• Title, Summary, Keyword: 시민참여교육

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The Process of Archiving Sewol Accident and its Meaning (세월호 사건 기록화의 과정과 의의)

  • Ahn, Byung Woo
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.44
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    • pp.217-241
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    • 2015
  • The sinking of the Sewol ferry has not only induced an intense conflict in Korean society but also been developed into a sociopolitical issue. This paper divides this accident into five stages and examines the records produced at each stage. The Sewolho Citizen Archive Network and the Ansan Citizen Record Committee began the archiving of Sewol and created the 416 Archives. The records of Sewol are social and political records that hold envidencial and historical value. They can be used to rebuild and recover the wounded community as well as to investigate the truth behind the case. Accident archiving collects materials different to the ones which public archiving does, allowing people to view the incident from a different standpoint. It is also characterized as an archiving of the current issue, social movement and regional community. Accident archiving is a method which ensures credibility and impartiality in memory. In light of Sewol archives, accident archiving can contribute to form mature democracy.

The Effects of Cultural Arts on the improvement of happiness index of Seoul citizens (문화예술이 서울시민의 행복지수 향상에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Bae, Inkyung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2018
  • In modern society, efforts to improve quality of life and happiness are emphasized compared to the past when economic growth was emphasized. The government has been implementing various policies to realize the happiness of the people through culture. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Cultural Arts on the improvement of the happiness index of Seoul citizens by dividing them into demand (enjoyment) and supply side by setting Cultural Arts as independent variable, unlike existing limited surveys or literature surveys, under the control of change, the temporal range was set for more than 10 years and then analyzed quantitatively by panel analysis. The results showed that the demand for cultural arts affects positively on the improvement of happiness index of Seoul citizens, but the supply of cultural arts had a meaningless effect. In order to improve the happiness index of the citizens of Seoul through supply, it is necessary to supplement the existing space and to promote cultural demand through differentiated cultural arts programs aimed at diverse classes but also the policy implication that cultural indifference groups and active participation of cultural underprivileged groups should be increased.

English Education for International Sports Events (국제 스포츠 행사를 위한 영어교육 방안)

  • Kim, Ji-Eun;Yoo, Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.589-596
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was (1) to examine the present state of English education for the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics preparations, and (2) to identify the need for an English language training program for international sports events. With these goals in mind, the information was gathered from telephone interviews with educational administration officials who were responsible for international sporting events. For the survey, a total of twenty-six participants responded to a questionnaire designed to gauge their self-perceived English instructional needs for international sporting events. The principal results obtained from this study were: the Pyeongchang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Winter Olympic Games signed an agreement with an official supplier of language training services. In addition, Gangneung city is providing a 'Global Leaders' Academy' and English programs for taxi drivers and citizens. The result of the survey shows that the majority of participants reported that an English language training program is essential for international sporting events and it should be different from general English language education.

A Study of People's Consciousness for Efficient Management of Nonpoint Pollution Source (비점오염원의 효율적 관리를 위한 국민의식연구)

  • Oh, Hyung Eun
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.803-813
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    • 2015
  • This study was intended to investigate recognition of the general public on water pollution and nonpoint pollution, and to promote participation of the common people in prevention and management of nonpoint pollution by investigating the necessity and participation in the education for reducing the nonpoint pollution. To this end, this study conducted questionnaire on 1,000 male and female adults over 20 years of age nationwide who are registered in Onpanel. The questionnaire was comprised of recognition on water pollution, preventive activity for nonpoint pollution, countermeasures for preventing nonpoint pollution, necessity of national education for reducing the nonpoint pollution, recognition of promotion and campaign participation, and revitalization of organization for reducing the nonpoint pollution. As a result of the questionnaire investigation, interest in water pollution of respondents was high, and specially, interest in the nonpoint pollution was higher when age, academic level, and income were higher that effectiveness of promotion and education on the source of nonpoint pollution is expected to be increased. Respondents recognized the effect of education on reducing the nonpoint pollution positively when they had higher interest, information, education and experience related to the reduction activity of nonpoint pollution. Therefore, formation of sympathy of the public is positively necessary for the nonpoint pollution management, and provision of civil activity program that increases information on the nonpoint pollution, education, and participation in reduction activity and easy promotion with high information communicability should be conducted continuously.

Are Giving and Volunteering Multiplicative Behaviors or Compensatory Behaviors? (기부행동과 자원봉사활동은 중복적 보완관계인가? 보충적 대체관계인가?)

  • Kim, Ji-Hae;Chung, Ick-Joong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.2
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    • pp.133-158
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    • 2012
  • In the modern society, a growth in the non-profit sector and a decrease in the government budget on social welfare result in a greater need of individual giving and volunteering. Therefore, in order to manage non-profit organizations effectively, it is necessary to encourage citizen participation in giving and volunteering through identifying various factors affecting giving and volunteering. In order to identify what factors are affecting participation in giving and volunteering and whether the relationship between giving and volunteering is multiplicative or compensatory, this study uses multinomial logistic regression analysis by categorizing four groups based on the participation types of giving and volunteering. The research findings confirmed that common factors such as religion and satisfaction with leisure time were still significant, and specific factors were also found among factors affecting participation in giving and volunteering. Especially, this study identified that factors affecting giving and volunteering differ according to household income, education level, employment status, gender and social relationship satisfaction. The findings confirmed that giving and volunteering are compensatory behaviors. Finally, the implications of this study were discussed. A differential strategy for giving and volunteering is needed to encourage citizen participation in non-profit organizations.

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Relation of Social Security Network Building, Civil Culture and Community Unity (사회안전망구축과 시민문화 및 지역사회결속의 관계)

  • shin, Sang-Tae;Kim, Chan-Sun
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.15 no.3_2
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2015
  • This study aims at exploring relation of social security network building, civil culture and community unity. To achieve the purpose, this study selected the general citizens in Seoul Region (Gangdong, Gangseo, Gangnam and Gangbuk) from Jul. 15 to Sept. 15, 2014 as population and sampled 400 people using cluster random sampling. Excluding unhonest data, the number of cases used for the final analysis is 337 people. The collected data were analyzed for the study purpose using SPSSWIN 18.0, as statistical techniques, factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, multiple regression analysis, path analysis etc. were used. First, social security network building has an effect on civil culture. That is, the more activated voluntary crime prevention activity, the higher order law-abiding spirit. The more activated local government security education, police public order service, the higher awareness of participation becomes. First, social security network building has an effect on civil culture. That is, the more activated voluntary crime prevention activity, the higher order law-abiding spirit. The more activated local government security education, police public order service, the higher awareness of participation becomes. The more activated voluntary crime prevention activity, street CCTV facilities, police public order service, the higher tolerance spirit becomes. On the contrary, street CCTV facilities reduce citizens' autonomy. Second, social security network building has an effect on community unity. The more activated street CCTV facilities, police public order service, crime prevention design, the higher a sense of stability becomes. The more activated local government security education, police public order service, crime prevention design, the higher awareness of community becomes. The more activated voluntary crime prevention activity, government security education, police public order service, crime prevention design, the higher community institution becomes. Third, civil culture has an effect on community unity. That is, the more activated awareness of community, tolerance spirit, the higher a sense of stability, awareness of community and community system become. Fourth, social security network building has an effect on civil culture and community unity. That is, social security network building has a low effect community institution directly, but if civil culture is enhanced through social security network building, then it has a high effect on community unity.

'Dual Transformation' of Freedom of Information Movements and Civic Participation (정보공개운동의 '이중적 전환'과 시민참여 : <참여연대 정보공개사업단>과 <투명사회를 위한 정보공개센터> 비교를 중심으로)

  • Hong, Il-Pyo
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.22
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    • pp.37-76
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    • 2009
  • This paper aims-through comparative research on two organizations and use of political process theory-to analyze the historical development of, current issues related to and the characteristics of the new transformation of the Freedom of Information Movements (FOIMs) in South Korea. In the ten years since the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) took effect in 1998, Korean FOIMs have developed along the following course: 'emergence' (1998), 'expansion and extension' (1999-2004), 'institutionalization and retro-institutionalization-' (2005-2008). Specifically, in the early stage of FOIMs, the Freedom of Information (FOI) department of the People's Solidarity for Participatory Democracy, established in 1998, had led the FOI movement by initiating reform of the FOI institution and advocating an end to old practices. Paradoxically, however, following the institutional progress of FOI under the Roh Moo Hyun government, the vitality of FOIMs seemed to be weakening. And under the Lee Myung Bak government, which is showing regression in both the FOI institution and practices, the 'dual transformation' of the FOIMs is being led not by old groups but by new ones. The Center for Freedom of Information and Transparent Society(CFOI), which was founded in 2008, has journalists, researchers of archival studies, citizens, lawyers and nongovernmental activists as members. Through its blog style Homepage, countless reports are becoming "open to the public" and "share with the public." And its various civic education programs are interactive bridges which enable mutual communication between the Center and citizens. CFOI is expanding the FOI movement in different ways than the traditional activists such as the FOI department of the PSPD department, which worked through methods such as policy proposals, disclosing information litigation, comments and public statements, and hosting forums. CFOI is leading the 'dual process of transformation' of FOIMs, namely the transformation from an 'advocacy' movement to an 'empowerment' movement and transformation of the FOI movement's framework from "open to the public" to "share with the public."

Gwang-Ju Citizens' Attitudes towards Tree Burials and Intentions to Select Tree Burials (도시민의 수목장에 대한 태도 및 수목장 선택의도 - 광주시민을 대상으로 -)

  • Kim, Sang-Mi;Kim, Sang-Oh
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.100-112
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    • 2012
  • Governments and related agencies have made efforts to introduce tree burials (TB) as an alternative to solve the problems involved in the traditional funeral manners. Citizens' TB selection rates are, however, still very low. It is important to understand citizens' perceptions and attitudes towards TB to make people more actively participate in TB. This study examined citizens' knowledge, behavioral belief, attitudes towards selecting TB, intentions to select TB, and their relationship with citizens' socio-demographic characteristics. A total of 320 citizens in Gwang-ju, Korea, completed the survey during May, 2011. Results showed that 65.3% of respondents were aware of TB, and many of them (47.6%) obtained information from TV/Radio. Age, education level, marital status and birth order were related with knowledge about TB. Respondents with higher age or higher education level tended to have higher knowledge rates. The married or the non-eldest sons also had higher knowledge rates. Respondents with higher age or higher education level, and the married tended to have more positive attitudes towards selecting TB and to rate 'unconventional funeral customs' high. Respondents with higher age, education level or married respondents tended to have higher intention to select TB. The knowledge level about TB was positively related with attitudes about TB selection and intention to select TB. The results were discussed and some ways to promote TB were suggested.

International Comparative Study on Education for International Understanding(EIU) : Based on the Regional Analysis of Europe, North America, Asia Pacific, and Africa (국제이해교육의 지역별 동향 분석 연구: 유럽·북미·아시아태평양·아프리카를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyun-Duk;Kang, Soon-Won;Yi, Kyeong-Han;Kim, Da-Won
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.127-154
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    • 2017
  • EIU has evolved diversely depending on the national environment and culture on the basis of the philosophy of individual human rights and world peace articulated in the "1974 Recommendation on EIU". However, the global environment surrounding EIU has been changed socially, economically, culturally and ecologically in the 21st century, and therefore it is necessary to raise the following questions: Is the concept of EIU initiated for international understanding and cooperation for world peace in the 20th century still valid in the 21st century? Which direction should we take in order for EIU to be efficient in the globalized world? To answer these questions, this study reviewed and analyzed the historical development and current trends of the EIU in the regions of Europe, North America, Asia Pacific area, and Africa. For the empirical study, thirty-four experts in EIU selected from the four regions were interviewed by the researchers. Based on the interviews and the related literature review, it was found that the diverse terms of EIU were used in the four regions and the focus on EIU was different depending on the geographical, historical and social environment of each region. But, despite of the diversity in terminology in EIU, human rights, peace, equity and social justice which are emphasized by UNESCO, were universally taught in EIU. The EIU in these regions is currently dealt with in school education, social education and lifelong education, and particularly global citizenship allowing multiple identities is importantly treated together with citizenship education. Another important aspect of EIU that was commonly found in these four regions was that global citizenship education for solving global problems was coexistent with the reinforcement of nationalism for the economic competency of each nation in a globalized world. The issue of global inequality was particularly dealt with in EIU, and the teaching of voluntary civic involvement and responsibility were particularly emphasized in EIU. Based on these research findings, the study proposes "glocalism", connecting global issues with local issues for solving global problems, as a new approach to the EIU of the 21st century.

Korea Deer Breeding Association (한국양록)

  • Kim, Su-Geun
    • Korean Deer Journal
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2005
  • 수입녹용 정밀검사 현행유지/인사발령/'2005 범 양록인 참여 캠페인/양록자조활동자금의 이해/대전시민 사로잡은 사슴고기의 맛과 영양/사슴 전두수 이표장착, 빠르면 내년부터/사슴질병 방역교육 실시/"본회, 갈잎 알선사업 안한다"/주요 회무 일지/제 5차 이사회 실시/본회 이성복 이사, 한의학박람회 참가/사슴만성소모성질병 발생/본회, 농업인의 날 부대 행사 참가 예정/"20년 전 회보, 클릭 한번이며 OK"/'06양록인 교육계획서 제출/사진으로 보는 한국구제 축산박람회/녹용 수입절차 완화 놓고 치열한 싸움 본회 요구 사항 받아들여졌으나 안심은 금물/양평사슴연, 전국사슴인대회 개최/월동용 조사료 공급, "빨간불"/녹용, 오가피 등에서 새 성장촉진물질 추출/사슴에 받혀 농장 주인 숨져/힘 있는 양록 생산자 단체를 육성하자/뉴질랜드의 녹용 및 녹육 산업/사슴사료의 올바른 이해/양록통계/복지부, 한약재 품질 특별점검 실시/중국산 한약재서 농약 검출/10월까지 한약품질개선 종합계획 마련/'청남대' 관광객에 건강식품 강매 업체 검거/한방상식/농축산 뉴스/업계단신/사슴이표장착 사업이 갖는 의미/성락의<사는 이야기>/지회 및 회원 단신

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