• Title, Summary, Keyword: 순환계통 질환

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IoT Utilization for Predicting the Risk of Circulatory System Diseases and Medical Expenses Due to Short-term Carbon Monoxide Exposure (일산화탄소 단기 노출에 따른 순환계통 질환 위험과 진료비용 예측을 위한 IoT 활용 방안)

  • Lee, Sangho;Cho, Kwangmoon
    • Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 2020
  • This study analyzed the effect of the number of deaths of circulatory system diseases according to 12-day short-term exposure of carbon monoxide from January 2010 to December 2018, and predicted the future treatment cost of circulatory system diseases according to increased carbon monoxide concentration. Data were extracted from Air Korea of Korea Environment Corporation and Korea Statistical Office, and analyzed using Poisson regression analysis and ARIMA intervention model. For statistical processing, SPSS Ver. 21.0 program was used. The results of the study are as follows. First, as a result of analyzing the relationship between the impact of short-term carbon monoxide exposure on death of circulatory system diseases from the day to the previous 11 days, it was found that the previous 11 days had the highest impact. Second, with the increase in carbon monoxide concentration, the future circulatory system disease treatment cost was estimated at 10,123 billion won in 2019, higher than the observed value of 9,443 billion won at the end of December 2018. In addition, when summarized by month, it can be seen that the cost of treatment for circulatory diseases increases from January to December, reflecting seasonal fluctuations. Through such research, the future for a healthy life for all citizens can be realized by distributing various devices and equipment utilizing IoT to preemptively respond to the increase in air pollutants such as carbon monoxide.

Visualization of Regional Mortality Ratios by Major Causes of Death (주요 사망원인에 대한 지역별 사망비율 가시화)

  • Ryu, Wooseok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.149-151
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this paper is to visualize and to analyze differences of regional mortality rates by major causes of death. We use causes of death statistics from KOSIS and compare regional mortality rates divided by national mortality rates by three causes of death. To do this, we define regional mortality ratio and regional age-standardized mortality ratio, and visualized by choropleth map using R. As a result, In case of neoplasm, there was no significant difference by region. In case of circulatory system, Ulsan, Daegu, Busan and Gyungnam showed relatively high regional age-standardized mortality ratio. In case of respiratory system, the ratios were in order of Gangwon, Sejong, and Chungbuk.

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Comparison of Health Care Utilization and Morbidity of Children With and Without Disabilities in Korea (장애아동과 비장애아동의 의료이용 및 질병특성 비교)

  • Kim, Eu-Gene;Kim, Kyung-Mee;Yoo, Dong-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.696-706
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    • 2017
  • This study is to examine health care utilization and morbidity of disabled and non-disabled children in Korea to evaluate the health disparities. We used medical claim data of 2010 from the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort data. As a result of the analysis, the disabled children are not in good health condition because they have more frequency of medical service use, hospitalization rate, and more number of diseases and spent more on medical expenses than non-disabled children. Patterns of the most frequent disease differ from significantly between disable and non-disabled. Disabled children had a higher prevalence of selected birth defects and selected health conditions associated with physical disability and a lower prevalence of selected infection disease than children without disability. In conclusion, Health policy changes that would extend the access to health service for children with disabilities characterized by frequent medical care, hospitalization, excessive medical expenditure and complex diseases.

Assessment of Nutritional Status in Hospitalized Pediatric Patients (입원 환아의 영양상태 평가)

  • Lee, Dong-Gon;Rho, Young-Ill;Moon, Kyung-Rye
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.83-91
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    • 2001
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the current prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and the nutritional status of hospitalized pediatric patients. Methods: We evaluated the nutritional status of the 200 patients from February to July 1994 and the 233 patients from February to July 1999 admitted to Pediatric Department of Chosun University Hospital. Nutritional status was assessed by anthropometric and laboratory data. The nutritional status was classified according to based on the Waterlow criteria and using the laboratory data obtained between 3 days to 5 days after admission. Results: 1) The prevalence of acute PEM (weight for height) was as follows: severe, 0.5%; moderate, 7%; mild, 18%; and none, 74.5% in 1994 and severe, 2.24%; moderate, 3.59%; mild, 19.73%; and none, 74.4% in 1999. 2) The prevalence of chronic PEM (height for age) was as follows: severe, 5%; moderate, 5.5%; mild, 25.5%; and none, 64% in 1994 and severe, 2.24%; moderate, 4.04%; mild, 22.87%; and none, 70.85% in 1999. There was not a statistically significant difference between 1994 and 1999. 3) The prevalence of PEM according to age group, all age group had in general higher prevalence of mild PEM. 4) Values for hemoglobin and albumin were below than total lymphocyte values in PEM. Conclusion: The prevalence of acute or chronic PEM was common in hospitalized children. Therefore, the assessment of nutritional status may an important role to establish effective nutritional support and to improve their subsequent hospital course in hospitalized pediatric patient.

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Bronchial Atresia with Collapse of the Right Upper Lobe -A Case Report (우상엽의 허탈을 동반한 기관지 폐쇄증 -1례 보고)

  • 김성호;장인석
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.30 no.8
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    • pp.843-846
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    • 1997
  • Congenital bronchial atresia is one of the rare bronchopulmonary anomalies which is thought to be caused by a vascular insult of uncertain timing during fefal development. It is defined as an anomaly which does not have communication between a segmental or lobar bronchus a'nd the main airway. Because of the collateral ventilation, almost all of these cases show hyperlucency of the involved segment or lobe in chest roentgenogram. We report an extremely rare case of congenita bronchial atresia with collapse of the right upper lobe which was treated by surgical resection.

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Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology of the Korean Campanulaceae: A Comprehensive Review (한국산 초롱꽃과(Campanulaceae)의 민속식물, 화학성분, 약리작용에 대한 종합적 고찰)

  • Kim, Hyun-Jun;Kang, Shin-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.240-264
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    • 2017
  • The present study was carried out to identify traditional konwledges on Korean Campanulaceae plants and conduct a comprehensive review of them through analyzing phytochemistry and pharmacology of Korean Campanulaceae plants. According to the literature study, the ethnobotanical plants of Korean Campanulacae consisted of a total 18 taxa. Of them, 12 taxa including Platycodon grandiflorus, Adenophora triphylla var. japonica, Codonopsis lanceolata and others have been used as ethnomedicinal plants. These plants have been used for the treatment of 49 diseases such as cold, asthma and postnatal care. Phytochemical studies have identified the constituents present from Korean Campanulaceae (Adenophora, Codonopsis, Platycodon, Campanula and Asyneuma). A wide range of chemical compounds comprised 109 triterpenes, 8 sterols, 4 polyacetylenes, 21 alkaloids, 14 flavonoids, 14 phenolic acids, 11 phenolic glycosides, 8 phenylpropanoids and 22 other compounds. Pharmacological studies of these compounds have demonstrated immuno-stimulating, anti-inflammatory, anti-asthmatic, apophlegmatic and anti-allergic effects. They have also shown antioxidant, estrogenic, anti-diabetic, hepatoprotective, neuroprotective, antinociception and anti-tumor activities, as well as anti-obesity and cardiovascular effects. In light of traditional knowledge and phytochemical and pharmacological studies summarized, uses of Korean Campanulaceae based on traditional knowledge (for the treatment diseases and conditions of respiratory, pregnancy, childbirth, puerperium, genitourinary, circulatory, musculoskeletal and other systems) have been supported by phytochemical and pharmacological studies.

Calcium-alginate gel을 이용한 DHA유의 캡슐화

  • Yoon, Young-Soo;Kwak, Ki-Seok;Lee, Ju-Hang;Cho, Sang-Won;Lee, Won-Dong;Jeon, Byung-Jun;Lee, Sung;Ji, Chung-Il;Kim, Sang-Ho;Lee, Yang-Bong;Kim, Sun-Bong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.169-170
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    • 2001
  • 등푸른 생선 등에 많은 eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA, $C_{20-5}$ n-3), docosahexaenoic acid(DHA, $C_{22-6}$ n-3)등의 n-3계 지방산은 순환기 계통 질환의 위험인자를 제거해 주거나 혈청내 지질 구성이나 혈소판응집 기능에 변화를 주어 동맥경화증에 유익한 효과를 나타낸다고 알려져 있다. 특히 DHA는 망막 및 두뇌 인지질의 구성성분으로 실험동물의 학습능을 비롯한 뇌기능 향상에 기여한다고 한다. (중략)략)략)

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Effects of morbidity in Korean peninsula due to sand dust using satellite aerosol observations (위성기상자료를 활용한 황사에 따른 한반도 국민 건강영향평가)

  • Choi, Minyoung;Kim, Hyunglok;Kim, Sangman;Choi, Minha
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.499-509
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    • 2016
  • The occurrence of sand dust has been steadily increased since 1990 and the amount of damage was also increased. In most of previous studies, ground based observations were used for sand dust analyses, but its high spatio-temporal variability has not been well understood. In this study, satellite aerosol observations were used to overcome current limitations of the sand dust variability in space and time and to estimate associations with morbidity of respiratory and cardiovascular ailments. In general, high AODs were observed in the west part of the Koran peninsula in spring. The reasonable associations between the morbidity and sand dust were observed from April to July with highest positive correlation (~0.6) at three month lags (lag 3). Based on the results, we found a utility of the satellite aerosol observations for sand dust analyses by considering of morbidity effects. In addition, health effect against the sand dust is proved to be examined and smooth medical supplies and prevention of undesired medical expenses would be possible.

A Study on Implementation of Medical for Elderly Inpatients -Through Compared with Non-elderly Patients- (노인입원환자의 의료이용에 관한 연구 -비노인 환자와 비교를 통하여-)

  • Jeoung, Kyu-Ho
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2012
  • This study is analyzed the implementation of medical aid for patients over 65 years of age who are among the discharged from hospitals with the capacity of over 100 beds. I have analyzed it with the data from an in-depth study of injury surveillance of discharged patients from hospitals done in a national project in 2004. After analyzing the results of the data from the beginning of this national project to the data collected in 2008, I could get the results that the rate of discharged patients over 65 years of age increased every year. Among them, the rate of discharged women was higher than that of the men, and the rate of deaths while at the hospital for patients over 65 years of age was higher than that of patients less than 65 years of age. The rate of operations done on patients over 65 was lower than that of patients under 65 years of age. The results of a diagnosis of popular symptoms showed that the rate of the diagnosis of cerebral infraction and structure of the heart at the circulatory organ was higher. In addition, the rate of the diagnosis of lung cancer, pneumonia, and chronic obstructive lung disease was higher, as well as the rates of gastric cancer, diabetes, liver cancer, and colorectal cancer. The results showed that the operation of the nerve system or cardiovascular system were higher. Therefore, according to this result, we should prioritize and allocate resources to the elderly people when setting up a management policy. And also, we should promote healthcare for elderly people after considering the characteristics of the implementation of medical aid in preparation of a super-aged society.

The Smoking Habits among the OPD Patients and The Success Rates of the Physician's Cessation Order (내과 외래환자에 있어서 흡연 양상과 의사의 금연권고의 성공률)

  • Park, Ki-Chan;Kim, Young-Hoo;Bae, Seong;Lee, Sang-Hun;Chun, Myung-Ho;Lee, Sang-Ki;Jun, Kwang-Su;Lee, Chan-Se
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.292-300
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    • 1993
  • Background: To evaluate the effect of doctor's cessation order Methods: From January 1989 to December 1990, Total 1981 patients (male 922, female 1059), who visited OPD of Daedong hospital were selected to investigate the cigarette smoking habits and the success rates of the physician's cessation orders. Results: 1) Among male patients, 64.43% and 27.00% revealed as smoke and non-smoker, respectively and and 8.57% as ex-smoker. In the 20 years old or less age group smoker were 36.11%. 2) Among female patients, the rates of smoker were only 2.83%, ex-smoker were 0.38%. No female patient smoked under 20 years old. 3) As compared with the number of daily smoked cigarettes among the male patients, patient who smoked less than 10 cigarettes were in 2.69%, 11-20 cigarettes in 39.23%, 21-40 cigarettes in 46.30%, more than 40 cigarettes in 11.78%, under 20 years old age gorup the number of smoked cigarettes were 11.54%, 61.54%, 23.08%, 3.84% respectively. Among female patients, smoker were only 37 patients and the number of daily used cigarette were 2.7%, 67.57%, 24.32%, 5.41% respectively. 4) As compared with systemic disease and the smoking habits, female excluded from statistics because of too small number of smoker. Among male patients ex-smoker associated with respiratory disease were 15.21% which was much higher than other disease group (4.35%-8.11%), and among cardiovascular diseae patients, smoker were 81.08% & among cardiovascular disease patients, smoker were 81.08% & among gastrointestinal disease patient 68.93% and among respiratory disease patient 60.84%. In respiratory disease patients group 16.25% smoked more than 40 cigarettes dialy and 13.01% in gastrointestinal disease patients group. 5) Among patients who treated more than 3 months via OPD the success rates of the physcian's cessation order were 62.03% of male patients (we excluded female patients) and there is no gross difference in each age group, but it was highest as 75% in 41-60 years old age group. As compared with difference of systeic disease, the success rate were highest in respiratory disease patients as 78.13% and lowest in gastrointestinal disease patients as 49.94% Conclusion: The smoking rates among the out patients including male and female of internal medical department of General Hospital were same as the general population. Although the sample size was small, on account of the success rates of physician's cessation orders were more than half, we think the cessation recommendation by physician's order is very effective. And we think the cessation recommendation are more effective. And we think the cessation recommendation are more effective than the ex-smoking education in the excluded patients due to fail to follow up more than 3 months.

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