency words (Salton et al. 1975, Widdows 2004). We use PCA (Principal Component Analysis) and SVD (Singular Value Decomposition) to reduce a large amount of dimensions caused by similarity matrix. For sense similarity clustering, we adopt supervised and non-supervised learning methods. For non-supervised method, we use clustering. For supervised method, we use SVM (Support Vector Machine), Naive Bayes Classifier, and Maximum Entropy Method.

  • PDF

Design and Implementation a English-Word Learning System using relationship between words (단어간의 관계를 이용한 영어 단어 학습시스템 설계)

  • Bae, Si-Yeong;Gao, Li;Lee, Sung-Keun;Koh, Jin-Gwang;Lee, Hyun-Chang;Choi, Hyun-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.19-21
    • /
    • 2010
  • 컴퓨터 성능의 급속한 발전으로 언어 학습에 컴퓨터를 이용하려는 시도는 이제 새로운 언어 교수법 차원으로 발전하는 실정이다. 이에 따라 컴퓨터를 이용한 학습이 더욱 강조되면서, 많은 학습 프로그램이 개발되고 있다. 그러나, 기존 영어 단어 학습 시스템은 학습자에게 지나치게 많은 단어들을 단순한 방법을 통해서 학습하게 함으로써 심리적 부담을 주고 있다. 심리언어학에서는 언어 이해의 과정이 단순히 제시된 것을 그대로 받아들이는 수용의 과정이 아니라 학습자가 이미 보유한 경험과 개념을 근거로 활성망의 확산을 통해 적절한 관계를 찾는 역동적 능동적 과정이라는 이론이 있다. 본 논문에서는 언어 학습 이론을 바탕으로 단어들 사이의 관계를 부각시킴으로써 추론과 기억에 도움을 주는 영어 단어 학습 시스템을 제안한다. 본 시스템은 단어들 간의 관계를 정의한 단어 관계 망을 중심으로 단어 학습 순서를 결정할 수 있고, 이미지 및 게임 기능을 지원하여 단어학습의 흥미를 유발하는 특징이 있다.

  • PDF

A Study on the Computational Model of Word Sense Disambiguation, based on Corpora and Experiments on Native Speaker's Intuition (직관 실험 및 코퍼스를 바탕으로 한 의미 중의성 해소 계산 모형 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Sung;Choe, Jae-Woong
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.303-321
    • /
    • 2006
  • According to Harris'(1966) distributional hypothesis, understanding the meaning of a word is thought to be dependent on its context. Under this hypothesis about human language ability, this paper proposes a computational model for native speaker's language processing mechanism concerning word sense disambiguation, based on two sets of experiments. Among the three computational models discussed in this paper, namely, the logic model, the probabilistic model, and the probabilistic inference model, the experiment shows that the logic model is first applied fer semantic disambiguation of the key word. Nexr, if the logic model fails to apply, then the probabilistic model becomes most relevant. The three models were also compared with the test results in terms of Pearson correlation coefficient value. It turns out that the logic model best explains the human decision behaviour on the ambiguous words, and the probabilistic inference model tomes next. The experiment consists of two pans; one involves 30 sentences extracted from 1 million graphic-word corpus, and the result shows the agreement rate anong native speakers is at 98% in terms of word sense disambiguation. The other pm of the experiment, which was designed to exclude the logic model effect, is composed of 50 cleft sentences.

  • PDF

Contrastive Information Processing in Discourse Comprehension

  • Lee Jung-Mo;Lee Jae-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.69-92
    • /
    • 2005
  • A brief survey of linguistic studies on the nature of contrastive information in discourse was Presented first, and an attempt was also made to incorporate the Linguistic theories and concepts about contrast in discourse into a psychological framework. A tentative model of processing of contrastive information in discourse was Proposed, and eight experimental studies on the effects of contrastive information on comprehension and memory of short and ions discourses were reviewed. Experimental results showed that contrastive sentences took more time to process at encoding, and yet were recognized faster and cued-recalled in greater amount than noncontrastive sentences. It was also found that levels of contrast in the discourse structure have some effects on encoding time. It was further found that the sentence immediately following the contrastive sentence was processed slowly regardless of whether it does or does not resolve the contrast. The implications of the results of empirical studies were discussed in relation to developing a research framework that integrate coherence studies and contrast studies urns the two disciplines of linguistics and cognitive psychology.

  • PDF

Value and Prosect of individual diary as research materials : Based on the "The 12th May Diaries Collection" (개인 일기의 연구 자료로서의 가치와 전망 "5월12일 일기컬렉션"을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Hyo Jin;Yim, Jin Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
    • /
    • no.46
    • /
    • pp.95-152
    • /
    • 2015
  • "Archives of Everyday Life" refers to an organization or facility which collects, appraises, selects and preserves the document from the memory of individuals, groups, or a society through categorizing and classifying lives and cultures of ordinary people. The document includes materials such as diaries, autobiography, letters, and notes. It also covers any digital files or hypertext like posts from blogs and online communities, or photos uploaded on Social Network Services. Many research fields including the Records Management Studies has continuously claimed the necessity of collection and preservation of ordinary people's records on daily life produced every moment. Especially diary is a written record reflecting the facts experienced by an individual and his self-examination. Its originality, individuality and uniqueness are considered truly valuable as a document regardless of the era. Lately many diaries have been discovered and presented to the historical research communities, and diverse researchers in human and social studies have embarked more in-depth research on diaries, their authors, and social background of the time. Furthermore, researchers from linguistics, educational studies, and psychology analyze linguistic behaviors, status of cultural assimilation, and emotional or psychological changes of an author. In this study, we are conducting a metastudy from various research on diaries in order to reaffirm the value of "The 12th May Diaries Collection" as everyday life archives. "The 12th May Diaries Collection" consists of diaries produced and donated directly by citizens on the 12th May every year. It was only 2013 when Digital Archiving Institute in Univ. of Myungji organized the first "Annual call for the 12th May". Now more than 2,000 items were collected including hand writing diaries, digital documents, photos, audio and video files, etc. The age of participants also varies from children to senior citizens. In this study, quantitative analysis will be made on the diaries collected as well as more profound discoveries on the detailed contents of each item. It is not difficult to see stories about family and friends, school life, concerns over career path, daily life and feelings of citizens ranging all different generations, regions, and professions. Based on keyword and descriptors of each item, more comprehensive examination will be further made. Additionally this study will also provide suggestions to examine future research opportunities of these diaries for different fields such as linguistics, educational studies, historical studies or humanities considering diverse formats and contents of diaries. Finally this study will also discuss necessary tasks and challenges for "the 12th May Diaries Collection" to be continuously collected and preserved as Everyday Life Archives.

Relationship of Using Science Terminology between Science Curriculum and Middle School Science Textbooks in the 2009 National Curriculum (2009 개정 과학과 교육과정과 중학교 과학 교과서의 과학 용어 사용 연계성 분석)

  • Yun, Eunjeong;Park, Yunebae
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.34 no.7
    • /
    • pp.667-675
    • /
    • 2014
  • It is important to know science terminology when learning science. In terms of linguistic and psychological perspectives, the context of encountering a terminology for the first time is critical. If a student has not learned the terminology properly the first time, it might cause misconceptions or be a barrier in following learning. This study aims to identify how careful science terminology are used in science textbooks, and the relationship of using science terminology between science curriculum and middle school science textbooks in the 2009 National Curriculum. In addition, the educational need, the importance of science learning, proper time for teaching, & difficulty of the terminologies have been surveyed among teachers and students. As results of study show, only 25% of terminologies in science textbooks have appeared in the curriculum, and about 10% have been used in middle school science textbooks prior to science curriculum. The survey results suggested that many of those terminologies could cause problems in teaching and learning situation. The solution for them have been divided into the following: avoiding usage in textbook prior to curriculum, using earlier in textbooks, using earlier in curriculum, and reflecting curriculum precisely in the textbook. In general, the curriculum needs to state performing objectives concretely. And it is needed to examine science terminology advertently when writing textbooks.