• Title, Summary, Keyword: 신체상

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4th-grade elementary-school children's body image and dietary habits according to body mass index (초등학교 4학년 어린이에서 비만도에 따른 신체상과 식습관)

  • Shim, Eugene;Yang, Yoon Kyoung
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.287-299
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The goal of this study was to examine body image satisfaction and perception according to weight status, and to investigate those associations with dietary habits and nutritional status among preadolescent children. Methods: Body image and dietary habits and intake were assessed in 134 elementary school students in grade 4. Children were categorized according to normal and overweight or obese groups. Figure rating scales were used to assess body image perception (identification of perceived current body size) and dissatisfaction (difference between perceived current body size and ideal body image). Results: There were sex differences in body image perceptions. Normal-weight girls, overweight or obese girls and boys were more likely to desire a leaner body size than their perceived body size compared with normal-weight boys. Body image satisfaction and perception showed an association with weight status. More overweight or obese children indicated dissatisfaction or underestimation of body image than normal-weight children. Children with body image dissatisfaction due to heavier perceived body size than ideal body image showed lower frequencies of consumption of meals and vegetables, compared to those who were satisfied with their body image. Children who underestimated their body image were more likely to have a lower frequency of breakfast and meal regularity and a higher frequency of eating out of home or food deliveries than those with accurate body image perception. In addition, body image underestimation showed an association with lower intakes of protein, dietary fiber and calcium, and the higher percentage of calories derived from fat. Conclusion: Body image dissatisfaction as well as underestimation in children before puberty showed an association with overweight or obesity, and was also related to unhealthy dietary habits. These findings highlight the importance of accurate perception and satisfaction with body image in preadolescent children in order to prevent development of obesity in adolescents and adults.

The Effects of Body-Cathexis and Importance of Meeting the Ideal Body Image on Clothing Benefits Sought (신체만족도와 이상적인 신체상의 중요성이 의복추구혜택에 미치는 영향)

  • 황진숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.293-302
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    • 1998
  • 본 연구의 목적은 신체만족도와 이상적인 신체상의 중요성이 의복추구혜택에 미치는 영향을 규명하는 것이다. 조사대상은 미국 여대생으로 177부의 설문지를 자료분석에 사용하였다. 신체만족도와 이상적인 신체상의 중요성은 신체 5부위(얼굴, 상체, 하체, 신장, 체중) 각각에 대해 측정되었고, 의복추구혜택은 패션 이미지, 체형결점보완, 여성스러움의 표현, 자기향상, 개성표현등의 5분야에 걸쳐 측정되었다. 결과로 신체 각 부위에 대한 이상적인 신체상의 중요성은 각각의 모든 의복추구혜택에 유의한 관계가 있는 반면 신체만족도의 경우 특정 부위에 대한 신체만족이 특정 의복추구혜택과 관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이는 특정 부분의 신체에 만족하면 할수록 또한 이상적인 신체상이 중요하면 할수록 의복혜택을 통해 신체만족을 유지 또는 고양시키려는 소비자의 심리로 설명할 수 있다.

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Phenomenological Analysis of Perception on Body Image of Female College Students (여대생의 신체상 인식에 관한 현상학적 분석)

  • Oh, Hye-Kyung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.289-300
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to find how the female college students perceive the body image and the way to help them through the education program. The data was collected through in-depth interviews of 10 female college students from October, 2012 to September, 2013. The interview was done with 3 focus group consisted of 3~4 participants per group. The data were analyzed by the Giorgi method. The meaning structure were organized in 12 themes and 5 focal meanings were identified health personality, health physical condition, making artificial body, social judgement, respect for individuality to ideal body. It is needed to develop the professional programs that help the female college students to positively manage their own body image and reduce the health problem induced body image. Therefore, it is recommended that the program for the female college students is consisted of management of physical health and psychological stress, harmonious interpersonal relationship and encouragement of self-esteem.

Self-Esteem, Body Image and Factors Influencing on Depression of Infertile Women (난임여성의 자아존중감, 신체상과 우울에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Hwang, Ran Hee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.537-549
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    • 2017
  • This purpose of this study was to investigate self-esteem, body image and depression in infertile women and to identify factors influencing depression. There were statistically significant difference in self-esteem on variables such as age, education, occupation, pressure of treatment cost. There were statistically significant difference in body image on variables such as period of marriage, education, pressure of treatment cost. There were statistically significant difference in depression on variables such as age, education, family structure, pressure of treatment cost. Self-esteem was positively correlated with body image(r=.688, p=.000). Depression was negatively correlated with self-esteem(r=-.710, p=.000) and body image(r=-.526, p=.000). Factors influencing depression were self-esteem(b=-0.66, p=.000), Living with parents-in-law(b=-7.92, p=.001), and age over 40 years(b=-1.72, p=.033), which explained 63.5%.

Relationship of Participation in Jazz Dance to Body Image and Mental Healt (재즈댄스 참가와 신체상 및 정신건강과의 관계)

  • Choi, Sung-Ae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.8
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    • pp.196-205
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of participation in jazz dance to body image and mental health in an attempt to make a contribution to the spread of jazz dance. The subjects in this study were 183 people who were selected by purposive sampling from a population of Seoul and Gyeonggi province residents who were at the Western age of 18 and up. The selected people took general education courses at colleges, attended cultural centers or fitness clubs, or learned dance for all. One instrument used in this study to assess their body image was Jourard and Secord(1954)'s Body Cathexis Scale, which was modified into six factors and 39 items. The other was Kim Gwang-il, et. al.(1978)'s 46-item inventory, which translated Rickles and Rock(l976)'s SCL-90 with 90 items to suit Korean circumstances. That inventory was modified into 31 items and four factors. For data handling, factor analysis, reliability analysis, regression analysis and path analysis were utilized. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. The extent of jazz dance participation had an impact on their body image. Those who performed jazz dance more frequency had a better image about their health and the lower part of the body. 2. The level of jazz dance participation exerted an influence on their mental health. A longer participation term led to more interpersonal sensitivity, and a higher participation frequency was followed by more somatization. 3. Concerning the causal relationship of participation in jazz dance to body image and mental health, the participation frequency affected health, the image of the lower part of the body and somatization in the firsthand manner, and the image of the lower part of the body had a firsthand impact on interpersonal sensitivity, hostility, anxiety and depression. Accordingly, the image of the lower part of the body played a crucial role as a parameter in the relationship between the jazz dance participation frequency and mental health.

The Effects of a Nutrition and Body Shape Education Program as Part of Health Promoting Projects in an Elementary School (초등학교 건강한 학교 만들기 사업에서 수행한 영양 및 신체상 교육 프로그램의 효과)

  • Shim, Eu-Gene;Kim, Jin-Soon;Ji, Se-Min;Sohn, Tae-Yong;Hwang, Jin-Ah;Chung, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.382-394
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a nutrition education program as part of health promoting projects in an elementary school. A total of 168 students in the 4th grade were enrolled in the program for 6 months. A self-administered questionnaire was developed to assess nutrition knowledge and dietary habit. Nutrient intakes and body shape perceptions were measured using 24-hour recall method and self-ratings of body shape figures, respectively. The education program was conducted in various ways, focused on healthy dietary behavior, nutrients' roles and sources, and proper body shape perceptions, etc. After the education program, nutrition knowledge and dietary habit were significantly improved. Dietary habit scores were significantly and positively related to nutrition knowledge levels. Body shape perceptions were significantly and properly changed after the program. Dissatisfaction with perceived current body shape and discrepancy between shapes desired and considered healthy were significantly decreased. But girls still indicated a desire to be leaner than shapes which were perceived current and considered healthy. Nutrient intakes were partly improved by the program, but some nutrients, such as calcium, folate, zinc, sodium and niacin, were still remained deficient or excessive. These findings indicate that enhancement of nutrition knowledge is extended to the improvement of dietary habit. In addition, establishment of proper body shape perception is closely related to healthy dietary habits and is required to good nutrition and health.

Convergence Factors Influencing Body Image in Adolescents (청소년의 신체상에 영향을 미치는 융복합적 요인)

  • Jung, Mi-Ra;Jeong, Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.267-275
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among BMI, perception of body shape, appearance stress, and self-perceived competence on body image and to identify the factors that influence on body image in the adolescents. The data were collected from 140 adolescents in the three middle school located J city using self-reported questionnaires and March 15 2017 to March 29 2017. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression with SPSS Statistics 20.0 program. Body image was found to be in a significant positive correlation with perception of body shape, appearance stress, and self-perceived competence. The result of the multiple regression indicates the self-perceived competence and gender predict 21%(F=10.25, p<.001) of body image. Therefore it is necessary to develop convergence self-perceived competence strategy program for establish right body image of adolescents.

Effects of body-image and emotional expression beliefs on the communication competence of admitted to a psychiatric hospital (정신전문병원에 입원한 알코올 의존 환자의 신체상, 정서표현 신념이 의사소통 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Ahn, Seong-Ah;Lee, Kyoung-Sook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.289-296
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    • 2019
  • This study was done to explore the relationship alcoholcs' body image, belief emotion expression, communication competence and related factors. Alcoholcs' body image, belief emotion expression, communication competence level scales were used as the measurement tools with a sample of 151 students from 2 hospitals in J-city and S-city. T-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 21.0 version were used to analyze the data. Alcoholcs' body-image was negatively correlated with belief emotion expression but was negatively correlated with communication competence. Belief emotion expression was negatively correlated with communication competence. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that body-image, education degree, and belief emotion expression explained 24.9 % of communication competence. The results of this study can be used as basic data to improve the communication competence of alcoholics.

Body Image according to Body Mass Index of One Area of Male and Female High School and College Students (일개 지역 남녀 고등학생과 대학생의 신체질량지수에 따른 신체상)

  • Choi, Eun-Hee;Mo, Moon-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1313-1319
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to survey body image according to BMI. The subjects were 600 students, data were collected by questionnaire surveys using convenience sampling and analyzed by the SPSS 20.0 program. Body mass index(BMI) and body image between high school and college students were significantly different. Although significant difference between two groups, BMI of high school and college students among women were not significant difference. BMI and body image according to gender were significantly different. Body image according to BMI between men and women were significantly different and expecially subjects of under weight had highest body image(F =15.86, p <.001). These results mean that body weight misunderstood by the early adulthood. It is needed to revise of perception on their own body weight in order to improve body image.