• Title, Summary, Keyword: 실루엣

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Comparisons of the Assessment of Ecological Landscape Design and the Apartment Skylines (생태학적 조경설계 평가와 아파트 스카이라인의 비교)

  • Kwon, Sang-Zoon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.90-100
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 건축고도제한에 의해 생태학적 조경설계는 어떻게 통제되며, 또한 생태학적 조경 설계가 무엇인가를 구명하는 것이다. 따라서 두 가지 다른 단지를 비교하여 건축물 스카이라인이 주변경관과 조화로운 심미적 설계를 가능하게 하는 영향에 관하여 고찰할 수 있다. 이 비교를 통하여 스카이라인 통제가 아파트단지 계획과 설계에서 생태학적 조경설계에 영향을 주는가를 검증하게 될 것이며, 스카이라인이 통제된 아파트단지가 조경시설 설계에 있어서 전체적, 역동적, 반응적, 직관적 접근을 할 때 상대적으로 우선성을 표출할 수 있을 것이다. 아파트단지 계획·설계에 있어 건물고도제한이 적절하게 검토되어 스카이라인의 통제를 더 강하게 할수록 아파트단지에서 만들어진 조경환경의 특성이 강조되고 강화한 경관이 더 조화롭게 된다는 점에서 경관에 유용하고 편익이 있다. 생태학적 조경설계의 평가사항은 자기 지속적, 자연적·문화적 정체성, 개연적 외관, 생태학적 접근으로 이뤄진다는 전제 아래 세부사항 18개 항목을 표출하였다. 또한 스카이라인 통제는 자연적 경관을 보전하고 수목이 단지의 안팎으로 자연스럽게 펼쳐지는 녹지 네트워크와 야생 동물 코리도를 획득하기 위하여 독특한 경관을 설계하고 개성적인 것으로 도출하여 조화로운 심미성을 이룩하는데 유용하다는 것을 계량적으로 표출하였다. 아파트단지의 경관에서 의미 있는 것은 다양한 접근으로 설계되고 건물 스카이라인 통제방법을 강화함으로써 관리되는 스카이라인의 실루엣이 다양하고 개성적 형태를 표출한다는 것을 보여준다. 결과적으로 스카이라인의 영향과 생태학적 조경설계가 계량적 요소에 의해 상대적으로 비교될 수 있으며, 생태학적 조경설계의 평가시설지표는 보다 세분화됨으로써 전체적인 설계요소의 강도에 영향을 줄 수 있다.

Analysis of the Three Dimensional Shape of Korean Hanbok Chima according to the Characteristics of Fabrics using 3-D Human Body Measuring System (3차원 인체계측시스템을 이용한 직물의 물정에 따른 한복치마의 입체형상 분석)

  • Park, Soonjee;Machiko Miyoshi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.25 no.9
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    • pp.1571-1582
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    • 2001
  • 한국 전통 의상인 한복 치마의 형태는 천의 특성에 크게 좌우된다. 이에 본 연구에서는 직물의 물성과 착장시 한복 치마 형태의 관계를 규명하고자, 8가지 직물을 선택하여 물성을 측정하고, 비접촉 3차원 인체계측시스템을 이용하여 , 치마 착장시의 5개 수평단면, 2개 수직단면을 작성하였다. 수직 단면에서는 실루엣을 나타내는 각도, 수평단면에서는 단면의 부피감과 드레이프의 형태를 나타내는 노드 간격, 거리, 각도를 측정하였다. 첫째, 경연도, 신장률, 실 두께, 직물 무게의 직물물성요인에 따라 실험 직물은 4집단으로 분류되었다. 둘째, 직물의 물성과 노드의 형태의 관계를 살펴본 결과, 직물이 뻣뻣하고 가벼울수록, 치마윗부분의 각도가 커지며 , 부드럽고, 신축성 이 있고, 무겁고, 두꺼운 실로 짜여지면, 튜블러 형태 의 실루엣을 나타내었다. 셋째 , 수직 단면도상 치마 위쪽과 아래쪽의 퍼짐각도 및 수평단면상의 둘레, 노드간의 거리, 가장 긴 파고와 같은 단면 계측치는 직물물성에 따라 추정 이 가능한 것으로 나타났다.

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A Study on the Similarity between Porcelain Models of Late Joseon Period and Silhouette of Women's Dress (조선(朝鮮)후기 자기기형(瓷器器形)과 여자의복실루엣의 유사성 연구)

  • Jung Ok-Im
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.56 no.7
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    • pp.54-68
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    • 2006
  • This study examined similarity between white porcelain models and dress silhouette of women painted in genre painting in late Joseon period, and found that gourd bottles that are one of main porcelain styles are very similar with dress silhouette of women presented in genre painting in Joseon period; that is, bottle necks of gourd bottles and women's waist, voluminous bottles and erotically full hips, the length of skirts which showed underwear dress and height of porcelain's bottom, waist panel winding slim waist and wide edge of porcelain's mouth. As images are personal mental process of potters who were not socially controlled, they used dress as an indirect means of women's bodies for the subjects of images that are obtained through direct and indirect experiences of the persons who perceive. It indicates that they intended to make their ceramic works express women's dressing style through images of porcelain's models. Such images were sensual, but not superficial. It is suggested that they were influenced by the society which considered ethical experimental mind and practicality of the governing class of that time who enjoyed it metaphorically, but not impudent.

Silhouette Changes in Bell Bottom Pants and Visual Evaluation (벨보텀 팬츠의 실루엣 변화와 시각적 평가)

  • Cho, Eunhye;Lee, Young ju
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.91-105
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    • 2017
  • A literature review and survey were conducted regarding the silhouette changes in bell bottom pants and the overall visual evaluation in accordance with the changes. The survey was disseminated from December 2015 to January 2016 to 245 women in their 20s living in Busan. The variables used for the silhouette changes in bell bottom pants were the volume of flare and the flare's starting point, and 20 pairs of terms were selected for visual evaluation. The results of the study are as follows: 1. Visual evaluations according to the volume of flare in bell bottoms indicated that females in their 20s appraised pants with a flare volume of 54 cm close to a straight silhouette and flare volume of 62 cm (recognized clearly as characteristic of bell bottom pants) to be more attractive and sophisticated than pants with flare volumes of 70 cm and 78 cm. 2.Visual evaluations according to the starting point of the flare in bell bottom pants showed that women appraised their legs as looking thinner when the flare started near the thighs. In a vertical visual evaluation, women appraised that their legs looked longer when the flare started near the knees and pants fit tightly around them. 3.The analysis of silhouette factors affecting the visual evaluation of bell bottom pants indicated that the volume of flare has more effect visually than the starting point of the flare.

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Gene Screening and Clustering of Yeast Microarray Gene Expression Data (효모 마이크로어레이 유전자 발현 데이터에 대한 유전자 선별 및 군집분석)

  • Lee, Kyung-A;Kim, Tae-Houn;Kim, Jae-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.1077-1094
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    • 2011
  • We accomplish clustering analyses for yeast cell cycle microarray expression data. To reflect the characteristics of a time-course data, we screen the genes using the test statistics with Fourier coefficients applying a FDR procedure. We compare the results done by model-based clustering, K-means, PAM, SOM, hierarchical Ward method and Fuzzy method with the yeast data. As the validity measure for clustering results, connectivity, Dunn index and silhouette values are computed and compared. A biological interpretation with GO analysis is also included.

The Correction of Severe Inverted Nipple: Using Under Skin Dermal Flaps, Throughout Sutures and Purse-String Sutures. (피부 밑 진피피판법과 관통봉합 및 쌈지봉합을 이용한 심한 함몰유두 교정)

  • Yoon, Sang Yub;Kang, Min Go
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.322-326
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: Severe type of inverted nipple (cannot be pulled out above the areola plane by manipulation, grade III) usually cannot be corrected by a relatively simple purse - string suture technique. Most patients want to avoid visible scars. To treat the severe case and avoid visible stigma, we introduce this invisible dermal flap method. Methods: This new surgical procedure makes bilateral incisions on the sidewall of nipple and dissections vertically to free the ducts from the contracted tissues. After dissection, the tunnel is formed. We insert "dermal flaps" into the tunnel underneath nipple base. Then through - and - through sutures are performed vertically (6 o'clock and 12 o'clock positions) and the purse - string suture is added with 4 - 0 nylon. Results: We had treated 35 primary inverted nipples (grade III) in 27 patients and 13 recurrent nipples in 7 cases. The results were excellent in 45 nipples (93.7%). All but 3 recurred cases was fully or very satisfied with the results. Conclusion: This technique is effective for the correction of severe inverted nipples and recurrent cases. We can avoid the visible scars on the areola surface.

Male Nipple Reduction using Modified Pentahedral Excision (변형된 오면체 모양 절제법을 이용한 남성 유두축소술)

  • Yoon, Sang Yub;Kang, Min Gu
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.779-783
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: Male hypertrophic nipples can lead to psychological distress and physical discomfort. The authors present a new technique of male nipple reduction and describe its advantages Methods: The neonipple is designed to reduce diameter and height of nipple while preserving the subdermal plexus. After the central wedge excision, additional four triangular section of nipple skin is excised. One of the remaining two flaps is amputated partially and both flaps were approximated using 4 - 0 PDS and 6 - 0 Nylon sutures. Results: Between December of 2007 and January of 2009, 52 nipple reductions were performed in 30 male patients(mean = 29.5 years). Postoperative recovery was rapid and few complications were encountered. The mean diameter of the hypertrophic nipple was $9.1{\pm}2.5mm$(range, 7 to 15 mm). The mean diameter of the neonipple was $5.0{\pm}0.7mm$(range, 4 to 6 mm), with an average reduction of $3.8{\pm}0.6mm$(range, 2 to 11 mm). At follow-up, the neonipple had a natural appearance, with less projection and an inconspicuous scar. Conclusion: The wedge and triangular skin excision and partial amputation are easy to perform and yields consistent results. This technique decreases both the diameter and height of any size nipple and can be modified to meet patient preferences.

Influence of 1960s Apparel Silhouette on the Geometry Textile Pattern (1960년대 의상 실루엣이 직물의 기하학문양 디자인에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, A-Rang;Lee, Hyo-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.62 no.7
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    • pp.67-78
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    • 2012
  • This study considered and analyzed the influence of changed clothing silhouettes on the textile patterns by investigating the changes of geometry patterns in response to the changes of western women's apparel silhouette in the 1960s. The period scope of research was limited to the 1960s, and the research object was set as the geometry patterns seen in the designer's high-fashion. The researcher investigated the clothing silhouette and the textile patterns in 1960s by reviewing the literature about domestic and foreign books, research papers, domestic and foreign fashion magazines, information on the Internet. For the western women's apparel in 1960s, some active, simple styles were popular under the social atmosphere when more women actively entered the society. Influenced by popular art trends at that time, the silhouette was expressed in the geometry pattern among many textile patterns. The geometry pattern either appeared as a regularly overall repeating geometry pattern and the regularly partial repeating geometry pattern. The regularly overall repeating geometry pattern arranged the straight lines in the same interval. But the regularly partial repeating geometry pattern was arranged without order to emphasize the motif in some parts of clothing or to give some ornament effect, or was arranged asymmetrically.

The Middle Age Women's Image Evaluation of Tailored Jacket according to the Body Type and the Degree of Satisfaction with the Body - Focused on Silhouette - (중년여성의 체형과 신체 만족도에 따른 테일러드 재킷의 이미지 평가 - 실루엣을 중심으로 -)

  • Park Jong-Hee;Ryoo Sook-Hee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.481-493
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the image evaluation of tailored jacket according to the body type and the degree of satisfaction with the body of middle-aged women. The subjects used for this study were three hundred and twenty three middle-aged women ranging from 35 to 50 years old. We measured their bodies and asked them report to the questionnaire. The results are as follows. There was a significant difference in the image evaluation of tailored jacket according to the body type of middle-aged women. The women of the type I evaluated that X silhouette was the most fascinating, elegant, active, and tender, and the women of the type II, A silhouette. The women of the type III evaluated that H silhouette was the most fascinating, elegant, active, and tender, and the women of the type IV, H silhouette. There was a meaningful difference in the image evaluation of tailored jacket according to the degree of satisfaction with their bodies. As satisfied with the girth of the body, weight, and figure they evaluated X silhouette was more attractive, graceful, active, and soft.

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Robust Recognition of 3D Object Using Attributed Relation Graph of Silhouette's (실루엣 기반의 관계그래프 이용한 강인한 3차원 물체 인식)

  • Kim, Dae-Woong;Baek, Kyung-Hwan;Hahn, Hern-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.25 no.7
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents a new approach of recognizing a 3D object using a single camera, based on the extended convex hull of its silhouette. It aims at minimizing the DB size and simplifying the processes for matching and feature extraction. For this purpose, two concepts are introduced: extended convex hull and measurable region. Extended convex hull consists of convex curved edges as well as convex polygons. Measurable region is the cluster of the viewing vectors of a camera represented as the points on the orientation sphere from which a specific set of surfaces can be measured. A measurable region is represented by the extended convex hull of the silhouette which can be obtained by viewing the object from the center of the measurable region. Each silhouette is represented by a relation graph where a node describes an edge using its type, length, reality, and components. Experimental results are included to show that the proposed algorithm works efficiently even when the objects are overlapped and partially occluded. The time complexity for searching the object model in the database is O(N) where N is the number of silhouette models.