• Title, Summary, Keyword: 신경 성장인자

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Correlation Between the Expression of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor and MR Features in Glioma (신경교종에서 표피성장인자수용체의 발현도와 자기공명영상 소견의 상관관계)

  • 김범수;신경섭
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.125-129
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    • 1997
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to find correlation between the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and MR findings in the brain glioma. Materials and Methods: MR features including edema, margin, necrosis, heterogeneity, hemorrhage and contrast enhancement were retrospectively analyzed with preoperative MR images in 41 patients with proven brain gliomas (8 low grade astrocytomas, 12 anaplastic astrocytomas, 21 glioblastoma multiformes). Immunohistochemical study of EGFR was done and their expressions were graded by both stained distribution and intensity. Correlation analysis between the MR features and EGFR expressions was done. Results: Peritumoral edema was correlated with both distribution (r=0.71, p=0.00) and stain intensity (r=0.69, p=0.00) of EGFR expression. Other MR features showed no statistical correlation with EGFR expression. Conclusion: MRI is useful in evaluation of brain glioma, and peritumoral edema is useful finding that suggests EGFR expression as well as malignant histopathologic grade of the tumor.

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Screening of Potential Compounds Promoting BDNF Production in Noradrenergic Locus Coeruleus Neurons (노르아드레날린성 신경세포에서의 BDNF 생산 증진 물질 탐색)

  • 전홍성
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.207-210
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    • 2003
  • The locus coeruleus (LC) contains about half of the total number of noradrenergic neurons in the brain and those noradrenergic neurons from the LC innervate entire brain regions. The LC is a major common target region in several neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's, Pakinson's and Huntington's diseases. The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulate neuronal cell survival and differentiation of central nervous system neurons, including LC noradrenergic neurons. In this study, various small molecules and growth factors were tested as candidates to promote the production of BDNF in LC noradrenergic neuronal cells. The molecules tested include neuropeptides, cytokines, growth factors, neurotransmitters, and intracellular signaling agents. Four small molecules or growth factors, FGF8b, BMP-4, forskolin, and dibutyryl cGMP, were found to increase the release of BDNF in LC noradrenergic neurons. Especially, BMP-4 significantly enhanced BDNF production over 2.5-fold in LC noradrenergic neurons.

Effects of Memory and Learning Training on Neurotropic Factor in the Hippocampus after Brain Injury in Rats (뇌손상 흰쥐에서 기억과 학습훈련이 해마의 신경 성장인자에 미치는 영향)

  • Heo, Myoung;Bang, Yoo-Soon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.309-317
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    • 2009
  • This study was to investigate the effects of restoring cognition function and neurotrophic factor in the hippocampus according to memory and learning training in rats affected by brain injury. Brain injury was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats(36 rats) through middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAo). And then experiment groups were randomly divided into three groups; Group I: Brain injury induction(n=12), Group II: the application for treadmill training after brain injury induction(n=12), Group III: the application for memory and learning training after brain injury induction(n=12). Morris water maze acquisition test and retention test were performed to test cognitive function. And the histological examination was also observed through the immunohistochemistric response of BDNF(brain-derived neurotrophic factor) in the hippocampus. For Morris water maze acquisition test, there were significant interactions among the groups with the time(p<.001). The time to find the circular platform in Group III was more shortened than in Group I, II on the 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th day. For Morris water maze retention test, there were significant differences among the groups(p<.001). The time to dwell on quadrant circular platform in Group III on the 13th day was the longest compared with other groups. And as the result of observing the immunohistochemistric response of BDNF in the hippocampus CA1, the response of immunoreactive positive in Group III on the 7th day increased more than that of Group I, II. These results suggested that the memory and learning training in rats with brain injury has a more significant impact on restoring cognitive function via the changes of neurotropic factor expression and synaptic neuroplasticity.

Growth Factors and Their Function in Colostrum: A Review (초유에 함유된 성장인자와 기능: 총설)

  • Renchinkhand, Gereltuya;Son, Ji Yoon;Nam, Myoung Soo
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2016
  • Colostrum, a nutrient-rich fluid produced by female mammals after giving birth, is the specific initial diet of mammalian neonates. Colostrum is important for the nutrition, growth, and development of newborn infants and contributes to the immunologic defense of neonates. It contains immunoglobulins, antimicrobial peptides, such as lactoferrin and lactoperoxidase, and other bioactive molecules, including growth factors, such as IGF (insulin-like growth factor), EGF (epithermal growth factor), $TGF-{\beta}$ (transforming growth factor), and FGF (fibroblast growth factor). Bovine colostrum is a rich source of growth factors, which play a central role in wound healing. The biological activities of colostrum emphasize the relevance of the synergistic activity of growth factors to stimulate keratinocyte proliferation and migration, which are essential for tissue repair. Colostrum increases the expression of early differentiation markers, such as keratin 1 and 10 and involucrin, and late differentiation markers, including loricrin and filaggrin. Additionally, colostrum increases granulation tissue volume in the dermis, suggesting that it has a beneficial effect on wound healing. The therapeutic use of colostrum or individual peptides present in colostrum has a positive and curative influence on various gastrointestinal diseases.

Immunocytochemical Studv of the Newe Growth Factor Receptor in the Neuron and its Organelles of the Adult Rat Basal Forebrain Nuclei (흰쥐 전뇌 기저부 핵의 신경세포와 그 세포내 소기관에서 신경성장인자 수용체에 대한 면역세포화학적 연구*)

  • 정영화
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.245-263
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    • 1993
  • 신경성장인자 수용체(nerve growth factor receptor, HGFr)의 소재를 휜쥐 전뇌 기저부 핵들의 신경세포와 그 세포내 소기 관에서 연역세포화학적 방법으로 관찰하였다. NGFr에 면역반응을 보이는 신경세포들은 내측중격, 수직 및 수평대각선 브로카대, 거대세포 시삭전핵 그리고 Meynert 기저핵에는 다수 미상핵-피각과 복부담창구에는 소수 관찰 되었다 NGFr에 면역반응을 보이는 신경세포들은 형태학적으로 3가지 형 즉, 1) 난형(또는 원형). 2) 방추형, 3) 삼각형(또는 다각형)으로 구분되었다 내측중격은 주로 난형의 세포로 구성되었으며(91.2%), 수직 및 수평대각선 브로카대, 거대세포 시삭전핵 및 Meynert 기저 핵에는 난형의 세포가 높은 율로 구성되었으나, 방추형과 삼각형 세포들도 내측중격에서보다는 많았다 특히 복부담창구에는 다른 핵들에 비하여 방추형세포(25%)들이 높은 출현율을 보였다 일반적으로 이들 세포의 크기는 삼각형세포가 제일 컸으며, 방추형세포가 그 다음, 그리고 난형 세포가 제일 작았다 전자현미경적 관찰에서 0.05% triton X-100을 처리한 조직중 Meynert 기저핵을 관찰한 결과. Golgi체, multivesicular body 및 소포체들이 N6Fr에 면역반응을 보였으며. trion X-100을 처리하지 않은 조직에서는 단지 수평대각선 브로카대의 신경세포 원형질 막에서만 약한 면역반응을 보였다 위의 결과로 미루어 NGFr은 조연소포체에서 합성되어. Golgi체에서 농축되고, multivesicular body를 통하여 원형질막에 위치하게 되며, 원형질막에서 NGFr은 외래성의 NGF와 복합체를 형성한후, 궁극적으로는 Iysosome의 형태로 세포체 안으로 들어 가는 것으로 추정된다.

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The Alteration of Carbohydrate-Deficient Transferrin and Nerve Growth Factor in the Patients with Alcohol Dependence (알코올 의존 환자에서 탄수화물결핍 트랜스페린과 신경성장인자의 변화)

  • Jeon, Chan-Min;Park, Boung-Yang;Byun, Jung-Hyun;Lee, Boung-Chul;Ham, Byung-Joo;Hur, Mina;Choi, Ihn-Geun
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.161-166
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    • 2007
  • Objectives:Recent studies have raised the possibility that nerve growth factor(NGF) is abnormally regulated in the central nervous system(CNS) of animal models with alcohol dependence. The possible alteration of NGF by prolonged alcohol intake may play an important role in alcohol-induced neurotoxicity. Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin(CDT) is regarded as a reliable biological marker of alcohol dependence. The goal of this study was to estimate the changes of %CDT and serum NGF level according to the duration of alcohol abstinence, and to identify whether %CDT level is associated with the serum NGF level in the patients with alcohol dependence. Methods:The subjects were 24 patients with alcohol dependence. We used the Axis-Shield ASA to measure the %CDT level and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) to measure the serum NGF level. %CDT and NGF levels were measured immediately after the admission and at 2 weeks after the admission. Results:Decreased %CDT were observed during the period of 2 weeks after the admission. NGF level was not significantly different after 2 weeks. The NGF levels were not correlated with %CDT. The possibility of %CDT as a predictor of alcohol-induced neurotoxicity was not confirmed. Conclusion:Serum NGF levels is not a reliable indicator of abstinence state in the patients with alcohol dependence. Further studies are needed to evaluate the relation between two indicators in regard to hematological and neurological changes in alcohol dependence.

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Immunohistochemical Study on the Nerve Growth Factor receptors in the Basal forebrain Nuclei of the Postnatal and the adult Rats (출생후 발생단계와 성체의 흰쥐 전뇌 기저부 여러 핵들에서 신경성장인자수용체에 대한 면엮조직화학적 연구)

  • 정영화;홍영고고연영
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.385-408
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    • 1994
  • 출생후 0일. 7일. 14일 및 21일 그리고 성체의 흰쥐 전뇌 기저부의 내측중격핵, 수직 및 수평 대각 Broca대 거대세포 시삭전핵 그리고 복부담창구에서 신경성장인자수용체 (nerv-growth 배ctor receptor, NGFr)에 면역반응을 보이는 신경조직과 세포의 분화를 면역조직화학적 및 전자현미경적 방법을 이용하여 조사하였다. 출생후 초기와 성체에서 신경세포 원형질막 뿐만 아니라 세포질에서 NGFr 면역반응이 확인되었다. 그러나 성체에서 신경세포 원형질 막에서의 면역반응은 관찰되지 않았다. 특히 NGFr 면역반응은 골지 부위에서 보였고, 점상의 면역반응물들이 세포체의 세포질과 수상돌기에 소수 분산 분포하였다. 뇌 기저부의 NGFr 면역반응 신경세포들은 뇌 크기의 증대와 뇌 조직의 분화에 따라 점차 수적 증가를 보였다. 이 NGFr 면역반응 신경세포들은 세포의 모양과 세포체의 장 .단축의 비에 따라 6가지 형. 즉 1) 원형. 2) 타원형. 3) 세장형, 4) 방추형, 5) 삼각형, 6) 다각형으로 분류되었다. 전뇌 기저 핵에서 원형과 난형신경세포들의 출현율은 출생후 0일에서 높았으나 성체로 되면서 감소된 반면, 세장형. 방추형, 삼각형 그리고 다각형신경세포들의 출현율은 출생후 0일에서는 낮았으나 성체로 되면서 증가하였다. 모든 핵들에서 NGFr 면역반응 신경세포체의 부피는 출생후 0일에 759-1,640 Um3로 제일 작았으며, 수직 대각 Broca대와 복부담창구에서는 출생후 14일에 각각 5 107 7.385 Um3 그리고 내측중격핵, 수평 대각 Broca대, 거대세포 시삭전핵에서는 출생후 21일에 각각 4,705, 6,061, 6,412 Um3로 최대치를 보였다. 그후 성체로 되면서 모든 핵에서 1,893-3,464 $\mu$m3로 다시 감소하였다. 전자현미경적 관찰에서 출생후 21일된 흰쥐 수평 대각 Broca대에서 NGFr 면역반응은 세포체와 수상돌기의 원형질막 그리고 세포체내에서는 골지체, 다소포성소체 및 조면소포체에서 관찰되었다. 이 결과들로 미루어 NGFr은 출생후 발생단계와 성체의 횐쥐 전뇌 기저부에서 신경세포의 분화와 분포에 관계되는 것으로 생각된다.

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Interaction of Schwann Cells with Various Protein- or Polypeptide-Coated PLGA Surfaces (다양한 단백질과 폴리펩타이드로 코팅된 PLGA 표면과 슈반세포와의 상호관계)

  • Park Ki-Suk;Kim Su-Mi;Kim Moon-Suk;Lee Il-Woo;Rhee John-M.;Lee Hai-Bang;Khang Gil-Son
    • Polymer Korea
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.445-452
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    • 2006
  • In this study, we investigated interaction of Schwann cells (SCs) with various cell-adhesive coated polymer surface. We used cell-adhesives that like a fibronectin (FN), fibrinogen(FG), laminin(LM), vitronectin (VN), poly-D-Iysine (PDL), and poly-L-Iysine (PLL) to coat PLGA film surface and evaluated the surface property of coated or not PLGA films by measurement of water contact angle and ESCA. SCs were cultured on coated or non-coated PLGA film surface, and then examined the cell adhesion and proliferation by cell count and SEM observation. Cell count results revealed initial cell adhesion related to protein adsorption on PLGA surface. In addition, serum content in media related to cell proliferation rate. In this result, we recognized that adhesion and proliferation of SCs were affected by specific cell-adhesives. In these results, we recognized that is important to provide the suitable surface environment according to cell types and culture condition for improvement of cell adhesion and proliferation.