• Title, Summary, Keyword: 시민참여교육

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The Study on the Plan to Introduce Traffic Inducement Security System in Korea (우리나라 교통유도경비 도입방안의 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-Hwan
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.23
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    • pp.21-39
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    • 2010
  • The dangerous impact on the traffic flows of cars is caused by no only the construction on the street but diverse construction sites. This in turn substantially influence on the citizens and pedestrians, thereby bring about the possibility of giant incidents. As the countermeasure for the problem in advanced countries, particularly in Japan "traffic inducement security system" has been implemented. It is analyzed that the death toll from traffic accidents has considerably declined. In the case of South Korea the system has not been administered but restrictively executed at some construction sites; however proceeding it with the lack of professionalism. The introduction of traffic inducement security system would be the opportunity for South Korea to make a progress in the safety culture such as traffic security and traffic jam. This study thus aims at analyzing the advanced countries' cases, conducting comparative analysis with Korea's scheme, and establishing the plan to adopt the traffic inducement security system. Through the output of this study followings were proposed as plans of introducing the traffic inducement security system. First of all, legal assessments regarding traffic inducement operation, for example adding the operation of the system into the category of security service, need to be preceded prior to its introduction secondly, the traffic inducement security is the institution which can contribute to the improvement of traffic safety, and also internalizing social cost. therefore, it needs to be equipped with the new qualification such as the instruction with the standardized traffic safety map, instruction system, curriculum and the publication of teaching materials. thirdly, the education for the guard should be proceeded with dividing academic and technical ones with specific curriculum. At the fourth, the securement of the venue for the driving training, the determination on technical instruction contents and the training professional instructor needs for the method of administration. In addition, the efforts on the overal standardization of traffic inducement security is necessary, and it also requires constant collaboration among private security industry, academia, professionals, relavant research institutes, etc. At the last but the least, henceforth it is prerequisite that the networking system with a diverse array of associated entities due to its social ripple effect and job creation effect.

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A study on the Improvement Method of the Report and Reward System on an Illegal Behavior of the Emergency Exit (비상구 불법행위 신고포상제도의 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Myeong Sik;Lee, Tae Shik;Cho, Won Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.49-59
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    • 2012
  • The safety management of the emergency exit, by directly related to the $civil^{\circ}$Øs dead in the fire situation, have limited by which the fire station take the on-side and control-centered way of business processing, it is expect to the effects in which the citizen have to concern and to take part. From 2010 years in the back-ground, it is operated nationally the report and reward system on an illegal behavior of the emergency exit, it is happened to the unfit operating situation in the mission and direction of the system up which the exit paparazzi act with intent to receive the reward payments. The study suggests solution through analyzing the illegal emergency exit operation result of sixteen counties and the Seoul metropolitan from year 2010 to 2011. Firstly, the report destination is adjusted to the multiple use establishments and the large-scale multiple use facilities over the limit level is limited under five times the report events of the same people in the minor endorsement. And the fine incomes should be invested to the disaster prevention acting related with the exit. Secondly, for upgrade of the report accuracy, a reporter is received the possible information for the confirmation of an illegal act, has become to lead the pre-monitoring act which the reporter is can to take the safety education and to guide the information about season and vulnerable business location. Finally, considering the support way about the encounter facility, the fire officer is not happen to occur the repetitive report in the same place, is related to the volunteer service system the report acts, consider as the volunteer service time, and must support them to act as the disaster prevention volunteer.

A Study of Korean-American Consumers' Fashion and Shopping Behavior Based on a Bidimensional Model of Acculturation (이차원적 문화적응이론을 토대로 한 한국계 미국인 소비자들의 패션 및 쇼핑 행동에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Yoon-Jung;Lee Jaeil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.28 no.12
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    • pp.1545-1553
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    • 2004
  • This study assumes a bidimensional model of acculturation theory in order to understand the acculturation patterns of Korean-Americans and their fashion and shopping behavior. Bidimensional models of acculturation suggest that acculturating individuals may possess the components of both the heritage culture and the new, host culture. A combination of email and paper and pencil surveys was conducted with a convenience sample of Korean-Americans who are living in Seattle and vicinity area (n=108). The questionnaire included questions related to the respondents' and their parents' demographic information, the respondents perceived relationship with their parents, self-reported ethnic identification, ethnicity-related behaviors/attitudes, clothing involvement, shopping motivations, and fashion reference groups. The results support the bidimensional models of acculturation process as opposed to the linear model. Three different groups among Korean-Americans based on their ethnic identification pattern were found: a group with dominant Korean identity(Segregation group), a group with dominant American identity(Assimilation group), and a group with dual identity(Integration group). According to the results of MANOVA and subsequent Duncan and Scheffe tests, the Integration group showed distinct characteristics from Segregation group or Assimilation group, in terms of their ethnicity-related behaviors/attitudes, clothing involvement, shopping motivations, and fashion reference group influence.

Causal Relations Analysis for Older City Regeneration Policy (구도시 재생정책을 위한 인과관계 분석)

  • Hwang, Hee-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.253-260
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    • 2017
  • For urban regeneration, the direction and vision of the correct regeneration policy should be established. Therefore, the regeneration policy of local small and medium cities should be able to increase the collective efficacy of local residents from the uniform physical redevelopment policy or budget support. The first purpose of this study is to investigate the present decline in the degree of decline of old urban residents in small and medium cities, Social Environment population education welfare Culture, and so on, revealing the difference in the pattern and degree of decline among the various sectors. Second, the purpose of this study is to investigate the causal relationship between the perceived decline of old residents and the influence of local residents on collective efficacy and attitudes toward rehabilitation projects. The subjects of the study were 309 questionnaire respondents who responded to the questionnaire of D city in Gyeonggi - do. For statistical analysis, SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 22.0 were used and statistical significance was judged based on significance level .05. The implications of this study are the research data necessary for the regeneration policy of local small and medium cities. The implications of this study are to investigate the level and characteristics of urban decline by integrating various phenomena of qualitative factors as well as quantitative factors of decline An alternative to developmental policies that address regional disparities can be suggested.

Exploratory Research about Maeul Community Media Practice Grounded Theory Based Analysis about Seoul Community Media Practice (마을미디어 실천에 대한 탐색적 연구 서울마을미디어 활동에 대한 근거이론을 통한 분석)

  • Lee, Hee Rang;Kim, Hee Young
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.81
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    • pp.75-121
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    • 2017
  • Maeul Community Media is community media practice that media education combine with community activism based on the region. Maeul Community Media appeared with Seoul city's supporting policy in 2012 and is now enlarging on a national scale beyond Seoul. This study is aimed at understanding and investigating Maeul Community Media activists' practice process by using a grouned theory approach. In-depth interviews were carried out of study participants who worked on as activists based on visual and radio field since 2012. By open coding based on grounded theory, 16 categories and 59 subcategories were discovered. The outcome of axial coding showed the centeral phenomena that can be called 'sustainable desire for Maeul Community Media act'. On the condition of the instability of public support and the absence of a village channel, the strategic practices were discovered, which are diversification of participants recruitment and modes of participation, invention of space-media, seeking multilateral distribution methodologies and the collective action plans of networks to stabilize the management and to empower Maeul Community Media networks. As a result, Maeul Community Media and civil society were networked by discovering and agenda-setting pending issues. And we could find that the desire and expectation for the role as a village's public sphere were enlarging.

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A Study on the Direction of the Third Phase New Town Development in Seoul Metropolitan Area through expert survey method (전문가 설문조사를 통한 3기 신도시의 계획지표 및 개발방향설정 연구)

  • Yoon, Jeong Joong
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to derive indicators and development directions to be considered when planning new towns in the Seoul metropolitan area as new towns are planned to be built. To this end, the following implications were derived after analyzing the survey data of experts in each field using Frequency Analysis and Analysis of Variance(ANOVA) technique. First, the assessment results of the existing first and second phase new towns showed that there were many negative assessments of citizen participation and information sharing, smart technologies and services, social and cultural diversity and inclusion. Regarding the third phase new town, experts said that the most important indicators are accessibility and convenience of transportation, environmental comfort, quality and service of residence. In addition, experts cited the superiority of landscape/design, jobs/self-sufficiency and social/cultural diversity as important indicators. Second, after examining whether the perceptions and assessments of experts differ depending on individual characteristics such as gender, age, occupation, and professional field, the first and second phase new towns showed significant differences only in "gender", and the third phase new town had significant differences in "gender" and "professional field". Third, experts thought that changes in population structure, industry and jobs, quality of life and diversity, environment and climate change, and social and residential welfare should be considered important in the planning of third phase new town. In addition, experts considered expanding park and self-sufficient land as important in the land use plan, and ranked eco-city as a desirable type of the city, and public transportation facilities, park areas and education facilities as the most important living infrastructure.

Population Strategy for Physical Activity in Korea (우리나라 신체활동 및 운동사업에서의 인구집단 전략)

  • Lee, Moo-Sik
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.227-240
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    • 2005
  • Health promotion has more comprehensive approaches in recent years. Nevertheless we accept the concept of health promotion differently, we are agree on that community is the most important field in health promotion which includes population at the aspect of health policy, individual skill and, environment. And there are a number of different approaches to health promotion. In them, 'population approaches' and 'high -risk group approaches' has the most different characteristics. 'Population approaches' is equally important or more important than 'individual approaches' for maintaining and promoting population health. Almost part of this article contents is the summary of the guideline and population strategy of health promotion in Korea, 1999 - 2005. Community based health promotion program should be reinforced, integrated, comprehensive, collaborative through efficiently utilizing community resources. Recent new orientation of community health program is integrated health program, we can find this orientation at Ottawa charter 1986. Comprehensive approaches with the determinant factors for health are essential task. Physical activity is a key health determinant. The population-health approach suggests that educating people about physical activity is not enough. Individual behavior changes are important too, but need to be balanced with strategies for environmental change. Population strategy with physical activity for health promotion should be developed through improving social and physical supportive environment, linking and integrating community resources between public and private sectors in national, regional and local level. Continuous public education and social marketing should be provided through collaborating with community physical activity organization, facilities, work-places and school for increasing concern of all the people of community about physical activity. Governments, agencies and citizens should held and participate to building movement. And the strategy that various 'active for life' program should be developed, delivered, maintained and reinforced continuously. Basically, adequate and sufficient financing, developing human resources, policies and legislation would be provided and supported fully too. At last, research development and knowledge exchange are required domestically and internationally. In Korea, we had classified the category of strategic priority of physical activity programs by environmental support, life-course approach, high-risk group approach and disease group approach for physical activity program based on community health center. Community based core programs for physical activity that includes infrastructure building and establishment of supporting environment, community campaign, health promotion education and public service announcement, physical activity programs for elderly and obesity, exercise prescription program.

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The Making of Local Socio-economic Space and the Role of Local Government, In Case of Taegu and textile industry (지역사회.경제 공간의 형성과 지방정부의 역할, 대구시와 섬유산업의 경우)

  • Park, Kyu-Taeg
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.91-106
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    • 2001
  • Local government takes an active role in the (re)making of local socio-economic space. To support such an argument, the three different actions by the local government of Taegu, urban planning and local industrial districts, the establishment of special educational institutions, and textile festival are analyzed. The division of the city's space into residential, commercial, and industrial area by local government constrained the location of local manufacturing industries. It also forced textile industry to move to the outskirts of Taegu. As the education level in South Korea rose after the late 1970s, the local government of Taegu as well as local industrial capitalists had to do something to acquire a stable supply of labor to local manufacturing industries, particularly textile one. After the late 1970s, the special classes for the education of local workers, especially textile ones were established within vocational high school and company-operated high schools were also built in Taegu. Finally, local government started a program of textile festival in 1985. Through textile festival, local government as well as local textile business people tried to reproduce textile industry as the main economic activity of Taegu.

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The Stakeholder's Response and Future of Mountain Community Development Program in Rep. of Korea (한국 산촌개발사업에 대한 이해관계자의 의식과 향후 발전방안)

  • Yoo, Byoung Il;Kim, So Heui;Seo, Jeong-Weon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.94 no.4
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    • pp.214-225
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    • 2005
  • The mountain village development program in Korea started in the mountain villages, the 45.9% of total land and one of the typical marginal region, from 1995 to achieve the equilibrium development of national land and the sustainable mountain development in Chapter 13 in Agenda 21, and it has been accelerated to increase the happiness and the quality of life of mountain community residents through the expansion by province and the improvement of related laws and regulations. This study has been aimed to analyze the response of main stakeholder's -mountain village residents and local government officials - on mountain villages development, and to provide the future plan as community development. The survey and interview data were collected from the mountain villages which already developed 59 villages and developing 15 villages in 2003. The mountain village development program has achieved the positive aspects as community development plan in the several fields, - the voluntary participation of residents, the establishment of self-support spirit as the democratic civilians, the development of base of income increasement, the creation of comfortable living environment, the equilibrium development with the other regions. Especially the mountain residents and local government officials both highly satisfy with the development of base of income increasement and the creation of comfortable living environment which are the main concerns to both stakeholder. However through the mountain development program, it is not satisfied to increase the maintenance of local community and the strengthening of traditional value of mountain villages. Also to improve the sustainable income improvement effects, it is necessary to develop the income items and technical extension which good for the each region. In the decentralization era, it is necessary for local government should have the more active and multilateral activities for these. With this, the introduction of methods which the mountain community people and the local government officials could co-participate in the mountain villages' development from the initial stages and the renovation of related local government organizations and the cooperatives will be much helpful to the substantiality of mountain development program. Also it is essential for the assistance of central government to establish the complex plan and the mountain villages network for all mountain area and the exchange of information, the education and training of mountain villages leader who are the core factor for the developed mountain villages maintenance, the composition of national mountain villages representatives. In case the development proposals which based on the interests of the main stakeholder's on mountain community could be positively accepted, then the possibility of the mountain village development as one of community development will be successfully improved in future.

A Study of the Conservation Policy and Management Status of Historic Gardens in England - Focused on the National Trust - (영국 역사정원 보전정책과 관리현황에 대한 연구 - 내셔널 트러스트를 중심으로 -)

  • Yoon, Sang-Jun;Kwon, Jin-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.131-143
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    • 2010
  • This paper investigates the history, policy and status of the conservation of historic gardens in the National Trust in England and its implications for Korea. It was conducted in three phases as follows: First, related literature data was collected to understand the National Trust and its role in the conservation of historic gardens. Second, The National Trust Policy Papers: Gardens and Landscape Parks in 1996 was reviewed and analyzed into eight categories with a review of 216 gardens and interviews with gardener-in-charge via e-mail. Finally an understanding of the policy for the conservation of historic gardens was formed from the results of the previous phases, and implications were drawn from the integrated analysis guidelines of the policy and status. The key feature of the conservation of the National Trust's historic gardens is that the conservation process has been conducted systematically through acquisition, management, upkeep, advice and so on. Furthermore, the conservation principles are defined in a concise and accessible form. According to their practical conservation process and principles, the results of the National Trust activities are to appreciate the significance of the gardens and act with accountability; integration; managing change; access and participation; and training gardener and partnership. According to the results of its activities under the premise that the purpose of the conservation and the meaning of a garden do not differ significantly among nations, implications for Korea can be primarily suggested by three points as follows: First of all, a flexible approach to change in historic gardens should be managed. In response to inevitable and desirable change, anything that is added or transferred should be recorded for the future as much as possible. Therefore, everything must be recorded and any change should be managed. Second, is to provide sustainable access for the benefit for the people and visitors. The aim of conserving the gardens is for human's to eventually understand that the present generation just borrows the historic gardens before they are passed down. The ensuing implication is that people may enjoy the gardens educationally, aesthetically, and physically, and children can be continuously interested in historic gardens as apart of educating the future generation. Finally, the National Trust educates apprentice gardeners who will maintain the historic gardens and continuously keep the current garden staff up to date with workshops. This is in contrast to the day laborers who work for historic gardens in Korea. In practice, the maintenance of historic gardens is not a simple process. The gardener must understand the past, reflect the present, and prepare for the future. Therefore, gardeners deliver culture from generation to generation.