• Title, Summary, Keyword: 시인성

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High Performance Glass Beads for Traffic Marking in Wet Weather (차선의 우천시 야간 시인성 향상을 위한 그라스 비드 적용 연구)

  • Lee, Chang-Geun;Lee, Hyun-Seock;Oh, Heung-Un
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2012
  • The performance of road markings is classified into the visibility at daytime, night time, wet condition and rainy conditions. The objective of this study is to obtain the driving safety of drivers under conditions of unstable weather condition such as the rain. The visibility of road markings is closely related to the preview time and detection distances and the ways to improve road marking materials and increase the dry retroreflectivity and wet retroreflectivity, which are the measures of daytime and nighttime visibility is researched to decrease the traffic accidents. For this purpose, Road marking glass beads with the refraction rate of 1.5 and 2.2 are introduced to raise the retroreflectivity. After investigating the minimum threshold retroreflectivity and Install Minimum retroreflectivity at home and abroad, minimum control values for the roadmarking visibility and improvement of nightime rainy retroreflectivity are suggested by physical properties and retroreflectivity experiments.

Necessity of Visibility for Safety Facilities in the Coastal Zone (연안역 안전시설물의 시인성 확보의 필요성)

  • Bae, Sang-Won;Sung, Ik-Hyun;Lee, Gyu-Sei;Lim, Nam-Hyoung
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.80-80
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    • 2010
  • 연안역에 대한 사회적 관심이 높아지면서 산업화 및 관광권역화가 급속하게 진행되고 있다. 그러나 연안역에서 발생하는 잇따른 안전사고로 인해 인적, 물적 피해가 증가하고 있는 실정이다. 피해사례를 분석한 결과, 대다수 사고가 안전시설물이 설치되어 있지 않거나 안전시설물의 시인성이 확보되지 않아 발생하는 것으로 나타났다. 이에 따라 본 연구에서는 연안역 안전 시설물의 시인성 확보 필요성을 제시한다.

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Development of an Estimation Model for Railway Crossing Visibility Using Qualitative Variables (정성적 변수를 이용한 건널목 시인거리 추정모델 개발)

  • Jo, Han-Seon;Lee, Ho-Won;Park, Ji-Hyeong;O, Ju-Taek
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 2007
  • The number of accidents occurring at railway crossings is less than the accidents on other sections of roads but they cause enormous socio-economic damages. The geometric aspects of the railway crossing have to allow the drivers to recognize the crossings and take precautions against collisions. Therefore, ensuring visibility for the vehicle approaching the railway crossing is necessary for safe operation of the crossing. However, as there is little research related to railway crossing visibility in Korea. validating visibility and maintaining visibility based on the validation is badly needed. This research develops a visibility validation model to support improving visibility and to reduce accidents at railway crossings to improve safety for the crossing users.

Development of Evaluation System for Visibility of Variable Message Sign (VMS의 시인성 향상을 위한 시인성 성능평가 항목 및 평가기준 설정과 물리적 평가시스템 구축)

  • Lee, Sang Hyup;Baik, Nam Cheol
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.2D
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    • pp.219-223
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    • 2006
  • Variable Message Sign(VMS) is one of the most popular travel information system. In this study, the evaluation categories, each category's datum value and evaluation procedure for enhancing the visibility of VMS are studied and the physical evaluation system is developed. The evaluation categories have been developed based on the analysis of previous guidelines used in Korea, Europe and the United States. The evaluation categories include luminance, luminance ratio, beam width, color, and uniformity. The physical evaluation system consists of goniometer, solar simulator, luminance meter, sensor and rack system. As a result of this study, the quantitative and effective evaluation of VMS visibility would become possible.

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Contrast Enhancement of Low-Light Images Using Light Exposure Maps (광원 노출도 기반 저조도 영상 시인성 개선)

  • Lim, Jaemoon;Heo, Minhyeok;Lee, Chulwoo;Park, Taegon;Choi, Jinhyeok;Kim, Chang-Su
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • pp.157-158
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    • 2015
  • 본 논문에서는 광원 노출도를 이용한 저조도 영상 시인성 개선 기법을 제안한다. 제안 기법은 저조도 영상의 저주파 성분과 고주파 성분을 각각 개선한 뒤 병합하여 시인성이 개선된 영상을 얻는다. 먼저, 영상에서 추출한 광원 노출도를 기반으로 저주파 성분을 저조도 영역과 고조도 영역으로 구분하고, 각 영역의 특징을 반영한 전달 함수의 독립적인 생성 및 적용을 통해 개선된 저주파 성분을 얻는다. 다음으로 저주파 성분의 개선 결과로부터 저주파 성분의 개선 정도와 텍스처 정도를 얻고, 이들 값을 이용하여 고주파 성분을 효과적으로 개선한다. 실험을 통하여 제안 기법이 기존 기법에 비하여 우수한 시인성 개선 결과를 보임을 확인한다.

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Study on Effect of Low Visibility Condition at Nighttime on Traffic Accident (야간의 시인성 저하가 교통사고에 미치는 영향 진단 -경기도 지역의 경부, 서해안, 영동, 서울외곽순환고속도로를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Seung-Sin;Kim, Tae-Heon;Son, Bong-Soo
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.12-26
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    • 2014
  • This Study deals with effect of low visibility condition at nighttime on traffic accident. Roads for experiment of this study are Gyeongbu expressway, Seohaean expressway, Yeongdong expressway and Seoul beltway in Gyeonggi province. For this study, I subdivided basic straight section of them into 58 short section. And I analyzed effect of low visibility condition by darkness at nighttime on traffic accident by using 410 traffic accidents between January 1, 2009 and June 30, 2012 on those sections. The Quasi-experimental and negative binomial regression were applied to analyze effect of low visibility condition at nighttime on traffic accident. In this study, I only analyzed visibility difference of daytime and nighttime on traffic accident except other effective variables on traffic accidents. As a result, I have found that it is for low visibility condition at nighttime to have effect on traffic accidents at such specific conditions as Los A speed is maintained in basic straight section of expressway in fine weather. And I tried to do various analysis on types and causes of traffic accidents using the result of analysis.

Vehicle HUD's cognitive emotional evaluation - Focused on color visibility of driving information (차량용 HUD의 인지적 감성 평가 -주행정보의 색채 시인성을 중심으로-)

  • Choi, Won-Jung;Lee, Won-Jung;Lee, Seol-Hee;Park, YungKyung
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.195-206
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    • 2013
  • The main causes of traffic accidents while driving a car is of the driver's visual distraction. In this study, the color sensitivity of the information projected on the windshield were evaluated for HUD (Head Up Display) system which helps the driver's eyes on the road while driving. The driving Information were projected $9^{\circ}$ downward from front sight $0^{\circ}$ under lab's fluorescent lights, LED floorlights and the TV had having 25 [lux] illumination when driving at night environment and 100,000 [lux] of daylight environment. Munsell color hue of the basic five colors (R, Y, G, B, P) and the color of traffic lights YR, W were the color of the seven characters, each character were outlined by White, Gray except for W. Total of 19 experimental stimuli was shown in the environment of day and night driving for asking visibility information of color, fatigue, preferences, and evaluate the degree of interference. The results came out that the bright Y and G color is visibility significantly for daylight. Second, with the outline of the text, the color of the outline works as a background for luminance contrast effects and affects visibility. Third, without the outline, the glass in front of the vehicle acts as the background and the luminance contrast of characters achieve greater brightness and visibility. The luminance contrast between the stimuli and background should be considered for increasing color visibility for driving information which is an important factor for HUD commercialization.

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Analysis on Visibility of Delineators by Survey (시선유도시설 시인성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Sung-Dae;Park, Je-Jin;Nam, Chang-Kyu;Ha, Tae-Jun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.32 no.5D
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    • pp.445-451
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    • 2012
  • Visual changes and speed changes in curved sections of highways are more dangerous than straight sections According to the enquetes conducted by Coalition for Transportation Culture in 1999, about 78% of drivers are dissatisfied with traffic guide and safety signs, with lack of visibility being the largest reason with about 27.9% of respondents indicating it as reason for dissatisfaction. In particular, the lack of visibility during nighttime or bad weather not only threatens driver safety due to poor delivery of information, but also affects the service level of highways. Because of this a new delineation must be installed and managed to enhance driver visibility. In this research, an optimal delineation system to enhance traffic safety is presented. In this research drivers effectively obtained information on highway alignment on the curved sections using a retro-reflection type delineation system and a newly-developed internal lighting delineation system to improve safety on the highways. A statistical comparison was conducted and analysis was done for the delineation systems that enhanced visibility through primary and secondary enquaetes. As a result, inside-lighting delineator will be selected in terms of safety at the curve sections. The inside-lighting delineator was more effective than the retro-reflection delineator on visibility, the necessity of reduction of speed and will reduce the hazard at curve sections. It is anticipated that when a delineation system based on this research is installed, a reduction in the number the number and severity of traffic accidents on curved sections will be reduced. In addition this system will more effectively provide drivers with information about highway alignment.