• Title, Summary, Keyword: 시간이력해석

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Seismic Access of Offshore Subsea Manifold using RSA and THA Seismic Analysis Results for Simplified Model (단순화 모델에서의 응답스펙트럼과 시간이력 내진해석 결과를 활용한 해양플랜트용 매니폴드 실제품의 내진강도 평가)

  • Lee, Eun-Ho;Kwak, Si-Young
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.7-16
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, for a seismic analysis of an offshore subsea manifold, Response Spectrum Analysis(RSA) and Time History Analysis(THA) were conducted under a various analysis conditions. Response spectrum and seismic design procedure have followed ISO19901-2 code. In case of THA, The response spectrum were converted into artificial earthquake history and both of Explicit and Implicit solvers were used to examine the characteristics of seismic analysis. For the verification, Various seismic analysis methods were applied on a single degree of freedom beam model and a simplified model of the actual manifold. The difference between the results of RSA and THA on the simplified manyfold model evaluated for the analysis of the actual manifold. Because THA is impossible in case of real complex structure such as a manifold, Safety of the actual manifold structure was accessed by using the RSA and the difference between the results of RSA and THA from the simplified model.

The Estimation of the Floor Vibration in Structure for Application of Response Spectrum Analysis Method (응답스펙트럼 해석법을 이용한 건축 구조물의 바닥진동해석)

  • 이동근;김태호
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.169-178
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    • 1998
  • In general, the response spectrum analysis method is widely used for seismic analysis of building structures, and the time history analysis is applied for computation of structural vibration caused by equipments, machines and moving loads, etc. However, compared with the response spectrum analysis method, the time history method is very complex, difficult and time consuming. In this study, the maximum responses for the vertical vibration are calculated conveniently by the response spectrum method. At first, Response spectrum and time history analysis for some earthquake excitations are carried out, and the accuracy of maximum displacements obtained from response spectrum analysis is investigated. Secondly, the process for the response spectrum analysis in excitation is calculated, and the maximum modal responses are combined by CQC method. Finally, results of the proposed method are compared with those of the time history analysis.

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변동 풍·파랑하중에 대한 플로팅 건물의 시간이력응답

  • Park, Tae-Jun;Chae, Ji-Yong;Lee, Yeong-Uk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.220-221
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    • 2015
  • 플로팅 건물의 변동 풍하중에 대한 시간이력응답을 통한 유효 Sampling의 영향을 분석하기 위하여 200개 풍 파랑 하중조합을 통해 시간이력 동수역학 해석을 수행하여, 유효 표본 Sampling을 선정하여 상부구조물의 고유주기를 변화하여 부분구조해석을 수행하였다. 풍하중은 평균 속력 35m/sec을 가진 von Karman의 변동풍속 파워스펙트럼으로 계산하여 입력하였고 입력 파랑은 Pierson-Moskowitz 스펙트럼으로 계산하여 파고 0.5m에 대하여 입력하였다. 각기 다른 고유주기를 가진 상부 구조물에 대하여 7개 그룹의 하중조합에 대한 유효 Sampling을 선정하여 SRSS와 평균값을 계산하였다. 해석 결과, 최소 7개 이상의 Sampling에 대한 해석이 요구되며 전반적으로 30개 Sampling을 통한 해석이 적절하다고 분석되었다.

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Engineering Evaluation of Seismic Sity Coefficient in the Korean Bridge Code (국내 도로교시방서 내지설계편의 지반계수에 대한 공학적 영향평가)

  • 조양희;조인범
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 1998
  • 본 연구에서는 지반상태가 교량의 지진응답에 미치는 영향을 분석하기 위해 다양한 지반모델 상의 교량모델에 대한 지진해석을 수행하고 그 결과를 비교.분석하였다 이를 위해서 기존의 교량시방서에서 분류된 네가지의 서로다른 지반종류를 대상으로 보다 세분된 지반모델 상에 위치하는 대표적인 교량에 대한 지진해석을 수행함으러써 첫째로는 각 지반 종류 상호간의 지진응답 차이의 정도를 시방서 값과 비교.분석하였으며 둘째로는 동일 지반으로 분류되는 상이한 두 지반간의 응답차이의 정도를 확인하였다 해석을 위해서는 시방서에서 제시된 두가지 방법 즉 단일모드 스펙트럼해석법과 다중모드 스펙트럼해석법을 사용하였으며 이들 결과를 별도로 작성된 인공시간이력을 입력으로 하는 시간이력해석법을 사용한 결과와 비교.분석하였다 시간이력해석법에서는 진동수에 무관한 지반임피던스함수를 이용하는 시간영역해석법을 사용하였다 해석결과 시방서에서 제시한 단일모드 및 다중모드 스펙트럼해석방법은 일반적으로 안전측의 지반-구조물 상호작용 해석결과를 주는 것으로 확인되었다 그러나 유연성이 큰 지반 상의 구조물에대한 지진해석을 위한 해석모델 작성시에는 지반의 유연성이 반드시 고려되어야 하며 특히 낙교방지를 위한 변위는 지반의 유연성을 고려한 정밀해석법에 의한 계산이 필수적으로 요구됨을 확인하였다.

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Generation of Artificial Time History Earthquake Record Family using the Least Squares Fitting Method (최소오차 최적합화 방법에 의한 인공 시간이력 지진기록군의 생성)

  • Kim, Yong-Seok
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 2008
  • Recently the necessity of time history analyses is increasing for the seismic analyses of a structure, and the seismic design provisions of IBC2003, ASCE and KBC2005 require the use of a minimum of seven earthquake records for the time history analyses. Earthquake records for the time history analyses could be selected from the database of the field-measured earthquake records having similar site conditions with the designed site, or from simulated sites satisfying the design spectrum. However, in this study seven earthquake records were generated using 50 earthquake records, classified as records measured at the rock, in the database of the Pacific Earthquake Research Center (PEER). Seven earthquake records were first selected by the least squares fitting method comparing the scaling factored response spectra with the specified design spectrum, and a family of seven artificial time history earthquake records was ultimately generated by multiplying scaling factors, which were calculated by the least squares fitting method and the SRSS averaging method, to the corresponding selected earthquake records.

Response Spectrum Analysis of Floor Structure Subjected to Group Dynamic Loads (복수의 동적하중을 받는 바닥판 구조물의 응답스펙트럼 해석)

  • Kim, Tae-Ho;Han, Duck-Jeon
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 2008
  • In general, the response spectrum analysis(RSA) method is wifely used for seismic analysis of building structures, and the time history analysis(THA) is applied for computation of structural vibration caused by equipments, machines and moving loads, etc. However, compared with the RSA method, the THA method is very complex, difficult and time consuming. In this study, the maximum responses for the vertical vibration are calculated conveniently by the RSA method. At first, the process for the RSA in excitation is proposed, and the maximum modal responses are combined by CQC and SRSS methods. Also, the responses obtained by the two modal combination methods are compared to the responses by the THA. And the correlation coefficients for human activities is proposed, and the RSA responses obtained by used to the correlation coefficients are calculated. Finally, results of the proposed method are compared with those of the time history analysis and correlation coefficients should be considered for the RSA of floor structure subjected to group dynamic loads.

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Fragility Curve Evaluation of Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Structures according to Various Nonlinear Seismic Analysis Methods (다양한 비선형지진해석방법에 따른 철근콘크리트 전단벽 구조물의 취약도곡선 평가)

  • Jang, Dong-Hui;Song, Jong-Keol;Kang, Sung-Lib;Park, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2011
  • Seismic fragility analysis has been developed to evaluate the seismic performance of existing nuclear power plants, but now its applicability has been extended to buildings and bridges. In general, the seismic fragility curves are evaluated from the nonlinear time-history analysis (THA) using many earthquake ground motions. Seismic fragility analysis using the nonlinear THA requires a time consuming process of structural modeling and analysis. To overcome this shortcoming of the nonlinear THA, simplified methods such as the displacement coefficient method (DCM) and the capacity spectrum method (CSM) are used for the seismic fragility analysis. In order to evaluate the accuracy of the seismic fragility curve calculated by the DCM and the CSM, the seismic fragility curves of a reinforced concrete shear wall structure calculated by the DCM and CSM are compared with those calculated by the nonlinear THA. In order to construct a numerical fragility curve, 190 artificially generated ground motions corresponding to the design spectrum and the methodology proposed by Shinozuka et al. are used.

Application of Response Spectrum Method for Analysis of a Floor System Subjected to Dynamic Loads on Multiple Locations (복수 절점에 가진되는 건물 바닥판의 해석을 위한 응답스펙트럼 해석법의 응용)

  • 김태호;이동근
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2002
  • In general, the response spectrum analysis method (R.S.A) is widely used for seismic analysis of building structure. But, it is not common to apply R.S.A for the analysis of structural vibration caused by dynamic loads of equipments, machines and moving leads, etc. The time history analysis method(T.H.A) for the vibration analysis, compared with R.S.A, is very complex, difficult and time consuming. So the application of R.S.A, that is convenient to calculate maximum responses for structural vibration, is proposed in this study. At first, the procedure for the application of the R.S.A to calculate of the maximum vibration response induced by dynamic load applied on the single point is described. And then, the process, which can save the time and the memory for calculation of the maximum vibration response induced by dynamic loads on the multi-point is proposed, and the maximum structural response caused by moving loads are obtained. Lastly, the accuracy of the proposed method is verified by comparing the results of R.S.A to T.H.A for some example models.

Transient Analysis of High-rise Wall-Frame Structures with Outriggers under Seismic Load (초고층 전단벽-골조 아웃리거 구조시스템의 지진하중에 대한 시간이력해석)

  • Kim, Jin Man;Choe, Eun Hui;Park, Dae Gyu;Lee, Jae Hong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.303-312
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, the seismic behavior of shear wal-frame systems is analyzed. The governing equations of the wall-frame systems with outrigger truss are formulated through the continuum approach and the whole structure is idealized as a shear-flexural cantileverwith rotational spring. The effect of shear deformation and flexural deformation of the wall-frame and outrigger trusses are considered and incorporated in the formulation of the wall-frame structures with and without outriggers are compared by using finite element analysis incorporated with the Newmark-${\beta}$ method. Numerical results are obtained and compared with the finite element package MIDAS. The proposed method is found to be simple and efficient, and provides reason ably accurate results in the early design stage of tall building structures.

Effect of Simplified Methods in Seismic Analysis of Bridges (교량의 지진해석에서 단순해석의 효과)

  • Choi, Eunsoo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.729-734
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    • 2002
  • The effect of several simplified methods of seismic analysis is estimated. The pounding/contacting of superstructures were considered in the multispan simply supported bridge and the multispan continuous bridge. Although nonlinear time history analysis is generally used for seismic analysis of bridges, many codes including AASHTO propose several simplified analysis methods. AASHTO, however, does not mention pounding. Therefore, the simplified methods may produce results that are different from those of nonlinear time history analysis. This study developed nonlinear analytical models of the two types of bridges mentioned. The models were then modified to the simplified linear models for simplified analysis. The results of the simplified methods were compared with those of nonlinear time history analysis. It was found that including of the pounding/contacting element in the simplified methods generated responses similar to those of the nonlinear time history analysis.