• Title/Summary/Keyword: 스크류컨베이어

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DEM-based numerical study on discharge behavior of EPB-TBM screw conveyor for rock (EPB-TBM 암반굴착시 스크류컨베이어의 배토 거동에 대한 DEM 기반 수치해석적 연구)

  • Lee, Gi-Jun;Kwon, Tae-Hyuk;Kim, Huntae
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.127-136
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    • 2019
  • Tunnel construction by TBMs should be supported by the performance of a screw conveyor in order to obtain the optimum penetration rate, so studies related to the screw conveyor performance have been being conducted. Compared to the study on the performance of the screw conveyor for the soil, however, the research on the performance of the screw conveyor for the rock is insufficient. Considering the domestic tunnel sites with more rock layers than soil layers, simulation of discharge of 6 types of rock chips by the screw conveyor was conducted using DEM. Regardless of the shape and volume of the rock chips, the discharge rates of the rock chips by the parallel placed screw conveyor at a speed of 10 RPM in the same rock mass were about 20% (standard deviation: 1.3%) of the maximum volume of discharge rate by the screw conveyor. It is expected that this study can be used as a reference material for screw conveyor design and operation in TBM excavations in rock masses.

Development and Verification of the Automated Cow-Feeding System Driven by AGV (무인이송로봇기반 자동 소사료 공급 시스템 개발 및 검증)

  • Ahn, Sung-Su;Lee, Yong-Chan;Yoo, Ji-Hun;Lee, Yun-Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.232-241
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    • 2017
  • This paper presents an automated cow-feeding system based on an AGV and screw conveyor for domestic livestock farms, which are becoming larger and more commercialized. The system includes a hopper module for loading pellet-type mixed feed at the top of the system, a transfer module mounted with a screw conveyor to transfer feed from the hopper module to the outlet module, an outlet module composed of belt conveyors, and an electromagnetic guided driving-type AGV. The weight of the loaded feed is measured by a load cell located under the transfer module. The system reads the feed discharge information stored in RFID tags installed in each cowshed cell, and a predetermined amount of feed is discharged while the AGV is moving. A cow-feed test system was constructed to determine the design parameters of the screw conveyor in the transfer module that determine the feeding capacity. These parameters include the screw's outer diameter, the screw shaft outer diameter, and screw pitch. The parameters were applied to the finalized cow-feed system construction. A DSP-based main controller and cow-feeding algorithm for different scenarios were also developed to control the system. Experimental results confirmed that the system could supply a total of 21 kg of feed uniformly at 420 g/s for a cowshed cell which has 7 cows. The driving distance was 5 m and the speed was 0.1 m/s. Thus, the proposed system could be applied to standardized domestic livestock farms.

Design and Construction of the Prototype of 25 kW Small Combine for Harvesting Miscellaneous Cereal Crops (잡곡 수확용 25 kW급 소형 콤바인 시작기 설계 제작)

  • Lee, Beom Seob;Ji, Keum Bae;Kim, Sung Chan;Yoo, Soo Nam
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.78-78
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    • 2017
  • 현재 국내에 공급되고 있는 잡곡류 수확기는 보행형 예취기, 탈곡기 위주의 저능률 기계화 수준으로 고능률의 콤바인 수확기 개발이 필요하며, 특히 잡곡류가 소규모 경작지의 영세농가 위주로 재배되어 저가격의 소형 콤바인 수확기 개발이 절실히 요구되고 있다. 따라서 본 연구는 소규모 밭의 두류 및 잡곡 수확작업에 적응성이 뛰어나며, 농기계 임대사업소의 활용도를 높일 수 있고, 여성과 고령자도 쉽게 운전할 수 있어 수확작업의 노동력을 크게 절감할 수 있는 저가격의 25kW급 자주식 소형 콤바인을 개발하고자 시작기를 설계 제작하였다. 시작기의 주요부로 엔진은 25kW/2600rpm 3기통 디젤엔진을 탑재하였으며, 동력전달부는 주변속 3단, 부변속 2단의 선택맞물림 기어식의 변속장치를 이용하였다. 주행부는 궤도형으로 조향클러치와 습식 원판식 제동장치를 채용하였다. 전처리부는 선단거리 1700 mm의 디바이더와 상하좌우 수동 조절되는 회전속도 약 42 rpm의 정오각형 릴로 구성하였으며, 전처리부의 최대 승강높이는 740 mm이었다. 작물이송부는 돌기부착 오거와 체인컨베이어로 구성되어 있으며, 탈곡부는 단동형 축류식의 직경 440 mm, 길이 1180 mm의 급동과 높이 65 mm, 지름 10 mm의 46개 강봉형 급치, 격자형 수망으로 구성하였으며, 회전속도는 약 325 rpm으로 작동하도록 하였다. 선별 정선부는 요동 송풍선별식으로 곡립판, 볏짚체, 곡립체, 송풍팬으로 구성하였고 송풍팬의 회전속도는 약 850 rpm, 요동진동수는 약 5.8 Hz로 작동하도록 하였다. 곡물이송부와 재처리부는 수평이송 외경 103 mm, 수직이송 외경 110 mm의 피치가 모두 82 mm인 스크류컨베이어를 이용하였으며, 곡물탱크는 용량이 250 로 2개의 배출구로 곡물을 포대에 담도록 하였다. 그 외 시작기는 운전조작부, 유압장치부, 전기장치부 등을 갖도록 설계 제작하였다. 전체적인 기체의 크기는 길이${\times}$${\times}$높이 $3935{\times}1900{\times}2440mm$이었으며, 기체 중량은 약 1753 kg이었다. 콩 대상 기초 성능시험 결과 시작기의 작업속도는 약 0.5 m/s, 작업능률은 약 11 a/h로 나타났다.

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Development of an Indented cylinder broken rice separator (원통형 홈 쇄미 선별기의 개발)

  • 김상현;김명호;박승제;이종호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.276-281
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구에서는 정밀 쇄미 선별 시스템을 개발하기 위하여 원통형 홈 쇄미 선별기의 시작품을 제작하고 이것의 설계인자와 운전인자에 따른 성능 분석을 수행한 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 원통형 홈 쇄미 선별기의 시작품은 홈의 직경이 작은 선별원통을 상단에, 홈의 직경이 큰 선별원통을 하단에 장착하는 2단형으로 설계 제작하였다. 각 단의 trough에는 스크류 컨베이어를 설치하였으며, 원통의 회전 속도와 trough의 각도 및 원통의 수평각을 변경시킬 수 있도록 하였다. 홈의 크기가 작은 상단에서 쇄미를, 홈의 크기가 큰 하단에서 준완전립을 선별하도록 하였다. 2. 원통형 홈 쇄미 선별기의 원통 회전속도가 증가하면 처리 용량이 증가하며, 이 속도에 따른 최적의 trough 각이 존재하는데, 본 실험에서는 회전 속도 35rpm에서 trough 각 37$^{\circ}$, 45rpm에서 55$^{\circ}$, 55rpm에서 73$^{\circ}$로 분석되었다. 3. 원통형 홈 쇄미 선별기의 공급율이 증가할수록 선별효율과 수거율(준완전립+쇄미)은 급격히 감소하지만, 순도(준완전립+쇄미)는 완만히 증가하였고, 완전립의 수거율과 순도는 95%이상을 유지하며 일정한 경향을 보였다. 본 실험 범위에서는 원통형 홈 쇄미선별기의 선별효율은 각 공급율에서 공히 원통의 분당 회전수 35rpm, trough 각 37$^{\circ}$에서 최대치를 나타내었다. 이 최적 조건에서 공급을 400-800kg/h 범위의 선별효율 평균치는 70% 정도로 분석되었다.

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Development of A Rice Seed Pelleting Machine for Direct Seeding in Rice Cultivation (격파용 벼 펠렛종자 제조장치 개발)

  • 박종수;유수남;최영수;유대성
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2002
  • 주요 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 가. 벼 종자, 상토, 흔합 접착액 등 펠렛재료를 스크류 컨베이어에 의해 회전 성형롤에 공급, 압축성형 배출함으로써 직경 12 mm의 구형 벼 펠렛종자를 제조할 수 있는 벼 펠렛종자 제조장치를 설계·제작하였다. 나. 설계·제작된 벼 펠렛종자 제조장치의 제조능력은 시간 당 약 13,000 개 ∼ 37,000 개인 것으로 나타났고 이때 성형률은 약 61% ∼ 71%였다. 하지만 벼 종자 손실률은 약 17% ∼ 48%로 매우 큰 것으로 나타나, 펠렛재료의 손실과 종자손상을 줄이기 위한 성형롤 및 펠렛재료 공급장치의 개선이 필요한 것으로 보인다. 다. 제조된 펠렛종자의 무게는 제조 직후에는 1.66 g, 완전 건조 후에는 약 1.3 g으로 나타났으며, 제조된 펠렛종자의 직경은 약 12.0 mm에서 건조 후 약 11.2 mm로 축소되었다. 라. 제조된 한 개의 벼 펠렛종자 내 포함된 벼 종자의 개수는 상토와 벼 종자의 혼합비에 따라 다르게 나타났는데 혼합비 6 : 1에서 펠렛종자 당 종자 개수는 4.1 립, 혼합비 7 : 1에서 3.6 립, 그리고 혼합비 8 : 1에서는 3.1 립으로 나타났다. 마. 건조 후 벼 펠렛종자의 압축강도를 측정한 결과 건조기를 이용한 경우는 118 N ∼ 137 N, 음지 건조의 경우는 88 N ∼ 108 N으로 조사되었으며, 대체적으로 운반 및 파종 과정에서의 취급성은 문제가 없을 것으로 보인다.

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Model test on operation efficiency in the screw conveyor of shiled TBM in soft ground (축소모형시험을 통한 연약지반 shield TBM의 screw conveyor 배토효율에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Tae-Sang;Kim, Sang-Hwan;Kim, Won-Kyung;Lee, Hye-Yoon;Shin, Min-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.203-211
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents the screw conveyor operation efficiency of shield TBM in soft ground. In order to study the screw conveyor operation efficiency, the experimental and theoretical studies were carried out. In experimental study, the operating amounts of muck were examined and compared due to the screw conveyor operating parameters including types (Shaft and Ribbon screw), angles of screw and conveyor. The results obtained from the laboratory model tests were analysed and evaluated to suggest the most suitable muck operating parameters during the shield TBM tunnelling in soft ground. In conclusion, it is found the operation parameters to increase the screw conveyor efficiency. In addition, the information presented in this paper may be useful for developing the design technology of shield TBM in the future.

Development of simulation equipment system on EPB shield TBM hood operation (토압식 쉴드TBM의 후드부 시뮬레이션 장비 시스템 개발에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Sang-Hwan;Oh, Tae-Sang;Park, Soo-Hwan;Lee, Choong-Yeoul;Park, Jong-Kwan
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.193-201
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents the development of simulation system on EPB shield TBM Hood operation. In recent, EPB shield TBM is widely used in the tunnel construction. Since the hood system of the EPB shield TBM is most important to excavate the tunnel, it is necessary to perform the simulation of hood system to investigate the design and operation parameters prior to tunnel construction. In order to carry out this study, the scaled simulation system was designed and developed. The model tests were performed to verify the developed system. During the simulation, the earth pressures developed in the chamber during tunnelling were measured to evaluate the operation technique. The test results obtained by the developed simulation system show clearly the similar behaviour of TBM hood compared with the field data. It was also found that the ground loss during tunnelling is dependent on the change of earth pressure in chamber. Therefore, the simulation system developed in this study will be very useful to evaluate the operation technique of the TBM hood prior to tunnel construction. In addition, this system will be applied in a various condition of ground to get the operating information.

A basic study on the mixing bar interaction efficiency in shield TBM chamber (Shield TBM 챔버 내 mixing bar 교반 효율에 대한 기본연구)

  • Hwang, Beoung-Hyeon;Kim, Sang-Hwan;Lee, Kyung-Heon;An, Jun-Kyu;Cho, Sung-Woo;Kim, Yeon-Deok
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.91-105
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    • 2020
  • This study is the basic study for improving the range of influence and potency of mixing bars in the chamber of Shield TBM. Currently, there are many studies on disk cutters, cutter bits and segments in the study of the domestic Shield TBM. However, studies that mix soil and rocks that come from the membrane during the Shield TBM excavation and scatter them with screw conveyors are not as good as those abroad. In this study, the existing Shield TBM Chamber was manufactured as a miniature and the experiment. Inside the chamber, different sizes (4 mm, 6 mm, 8 mm, 10 mm) and colors (black, white, red, and blue) were used to form layers. This experiment was carried out by different shapes and sizes of RPM and mixing bars. In addition, the difference between a miniature model and a reclining one was checked to determine the effect of the direction of gravity on the mixing efficiency. This was done in the same way for all other conditions other than differences in the direction of gravity. Through this experiment, we identified the orientation of the chamber model, the size and shape of the mixing bar inside, and the mixing effect and torque depending on RPM. A comparative review of the mixing effect and torque confirmed that the shape and size of the mixing bar affect the mixing of samples, and that the direction of gravity affects torque.

Numerical Analysis of EPB TBM Driving using Coupled DEM-FDM Part II : Parametric Study (개별요소법과 유한차분법 연계 해석을 이용한 EPB TBM 굴진해석 Part II: 매개변수 해석)

  • Choi, Soon-wook;Lee, Hyobum;Choi, Hangseok;Chang, Soo-Ho;Kang, Tae-Ho;Lee, Chulho
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.496-507
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    • 2020
  • A prediction of the performance of EPB TBM is significant for improving the constructability of tunnels. Thus, various attempts to simulate TBM excavation by the numerical method have been made until these days. In this paper, to evaluate the performance of TBM with different operating conditions, a parametric study was carried out using coupled discrete element method (DEM) and finite difference method (FDM) EPB TBM driving model. The analysis was conducted by changing the penetration rate (0.5 and 1.0 mm/sec) and the rotational speed of screw conveyor (5, 15, and 25 rpm) while the rotation velocity of the cutter head kept constant at 2 rpm. The torque, thrust force, chamber pressure, and discharging with different TBM operating conditions were compared. The result of parametric study shows that the optimum driving condition can be determined by the coupled DEM-FDM numerical model.