• Title, Summary, Keyword: 슬래브 궤도

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The Displacement Limit at the End of an Approach Slab for a Railway Bridge with Ballastless Track (콘크리트궤도 부설 교량의 접속슬래브 단부 처짐한도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Yu;Yang, Shin-Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2008
  • The transition area between a bridge and an earthwork is one of the weakest area of track because of the track geometry deterioration caused unequal settlement of backfill of abutment. In case of a ballastless track, the approach slab could be installed to prevent such a phenomenon. But, if there is occurred the inclined displacement on the approach slab by a settlement of the foundation or formation, the track is also under the inclined displacement. And this defect causes reducing the running stability of a vehicle, the riding comfort of passengers, and increasing the track deteriorations by excessive impact force acting on the track. In this study, parametric studies were performed to investigate the displacement limit on the approach slab to avoid such problems. The length and the amount of unequal settlement of approach slab were adopted as parameter for numerical analysis considering vehicle-track interaction. Car body accelerations, variations of wheel force, stresses in rail, and uplift forces induced on fastener clip were investigated. From the result, resonable settlement limit on the end of an approach slab according to slab length was suggested.

Development of a Nondestructive Seismic Technique for Flexural Rigidity of Concrete Track as Slab Displacement Index (콘크리트 슬래브궤도의 휨강성 평가를 위한 비파괴 탄성파 기법의 개발)

  • Cho, Mi-Ra;Joh, Sung-Ho;Lee, Il-Wha
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.6D
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    • pp.905-913
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    • 2008
  • Recently, concrete tracks are introduced into high-speed railroads as an alternative to ballast tracks. Concrete tracks are superior to ballast tracks in the aspect of durability, maintenance and safety. However, deteriorated stiffness of railroad bed and settlement of soft ground induced by trapped or seepage water lead to problems in safety of train operation. In this research, flexural rigidity of concrete tracks was employed as an index of track displacement and a new seismic technique called FRACTAL (Flexural-Rigidity Assessment of Concrete Tracks by Antisymmetric Lamb Waves) method was proposed to delineate flexural rigidity of concrete tracks in a 2-D image. In this paper, to establish theoretical background, parametric research was performed using numerical simulations of stress-wave tests at concrete tracks. Feasibility of the FRACTAL technique was proved at a real concrete track for Korean high-speed trains. Validity of the FRACTAL technique was also verified by comparing the results of impulse-response tests performed at the same measurement array and the results of DC resistivity survey performed at a shoulder nearby the track.

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Characteristics of Vibration of Track and Vehicle Body According to Type of Track in Tunnel of High-Speed Railway Lines (고속철도 터널에서의 궤도 형식에 따른 궤도와 차체의 진동 특성)

  • Kim, Man Cheol;Jang, Seung Yup
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.1D
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 2006
  • In the present study, in order to elucidate the vibration characteristics of track and train body according to the type of track in tunnel, the vibration accelerations of the track and the KTX train body have been measured in tunnels of Kyong-Bu high-speed railway(HSR) lines, and the frequency analysis of the measured data has been performed. From this, the vibration characteristics of the track components such as rail, sleeper, ballast and slab, the tunnel lining and the vehicle body according to the type of track are investigated and their relation is analyzed. The test results show that the vibration of rail and vehicle body rapidly increases at 80Hz in tunnel, and that is much higher in the tunnel on which the concrete slab track is placed. According to the results of the present study, rail supporting stiffness can variate the vibration characteristics of the total system including the vehicle, and therefore the correlation between the vibration of vehicle should be taken into account to determine the supporting stiffness of the slab track.

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Development of Prefabricated Slab Panel for Asphalt Concrete Track (아스팔트 콘크리트 궤도용 사전제작형 슬래브 패널 개발)

  • Baek, In-Hyuk;Lee, Seong-Hyeok;Shin, Eung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2019
  • Slab panels are very important to develop asphalt concrete (AC) track for minimizing the roadbed stress due to the train load and reducing the plastic deformation of infrared-sensitive AC. In this study, the slab panel for AC track was developed through the shape design and the indoor performance test and its structural integrity has been investigated through the finite element analysis under the flexural tensile stress and the design moment according to various static load combination by KRL-2012 standard train load model and KR-C code. In order to verify the suitability of the slab panel for AC track, static bending strength test and dynamic bending strength test were performed according to EN 13230-2. Results show that the slab panel for AC track satisfies all the performance standards required by European standards such as crack loads and crack extension.

Static and Dynamic Behavior at Low-Frequency Range of Floating Slab Track Discretely Supported by Rubber Mounts in Real-Scale Laboratory Test (고무 마운트로 이산 지지되는 플로팅 슬래브 궤도의 실모형 실내 실험에서의 정적 및 저주파 대역 동적 거동)

  • Hwang, Sung Ho;Jang, Seung Yup;Kim, Eun;Park, Jin Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.485-497
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    • 2012
  • Recently, with increasing social interests on noise and vibration induced by railway traffic, the application of floating slab track that can efficiently reduce the railway vibration is increasing. In this study, to more accurately understand the dynamic behavior of the floating slab track, a laboratory mock-up test has been performed, and the static and dynamic behaviors at frequency range near the system resonance frequency were explored. Based on the test results, the design of the floating slab track and the structural analysis model used in the design have been verified. The analytic and test results demonstrate that the dominant frequency of the floating slab track occurs at the frequencies between vertical rigid body mode natural frequency and bending mode natural frequency, and the dominant deformation mode is close to the bending mode. This suggests that in the design of the floating slab track, the bending rigidity of the slab and the boundary conditions at slab joints and slab ends should be taken into consideration. Also, the analytic results by the two-dimensional finite element analysis model using Kelvin-Voigt model, such as static and dynamic deflections and force transmissibility, are found in good agreement with the test results, and thus the model used in this study has shown the reliability suitable to be utilized in the design of the floating slab track.

Correlation Analysis Between Crack and TQI in RC Slab Track (철도콘크리트 슬래브 궤도상의 균열과 TQI 상관성 분석)

  • Kwon, Sae Kon;Park, Mi Yun;Kim, Doo Kie;Park, Jae Hak
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2012
  • Recently, in the total railroad construction field, the concrete slab track is adapted, not ballast track. Because the ballast track have the characteristics doing the ongoing maintenance and difficult to handle increasing maintenance costs, eventually the concrete slab track is selected as an alternative. However, owing to the hydration heat reactions and temperature affected shrinkage cracks related to concrete itself, a variety of studies to solve maintenance problems related to concrete slab track are underway. This study analysed characteristics of TQI values evaluating the track irregularity, searched the relationship between crack progress and TQI, and then evaluated of the correlation between the two values. Through this method, there is a need to complete the problems of the current method, only TQI is the main decision making tool in track maintenance, and also the need for the development of evaluation index considering the crack.

Development of Precast Slab Track Reinforced with GFRP and Analysis of Behavior (GFRP로 보강된 프리캐스트 슬래브 궤도 개발 및 거동분석)

  • Zi, Goang-Seup;Lee, Seung-Jung;Moon, Do-Young;Kim, Yoo-Bong;Baek, In-Hyuk
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2072-2076
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    • 2011
  • 철도 시스템에서 철도궤도와 레일은 주요한 신호 시스템의 일부로 사용되고 있으나 콘크리트 슬래브 궤도 내부의 철근으로 인한 신호전류 감소, 교란 등을 방지하기 위해 과도한 절연작업이 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 국내에서 기 개발된 프리캐스트 슬래브 궤도의 횡방향 철근을 GFRP 보강근으로 대체하여 절연작업의 감소를 가능하게 하였다. GFRP로 보강된 프리캐스트 슬래브 궤도의 설계과정과 정적 휨 시험과 단부의 연결철근 인발 시험을 통한 거동 분석 및 고찰 내용을 제시하였다. 휨 시험과 실스케일 인발 시험의 결과 정적 휨 강도는 정립된 설계법에 의해 적절한 강도를 가지고 있으나 기 개발된 연결철근의 위치와 형태는 온도 또는 수축으로 인해 발생할 수 있는 축력을 저항할 수 없음을 확인하였다.

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A Parametric Study on the Serviceability of Concrete Slab Track on Railway Bridges (철도교 콘크리트 슬래브궤도의 사용성에 관한 매개변수 영향 연구)

  • Park, Hong-Kee;Jang, Seung-Yup;Yang, Sin-Chu;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 2009
  • Deformations of bridge deck ends on abutments and piers bring about severe problems in track geometry and require maintenance work. In case of concrete slab track, more severe deformation and additional forces on rail and rail supports can be induced by bridge deck deformation, which affect the serviceability of track structure since concrete slab track is much stiffer than ballasted track and the behavior of track structure is integrated with that of bridge deck. In this study, the design variables affecting the serviceability of track structure are selected and the influence level is estimated by a parametric study. As a result, it is found that continuous span is advantageous than simply supported span and the stiffness of bridge bearing and rail fastener as well as the distance between last rail support and bridge bearing are most important parameters.

Assessment of Train Running Safety, Ride Comfort and Track Serviceability at Transition between Floating Slab Track and Conventional Concrete Track (플로팅 슬래브궤도와 일반 콘크리트궤도 접속구간에서의 열차 주행 안전, 승차감 및 궤도 사용성 평가)

  • Jang, Seung-Yup;Yang, Sin-Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.48-61
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    • 2012
  • It is of great importance to assure the running safety, ride comfort and serviceability in designing the floating slab track for mitigation of train-induced vibration. In this paper, for this, analyzed are the system requirements for the running safety, ride comfort and serviceability, and then, the behavior of train and track at the floating slab track including the transition zone to the conventional concrete slab track according to several main design variables such as system natural frequency, arrangement of spring at transition, spacing of spring isolators, damping ratio and train speed, using the dynamic analysis technique considering the train-track interaction. The results of this study demonstrate that the discontinuity of the support stiffness at the transition results in a drastic increase of the dynamic response such as wheel-rail interaction force, rail bending stress and rail uplift force. Hence, it is efficient to decrease the spacing of springs or to increase the spring constants at the transition to obtain the running safety and serviceability. On the other hand, the vehicle body acceleration as a measure of ride comfort is little affected by the discontinuity of the stiffness at the transition, but by the system tuning frequency; thus, to obtain the ride comfort, it is of great significance to select the appropriate system tuning frequency. In addition, the effects of damping ratio, spacing of springs and train speed on the dynamic behavior of the system have been discussed.

Deformation and Stress Distribution of Discontinuous Precast Concrete Track Slab : I. Initial and Temperature Deformation (불연속 프리캐스트 콘크리트궤도 슬래브의 변형과 응력 분포 : I. 초기 및 온도 변형)

  • Lee, Dong Hoon;Kim, Ki Hyun;Jang, Seung Yup;Zi, Goangseup
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.625-636
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    • 2017
  • This study looked into the behavior of precast concrete track due to temperature variation and initial track deformation and examined the effect of initial deformation and deformation caused by temperature gradient on the stress distribution of slab under train load. In this paper, one of two papers in a series, a finite element analysis model for calculating deformation and stress of precast concrete track was proposed; the temperature distribution and displacements measured at the precast concrete track in the field were compared with the analytical results. The results show that the slab always curled up due to initial deformation; by comparing the measured displacements with the displacements calculated by taking measured temperatures at each depth as input, the effective built-in temperature (EBITD), the temperature difference between the top and bottom of the slab corresponding to the initial deformation, can be estimated. If EBITD is relevantly assumed, the calculated displacements correlate well with the measured ones.