• Title, Summary, Keyword: 신체억제대

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A Study on perceptions about physical restraint use of nurse in small and medium sized hospitals (중소병원 간호사의 신체 억제대 사용에 대한 인식)

  • Kim, NamSuk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.581-590
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the perception of nurse's use of physical restraints. This study is a descriptive research study for 138 nurses who work at the small hospitals under 300 beds. Statistical analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and factor analysis using the SPSS statistical program. The results of this study were as follows: The overall average of the nurses' perception of physical restraint was $3.91{\pm}0.54$, and the most important reason for using a physical restraint was to protect the patient from falling out of bed($4.37{\pm}0.68$). The factor analysis showed that 'behavior, psychological symptom management($3.81{\pm}0.67$)', 'maintain medical treatment($4.11{\pm}0.60$)' and 'patient safety($4.13{\pm}0.63$)'. It is necessary to understand the characteristics and factors of nurse's use of physical restraint in small and medium hospitals. Moreover, it is also required to use minimum physical restraints for patient's safeties and rights based on accurate understanding of physical restraint's use. Therefore, it is needed to provide job training for the physical restraint that is used in various situations and to develop education and intervention program to adjust in nurses' situation.

Physical Restraints Use and Associated Factors Among Elderly Patients in Long-term Care Hospitals (요양병원 재원 노인의 신체적 억제대 사용과 관련 요인)

  • Ko, Yeong Ju;Ha, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.167-174
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    • 2019
  • The propose od this study was to examine the extent of using physical restraint on elderly patients (over 65 years old) and who were patients in long-term care hospitals. The data was collected, from March 3 2018 to March 29 2018, from the electronic nursing records by using a recording tool, and clinical observation was also used for assessing the use of physical restraint and the related factors. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and logistic regression were then performed. The usage rate for physical restraints in long-term care hospital was 83.7%, and the most common type of physical restraint was side rails. The use of physical restraints showed a positive correlation with the fall risk scores and a negative correlation with the MMSE. Logistic regression analysis showed that the Fall Risk Score (OR=1.02, 95% CI=1.01~1.03), MMSE (OR=0.94, CI=0.88~0.99) and the use of medical devices (OR=0.80, 95% CI=0.65~0.98) were related with using physical restraints. Therefore, it was confirmed that physical restraint was used in cases of a high risk of falling, severe cognitive impairment and the use of complex and fragile medical devices to treat the patient. Clinical nursing practice should be changed so that treatment alternatives can be applied for elderly patients rather than using too many physical restraints.

Factors Influencing Nursing Practices of Physical Restraint Use among Nurses working in Long-term Care Hospitals (요양병원 간호사의 신체적 억제대 사용과 관련된 간호실무에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Ha, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.526-534
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    • 2019
  • This study was undertaken to identify knowledge, attitude, perception and nursing practice toward use of physical restraints, among nurses in long-term care hospitals. We further explored the impact of factors associated with nursing practice toward use of physical restraints. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which self-administered questionnaires were collected from 128 nurses working at 11 long-term care hospitals. Descriptive statistics, including t-test, one-way ANOVA, Welch's test, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression, were applied to analyze the data collected. Our results reveal that the participants possess moderate levels of knowledge, attitude, perception and nursing practice toward use of physical restraints. Significant positive correlations were observed between nursing practice and knowledge. Multiple regression analysis showed that the factors significantly related to nursing practice and use of physical restraint were knowledge (${\beta}=0.27$, p=0.002) and attitude (${\beta}=-0.17$, p=0.044), having a total explained variance of 9.0%. The findings from this study suggest that knowledge is the strongest predictor on nursing practice toward use of physical restraints. Thus, we propose that developing and applying evidence-based educational intervention programs to reduce the use of physical restraints in long-term care hospitals are required.

Characteristics and Side effects Relevance of Physically Restrained Elderly Patients with Dementia in the Nursing Hospitals (요양병원에서 신체억제대를 적용한 일부 치매노인 환자의 특성과 부작용 관련성)

  • Kim, Su-Youn;Chae, Kyung-Suk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.221-229
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics and side effects relevance of physically restrained elderly patients with dementia in the nursing hospitals. The data were collected from nursing care providers working at the 5 nursing hospitals with survey and analyzed 190 data using SPSS 21.0 program. The finding showed that age of '75 to 84' years occupied 58.3%, '17-24' hours of the total restrained time of the day 22.6%, night time 57.4% and no fall down history 54.2%. Age showed relevance with local edema and problem of joint construction(p<.05), specifically '85 and over' years having 25% occurrence in the problem of joint construction. Walking ability showed relevance with pressure ulcer, but in the patients who could walk it showed more frequency than in the patients who could not walk. The total restrained time of the day showed relevance with skin redness, local edema, problem of joint construction(p<.05). Based on this finding, it would be necessary to apply differential care policies according to the characteristics of patients when we care the restrained patients with dementia.

Decreasing the application rate of unnecessary physical restraint through the establishment of a guideline for restraint application (억제대 적용지침 개발을 통한 불필요한 억제대 적용율 감소 활동)

  • Kwak, Kyung-Sun;Kim, Sung-Eun;Bae, Eun-Kyoung;Lee, Eun-Sook;Lee, Eun-Hye;Choi, Yun-Jeong;Lee, Yun-Kyung
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.93-103
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    • 2009
  • 문제: 억제대 적용에 대한 구체적 적용 지침 없이 의례적으로 억제대를 사용함으로 인해 환자들의 신체적 또는 정신적 안전을 위협할 수 있다. 목적: 완전 진정 상태 이거나 근력이 약하여 발관 능력이 없는 환자에 대한 예방적 적용, 바빠서 환자를 볼 수 없는 경우, 간호사 본인의 판단이 없이 타인의 요구에 따르는 등의 불필요한 억제대 적용이 증가하는 원인을 파악하여 중환자실의 특수성에 맞는 억제대 적용 및 제거 지침을 마련하고자한다. 의료기관: 인천광역시에 소재한 의과대학 소속병원의 집중치료실 질 향상 활동: 불필요한 억제대 적용에 영향을 미치는 요인을 선정하여 개선활동 수행. 개선효과: 억제대 적용에 대한 중환자실 간호사에게 미치는 영향을 보면 태도 정도 p=0.09(p<0.1), 올바른 수행 능력은 p=0.005(p<0.05)로 통계적으로 유의한 것으로 나타났다. 지식 정도 p=0.172(p<0.05) 통계적으로 유의 하지는 않지만 모든 항목이 개선 활동 전 에 비해 2,3차 개선 활동 후에 향상 한 것으로 나타났다. 개선 활동 전에 8.1%였던 간호 기록, 0.7%였던 간호 중재, 0%였던 의사 처방율이 3차 개선 활동 후 3가지 모두 100% 달성되었다. 이는 억제대 적용율 감소 및 부적절한 억제대 적용율은 유의하게 감소 하였다. 교훈: 중환자실 간호사의 억제대 적용에 대한 태도, 지식, 올바른 간호 수행 능력은 지속적으로 재평가 되어지고, 교육내용은 좀 더 나은 간호 제공을 위하여 개발되어져야 할 것이다. 억제대 적용 기준과 제거 기준을 Check List 하여 객관성의 유지를 위한 개선 활동은 계속적으로 Feedback 되어야 할 것이다.

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A Study on Caregiver's Perception of Restraints (요양보호사의 억제대 사용에 대한 인식)

  • Kang, Hye-kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.452-458
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    • 2016
  • This is a descriptive study on visiting caregivers' perception of restraint use. Data were collected from 113 caregivers working at long-term facilities using a structured questionnaire from Feb to March 2016. The caregivers' perception of restraint use was the medium score. The items they considered the most important reasons for the restraints was "Protecting an older person from falling out of bed", which was primarily intended to prevent accidents of the elderly. The score of the knowledge of restraint use was 11.23 points out of 18 and those affected were more than 50 years of age. The attitude score to the use restraints was 9.19, and caregivers thought it should be possible to refrain from using restraints. Work experience of 3 years or less were higher. The perception of using restraints is affected by the knowledge and attitudes of restraint use. This is very important for the elderly in long-term care facilities and is related to health and human rights. Therefore, it is important to provide continuous education related to the use of restraints and regulations on their management.

Perceptions of Family Care-givers toward Use of Physical Restraints: An Application of Q-methodology (중환자 가족의 신체억제대 사용에 대한 인식: Q방법론적 접근)

  • Yeun, Eun Ja;An, Jeong Hwa;Kim, Jung A;Jeon, Mi Soon
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.344-355
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify on the perceptions of family care-givers toward use of physical restraints according to their values, beliefs, and perceptions using Q methodology. Methods: Thirty-three family care-givers classified 41 selected Q-statements into 9 points standard. The obtained data were analyzed by using a pc QUANL program. Results: Principal component analysis identified 4types of the perceptions of family care-givers toward the use of physical restraints. Type I is 'Rational accepted', which means that they perceived the restraints are essential therapeutic devices and had cooperative attitude to use of medical staffs' restraints. Type II is 'Sardonic sensibility', which means that they have a negative and a cynical attitude to use of physical restraints. Type III is 'Ambivalent', which means that they have conflicts between rationality and emotion, and type IV is 'Practical claim of a right', which means they insist that patients and their family members must be provided with a detailed explanation regarding the application of physical restraints. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that perceptions toward the use of physical restraints among family care-givers should be understood for patients' safety and dignity in medical circumstance. Based on the results, this study will be useful in developing the customized nursing intervention for supporting family care-givers' subjectivity considering the Korean context.

Effects of an Educational Program for the Reduction of Physical Restraint Use by Caregivers in Geriatric Hospitals (노인전문병원 간호제공자의 신체적 억제대 사용 감소를 위한 교육 프로그램의 효과)

  • Choi, Keum-Bong;Kim, Jin-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.769-780
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to develop an educational program to reduce the use of physical restraints for caregivers in geriatric hospitals and to evaluate the effects of the program on cargivers' knowledge, attitude and nursing practice related to the use of physical restraints. Methods: A quasi experimental study with a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were recruited from two geriatric hospitals. Eighteen caregivers were assigned to the experimental group and 20 to the control group. The data were collected prior to the intervention and at 6 weeks after the intervention through the use of self-administered questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, $\chi^2$ test, Fisher's exact probability test, and Mann-Whitney U test were used to analyze the data. Results: After the intervention, knowledge about physical restraints increased significantly in experimental group compared to the control group. However, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups for attitude and nursing practice involving physical restraints. Conclusion: Findings indicate that it is necessary to apply knowledge acquired through educational programs to nursing practice to reduce the use of physical restraints. User friendly guidelines for physical restraints, administrative support of institutions, and multidisciplinary approaches are required to achieve this goal.

Protocol for Physical Restraints of Patients in Nursing Homes (노인요양시설의 신체적 억제대 프로토콜 개발)

  • Lim, Mi Hye;Ko, Il Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.345-358
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a protocol that would help prevent accidents, apply physical restraints properly, and reduce the use of physical restraints in nursing homes. Method: A review of the literature and analysis of existing statutes and regulations were used to develop the preliminary protocol. To test the validity of this preliminary protocol, ten experts were selected from academia and clinical practice to review the protocol. The initial protocol was finalized after it had been reviewed by experts and tested for clinical validity in five different nursing homes. Result: The protocol consists of objectives, definitions and accident probability assessment, principle of using physical restraints, monitoring and documentation of physical restraints. Conclusion: The findings of this study can be used as guidelines to focus on preventing accidents arising out of use of physical restraints, assessing the probability of accidents, and reducing the use of physical restraints through preventive interventions. This will be helpful to prevent ethical, physical, or psychological problems arising from use of physical restraints and to protect the rights of elderly people in nursing homes.

Incidence and Procedure-Related Risk Factors of Delirium in Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit (중환자실 입원 환자의 섬망 발생과 처치 관련 위험인자)

  • Ahn, Jee Seon;Oh, Jooyoung;Park, Jaesub;Kim, Jae-Jin;Park, Jin Young
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2019
  • Objectives : Although delirium is a common complication among patients hospitalized in intensive care units(ICUs), little is known about the roles that diagnostic and therapeutic procedures play in its development. This study investigates the procedure-related risk factors of delirium in ICU patients. Methods : All the consecutive patients admitted to the ICU between June 2016 and May 2017 were routinely evaluated for delirium by psychiatrists. In total, 1156 patients met the inclusion criteria and were retrospectively analyzed. A multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to investigate independent risk factors of delirium development while adjusting for other characteristics. Results : The age, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) score, proportion of patients who had undergone an operation, and proportion of patients who were foley catheterized, mechanically ventilated, and physically restrained were higher in the delirium group. The multiple logistic regression analysis confirmed that the use of restraint was an independent risk factor of delirium (odds ratio : 10.006 ; 95% confidence interval : 6.120-16.360 ; p<0.001). The patient factors independently associated with delirium were an advanced age and a higher APACHE II score. The incidence of delirium was 15.3%. Conclusions : There is a high prevalence of delirium influenced by potentially harmful procedures in patients in ICU settings. The use of physical restraint had the strongest association with the development of delirium. These findings advocate the need to target procedure-related risk factors such as the use of restraints as preventive intervention measures for ICU delirium.